Đề số 7 Toefl Primary 2020 vòng 2 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

5/26/2020 10:35:00 AM

Bài thi thử phần Reading của vòng 2 Toefl Primary Challenge 2020, được biên soạn theo đúng cấu trúc chuẩn của bài thi Reading trong Toefl Primary Step 2.

You have three times the amount of something. You have ____ the amount.
  • double
  • triple
  • half
You say this when a food has a pleasantly strong taste, and gives you a pleasant burning feeling in your mouth. A chili tastes this way. What is it?
  • Sweet
  • Spicy
  • Sour

I tell people what kind of weather we are expecting in the near future. Who am I?

  • A soldier
  • A weather forecaster
  • A mail carrier

It is a book that keeps a record of the money in your bank account. What is it?

  • A bankbook
  • A textbook
  • A workbook

It is a drawing of a particular area. It tells where buildings, roads, rivers and mountains are. What is it?

  • Postcard
  • Stamp
  • Map

It is a small animal with black fur around its eyes, and black and grey rings on its tail. It lives in the forest. What is it?

  • An eagle
  • A raccoon
  • A bear

It is a temperature scale. If the degree is 0, it means it is freezing cold. If it is 100, it means it is boiling hot. What is it? 

  • Serious
  • Celsius
  • Celebrity

It is a type of strong paper that carpenters rub on wood to make its surface smooth. What is it?

  • Sandpaper
  • A hammer
  • A drill

It is an official mark put in your passport. It gives you permission to enter or leave a foreign country. What is it?

  • A flight itineratry
  • A receipt
  • A visa

Read the letter. Then answer the questions.

Dear Mr. Ko,

Hi, I am Lydia Young from Trinity Elementary School. I write articles for my school newspaper, and I am planning to interview people with different jobs. I did a survey and asked the students which jobs they are most interested in, and the city mayor made the top 10 ranking list.

I know you are busy taking care of the city, but can you spend 30 minutes for an interview at City Hall? lf not, l can send you an email with questions, and you can just answer them and send them back to me. I hope to hear from you soon.

Sincerely,

Lydia

What's Mr. Ko's occupation?

  • Teacher
  • Librarian
  • Mayor

What does Lydia want to do?

  • Ask Mr. Ko to visit her school
  • Ask Mr. Ko to write a newspaper article
  • Interview Mr. Ko for her school newspaper

Read the letter. Then answer the questions.

Dear Aunt Nel,

Thank you very much for the book you sent me. It was very kind of you. Actually, History of Space Travel sounds like a brilliant title. I'm really interested in that kind of thing - exploring space and learning about the moon. I'll start it after I finish the one I'm reading now, which is about how cars are made.

The holidays are nearly finished now. l go back to school next week. Then I've only got two more years of school, so I need to decide what to do next!

Thanks again for the present.

Best wishes,

Giles

What is Giles reading now?

  • A book about exploring space
  • A book about the moon
  • A book about making cars

When will Giles stop studying at school?

  • After next week
  • Two more years
  • After the holiday

Read the chart. Then answer the questions.

Favourite Musical Instrument 

(Fifth-grade Students in South Elementary School)

What is the chart about?

  • Parents' favourite instruments
  • Students' favourite instruments
  • Students' favourite subjects

What is the most popular instrument for boys?

  • Guitar
  • Flute
  • Piano

What is the least popular instrument for girls?

  • Viola
  • Piano
  • Flute

What is the most popular instrument overall, assuming equal numbers of boys and girls?

  • Flute
  • Guitar
  • Piano

Read the instruction. Then answer the questions.

Planting trees is important as it is good for the environment. Planting a tree seems easy, but it could be hard. You need to follow these rules when planting a tree.

1. Choose the right tree. Some trees won't grow in some areas; for example, only cactuses can grow in the desert.

2. Plant your tree at the right time. Don't plant it in the middle of the summer or winter. In the summer, it is too hot. In the winter, it is too cold. The tree will die.

3. Make sure you dig a big hole. The tree roots need soft dirt to grow. If your hole is too small, the roots won't have anywhere to go. The tree could die.

4. Your tree needs sun and water. Plant your tree somewhere so that it gets both.

5. Watch your tree grow! Watching a tree grow can be a lot of fun. 

Why is planting trees important?

  • Many trees are dying.
  • It is good for the environment.
  • Many people don't follow rules.

What is true about planting trees?

  • You can plant whatever trees you want.
  • You should plant trees in the middle of the summer so that they can get sun.
  • Consider kinds of trees before planting as some of them cannot grow in particular areas.

Why should you dig a big hole?

  • The roots need somewhere to go.
  • Tree roots are very large.
  • The tree won't get enough sun.

Read the story. Then answer the questions.

Living in Rio

My name's Paulo and I'm fifteen years old. I live in Rio de Janeiro and I'm a student. My family moved here when I was thirteen. Here in Rio, my dad works as a teacher and my mum has a job in a local hospital. I have a brother and a sister and we're all students. We live in a flat in the city. There are three bedrooms in our flat, so I share a room with my brother. We also have a kitchen, a living room and a bathroom. When I want to be on my own I go out. We live opposite a park. I often meet my friends there and we play football. Football is very important here. We have the Maracana stadium. It's famous around the world. It's not in my part of the city, but I go there to watch football of course and also to concerts. Rio is a very exciting city. It's also very busy. There are lots of shops and cafés. Every year there's a carnival. It's a huge street party with lots of music and dancing and it's very famous. I love the carnival, but my favourite thing about Rio is Copacabana beach. Everybody knows it!

