Đề số 15 Toefl Primary 2020 vòng 2 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

10/12/2020 3:31:00 PM

You leave your bags so that they can be put on the plane. You usually do this at the check-in counter. What are you doing?

  • Checking in
  • Opening up
  • Ordering out

This person is the leader of a country. People vote to elect a candidate for this position. Who is it?

  • President
  • Teacher
  • Mathematician

It is a common white substance found in sea water and used to add flavour to food. What is it?

  • sugar
  • salt
  • sand

It is a small knife, and it has many blades that are folded into the handle. What is it?

  • Sandpaper
  • Electrical tape
  • A pocket knife

It is a type of Mexican food. It's a folded tortilla filled with meat, beans, and other ingredients. What is it?

  • A hamburger
  • A taco
  • A sandwich

It is a type of cooking method. You cook food in an oven by heating it. What is it?

  • Frying
  • Boiling
  • Baking

It is a type of sauce. It is yellow, and it has a strong taste. What is it?

  • Mustard
  • Ketchup
  • Water

This is the feeling of wanting to give your attention to something. What is it?

  • interest
  • disappointment
  • happiness

It is a room in a house. You can cook food here. What is it?

  • A bedroom
  • A bathroom
  • A kitchen

Read the letter. Answer the questions.

Dear Peter,

Today after school, Susan said you may have accidentally taken her animal book home. She is worried because this is her favorite book. Will you please check if you have her book? If you do, can you bring it back to school and give it to Susan? Thank you.

Sincerely,

Mrs.Han

Why does Mrs. Han write to Peter?

  • To ask him whether he had accidentally taken his classmate's book
  • To remind him bring his classmate's book to class tomorrow
  • To ask him chech his classmate's homework at home.

Where can Peter give the book to Susan?

  • her house
  • park
  • school

Read the letter. Answer the questions.

Dear Jenny,

The weather today is perfect for flying a kite. Do you want to go to the park with me? I think the wind is blowing just right so that our kites would fly really well in the sky. My dad just bought me a new red and orange one that I want to try out. If you want to join me after your swimming lesson, let me know.

Sincerely,

Kayla.

Why does Kayla write to Jenny?

  • To tell her about her new kite
  • To ask her to go to the park to fly a kite
  • To tell her information about weather

Why does Kayla think that their kites would fly really well?

  • Because Kayla has a new kite.
  • Because the weather is sunny.
  • Because the weather is blowy.

Read the word list. Then answer the questions.

Who should study the words on the list?

  • First graders
  • Third graders
  • Fifth graders
How are the words listed?
  • In alphabetical order
  • By topic
  • By color
Which word is NOT on the list?
  • Day
  • Become
  • Before
There are _____ words on the list.
  • two
  • twelve
  • twenty

Read the instruction. Then answer the questions.

Did you know that you can grow your own salt crystal? It's very simple and easy.

Things you will need

  • A jar
  • Hot water
  • Salt
  • A spoon
  • A piece of string
  • A pencil

Directions

1. Fill the jar with some hot water.

2. Add salt and stir it with a spoon.

3. Tie a piece of string to the pencil.

4. Place the pencil on the top of the jar, and let the string dangle into the middle of the jar. Roll up the string on the pencil so the string does not touch the jar.

5. Leave the jar in a safe spot, and wait for a day or two. Watch your crystals grow!

What do you need to grow salt crystal?

  • sugar
  • sand
  • salt

What do you use a spoon for?

  • to add
  • to stir
  • to fill
Why is a pencil needed for this experiment?
  • It helps the salt dissolve in the water.
  • You need it for stirring the solution.
  • It holds the string in place.

Read a story about Mary. Then answer the questions.

The world was going past Mary. The wind hurt her eyes, but she did not stop. Mary loved to run. Whenever she needed to get rid of stress, running always did the trick. It did not matter if she had unfinished homework or an important exam. She did not care about her chores or looking after her younger brother. She did not hear the voices of her teachers or parents. She did not hear her schoolmates or friends. She didn’t worry about anyone and she didn’t have to talk or listen to anyone. She could run wherever she wanted and as fast as she wanted. Every evening, Mary ran and ran until her legs became too weak to go on. She always came home tired, but happy.
 
Suddenly, Mary had a funny feeling. She realized someone was running behind her. Mary became frightened. Was she being followed? She began to run as fast as she could, but it wasn’t fast enough. She could feel the person getting closer! She began to scream when she felt someone touching her. The person began to scream, too.
 
"Mary!"
 
Wait, how did the person know her name? Mary turned around to see who was behind her. It was her classmate, Jack! His face was red and sweaty and he was gasping for air. He had trouble speaking. "I-I-I ... didn’t know ... you  ... were so f-f-f-ast!"

What did Mary love to do?

  • sing
  • run
  • study

Why did Mary always come home tired?

