Đề số 17 Toefl Primary vòng 2 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

11/5/2020 9:15:00 AM

This is a kind of vehicle used in urgent cases to carry patients to hospital. What is this?

  • Ambulance
  • Fire truck
  • Police car

You work as a helper for someone to do a job. What do you do?

  • Gardener
  • Assistant
  • Producer

In this subject, you can learn about fauna and flora. Which subject is this?

  • Geography
  • History
  • Biography

Your hair is a little pale yellow. Which colour is your hair?

  • Blonde
  • Copper
  • Indigo

To come in somewhere, you must go through this way. What is this?

  • Entrance
  • Balcony
  • Window

When you are angry and you move your feet on the ground to show your feeling? What are you doing?

  • Dancing
  • Tiptoeing
  • Stamping

You can not go out with friends because you have to book in advance to meet the dentist? What is this called?

  • Appointment
  • Meeting
  • Classwork

This is the thing you use to wash your hair. What is this?

  • moisturizer
  • shampoo
  • soap

When you go abroad, you need to keep this along with you so that you can get on the plane. What is this?

  • belongings
  • suitcase
  • passport

Read the letter. Then answer the questions.

Dear Jim,

My name is Lucia, and I'm from Baker, Washington. Baker is a small town of about 15,000 people and I've lived here all my life and my family owns an alpaca farm (Yes! Alpacas) and runs an online alpaca store. If you need, let me know and I'll ship you a sample of our alpaca yarn. It is very warm and soft.

What does your family do for a living? I see you from Beverly Hills where the Totally Spies cartoon is produced. Are you a Totally Spies fan? Your profile says you can speak 4 languages. That is fantastic. I am learning a second language in my school so I am interested in the subject.

I've included a postcard from Baker for your collection. Hope you like it!

I look forward to your response.

Love,

Lucia.

How is Lucia's home?

  • She is from Bakery, Washington.
  • Her family has a camel farm.
  • They also run an offline alpaca store.

Why does Lucia refer to Beverly Hills?

  • To introduce her hometown where her parents work.
  • To ask whether Jim likes Totally Spies or not.
  • To know more about languages spoken here.

Read the letter. Then answer the questions.

Dear Granny Jojo,

I have something interesting to tell you. Can you guess what?

Yesterday, Darwin was cleaning his fish tank and he found a box that he didn't even know she had kept.

It was a box full of letters he wrote to Carrie - his girlfriend in high school. How convenient! Later on, I got an idea.

So you know how my brother had a box full of letters from his old girlfriend?

I have decided I will make one too, but not for my boyfriend, for my imaginative pen pal. Because later on when I have children and grandchildren, I will show them these so they know how I was as a kid.

Love,

Anais.

Why does Anais write for Granny Jojo?

  • To inform her about the box full of letters.
  • To suggest her make another box of letters.
  • To ask Granny tell her about her old pen pals.

What is Anais's new idea?

  • She knows how her brother got a box of letters.
  • She comes up with writing letters for her friends.
  • She wants to show how she was as a child to her children.

Read the poster. Then answer the questions.

Garage sale

What is the purpose of the garage sale?

  • To donate for charity in school.
  • To build the foundation in New York.
  • To help open charity school.

Which items can be bought at this Garage sale?

  • Kitchen furniture
  • Bedroom furniture
  • Study items

All items bought should be picked up before _____ .

  • 11 August
  • 12 August
  • 15 August

How many floors are used to sell things?

  • First floor
  • Two floors
  • Second floor

Read the instruction. Then answer the questions.

Tornado in a Bottle

tornado tube 2

What you will need:

1. Clear bottle or other tall, shatterproof container with a lid

2. Water

3. Dish soap

4. Glitter or food coloring (not required, but may make it easier to see the tornado)

How to make:

Step 1: Fill your bottle about ¾ full with clean water.

Step 2: Add a squirt of dish soap, as well as your glitter or food coloring, if wanted.

Step 3: Seal the container tightly.

Step 4: Move the bottle quickly in a round motion. After a few seconds, you should see the water begin swirling. Stop, and watch your tornado!

What do you need to make a tornado tube?

  • A clear tall pot
  • Dishwashing liquid
  • Coloring slime

Is glitter or food colors required to have?

