Đề số 20 Toefl Primary Step 2 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

12/28/2020 4:14:00 PM

Your team got this when you won the game. When you gain this, you are called the winner. What is it?

  • Champion
  • Chameleon
  • Champagne

You need to have this if you want to show that you are telling the truth. This is also very important in a criminal. What is it?

  • Belief
  • Evidence
  • Friendship

It is the ability of someone who can remember things. It helps students learn quicker. What is it?

  • Mistake
  • Membership
  • Memory

This is a very tiny creature that you cannot see. You need to wash your hand carefully and keep your body clean to get away from it? What is it?

  • Bacteria
  • Insects
  • Dirtiness

Your friend often does this to make you happier. Before drinking beer or wine, people say "_____."

  • Hooray
  • Cheers
  • Gay

You are told to do this on the beach to take in more vitamin D. This is a way to make your skin browner. What is it?

  • Sunburn
  • Sunbathe
  • Sunny

You buy this with the hope that you will win and have a lot of money. But many people get poorer because they spend too much money buying this. What is it?

  • Ticket
  • Lottery
  • Card

If you are seen cheating in the exam and you have this feeling. This also happens when you have to undress in front of the doctor in the hospital. You are feeling _____.

  • Weak
  • Shocked
  • Embarrassed

You need this when you cannot answer the question. Teachers give this to help you find the final result step by step. What is it?

  • Hint
  • Idea
  • Key

Read the letter. Then answer the questions.

Hi George,
It is a letter of help. I need to buy some new clothes for the upcoming winter. I don't know the city well. Can you tell me where I can buy some? I do not have much money, so please tell me about a cheap store or a second-hand one! And also, please tell me how I can get there. Can I walk, or will I need to take a bus or tram? Do the stores stay open in the evenings or do they close early? If you do not mind and you are free, I will be so grateful if you can guide me to some places around. Then we can come back to my house so I can treat you to some special dishes only for the festive time I learned from my mom. Text me and tell me what do you think about it.
Thank you very much for your help.
Arnie.

Why is Arnie writing to George?

  • To tell him about the city life
  • To ask him for the cheap clothing store
  • To invite him to her new house

The dishes Arnie learned from her mom _____.

  • are very special
  • are only for festive time
  • are for the holiday time

Read this email. Then answer the questions.

Dear Sir. Wilson,

I, Jaden Nguyen, am the father of Jack Nguyen who is studying in Class 4B1 of your reputed school. We are attending my cousin's marriage in the Maldives this week and therefore I am requesting you to grant Jack's leave from 25th December to 27th December 2020.
I personally have to make a few arrangements before the marriage so I have to leave with my family a little early. I would personally take care of the subjects and portions that would be missed by Jack during this period. 
I hope that you will consider my request and grant the leaves for the dates.

Sincerely,

Jaden Nguyen.

What is the email about?

  • The father is writing to ask for his son's leave due to the sickness.
  • The father is writing to request for his son's leave due to his cousin's marriage.
  • The father is sending this email to stop his son's portions at school.

What will Jaden Nguyen take care of?

  • His son's day-offs
  • His son's studying
  • His son's health

Read the poster. Then answer the questions.

What is this poster about?

  • To invite students to join in the Science Fair
  • To call for students to discuss Science Matter
  • To encourage students to get high marks in Science

Which is TRUE about the Fair Schedule on March 11th?

  • Free entry without registration
  • Register through email
  • Available forms at Richmond School

Which category is included in the Fair on April 1st?

  • Experience
  • Research
  • Living things

Dinners in the Fair _____.

  • are $6 each
  • include Italian food
  • are free for all

Read the instructions. Then answer the questions.

Paper Christmas Tree

What you will need:

- Green and brown paper
- Paper in various colors to decorate
- Glue
- Scissors
- Pencil
- Glitter glue or ribbons

How to make:

1. Cut three green triangles.

2. Glue the triangles together.

3. Make a brown tree trunk.

4. Cut out shapes of baubles and candy canes.

5. Decorate the shapes.

Which color is used to make the trunk?

  • Green
  • Brown
  • Red

How many triangles do you need cutting to make a Christmas tree?

  • One
  • Two
  • Three

After cutting triangles, you will _____.

  • Use glitter and ribbons
  • Glue them all together
  • Fold them into baubles

Read the story. Then answer the questions.

THE DOG’S BELL

John’s dog was a bad dog. He bit people frequently. John had great concern about this. It was not an appropriate way for a dog to behave. His friends in the village always expected the dog to bite them. The news about John’s dog spread through the village. None of the people wanted to go to John’s house. John tried to instruct the dog to behave, but it never worked. He tried to be patient and teach the dog to be calm. That also didn’t work. John didn’t want to punish the dog. “How will I stop my dog’s bad habit?” John asked himself.

John’s friend came to talk to him about the issue. During their important meeting, his friend said, “The people in the village asked me to represent them. We want your dog to stop this habit. Why don’t you put a bell around the dog’s neck? This way, we would hear your dog coming down the street.”

John thought this was a great idea. Now, people could stay away from the dog. It would not be able to bite anyone anymore.

The dog liked the bell, too. People looked at him when they heard his bell. This made the dog very content. He liked the song the bell played when he walked.

One day, John’s dog strolled through the village and met some other dogs. He expected them to want a bell like his. But they laughed at his bell. They said the bell made people avoid him. John’s dog shook his head. “No, they look at me because they like the bell.”

The other dogs said, “You have the wrong idea of what makes you popular. Of course, they like your bell. It tells them where you are so they can avoid you. You aren’t able to bite them anymore!”

