Đề số 10 Toefl Primary 2020 vòng 2 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

7/10/2020 11:41:00 AM

You need this to exercise. Food gives you this. You are tired without it. What is it?

  • energy
  • sun
  • sleep

People need this to win the lottery. It is a good thing to have. Before a test, people say "Good _____".

  • score
  • luck
  • time

You have this with people close to you. Everyone needs it. You will be lonely if you don't have it. What is it?

  • friendship
  • effort
  • teamwork

You feel it when you know you are wrong. It is not comfortable. You should feel this when you lie to your friend. What is it?

  • satisfaction
  • spirit
  • shame

You may get hurt when climbing a mountain. You should wear a helmet because it is _____.

  • easy
  • dangerous
  • pointless

When you do this, you don't do something right away. You choose to do it later. What are you doing?

  • dreaming
  • delaying
  • discovering

It is not full. You need to refill your glass when it is _____.

  • clear
  • empty
  • silent

You keep your pets healthy and safe. You are _____ them.

  • turning into
  • looking around
  • looking after

People who have this are gentle and helpful. It is a good thing to have. What is it?

  • hands
  • softness
  • kindness

Read the letter. Then answer the questions.

Dear Mr. Smith, 

I really liked your presentation on saving energy. I also think we use too much energy. I know we can do better. We need to save as much energy as we can. I liked one of your ideas best. We should turn our air conditioners down in the summertime. Air conditioners use lots of energy. Fans use much less energy. I also think we need to turn off the lights when we don't need them.

Thanks so much for speaking,

Sarah

What does Mr. Smith want people to do?

  • not use lights
  • turn air conditioners down
  • only uses fans

What is Sarah's opinion?

  • People use too much energy.
  • People always save energy.
  • People need more lights.

Read the letter. Then answer the questions.

Hi Dan,

I've finished a fantasy book called "The Hobbit". The story is about a little Hobbit called Bilbo who goes on an adventure. In the story, Bilbo and his friends visit many places. However, the main goal of the story is to take Bilbo's friends' home back from a scary dragon named Smaug. Smaug stole their mountain home long ago because it was full of many treasures. This story was very fun. You can come to my house and I'll lend you.

See you,

Jack

Why does Jack write to Dan?

  • to review a book
  • to tell her to visit his house
  • to show that she must read the book

What type of story is The Hobbit?

  • a comedy
  • a fantasy
  • a horror

Read the telephone message. Then answer the questions.

When was the call made?

  • 10 o'clock
  • 11 o'clock
  • 12 o'clock

Who made the call?

  • Cindy
  • Principal Robbins
  • Samantha

Who is Cindy?

  • a teacher
  • a parent
  • a student

What did Samantha do poorly on?

  • math homework
  • math test
  • science test

Read the instruction. Then answer the questions.

Is your birthday party coming soon? Do you want to have a happy birthday party? There are some things you should do to make your party fun and exciting. Below are some suggestions you can do.

1. Plan lots of games.

Your friends will get bored if you don't have any games. Games are fun for everyone. Play games that everyone will like.

2. Make invitations.

If there are invitations, people will come to your party. Actually, you want many friends to come to your party.

3. Make delicious food!

Everyone likes to eat. Choose your favorite food for your birthday party.

4. Buy decorations.

You should buy birthday napkins. Also, it's always good to have some balloons at a party. There are many other things you can buy.

5. Have fun!

It is your birthday party. So, make sure you will have fun. 

What is the purpose of this passage?

  • to show how to plan a birthday party
  • to explain why birthdays are important
  • to give an opinion about a birthday

Why should you make invitations?

  • so that there will be lots of good food
  • so that the party will be exciting
  • so that many people will come

Which sentence is true?

  • Your friends might be tired if you plan many games.
  • You should ask all guests what food they like before the party.
  • You should decorate your birthday party with lots of things.

Read the story. Then answer the questions.

Erika has two dogs named Grizz and Muffin. She loves them very much but they both like to get into trouble. An hour after Erika left her house to go to school, Grizz and Muffin started to play. Usually they just like to chase each other around the house, but today was different.

This time, they were playing in Erika's room and things got a little bit messy. Grizz jumped on her favorite doll and tore it up. He chewed on one of her sweaters and a glove. After that, Muffin jumped up on a painting that was still drying from the night before. Then she walked all over the table. Now there were painted paw prints all over the place.

Things were not finished yet. Muffin loved to hit things that sit on shelves with her paws. She slowly moved to Erika's bookshelf. She found a glass trophy that Erika won from winning a talent contest. Muffin smashed it onto the floor and it broke into thousand pieces.

Finally school was over and Erika came back home. She saw the mess that her two pets made. She was very upset. Grizz and Muffin both knew how angry she was from her angry voice. She showed them each bad thing that they did and said "No!" really loud. Grizz and Muffin learned their lesson. 

Where did most of the story take place?

  • Erika's room
  • Erika's school
  • The living room

What is the story mostly about?

