Đề số 18 Toefl Primary 2020 vòng 2 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

11/12/2020 9:02:00 PM

You need to read these ones carefully before you start doing something. What are these?

  • instructions
  • cook books
  • magazines

This is regarded as an exciting or dangerous trip that brings people feelings of excitement. What is this?

  • An adventure
  • An activity
  • An action

This is an adjective to show something or someone look very good. What is this adjective?

  • Ouch
  • Awesome
  • Yummy

This is the hard hair that men have on the lower part of their face, normally around the mouth. What is this part of the face?

  • A forehead
  • A beard
  • A necklace

This is a kind of jewelry that girls often wear on their wrist or their arm. What is this?

  • A ring
  • A seatbelt
  • A bracelet

This is a book or notebook that you use to write down your feelings or what happened in a day. What is this?

  • A calendar
  • A diary
  • A textbook

Time is nearly over and you cannot know for sure the date of the historic event you learned. What are you trying to do?

  • Remembering
  • Studying
  • Recycling

You work at the hotel or office to welcome people to arrive and leave. What is your job?

  • Security staff
  • Bodyguard
  • Receptionist

This is an object that you use to clean your hand without needing to rinse with water again. What is this?

  • Hand sanitizer
  • Water color
  • Face cleanser

Read the letter. Then answer the questions.

Dear Jim,

How are things in Wicklow? I have not seen you for ages so I decided to write and give you all the news from Glentown.

The football team is doing really well this season. We have reached the semi-final of the Cup. The new goalkeeper we got after you left is great. He has not let in a goal in the last three matches.

My sister, Sandra, has just got in Grade 1 and I have got a new mission of being her tutor every even evening. Oh, if you still remember the tricks she made when she was in kindergarten, you know, how hard I try. Anyway, I still love her so much. Maybe I will be able to make some money from this "part-time" job and then I can come down on the train to visit you. 

Write soon and let me know all the news.

Your friend,

Martin.

Why is Martin writing for Jim?

  • To inform Jim about all the news in Glentown.
  • Because they haven't seen each other for ages.
  • To tell him about the new goalkeeper in the semi-final.

How can Martin come to visit Jim?

  • He can use the money from the football team to buy tickets.
  • He can have money from his "past-time" job to buy train tickets.
  • He can go with his sister.

Read the letter. Then answer the questions.

Dear Jaden,

Greetings from Cork! Now that we have settled in our new house lam having a house-warming party to celebrate. 

l am inviting some of the gang from Dublin and some of my new school friends from Cork.

The fun begins at 9 pm on Saturday, 3rd March. Why not come down on Friday night and stay for the weekend? I have asked Sandra and Brian to stay over also.

The train leaves Dublin at 4.15 pm and arrives in Cork at 7.30 pm. My dad will meet you at the station.

Let me know as soon as possible if you can come.

Love,

Selena.

Why does Selena send a letter to Jaden?

  • To greet him from the city of Cork.
  • To invite him to come down on Friday night.
  • To introduce him to her new friends: Sandra and Brian.

When does the train go from Dublin?

  • 9 pm
  • 7.30 pm
  • 4.15 pm

Read the announcement. Then answer the questions.

How is Newton's Parent Connect held?

  • It will be held at school
  • It will be a live broadcast.
  • It will be held at Parent University

Which session will be offered on Tuesday?

  • Virtual Learning Overview
  • Curriculum & Instruction
  • Information Session

What time will sessions from August 24 to August 28 normally start?

  • 3:00 p.m
  • 9:00 a.m
  • 10:00 a.m

When will parents having children in High School attend the upcoming event "Device Pick-up"?

  • Aug, 24-25
  • Aug, 24-26
  • Aug, 26-27

Read the instruction. Then answer the questions.

