Đề số 24 Toefl Primary Step 2 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

1/21/2021 3:56:00 PM

It is a vegetable. It is yellow. It is used to make a snack you eat in the cinema.

What is this?

  • A corn
  • A zucchini
  • A squash

You do this in writing. You do this to tell others to know about how things or people are. What is it?

  • Storytelling
  • Describing
  • Debating

It is a color between blue and yellow. It is like the color of lettuce. What is it?

  • Orange
  • Red
  • Green

You have this when you do exercise or you practice in the gym. It makes your arm and your leg become bigger and stronger. What is it?

  • Muscles
  • Brain
  • Information

It is a strong emotion. You might have this feeling when you are so eager and happy to receive something special. When you are about to travel to a new place, you also feel this. What is it?

  • Exhausted
  • Excited
  • Studious

You need to do this to check your homework again before you hand it in to your teacher. If you write a paragraph, you need to do this to correct your mistakes. What is this?

  • Seeking
  • Submitting
  • Editing

Your friend cannot come home due to the storm. You need to let your friend stay in your house. You _____ your friend _____.

  • let ... down
  • put ... up
  • take ... away

You use this to put your clothes in the wardrobe so that they can have fewer wrinkles. There are some kinds of this used for adults and children.

What is it?

  • A hanger
  • A bucket
  • An iron

It is a shape of things. It has four angles. It is the shape of a football stadium. What is it?

  • Square
  • Rectangle
  • Circle

Read the letter. Then answer the questions.

Dear Robert,

It is my birthday on Saturday, and I am having a funny hat party. I have invited a few of my friends who you might know. Would you like to come, too?

My address is 100, Moorin Road, Gateshead and my telephone number is 0119 4743812. Call me if you can't find the road. I will have my sister pick you up.

Could you bring some music playlists or CDs of the Boy Band with you? I know that you love listening to music so you must have a lot. Also, do not forget your funny hat! I hope you can come. I bet that the party will have a lot of fun with your presence.

See you soon,

Mark

Why is Mark sending the letter to Robert?

  • To ask Robert about his CDs
  • To remind Robert of Mark's date
  • To invite Robert to his hat party

What is NOT the thing Mark tells Robert to bring along?

  • music playlists
  • his phone
  • his hat

Read the letter. Then answer the questions.

Dear Mary,

I would like to start by wishing you a very wonderful Christmas, and as well as a healthy and prosperous new year.

I know that you are sometimes feeling lonely because you are not with your family during this special occasion but always keep in mind that we are always here for you to support you.

You are never alone during this special time. We are here with you and you can count on us in times of great needs.

Wish you all the best!

Love,

Santa.

Why is Santa writing this letter to Mary?

  • To send wishes in the new year to Mary
  • To compliment Mary on her new age
  • To share with Mary something special

Why does Mary feel lonely?

  • Because she does not get any gifts at Christmas.
  • Because she does not live with her mom and dad.
  • Because she does not have everyone to support her.

Read the chart. Then answer the questions.

Which is the most popular birth month in the graph?

  • June
  • October
  • December

Which is the least popular birth month in the chart?

  • January
  • August
  • March

How many students have their birthdays in April?

  • three
  • five
  • seven

Which two months have the same equal number of students' birthdays?

  • May and September
  • February and November
  • July and December

Read the instructions. Then answer the questions.

Make It Rain

What you'll need:

- Glass jar
- Ceramic plate (or the lid of the jar)

- Hot water (need parents' help with this part)
- 4 ice cubes

How to make:

1. Pour 4 centimeters of the hot water into the jar.
2. Cover the jar with the ceramic plate face up.
3. Wait 3 minutes to continue to the next step.
4. Put ice cubes on the plate.
5. Observe your homemade water cycle.

How many materials do you need to make this experiment?

  • Four
  • Nine
  • Five

To do this, you need to have _____ if you are too small to use hot water by yourself.

