Đề số 14 Toefl Primary 2020 vòng 2 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

9/23/2020 5:18:00 PM
This is a machine that prints text or pictures onto paper. It is usually connected to a computer. What is it?
  • A printer
  • A shredder
  • A binder
This is a salad made with thinly cut raw cabbage. It is mixed with salad dressing. What is it?
  • Corn salad
  • Potato salad
  • Coleslaw
It is a colored liquid that people use for writing. What is it?
  • Lead
  • Mud
  • Ink

Operators use and control machines or equipment. They _____ machines or equipment.

  • operate
  • eat
  • create
It is used to refer to two similar things that are meant to be used together. What is it?
  • Single
  • Triplets
  • Pair
You speak very quietly using your breath rather than your throat. You do this when you do not want others to hear you except for the person you are talking to. What are you doing?
  • Screaming
  • Shouting
  • Whispering
You are going to get rid of something. It can be trash or something you do not need anymore. Once you throw it away, you will not use it again. You are going to _____ something.
  • buy
  • discard
  • fix
A well-educated person who knows a particular subject very well is called this. Who is it?
  • Scholar
  • School
  • Scholarship
It is a natural flow of water that moves across the land, and it is narrower than a river. What is it?
  • Sea
  • Lake
  • Stream

Read the email. Then answer the questions.

Dear Mrs. Johansson,

As you already know, today is my last day at Radshine Elementary School. My family is leaving for Canada this Saturday. You have been my best teacher and supporter. I didn't think I would ever find a teacher like you. Thank you for caring so much.

I am going to miss everyone at Radshine, especially you. Someday, I want to be a teacher just like you. I want to be a good listener and a friend to my future students, as you just have been to me.

Thank you again for everything.

Sincerely,

Charles

Why did Charles write to Mrs. Johansson?
  • To invite her to a party
  • To say goodbye to her
  • To ask how to become a good listener
What is true about Mrs. Johansson?
  • She is leaving school today.
  • She listens to her students.
  • Her family lives in Canada.

Read the email. Then answer the questions.

Dear Susie,

I saw you performing on stage for the annual school talent show yesterday. I just wanted to say I enjoyed the show very much. Your performance was amazing, and I loved it. I wish I could act and sing like you. I think you are very talented. I know how much you love singing and acting. I hope that you can pursue your dream to become famous.

Talk to you soon.

Best wishes,

Julie

What did Julie do yesterday?
  • Performed for the talent show
  • Watched the talent show
  • Wrote a letter to Susie
What does Julie think about Susie?
  • That she can neither sing nor dance.
  • That she is good at acting.
  • That she can sing but cannot act.

Read the CD track listing. Then answer the questions.

"Baby Bumblebee" is track number
  • four.
  • five.
  • six.
What is the last song on the CD?
  • Itsy Bitsy Spider
  • Hey Diddle Diddle
  • I'm a Little Teapot
Which song is longer than "Ten Little Indians"?
  • Old MacDonald Had a Farm
  • Where Is Thumbkin?
  • You Are My Sunshine
Which song is shorter than "The Wheels on the Bus"?
  • I'm a Little Teapot
  • You Are My Sunshine
  • Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star

Read the instruction. Then answer the questions.

How to get an egg into a bottle

Things you will need

  • A glass bottle
  • A peeled hard-boiled egg
  • Matches

Steps

1. Prepare an empty glass bottle and a peeled hard-boiled egg.

2. Remove the lid of the glass bottle, and place it upright on a flat surface.

3. Light three matches, and drop them inside the bottle. Get an adult to help you with this step.

4. Put the egg on the mouth of the bottle with the smaller end facing down.

5. When the matches go out, the egg will be pulled into the bottle.

Which item is needed for the experiment?
  • A plastic cup
  • A raw egg
  • A match

In step 2, the word "upright" means _____.

  • standing straight up
  • standing upside down
  • lying horizontally
Which statement is true?
  • The egg must have its shell still on.
  • The egg will be pulled inside the bottle when the matches go out.
  • You must push the egg down with the lid

Read a story about Gerald. Then answer the questions.

Gerald was very good at math. Every test, he was the student with the highest score. Gerald's class had a big test in math last week, and it was time for his class to get back their test papers.

"Most of you did very well on this test. Look through the questions you got wrong, and if there is anything you don't understand, please come and ask me," said Gerald's math teacher, Ms. Cathy, as she handed out the test papers.

Gerald hid his test paper under his desk. He knew he did very badly on this test. Written on the top of Gerald's test paper was "See me after school." Gerald was very afraid that he was going to get scolded by Ms. Cathy.

The bell rang for the end of school. Gerald went to the teachers' office.

"Gerald, is everything all right? Are you having any problems at home or in school?" asked Ms. Cathy. She was very concerned.

"I'm sorry, Ms. Cathy. I didn't understand the new topics you taught in class," answered Gerald with a worried look on his face.

"Why didn't you ask me in class?" asked Ms. Cathy.

"I was afraid that others would think that I am stupid," replied Gerald.

"Oh, Gerald. Asking questions doesn't mean that you are stupid. In fact, smart people ask the most questions! You and your classmates are all here to learn, so it is important that you ask when you don't understand. If you feel too uncomfortable asking questions in front of others, you can always find me after class," said Ms. Cathy.

"I will do just that. Thank you so much, Ms. Cathy," said Gerald with a smile on his face.

(Adapted from TOEFL Primary STEP 2 - Practice Tests)

What happened last week?
  • The teacher asked Gerald to see her after class.
  • Gerald talked with the teacher about the math test.
  • Gerald's class took a math test.
Who is Ms. Cathy?
  • Gerald's classmate
  • Gerald's math teacher
  • Gerald's math tutor

Why did Ms. Cathy ask Gerald to see her after school?