What you will need:

1. A volcano (made of plastic or clay), if you do not have it, you can use 1 Coke bottle instead.

2. Dish soap 

3. Cold water

4. White vinegar (optional)

5. Food coloring

6. Baking soda slurry (= ½ baking soda + ½ water)

How to make:

NOTE: This should be done outside due to the mess.

Step 1: Combine the vinegar, water, dish soap and 2 drops of food coloring into the empty Coka bottle or the prepared volcano.

Step 2: Use a spoon to mix the baking soda slurry until it is all a liquid.

Step 3: Eruption time! … Pour the baking soda slurry into the soda bottle or the volcano quickly and step back!

What is NOT really necessary to make your own volcano?

  • Cold water
  • Food coloring
  • White vinegar

What do you have to do in Step 2?

  • Mix all the materials you prepared.
  • Stir banking soda slurry into a liquid.
  • Add food colour in the vocalno or the empty bottle.

There is one alarm that _____.

  • This experiment should not be done inside the house.
  • Pour the baking soda slurry into the volcano or bottle and stay away.
  • Baking soda slurry is made by mixing ½ soda and ½ water.

Read the story. Answer the questions.

The Lion and The Mouse

One day a little mouse was scampering about. The mouse accidentally ran across the paw of a sleeping lion. The angry lion awoke and captured the mouse in his great, big, furry paws. The lion was just about to eat the mouse when the tiny creature cried out, “Please set me free. One day I will return your kindness.” So the lion released the mouse. A little while later, the mouse heard what sounded like angry roars. The mouse followed the sounds and discovered the lion trapped in a net made of ropes. Though frightened, the mouse was determined to keep his promise. Using his sharp teeth, the mouse made a hole in the net. And so the great lion was set free by the little mouse. The moral of this story is: Friends who are little in size can still be great friends.

What is the story about?

  • The mouse helped the lion back to repay its kindness.
  • The mouse and the lion became friends after being captured.
  • The lion that had great, big, furry paws saved the mouse.

Why did the lion agree to release the mouse?

  • Because it ran across very fast.
  • Because it promised to help back.
  • Because it was just a tiny creature.

How did the mouse help the lion when the lion was trapped?

  • It bit a hole in the net to save the lion.
  • It made angry roars to call others for help.
  • It decided to not keep the promise and go away.

The lesson from this story is _____.

  • Keeping promises is very important.
  • Friends who are not so big can still be good ones.
  • Friendship can exist between big and small animals.

Read the story. Answer the questions.

SQUIRRELS 
Squirrels are exciting. In the summer, they run around right after the sun comes up. In the afternoon, the squirrels go back to their nests. They take naps. Two hours before the sun goes down, they get up and run around again. When it is dark outside at night, they stay inside their nests. 
Squirrels are busiest of all in the wintertime. They run fast. They make turns in the air. Squirrels jump from tree branch to tree branch. They run all morning until lunch. After lunch, they go back to their nests to rest again. When the weather is bad, they do not leave their nests. However, they do not hibernate or sleep all winter. Squirrels have eyes on the top of their heads. These eyes help them to see objects without having to turn their heads. These eyes are difficult, too. They make it hard for the squirrel when it is eating. The squirrel's eyes are busy watching for enemies or threats. They do not pay attention to what they are eating because they are so busy watching for danger. Male squirrels keep themselves very clean. The male squirrel cleans himself more times than the female squirrel. He keeps cleaning himself all day long. Be careful when you play in the park. Squirrels are beautiful to watch, but they are not safe to touch. If you try and feed one from your hand, you could get bitten. Enjoy them from a distance. 

In which season is the squirrel most active?

  • In summer
  • In fall
  • In winter

Using the context clues in the passage, the word "enemies" most likely means _____.

  • friends
  • dangers
  • girls

The author's purpose for this passage is _____.

  • to entertain.
  • to tell about a squirrel.
  • to show you what a squirrel feels like.

According to this passage, what would be the danger of hand feeding a squirrel?

  • You might get bitten.
  • You could contract a disease.
  • You will have to take him home.

