Đề số 8 Toefl Primary 2020 vòng 2 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

5/29/2020 10:29:00 PM

Bài thi thử phần Reading của vòng 2 Toefl Primary, được biên soạn theo đúng cấu trúc chuẩn của bài thi Reading trong Toefl Primary Step 2.

When you have it, you have a strong feeling that something exists, true or good. What is it?

  • Mistake
  • Doubt
  • Belief

It is usually next to or attached to a house. You can keep your car in it. What is it?

  • A garage
  • A living room
  • A fireplace

People ask you about it. It is a number everyone has. It always goes up. What is it?

 

  • Nutrition
  • Age
  • Health

It is what is left of a building after the rest has been destroyed. What is it?

  • Accomodation
  • Ruin
  • Ticket

You feel this when you are surprised at something that happens suddenly. This feeling can make you jump. You are feeling _____.

  • shy
  • shocked
  • smooth

It is success in a competition. You get this when you win or when you reach your goals. What is it?

  • Victory
  • Discovery
  • Loss

Photographers need this in order to take photos. What is it?

  • A spoon
  • A camera
  • A necklace

Pilots operate this. It can carry many passengers and it travels between cities or countries. What is it?

  • A taxi
  • A motorcycle
  • An airplane

This is a book. You write down in it a record of the things you do each day or special events that happen to you. What is it?

  • A receipt
  • A postcard
  • A diary

Read the email. Then answer the questions.

Hey Dad, 

How are you at work? I just got home from school. Today we had our midterm tests and they were tough! I do not have any plans yet, so I want to know if you would like to go to the science museum this weekend. I think it would be a lot of fun. They have a cool dinosaur exhibit this weekend and you know how much I love dinosaurs! If you do not have time, we can go next weekend. Let me know.

Love,

Steve 

Why is the boy writing to his dad?

  • To see if his dad wants to go to the museum
  • To tell his dad he loves dinosaurs
  • To ask his dad a question about dinosaurs

Where is Steve's dad at this time?

  • At home
  • At school
  • At work

Read the letter. Then answer the questions.

Dear Principal,

I know you are very busy. You have to work with many teachers and many students. I also, know you like to help students. I am writing today to tell you that our playground is too small. We have many students at this school. There are always some students who cannot play. It is because the playground is too small. We all could play if we had a bigger playground. Please build us a bigger playground for next year!

Sincerely,

Clara Reile, 4th grade 

What is wrong with the playground?

  • Clara cannot play on it.
  • It is too small for all the students.
  • Teachers do not let all students play.

What does Clara want?

  • A new classroom
  • A new principal
  • A bigger playground

Easton Shopping Centre
proudly presents

FASHION WEEKEND!
Join us at Easton Shopping Centre's fashion event of the year!

Watch our professional fashion models present:

  • the latest trends in formal wear
  • the most stylish suits for today's business world
  • the loveliest evening dresses
  • the most colourful jewellery and accessories
  • the most fantastic shoes for a nice evening 

and so much more!

West Entrance, Easton Shopping Centre
Saturday and Sunday,
30th & 31st May, 1-4 pm

Entrance: £12
Refreshments included

Many thanks to Lewis Department Store for kindly providing all the clothes, shoes and accessories.

The fashion show at Easton Shopping Centre happens every _____.

  • day
  • week
  • year

The show will also display dresses for _____.

  • casual wear.
  • the beach.
  • a formal event.

The shoes at the show will be _____.

  • awesome
  • cheap
  • formal
Which of the following is free at the event?
  • food and drink
  • items of clothing
  • neither

Read the instruction. Then answer the questions.

Some places in the world don't have enough water to drink. Also, water is getting dirtier and dirtier. We need to watch how much water we use. People waste water in many ways. Here are some ways that you can save water.

1. Don't use lots of water when you brush your teeth. When you brush your teeth, turn off the water. Don't leave the water running the whole time. Only turn the water on when you need it.

2. Take short showers. Showers waste lots of water. Your shower should not be more than five minutes. 

3. Drink all the water you take. Don't throw water away. If you take a full cup, then drink the full cup. You are wasting water if you only drink half of the cup.

4. Tell your family and friends to do the same thing. This is the most important. If many people save water, then the whole world will be a better place.

Why do we need to save water?

  • There is not enough water in the world.
  • We need more water to brush our teeth.
  • Showers waste lots of water.

What should you do when you brush your teeth?

  • Let the water run the whole time.
  • Don't use any water.
  • Turn the water off when you don't need it.

How long should your shower be?

  • More than five minutes
  • Less than five minutes
  • Only three minutes

Read the passage and answer the questions.

The time machine

“So you’re telling me this is a time machine?” Eric asked. “Yes,” his Uncle Joseph replied. “I’ve been working on it for years here in my lab.” Eric looked around the lab. A bank of computers lined one of the walls. Metal shelves held bottles and jars filled with strange liquids. There was a big metal table in the middle of the room. There were wires and tiny machine parts scattered all over it. In the middle of the table was a silver box. The box had a small computer screen and keyboard on its face. 

“All you do is type in the time you want to go to,” Uncle Joseph said. “The box will transport anyone within ten feet to that location.”  “So you mean if you typed in January 3rd, 2033, it would send us back to yesterday?” Eric asked. Uncle Joseph nodded. “Yes. But it can do better than that. I could type in 150 million years BC, for example.” 

He typed in the date on the keyboard. “Cool,” Eric said. “And then you just press this button?” Eric put his finger on the button. “Eric, no!” Uncle Joseph cried. But he was too late. Eric pressed the button. The room began to spin. When everything settled, they were no longer in the lab. Tall, green plants grew all around them. A volcano rose up in the distance. Then the ground began to rumble. A huge dinosaur stomped toward them! “Hey, a Brontosaurus!” Eric said. “Your time machine really works!” 