  • Yes. It must be included in materials.
  • No, it is up to you.
  • No, but it helps you watch better.

In the final step, you have to move the container quickly in _____.

  • circular movement
  • vertical movement
  • horizontal movement

Read a story below Then answer the questions.

THE LITTLE RED CHICKEN 

A little red chicken had a store in a small town. She sold many different items to people in the town. The people loved her products.

One day, a cat came to her property. He saw the sign that indicated where the chicken’s store was located. He wanted to purchase bread, but the chicken’s store was almost empty. She had only a bag of wheat.*

“You can use the wheat to make bread,” the chicken said.

“No, I don’t want to work,” the cat said. “I just want to buy bread.” The cat became angry and left the store.

Later, the little red chicken saw the cat in a crowd.

“I will help you make the bread,” she said.

But the cat treated her badly. He did not even communicate with her.

He did not want to do any work.

So the chicken decided to make the bread. She selected the exact amount of wheat to make fresh bread. She used a stone to pound the wheat to get it ready. Soon, her bread was ready.

The cat came and saw the bread on a dish.

“Give me some of your bread,” he said.

“No,” said the little red chicken. “You did not help me make the bread. So you shall not have any to eat.”

The cat argued with the chicken. He tried to offer a price for it. But the little red chicken did not want to sell her bread.

“Don’t depend on others to do work for you,” said the little red chicken.

“Then how will I get bread?” the cat asked.

“I recommend doing some work,” said the little red chicken. “Use a tool to plant your own wheat. When it grows big, you can gather it and make your own bread. You need to learn to do work for what you want.”

*wheat - a type of plant used to make bread

What is this story about?

  • A chicken taught a cat a lesson of working
  • A chicken making bread out of wheat
  • Why a cat’s store did not have any items

What did the cat do when the chicken asked him to help make the bread?

  • He did not communicate with her.
  • He argued with the little red chicken.
  • He treated her very nicely.

How did the cat find the chicken’s store?

  • He saw tools being sold outside of the store.
  • He saw a stone with the store’s name.
  • He saw a sign that indicated her property.

What did the cat do when he saw the fresh bread?

  • He selected the product for himself.
  • He tried to buy some of it for a price.
  • He brought a crowd of friends with him to eat.

Read a story about Katy. Then answer the questions.

KATY 

I first met 8-year-old Katy on a rainy afternoon. I was a nurse at a hospital. The clerk at the desk told me about Katy. She was there because she felt a lot of pain. The doctors located a problem at the base of her brain. I knew she was special, even before she got better. I’ll always remember Katy as a hero.

When I entered Katy’s room, she was not in her bed. She was in a chair next to Tommy, a little boy. Though Katy did not feel well, she was playing with Tommy and his toys. It took a lot of effort for her just to sit in the chair. But she played with Tommy because it made him happy.

Katy was always smiling and never appeared to be in pain. She refused to just lie in bed. One day I found her painting a picture. Later, she gave it to one of the older patients. Another day she went outside to get flowers for another sick little girl. Katy made everyone smile.

The doctors hurried to fix the problem in Katy’s brain. The operation was successful! The doctors informed the hospital staff of the good news. Katy was fine. She soon felt excellent. She got better and was able to leave the hospital a month later.

I have had a long career as a nurse. I have met many patients. However, I have never met another girl like Katy. Even after she got well, she still came to the hospital. She played various games with the young patients. She read many books to older patients. Katy’s kind heart helped her get better so quickly. She is a hero to me and everyone else at the hospital.

What is this story about?

  • A little girl named Katy is a hero
  • A little girl who wants a career as a nurse
  • A clerk with a brain problem

Why does everyone like Katy?

  • She does good things, even though she is in pain.
  • She enters the hospital and saves a patient’s life.
  • She hurries to help the clerk at his desk.

Which of the following is true at the end of the story?

  • Katy informs other patients of how to get better.
  • Katy still comes back the hospital to see other patients.
  • Katy refuses to go back to the hospital.

How did the nurse know Katy did not feel well?

  • The nurse located a problem in Katy’s brain.
  • The nurse asked Katy how she felt.
  • Katy had to make an effort just to sit in a chair.