  • a mistake in a room
  • two pets getting into trouble
  • Erika's day at school

What did Muffin do?

  • ate Erika's glove
  • tore up Erika's doll
  • smashed Erika's trophy

What does the word "messy" mean?

  • major
  • dirty
  • double

Read the story. Then answer the questions.

Christmas at the Johnson family home is different every year. Last year they did a Secret Santa. That means you don't know who gave you your gift, so you have to guess who it was. Dennis got a toy truck. He guessed that his uncle gave it to him because his uncle was a truck driver. He was right!

This year, Dennis spent Christmas only with his brother Matthew and their parents. Dennis and Matthew each made three wishes for presents from their parents. They were going to guess their gift before opening the presents up. Dennis wished for a new baseball glove, a game CD, and a set of cards.

First, they ate ham and eggs for breakfast and their parents had coffee. It seemed as if hours and hours went by before it was finally time to open gifts. Dennis' present came wrapped in green paper with a gold ribbon. The box was square and about the size of a melon. He knew that it could not be the cards because that would come in a rectangular box. He also knew that it was not the game because the box would be much smaller. So, he guessed that his gift was a baseball glove. He was right!

Next was Matthew's turn to open his gift. He got a new bicycle helmet, the first thing he wished for. They both thanked their parents for another wonderful Christmas. 

What is the story mainly about?

  • Christmas with a family
  • birthday presents
  • giving presents

How many Johnson family members are mentioned in the story?

  • three
  • four
  • five

What does "secret" mean?

  • funny
  • not known
  • smart

What did Matthew get for Christmas this year?

  • a baseball glove
  • a bicycle helmet
  • a toy truck

Read the story. Then answer the questions.

Johnny always hated to brush his teeth. His mom told him that he had to do it every single day. Johnny just didn't see any good reason to brush his teeth.

"If you don't brush, your teeth are going to turn black," said Johnny's mother.

"I don't brush my teeth every day, and I don't see my teeth turning black!" responded Johnny.

"Well, one day you are going to get a cavity," yelled his mother. "I don't even know what a cavity is, so I don't think I have to worry about that." "When your tooth starts to hurt, you will know what a cavity is," she said.

One day, Johnny felt a pain in a tooth at the back of his mouth. Johnny waited a week before he told his mother, but the pain got worse and worse. He finally couldn't wait any longer and talked to his mom.

"We had better go to the dentist to make sure nothing is wrong," said his mother.

"Your mom tells me that you don't like to brush your teeth?" asked the dentist.

"Well, I don't see why I have to if nothing ever happens to them," claimed Johnny.

"Johnny, you have a cavity. If you don't start to brush your teeth every day, you are going to get more of these. Do you understand?"

Johnny was embarrassed and felt bad that he didn't listen to his mother. After that day, he brushed his teeth three times a day. 

Why did Johnny hate to brush his teeth every day?

  • He did not like the taste of toothpaste.
  • He did not understand the reason for brushing teeth.
  • He did not like to go to the dentist.

What is a cavity?

  • a painful tooth
  • a broken tooth
  • a healthy tooth

What did Johnny do at first when he felt a pain in his tooth?

  • He told his mother about the pain.
  • He brushed his teeth every day
  • He waited for a week.

What will Johnny probably do next time?

  • listen to his mother
  • ignore what his mother tells him
  • get angry at the dentist

Read the text. Then answer the questions.

Dian Fossey was always interested in animals. She was born in San Francisco, California. When she was young in America, she wanted to be a vet and help sick animals. When she was 20 years old, she read a book about gorillas and became interested, so she decided to move to Africa to study them. She liked to study mountain gorillas the most. Fossey was great at communicating with the animals and she was able to learn to act just like them. So, the gorillas accepted Fossey into their groups. She lived many years close to the animals and studied the gorillas more than anyone did before. We know much about these great animals today thanks to Dian Fossey. 

Why did the gorillas probably accept Dian Fossey?

  • Dian Fossey read many books about gorillas.
  • Dian Fossey trained the gorillas to follow her.
  • Dian Fossey did her best to learn how the gorillas act.

Where was Dian Fossey born?

  • in Africa
  • in the forest
  • in America

Read the text. Then answer the questions.

Our solar system has the Sun, eight planets, and a single asteroid belt. The largest planet in our solar system is Jupiter. An asteroid belt exists between Jupiter and Mars. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and locates next to the third planet from the Sun, the Earth. Each planet has its own orbit around the Sun.

The planets were made from a cloud of extremely hot gas. The centers were made first as gravity attracted small pieces of dust to each object. As a planet grew, its gravity got stronger and attracted more and more pieces of dust until it finally became a young planet. 

Why did the gravity of a planet become stronger?

  • Hot gas exploded.
  • The planet grew in size.
  • The center of the planet became dust.

What is probably true about the solar system?

  • An asteroid belt exists between the Earth and Mars.
  • There were once many more planets.
  • The planets were made from hot gas.