  • Guidance
  • Teacher's observation
  • Parents' support

Which is TRUE from the instructions?

  • Pour the hot water till the jar is full
  • Put the plate on the jar upwards
  • Add no ice cubes on the plate and wait 3 minutes

Read the story. Then answer the questions.

The Starfish

Last summer I took a trip to an island. I had a lot of fun. I sat and watched the waves and listened to the ocean. I learned to identify birds. I discovered pretty things and enjoyed the taste of new foods. It was a very nice time.

One evening I took a pleasant walk by the ocean. When the waves came in, many starfish* fell on the beach. Some starfish went back into the water, and they were safe. But other starfish were still on the sand. They would die if they did not get into the water. There were many starfish on the beach that night. It made me sad, but I knew I could not fix the problem. I stepped very carefully so I did not damage them.

Then I saw a little girl. She was also sad about the starfish. She wanted to prevent all of them from dying. She asked me if I could perhaps help her.

“To be frank, I don’t think we can do anything,” I said.

The little girl started to cry. She sat back against a rock and thought for a while. Finally, the emotion was gone. She stopped crying and stood up. Then she picked up a starfish and threw it into the water.

“What are you doing?” I asked her. But she did not answer me. She just threw as many starfish as she could. “You cannot save all of them!” I said. She stopped to look at me. “No, I cannot save them all,” she replied. Then she picked up a very big starfish and said, “But I can save this one.” And then she smiled and threw the starfish as far as she could into the ocean. 

*starfish - an animal shaped like a star that lives in the water. 

(Adapted from 4000 essential English words 1)

What is this story about?

  • A girl who wants to save starfish
  • A girl who is too frank
  • Birds and animals at the ocean

What does the writer think is NOT good about the island?

  • Watching the waves
  • Identifying birds
  • The starfish dying on the sand

What does the girl think the writer can perhaps do?

  • Take a walk on the beach
  • Discover something pretty
  • Help her save starfish

What made the girl stop crying?

  • She cannot fix the damage she finds to homes.
  • She cannot save all starfish but she can save some.
  • She steps on a rock and hurts her foot.

Read the story. Then answer the questions.

The Report

Lee sat among the books at the library and thought about his group project.

They had to turn it in soon, but he hadn’t even started his part! Jack and Claire were in his group. They had worked hard. They were also very smart, and Lee didn’t want them to get a bad grade.

Jack did the report. He wrote a lot of very good sentences and described things with great adjectives. Claire drew a nice map of the stars. Now, Lee needed to do his part of the project.

“Well, I suppose I need to start my model,” Lee thought.

Making a model of a planet was really hard. Lee tried to read several books, but he couldn’t comprehend any of the charts. “We’re going to fail because of me!” Lee said. He put his head down on the table and said, “I wish I could see a planet, instead of having to read about it!”

Suddenly, there was a bright light. Lee was pulled from his chair, through the roof, and right into a strange ship! “Hello, kid,” said an alien. “Did you ask for help?”

Lee told the friendly alien all about his project. The alien agreed to help Lee solve his problem. “First, we’ll fly through space to view the universe. Then, I can help you make a model of my planet.”

Soon, they were going through the clouds. They passed the moon. Then they viewed Mars. Lee was very excited. Instead of a bad grade, his group would have the best project ever!

“It’s time to go home,” the alien finally said. On the way back, he helped Lee make a model of the planet Mars. Soon, they were on Earth.

“Thanks,” Lee said. “My model will be awesome!” Then he took his model and said goodbye to his new friend.

(Adapted from 4000 essential English words 1)

What is this story about?

  • A boy’s trip into the universe
  • A boy who wants to write instead of draw
  • An alien living in a library

What is Lee unable to comprehend?

  • How to make a model of a planet
  • Where the best place is to view the stars
  • How to read the information in a chart

What can you suppose is true of the group’s report?

  • It is a report of four students.
  • It must describe clouds.
  • It is about the stars and planets.