Read a story about below. Then answer the questions.

THE TWELVE MONTHS

An awful woman lived with her daughter and stepdaughter. She treated her stepdaughter with hatred, Anna. Anna had to work hard while her stepsister did nothing. On a cold January night, Anna’s stepmother remarked, “Your stepsister desires flowers. Go and find some.”

Anna wasn’t anxious to walk through the chilled landscape. The cold air made her lungs burn. She walked at a slow pace because of the snow. Soon she saw a group of people. It consisted of twelve men. Anna told them about the flowers. One of the men said they were twelve months and they would help Anna. January walked to her and made a motion with his hand. The days of the month passed rapidly until it was February’s turn. February also made the month speed up. Then March made the sunshine and flowers grew in the field.

Anna loaded her basket with so many flowers that she could hardly lift it. Then she gave a quick but polite “thank you” to the twelve men and returned home. She was very eager to show her stepmother all the flowers. Back at the house, she spilled the flowers onto the table. Then she told her stepmother about the twelve men. Anna’s stepmother and stepsister went to seek the twelve months. Their intent was to ask for gifts. They looked and looked. They became very lost and never found their way home. Anna lived happily by herself.

What is this story about?

  • Why a year consists of twelve months
  • How a girl made the sun shine in winter
  • How the months helped a polite girl

Why did Anna need to seek flowers?

  • She was eager to please her stepmother.
  • Her awful stepsister desired them for her birthday.
  • Her stepmother remarked that she liked them.

In the paragraph 3 we can infer that ____.

  • the months rapidly helped Anna load her basket
  • Anna got lost going across the dark landscape on her way home
  • Anna’s awful stepmother and stepsister never found the months

According to the passage, all the following are true EXCEPT __________.

  • the cold air hurt Anna’s lungs
  • Anna’s stepmother lifted the basket
  • January made a motion to speed up time

Read the passage. Then answer the questions.

Great White Sharks  

One of the most feared animals in the world is the shark and the shark most people are afraid of is the great white shark. It gets the name from the white belly. The top of the great white is gray which helps it blend in with the rocky bottom of the ocean. Although some fish are bigger, like the whale shark, the great white can grow up to 20 feet long. Unlike the calm, slow whale shark that feeds on tiny fish and plants, the great white is speedy and aggressive. A great white's prey includes sea lions, seals, sea turtles and rays. They use their razor sharp teeth, not to chew, but to rip their prey into small pieces. They have hundreds of teeth that can grow up to three inches long. The great white does not have many predators in the ocean except for orcas and larger sharks. Humans, however, are its biggest threat. Sharks often get caught in fishing nets or humans kill them for their fins or teeth.

Which information is UNTRUE about the great white sharps?

  • Their name has roots form the white belly.
  • The great white has no predators.
  • Their top is gray to camouflage as rocks.

How are humans harmful to great white sharks?

  • Humans are not the main threat to great white sharks.
  • People catch great white sharks for fins.
  • Humans hunt great white sharks for their skin.

Read the passage. Then answer the questions.

Fun Facts about Uranus

Uranus is the ancient Greek God Of the Heavens and the father of Cronus (Saturn), is the seventh planet from the Sun. It is a very cold planet and is known as the 'ice giant', along with Neptune. The bluish-green atmosphere that surrounds Uranus is made up of methane, hydrogen, and helium. In 2018, a research team discovered that the clouds of Uranus are made up of hydrogen sulfide. This is the smell of rotten eggs that no one likes! 
Uranus has 13 rings made up of large rocks and blocks dust particles. The rings were discovered on 10 March 1977 Uranus' brightest ring is known as the 'Epsilon' ring. It also has 27 known moons including Miranda, Ariel, Umbriel, Titania, and Oberon. It Is the only planet in the solar system that spins on its side. 

Which is TRUE about Uranus?

  • It is the seventh planet from the Sun and named after the father of Cronus
  • It is a very cold planet known as "ice giant" with bluish-green atmosphere.
  • Its atmosphere is made up of hydrogen sulfide which smells like rotten eggs.

What are the moons of Uranus?

  • Ariel, Miranda
  • Cronus, Neptune
  • Saturn, Oberon