Read the story. Answer the questions.

TALKING TOASTER 

"Get your hands off me!"

"What?" I thought I must be dreaming. The toaster just talked to me. I shook my head vigorously and reached for it again. "I said, don't touch me!"

"Aaaaggh! What's going on here! I must be losing my mind!" I thought. "I'll tell you what's going on!" the toaster screamed. "I've had enough! I'm tired of sitting on this boring counter in this ugly kitchen! I want to be free!"

"Free?" I said.

"Yes, free! I'm sick and tired of you cramming me with bread, bagels, and mini-pizzas. And not only do I not get a thank you for toasting your food to perfection, but I get left with crumbs all over me and melted cheese on my rack!" "Um, what do you want to do? If I set you free, I mean." "I want to feel the sun on my door, the wind in my plug," said the toaster.

"I want to travel the world! I want to ...." "Oh, pipe down! You're always whining!" I heard a voice behind me and spun around. Now, the microwave was talking?

"You pipe down!" continued the toaster. "You are always bossing me around!" I couldn't believe it. The kitchen appliances were arguing with each other. I slowly backed out of the kitchen and headed to my room. Crawling back into bed, I pulled the blankets over my head. I wasn't ready to deal with dueling machines just yet. 

What is something the toaster is mad about?

  • not getting paid for its work.
  • getting left with crumbs and melted cheese inside it.
  • having to sit next to the blender.

Which of these is NOT something the toaster wants?

  • to travel the world
  • to join the circus
  • to feel the sun on its door

Besides the narrator, the toaster, there is a _____.

  • cooker
  • microwave
  • saucepan

How does the narrator solve the problem?

  • She doesn’t solve it. She goes back to bed and pulls the covers over her head.
  • She steps in between the toaster and the microwave and stops them.
  • She runs to her parents’ room and asks them for help.

Read the text. Then answer questions.

GEORGE WASHINGTON'S LETTER 

My dearest Martha,

As I am working here in Philadelphia, I am recalling several events in my life which have kept me pursuing my dreams. These, of course, are the dreams of freedom from England and the establishing of the 13 Colonies as a new nation. As I think back to 1754, I remember it as clearly as if it had happened yesterday. This was at the beginning of one of the small fights that grew into the French and Indian War. There was fighting all around us that day, but somehow I managed to escape. I realized later that four bullets had ripped through my coat. I had to sew these up by hand. I admit I am not as skilled in sewing as you are, my dear. Also, on the very same day, two horses were shot from under me. Once again, I escaped unhurt. That day has reminded me of the importance of fighting for what I believe. Another memory, which is vivid in my mind, is the time I spent with you on our plantation. I remember managing the lands and working alongside our workers. This memory brings me great joy. It is peaceful and reminds me of the peace we long for. Each event, my dear, had made me what I am today. I am strong because you believe in me and in the cause. I am strong because I have survived unusual events. The fight may be long, but the victory will be sweet.

Your most humble servant,

George.

This letter is written to George's _____.

  • daughter.
  • grandmother.
  • wife.

What lessons had George learned?

  • to fight for what he believes.
  • to get what you want no matter who you hurt.
  • to look at what others have and try to get it for himself.

Read the text. Then answer questions.

THE FOOD CHAIN 
All animals and plants need food in order to live. They eat each other. This is called the food chain. 
A chain is made up of links. Links connect animals and plants. The weakest link in a chain is a plant. This is often eaten by stronger links like deer and horses. Each link in the food chain is food for the next link. A rabbit eats grass. A coyote eats the rabbit. A cougar eats a coyote. This is the food chain.
People are a link in the food chain, too. The next time you eat a hamburger, think about how it fits into the food chain!

In a food chain, _____.

  • the weak eat the strong.
  • rabbits eat cougars.
  • the strong eat the weak.

Which of the following is true?

  • People eat cows.
  • Cows eat people.
  • Horses eat cows.