  • Because she run very fast to go home in time.
  • Because someone run behind her on the way home.
  • Because she run until her legs became too weak to go on.

How was Mary when she realized someone running behind her?

  • scared
  • happy
  • streesed

Who was the person running behind Mary?

  • her neighbor
  • her classmate
  • a stranger

Read the following story.

As soon as Luke opened his eyes in the morning, he jumped out of bed. He and his family were vacationing with his best friend Amy and her family. It was their first day of sightseeing in Shanghai and he wanted to see as much as possible.

After Luke had showered and dressed, he stopped by Amy’s room and knocked on the door. Amy answered it a moment later. Luke smiled at his friend. Amy looked as if she was ready, except for one thing. She was still in her pajamas.

“I’ll wait for you downstairs so you can finish getting ready,” Luke said.

“I am ready,” Amy replied. “Let's go eat breakfast.’’

“But you’re still in your pajamas,’’ Luke said.

“Yes, of course,” Amy said. “People in Shanghai are known to wear pajamas outside the home. It has been a city tradition since western-style pajamas were introduced by foreigners in the 1970s.

Luke laughed. It was hard to believe what his friend was saying was true.

“Trust me, wearing pajamas outside is a fashion trend in Shanghai,” Amy said. “Everyone does it.”

Sure enough, as the two families walked around the city that day, Luke saw many people in their pajamas. He wished he was wearing his pajamas, too.

Why was Luke in Shanghai?

  • He lived there with his family.
  • He was on a family vacation.
  • He went to school there.

Why did Luke think that Amy wasn't ready to go out?

  • Because she was still in her room.
  • Because she was still in her pajamas.
  • Because she didn't go downstairs.
What did Luke see when the two families walked around the city?
  • Many people in fashionable clothes
  • Many pajama stores
  • Many people in pajamas

What did Luke wish when he walked the city that day?

  • He was at home that day.
  • He was wearing his pajamas.
  • He was wearing his new shoes.

Read a story about David. Then answer the questions.

The game wasn’t going well. It was the semi-finals of the National Middle School Soccer Championship. There were only five minutes left in the game and David’s team, the Grovefield Gorillas was losing. The score was 2-1. “Come on Grovefield,” shouted David’s friends.

“Come on, David! You can do it!” But David had no confidence. He was tired and his whole body ached. His family wasn't even at the game to cheer him on. Worst of all, he had lost his lucky shirt. There was no way his team could win now.

But at least his team had the ball.

Billy Harris passed it to Craig Willard. Craig kicked the ball over the goalie's head. It went in! The score was tied 2-2! David began to feel better about the game.

As they were restarting the game, David saw his family car suddenly pull up in the parking lot. His parents and his brother Jack ran out of the car.

“David!" Dad shouted. “I found ... I found your lucky shirt!” He ran over to David.

As David quickly put on the shirt, he asked, “Where did you find it?”

It was under Jack’s bed. Now go win!”

David picked up the ball and ran into the penalty box. There were only five seconds left in the game! He shot the ball - GOOOOAAAALLLLLL!

It really was a lucky shirt!

How much time was left in the semi-finals?

  • 5 minutes
  • 5 hours
  • 50 minutes

Why did David have no confidence?

  • His family was at the game to cheer him on.
  • He had lost his lucky shirt.
  • His team had the ball.

What did David see in the parking lot?

  • his favorite games
  • his closed friends
  • his family car
Where did David’s dad find David’s shirt?
  • In the car
  • Under Jack's bed
  • In the parking lot

Read the passage. Then answer the questions.

The Museum of Childhood in Edinburgh is full of variety. Visitors can see doll-houses, toy cars and much more. There is everything from toy soldiers to board games. The museum was started by a man called Patrick Murray, who collected many toys during his life and wanted to show them to the public. But it's more than just a museum of toys. It explores all parts of growing up, and its exhibitions include lots of different things, from storybooks to baby food. The museum is easy to find in the center of Edinburgh and is open all year.

What is the text about?

  • Visitors in Edinburgh
  • The Museum of Childhood
  • Toy soldiers and board games

What did the man who started the museum collect?

  • storybooks
  • baby food
  • many toys

Read the passage. Then answer the questions.

Most animals have a way to protect themselves from their enemies. A skunk is a very smelly creature. When it senses danger, it will spray a stinky oily liquid onto its enemies and run away.

A porcupine, on the other hand, will raise and spread its quills when it is attacked by another animal. It will charge towards the animal by moving backwards such that its prickly quills are facing the enemy. It is an act of defence. It also attacks if it has to.

Interestingly, some animals, like the grass snakes or the opossums, try to play dead to escape from their enemies

What does a skunk do when there is a danger?

  • It immediately runs away.
  • It sprays a stinky liquid onto its enemies.
  • It runs to its enemies to attack them.

Which animal does not play dead to escape from its enemies?

  • A glass snake
  • An opossum
  • A porcupine