What did the alien want to do to help Lee?

  • Get several books from the library
  • Hear the best report ever
  • Make the model of a planet

Read the story. And answer the questions.

The Better Reward.

Jenny delivered food for a restaurant. She read the newspaper and said, “Uh oh.” There was a story about a thief. He stole food, and no one had seen him. Even the police couldn’t catch him. Jenny was a little scared. She worked close to that area.

The newspaper included a message from the police: “If anything strange occurs, call us. If you help us catch the thief, you’ll earn a reward.”

Jenny talked to Jim. He managed the restaurant. “Do you know about the thief?”

“Yes,” he said. “But he steals more than one person can eat. And why haven’t the police stopped him yet? It’s a mystery. If you see him, contact the police. Don’t run after him.”

Jenny drove to a customer’s house. She left her car and opened the gate to the house. But then she heard a noise from her car. She yelled, “Thief!” She wasn’t scared. She wanted a reward! She did the opposite of what Jim told her to do.

“Hey,” she yelled. “Get back here!” She set the food on the ground and ran to her car.

But the thief had already left with the food. Jenny followed a noise around the corner. She was amazed. She saw a dog and some puppies. They were eating her food! They looked thin and scared. “The actual thief is just a dog. She’s feeding her puppies,” she said. “That’s why she steals so much food.”

Jenny felt bad. She tried to comfort the dogs with another plate of food. Then she took them back to the store. Everyone there took a puppy home. Jenny called the police. She told them there was no real thief.

Jenny didn’t do it to receive the reward anymore. She said, “It was just a dog. But there’s no charge for catching this thief,’” she said. “My new dog is a better reward.”

(Adapted from 4000 essential English words 1)

What is this story about?

  • A man who writes for a newspaper
  • A girl who delivers food caught the thief
  • A dog that steals a plate

What was true of Jim?

  • He tried to comfort Jenny with food.
  • He told Jenny that she should contact the police.
  • He received a reward because he managed the store.

How did Jenny act when she heard the noise?

  • She was amazed by the noise.
  • She followed it around the corner.
  • She set the food on a table and ran to her car.

Why did Jenny decide to run after the thief?

  • She wanted to earn the reward.
  • She wanted to deliver that food for the customer.
  • She knew that there was no actual thief.

Read the text. Then answer the questions.

Water moves. It goes from the land to the air. Then it moves back to the land. This movement is called the water cycle. Lakes, rivers, and oceans are made of water. The sun heats the water. Tiny drops of water rise into the air. They join together. Now they are clouds. The water drops get bigger. They also get heavy. The drops fall from the clouds. The drops are called rain. The rain falls to the ground. Water fills the lakes and oceans. The sun heats the water. The tiny drops go up in the air again. The water cycle never stops!

(Adapted from ReadWorks)

What is the water cycle?

  • Water moves from land to air and comes back.
  • Water which is from lakes and rivers goes round.
  • Water evaporates to make rain and raindrops fall on land.

Which is NOT TRUE about rain?

  • Rain is made from the sun's heat.
  • The drops from clouds make rain.
  • The rain falls to the ground.

Read the text. Then answer the questions.

Rainbows sometimes show up on rainy days. Rainbows appear in the sky only if the sun is shining. Sunlight looks white. Actually, it is made of many colors. Rainbows show off those colors.

Rain comes from clouds. Clouds are made of tiny drops of water. If the drops get too big, they fall as rain.

Sunlight shines through the drops of rain. The drops bend the light. The colors spread out. Then you see a rainbow! A rainbow’s top rows are red, orange, yellow, and green. The bottom rows are blue, indigo, and violet.

Rainbows _____.

  • only appear on rainy days when the sun is shining.
  • frequently happen on rainy days when the sun is shining.
  • sometimes appear on sunny days.

What makes the colours of the rainbow?

  • Sunlight shines through the drops of rain.
  • Clouds are made of tiny drops of water.
  • Rainbows show off those colors.