Paulo moved to Rio _____

  • two years ago.
  • thirteen years ago.
  • when he was fifteen.
What is true about Paulo's family now?
  • His parents both work in a school.
  • His mother works in a hospital.
  • His brother is a teacher.
How many rooms are in his family's flat?
  • three
  • five
  • six
What does Paulo like best about Rio?
  • the shops
  • the beach
  • the carnival

Read the story. Then answer the questions.

Kevin just got home from school and was looking for his usual after-school snack. He was especially hungry today. He opened up the cupboard and there was just one bag of microwave popcorn left. All the other snacks were gone. So, he had only one choice. He picked up the bag of popcorn and brought it over to the microwave. He was so hungry that he couldn't think of anything else. He opened up the microwave, placed the bag of popcorn inside, and then closed the door. He clicked the "popcorn" button on the microwave and pushed "start". Nothing happened. The microwave didn't turn on.

Kevin started to worry. There wasn't anything else in the kitchen to snack on and he was very hungry. Kevin tried everything to solve the problem. He clicked the three-minute button but it didn't work. He clicked "restart", but nothing happened. He tried all the buttons. Kevin started to feel that he would never eat his snack. He smashed the microwave and screamed. Then his mom got home from work. Kevin's mom asked what was wrong. Kevin explained to her that he tried everything to get the microwave on. Finally, his mom asked, "Is the microwave plugged in?" 

What is the story mostly about?

  • A boy destroying a microwave
  • A boy getting angry
  • A boy trying to make a snack

Why did Kevin seem to be in a hurry?

  • He was tired after school.
  • He was very very hungry.
  • His mom wasn't at home.

What did Kevin do when nothing happened to the microwave?

  • He hit it hard and screamed.
  • He plugged it in.
  • He called his mom.

Why wasn't the microwave working?

  • It was not plugged in.
  • Kevin hit it too hard and it broke.
  • Kevin's mom didn't let him use it.

Read the story. Then answer the questions.

Where playing video games IS real life

Seo-yun Cho doesn't have time for hobbies because she spends all her time playing video games. "I practice as much as I can so l will improve," she says. "This is what I really need to do." Seo-yun and her friends are members of KS Fireflies 6, a video game team. She and the other members share a flat in Seoul's business district. Since they all left school, they have managed to make playing video games their life.

Every day, Seo-yun gets up after a good night's sleep at 10 a.m and goes for a jog for an hour, before sitting down at her computer and starting to play. She and her friends have a few breaks to eat and relax during the day and the evening, but Seo-yun thinks that after midnight is when she has more fun playing than at any other time. She usually goes to bed at 3 a.m.

Seo-yun and the rest of the team need to train hard and keep fit, as top players need to do about 500 mouse- clicks a minute. Video games are big business in South Korea, and the best players (like KS Fireflies 6) usually become even better-known than top baseball or volleyball players.

Some people might get bored after playing video games for an hour or two. But these guys are actually getting paid to do something they love as a job. Many of them would even like to do it for free!

What is the most important thing for Seo-yun Cho?

  • trying new video games.
  • getting better at video games.
  • finding enough time to play video games.

Seo-yun and her friends _____

  • live together.
  • went to school together.
  • have a business together.
What does the writer say about sports?
  • Seo-yun and her friends play a lot of sports video games.
  • Seo-yun and her friends play sports to get fit.
  • Seo-yun and her friends are more famous than some sports players.
Why does the writer think that Seo-yun and her friends are lucky?
  • because they earn a lot of money
  • because they don't need to look for another job
  • because they are doing something that they love

Read the passage. Then answer the questions.

Fortune-tellers

Every country has fortune-tellers - people who say that they can see into a person's future. However, they do not all work in the same way.

In some countries, fortune-tellers look at a person's hand. There are lines across the hand, and lines down the hand. These lines are different for everyone. Some are thin, some are thick, some long and some short. Each of the lines means something. One line tells a fortune-teller if and when a person will marry. Another line tells the fortune-teller how long that person will live. Other lines tell the fortune-teller other things.

Some fortune-tellers “read" cards. These cards are either playing cards or Tarot cards. Some people say they can tell a lot about a person's future life by looking at the cards. 

Many Chinese use the “I Ching", or "Book of Changes", to find out about their futures. First, the person asks a question then throws some coins and looks at the way they fall. Then the person reads the “I Ching" to find out what the coins mean.

(Adapted from New century readings (Book 1)

Some people go to fortune-tellers to _____.

  • find out when they will marry.
  • play cards with other people.
  • throw coins at the fortune-teller.

The "I Ching" is a way of ____

  • reading cards.
  • telling the future.
  • studying the Tarot.

Read the passgage. Then answer the questions.

Colour

The first scientist to study colour was Sir Isaac Newton. He was an English scientist who lived from 1642 to 1727. Newton was the first person to divide white light into different colours. 

In 1861 another English scientist, James Clerk Maxwell, showed that he could make other colours by mixing the primary colours - red, blue and yellow - in different ways. These other colours are called secondary and tertiary colours.

We make secondary colours by mixing two primary colours together. For example, red and yellow become orange, yellow and blue become green, and blue and red become violet. We make tertiary colours by mixing one primary colour with one secondary colour.

We can make a room look bigger or smaller, hotter or colder by using colour. Green and blue are cold colours. They can also make a room look bigger. Red, orange and yellow are hot colours. They can make a room look smaller.

(Adapted from New century readings (Book 1)

What is the passage about?

  • Sir Isaac Newton
  • primary colours
  • making colours

How to make a room look smaller?

  • Use red, yellow or orange
  • Use green and blue
  • Use blue, yellow or orange