  • Gerald fought with his classmate.
  • Gerald did not do well on the test.
  • Gerald asked too many questions.
How did Gerald feel after talking to Ms. Cathy?
  • Sad
  • Discouraged
  • Cheerful

Read a story about Mary. Then answer the questions.

Mary's father came home from work one evening with a surprise for Mary. It was a hermit crab! Mary loved the hermit crab a lot. When she put it on her palm, it would crawl up her arm. Mary thought it looked very cute.

That night, Mary and her father went on the Internet to find out more about hermit crabs.

"This website says that hermit crabs need to change to bigger shells as they grow. We should get some bigger shells just in case," said Mary.

The next day, Mary's father went to the pet store and got some shells for Mary's hermit crab. Mary decorated the new shells before putting them into the tank.

"I can't wait to see the hermit crab change shells!" Mary said in excitement.

A few days later, Mary got up in the morning and rushed down to greet her hermit crab as usual.

"My hermit crab changed shells!" Mary shouted.

Mary was very disappointed. She wanted to see the hermit crab changing shells so badly. She had been waiting in front of the tank for days.

"It's OK. The hermit crab is still growing. It will change shells again," said Mary's dad.

"l will not miss it the next time," Mary promised.

(Adapted from TOEFL Primary STEP 2 - Practice Tests)

What did Mary's father get for Mary?
  • A lobster
  • A turtle
  • A hermit crab
What is true about hermit crabs?
  • They change shells as they grow.
  • They like eating beans.
  • They do not have any claws.
How did Mary find out that her hermit crab had changed its shell?
  • She put a mark on the hermit crab.
  • She had decorated the new shells.
  • Her father told her.
What did Mary promise to do?
  • To get another hermit crab.
  • To feed her hermit crab.
  • To see her hermit crab changing shells.

Read a story about Daniel and Josepha. Then answer the questions.

Daniel and Joseph are brothers. One afternoon, the boys were at home, and they were bored.

"Do you want to play soccer outside?" Daniel asked Joseph.

"l played soccer at school today. Let's do something else," said Joseph.

"What do you want to do?" asked Daniel.

"Let's go to the attic and see what we can find," said Joseph jumping off the couch.

The attic in Joseph and Daniel's house was like a treasure chest. It was always dark and full of surprises. They could always find something interesting in the attic. Stepping into the attic, Daniel tripped over something.

"Oh, it's Dad's old flashlight! I wonder if it still works," said Daniel, turning it on.

The flashlight shone brightly at Joseph and cast a shadow on the wall behind him.

"Look at your shadow, Joseph! It looks so funny," laughed Daniel.

Joseph had an idea. He put his hands together and asked Daniel to look at the shadow on the wall.

"What shape do you think this is?" asked Joseph.

"It looks like a butterfly," answered Daniel.

"That's correct! What about this?" Joseph made another shadow using his hands.

"l don't know what it is. Can you give me a clue?" asked Daniel, scratching his head.

"Look at it carefully. It is an animal. You asked mom to get you one last week, remember?"

"A dog?" Daniel guessed.

"That's right!"

Daniel got up and made the shadow of a cat.

"Guess what this is!" Daniel said excitedly.

"That's a cat! This is fun. I think it's more fun than playing soccer," said Joseph.

(Adapted from TOEFL Primary STEP 2 - Practice Tests)

What did Daniel want to do at first?
  • Play basketball
  • Make hand shadows
  • Play soccer
Where did the brothers go?
  • To the kitchen
  • To the playground
  • To the attic

What did Daniel find?

  • A cat
  • A flashlight
  • A butterfly

What did the brothers make with the one they found?

  • a shadow of cat
  • a butterfly
  • a shadow of dog

Read the passage. Then answer the questions.

Human beings are born to communicate. From the time we are born, we use our bodies and tools to communicate with each other. In the past, people did not use words. Instead, they made use of different symbols, pictures, and gestures. However, sometimes, the gestures and pictures made others more confused. Also, it was difficult to communicate with people who lived far away. Today, the way we communicate has changed greatly. People now use words in different languages to communicate with each other, and technology allows us to communicate in many different ways. We can call our friends using telephones, or send letters and postcards by mail. These days, we do not even have to walk to the post office to send a letter. With a computer and an Internet connection, we can send an e-mail instantly with the click of a button.

(Adapted from TOEFL Primary STEP 2 - Practice Tests)

What is the text about?
  • The ways of communication in the past and present
  • How to get your computer connected to the Internet
  • The disadvantages of using e-mail
Which communication method was used in the past?
  • E-mail
  • Symbols
  • Telephones

Read the passage. Then answer the questions.

Dolphins' good eyesight helps them catch fish in the ocean. However, in dark waters, it can be hard for them to find fish using their eyesight only. Dolphins have a special ability that helps them use sound waves to find out what is near them in the ocean. Dolphins make a clicking sound that sends a sound wave through the water. The sound wave then hits objects around them, sending an echo back to the dolphins. Dolphins can use this echo to measure distances to objects. This special method is called sonar. Sonar is short for sound navigation and ranging. Humans also use sonar. It is used by submarines or ships to find out if there are any objects in the waters surrounding them. Isn't it amazing that nature gives us ideas for new technology?

(Adapted from TOEFL Primary STEP 2 - Practice Tests)

What is the best title for the text?
  • Dolphins and their young
  • Dolphins and sonar
  • The importance of good eyesight
What does sonar stand for?
  • Dolphins' special eyesight
  • A clicking sound that dolphins make
  • Sound navigation and ranging