(Adapted from readworks.org)

This passage is an example of _____

  • historical fiction.
  • science fiction.
  • a fairy tale.

Which of the following does not describe Uncle Joseph's lab?

  • There are many computers.
  • There are jars of strange liquids.
  • There are tall, green plants all around.

At the end of the passage, the characters are _____.

  • in Uncle Joseph's lab
  • near a volcano
  • in the sea

What does the word "rumble" mean?

  • move slowly with a low sound
  • move fast without sound
  • move slowly with a soft sound

Read the story. Then answer the questions.

Stacy walked outside to see the morning mist around the lake. Her family had a home on Lake Superior and she loved to go outside in the morning. After that, she always came back home to feed Tom, the cat. Tom was usually waiting for her next to his food bowl, but this time he wasn't there. She searched everywhere in the house and Tom was nowhere to be found.

Stacy got worried and called the police. The police officer on the phone could not understand a word she was saying. He finally understood "Tom was missing." The police officer immediately asked for her address. He came as fast as he could.

When he arrived, Stacy was crying. He asked her to describe Tom. Stacy told the officer that Tom was orange with white stripes. The officer thought that this was strange. He finally realized that Tom was not a person. He didn't know what to say to the young girl.

Then, Stacy's mother came home. Stacy's mother found out what happened and apologized to the officer. She told Stacy that they would go out looking for the cat together

Where did Stacy live?

  • In a city
  • On a river
  • On a lake

Which word best describes Tom?

  • Spotted
  • Striped
  • Fat

Why was the officer surprised?

  • He thought that Tom was a boy.
  • He never saw an orange cat before.
  • Tom was at home.

What did Stacy do last?

  • Walked out to the lake
  • Called the police
  • Tried to look for Tom with mom

Read the story. Then answer the questions.

Summer vacation just started and Joanne and her family were visiting Australia. They would spend most of their time in Sydney. Joanne's younger brother, Charles, had been excited the whole week. Joanne didn't want to go at all, "Aren't you excited at all for the trip?" asked Charles. "No! Going to Australia just means that I will have less time to spend with my friends," cried Joanne.

The day came and the family was on the plane. Joanne watched a movie that she wanted to see all year. "This isn't bad at all!" she thought.

On the first few days of the trip, the family walked around Sydney and saw famous places like the Harbour Bridge and the Royal Botanic Garden. Joanne didn't care much for either of the places but she ate lots of delicious food, so the trip was more fun than she expected.

The last day finally came. The family was going to the Opera House. Joanne read a lot about this famous building and was interested in how it was built. This was her favorite part. She was so surprised by how original and wonderful the design was. The family took a lot of photos inside and outside. Joanne had a great time after all. 

Why did Joanne not want to go on the trip at first?

  • She wanted to be with her friends.
  • She was scared of flying.
  • She didn't like Australia.

Why did Joanne think the trip was more fun than she expected?

  • She saw famous places.
  • She enjoyed lots of tasty food.
  • She watched a movie.

What did Joanne like most on the last day?

  • Visit the Opera House
  • Taking photos of Australia.
  • Reading about the Opera House.

How did Joanne feel at the end of the story?

  • Angry
  • Happy
  • Scared

Read the passage. Then answer the questions.

The history of the London police

Today there are policemen everywhere, but in 1700 London had no policemen at all. A few old men used to protect the city streets at night and they were not paid very much.
About 300 years ago, London was starting to get bigger. The city was very dirty and many people were poor. There were so many thieves who stole money in the streets that people stayed in their homes as much as possible. In 1750, Henry Fielding started to pay a group of people to stop thieves. They were like policemen and were called ‘Bow Street Runners’ because they worked near Bow Street.

Fifty years later, there were 120 Bow Street Runners, but London had become very big and needed more policemen. So, in 1829, the first Metropolitan (or London) Police Force was started with 3000 officers. Most of the men worked on foot, but a few rode horses. Until 1920 all the police in London were men.

Today, London police are quite well paid and for the few police officers who still ride horses, the pay is even better than for the others.

In 1700, the men who protected the streets were paid _____.

  • a lot
  • a little
  • nothing
People did not leave their houses because
  • the city was not clean.
  • they had no money.
  • they were afraid.

One, two, three, four...

There have been many different number systems in the world. A long time ago the Babylonians counted in 60s and today computers count in 2s - using only 1 and 0. We call this 2-number system the binary system. Most systems, however, count in 10s. This is because we have 10 fingers. We call this system the decimal system from “decem", the Latin word for 10.

The Romans used letters like I, V, X and C to count in 10s but these are not very easy to use. The numbers most people use today come from India. We think they were invented by the Hindu people there. In the Hindu system, the place of each number is important. For example, 832 is a different number to 238 or 382. The Hindu system was also used by the Arabs, and we now call them Arabic numbers. In about the 12th century an Italian called Leonardo Fibonacci wrote a book about Arabic numbers, and people all over Europe began using these numbers.

We do not know who invented the decimal point, but we know that in 1585 a man called Simon Stevin wrote a book about the decimal point. The book was called "The Tenth". Before we knew about the decimal point, we had to see fractions like 1/2 and 3/4 when we talked about numbers smaller than 1.

(Adapted from New century readings Book 1 page 31)

The passage is about ____

  • Roman numbers.
  • number systems.
  • decimal fractions.

The Roman system of counting was used in Europe until ____

  • about the 12th century.
  • 1585.
  • decimals were invented.