You see, being popular isn’t something positive when it’s for the wrong reason.

What is this story mainly about?

  • How to treat a dog that usually attacks others
  • A dog wants to have a bell
  • A man who has no friends except the dog

Why did the issue with the dog bother John?

  • People didn’t think of John in a positive way.
  • People avoided going to John’s house.
  • People didn’t like the song that John played.

What did John do to stop the dog’s bad habit?

  • He instructed the dog on learning tricks.
  • He was patient and showed concern.
  • He put a bell around the dog’s neck.

What did some other dogs think about the bell?

  • They like the music sound from the bell.
  • Being popular in the wrong side is good.
  • The bell makes people stay away from John's dog.

Read the story. Then answer the questions.

The Farewell Gift

Amit was a famous contractor. One day, he told his supervisor "I am going to build one last house and you will build it for me because I am going abroad for a year. Use the best material; do not worry about money. Make it the best house I have built."

After giving these instructions, he left. The supervisor thought that this was a great opportunity to make money. He used the cheapest material inside but made the house very beautiful from the outside. After a year, the contractor returned. He inspected the house. Immediately, he found out what was wrong with it.

He then asked his supervisor what he thought about the house.

The supervisor said, “This is the best house I have ever built." The contractor then said to him, “This house is now yours. This is my farewell gift to you."

The supervisor was shocked and embarrassed.

If only he had known, he would have made sure that everything was perfect.

If he had known the consequences, he would have demanded excellence from himself.

What does Amit do?

  • He works as a contractor.
  • He works for a contractor.
  • He works with a contactor.

Why couldn't Amit directly build the last house?

  • Because he was going to retire.
  • Because he was going aboard.
  • Because he was going to work on board.

The supervisor built the house with _____.

  • Low-cost materials
  • Unqualified materials
  • Good materials

What did the supervisor wish for?

  • He wished he had built it with less time.
  • He wished he had built it more carefully.
  • He wished he had made it perfect.

Read the story. Then answer the questions.

The Race For Water

There was a town next to a river. The people there had a lot of water. But they wasted it. That made the Sky angry. It said, “If you waste water, I will take it away from you.” But the people didn’t listen.

When the season changed from spring to summer, the clouds disappeared. The bright sun was hot and made the river dry. There was no water available. People asked, “When will the rain fall?”

The Sky’s response was, “You don’t appreciate water. You waste it, and now I will never make rain again.”

A boy determined that this wasn’t fair. He thought of a solution. He asked the Sky to race him. He said, “If I get to the top of that hill before your rain can form puddles, you must fill our river.”

The Sky laughed. “Little boy, I am the Sky. I am above everything else. You cannot beat me.” But the boy knew he would win.

When the race began, the boy ran forward. The Sky started raining on the hill. But puddles did not form there. When it rained on the hill, the water went down.

The Sky kept raining. The water flowed down into the river. When the boy reached the top of the hill, the river was full. The people began to celebrate. It was the highest level the river had ever been at before.

The Sky was angry. “A boy can’t beat me! I won’t fill your river,” it said. Now the boy laughed. “It doesn’t matter whether you want to fill it or not,” he said. “You already did.” The Sky looked at the full river.

You tricked me,” it said. It asked the people, “Do you appreciate water now?”

“Yes,” they said. “We won’t waste it.”

That is how a lone boy saved his town and won the race for water.

(Adapted from 4000 essential English words 1)

What is this story about?

  • A boy who swims in a river
  • A boy with the solution to a problem
  • People who learn to appreciate a hill

The river became dry when _______.

  • the bright sun became very hot
  • the people found available water nearby
  • the season changed from summer to spring

How did the boy save the town?

  • He made the clouds disappear.
  • He promised not to waste any more water.
  • He used tricks with the sun.

What was the meaning of the story?

  • Use as much water as people can
  • Remind people of saving the water
  • Wasting water is no good to animals

Read the text. Then answer the questions.

The delicious chocolate bar we enjoy today started out as a bean in a cacao tree. The cacao tree is a 15- to 25-foot tree that grows colorful fruit called pods and white flowers. One tree can grow 20 to 30 pods each year. Each pod has about 20 to 60 seeds—cocoa beans—that are harvested to produce chocolate. It takes about 400 beans to make one pound of chocolate! The pulp of the cacao fruit, which surrounds the beans, tastes like a lemony mango and is often made into juices and jellies. Cacao trees can be found in rainforests across the world, and grow best in areas near the equator. They can only survive in warm or hot places with a lot of rainfall and nutrient-rich soil, making them the perfect rainforest plants. Cacao trees have leaves that can rotate 90 degrees from vertical to horizontal and back again to acquire more or less sunlight. The rainforest canopy provides them with the perfect amount of shade.

How many beans do we need to produce one pound of chocolate?

  • 20-30
  • 60
  • 400

Where is the best place for the cacao tree to grow?

  • Tropical rain forest
  • Rain forest
  • Near the equator

Read the text. Then answer the questions.

Vincent van Gogh

Vincent van Gogh was a painter. One thing that his paintings are known for are their colors. Many of them are pictures of flowers or outdoors. Others are pictures of himself.

Being an artist was not easy for Vincent. Not many people liked his paintings when he was alive. He did not make much money from them. He got money from his brother instead.

Vincent also had health problems. He spent lots of time in hospitals. That did not stop him from painting, though. One of his most famous paintings was done in a hospital. That painting is Starry Night.

What can be Van Gough's topic of the paintings?

  • Plants
  • Landscape
  • His brother

What is the famous painting of Van Gough when he was in hospital?

  • Self-Portrait
  • Almond Blossom
  • Starry Night