Đề số 26 Toefl Primary 2020 Step 2 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

1/27/2021 1:43:00 PM

If you want to learn well, you need to _____ carefully. If you want to have better health, you should _____ more exercise.

  • practice
  • remember
  • attend

It is a color. When it is going to rain, the sky and clouds will have turn into this color. When you mix white and black, you have this. What is it?

  • purple
  • gray
  • blonde

When you eat too much candy, you are easier to get this disease. There will be small black holes in your tooth. What is it?

  • false teeth
  • tooth decay
  • stomachache

This is an animal. It is like a little mouse with two large cheeks for storing food. It is often kept as a pet. What is it?

  • rat
  • hamster
  • country mouse

This is a home device. You need to install this inside and outside your house to warn about the fire. What is it?

  • fire alarm
  • fire truck
  • fire door

This is a job. People need to catch fish or seafood to make a living. They can work in the river or go further to the sea. What is it?

  • Coastguard
  • Fisherman
  • Scuba diver

When you do something wrong, you should tell others that you are sorry for your fault. You _____.

  • discourage
  • apologize
  • embarrass

When you work too hard, you feel this. When you have this feeling, you need to take a rest. What is it?

  • Entertained
  • Exciting
  • Exhausted

You need to do this when you are studying in class. You do this by giving attention to what teachers are saying. What is it?

  • concentrate
  • neglect
  • progress

Read the letter. Then answer the questions.

Hi Mark,

How are you? I'm so happy with my new house. It's on a quiet street near a park. It's on the first floor with a great view of the garden outside.

It's got a large living room, a nice kitchen and two bedrooms. My favorite room is my bedroom. It's very big. It's got a bed, a desk and a wardrobe. There are posters of my favorite footballers on the walls.

I can't wait for you to come and see it. How about next weekend? Let me know.

Write back soon,

John.

Why is John writing this letter to Mark?

  • To introduce to Mark his new home
  • To invite Mark to his new room's party
  • To guide Mark the way to his house

Which room does John like best?

  • The garden with a great view
  • A large living room
  • The bedroom with posters

Read the letter. Then answer the questions.

Hi Mary,

We're having a great time here in India. Peter and James are making a documentary about the Khasi people. They're a tribe in the hills of mountains. They are short and strong people with black hair and they wear long colorful clothes. I spend my days going to museums and visiting the local markets. Right now I'm eating some delicious traditional food at a cafe and I'm waiting for the rain to stop. The weather is strange here. It rains a lot every day but it's warm. Can't wait to tell you all about our trip.

Take care!

Sue

Who are the Khasi people?

  • They are having a good time in India.
  • They are a tribe in the hills of mountains.
  • They are short and strong with black hair.

The weather there is NOT _____.

  • rainy
  • warm
  • sunny

Read the menu. Then answer the questions.

Of the three types of burgers on the menu, which one is the cheapest?

  • Chicken burger
  • Cheeseburger
  • Beef burger

How much does it cost for medium chips?

  • 50p
  • 70p
  • £1.00

Chocolate cake is _____ apple pie and ice cream.

  • not cheaper than
  • equal to
  • not expensive than

Which drinks are NOT included on the menu?

  • Orange juice
  • Condensed milk
  • Mineral water

Read the instructions. Then answer the questions.

Ruler Changes Size

What you'll need:

- Tall empty clear glass
- Water
- Cooking Oil
- Rubbing Alcohol
- Ruler

How to make: 

Step 1 – Pour water into a tall clear glass. Fill it about 1/3 of the way full.

Step 2 – Next, carefully pour in cooking oil into the glass until the glass is a little less than 2/3 of the way full.

Step 3 – Slowly pour rubbing alcohol into the glass until the glass is almost full of liquid.

Step 4 – Wait for about 30 seconds to allow the liquids to settle. You will notice three layers of liquid, first water at the bottom, then cooking oil in the middle and finally rubbing alcohol at the top.

Step 5 – As you observe the ruler in the glass, first notice that the ruler appears to get wider as soon as it enters the liquid within the glass cup. Immediately remove the ruler from the liquid to show that it really isn’t wider, it just appears to be when observed in the liquid.

Next, place the ruler back into the liquid and look very closely through the side of the cup. As you look closer, you will notice that the width of the ruler appears to change depending on the liquid it is in.

Which is NOT referred to in the materials you need?

  • A glass
  • Alcohol
  • A rubber

After pouring water into 1/3 of the glass, _____.

  • add cooking oil until the cup is nearly full
  • pour cooking oil with the same amount of water
  • put cooking oil so that the glass is less than 2/3 of the way full

What can we learn from the shape of the ruler in 3 different liquids?

  • It keeps the same width.
  • It changes the width in each liquid.
  • It appears to be much wider.

Read the story. Then answer the questions.

Ben's Loose Tooth

"I’m always last," Ben sighed. "Last to learn to whistle. Last to lose a tooth."
Ben's older sister, Kate, was always bossy. "Jiggle your teeth," she said. "Find one that’s wiggly and wobbly."
Tooth by tooth, Ben jiggled. He wriggled the last tooth. "It’s wiggly. It’s wobbly!"
"Tug it," Kate said.
"Uh!” Ben mumbled. “It’s stuck in my gums."
"Hmmm.” Kate scrunched her nose. "Munch that apple."
Ben took a bite. "Ouch! No luck."
 
"Hmmm," said Kate. She tapped her pinky against her chin. I'll scare it out of you! That's how you get rid of hiccups. Maybe it works for teeth too." 
Ben squeezed his eyes out. He held his breath. He waited and waited. 'Hey! When are you going to scare me?" He propped one eye open.
"How scary would it be if I told you?" Kate asked.
"Well—,” Ben said.
"Boo!" cried Kate. She flapped her arms.
Ben's fingers flew to the tooth. He wriggled it. He jiggled it. “Blah! I’ll never lose a tooth."
He hung his head. "I’ll never learn to whistle, either."
"Whistle? I can teach you!” Kate said. “Pucker your lips. Leave a tiny space."
Ben scrunched his lips together.
“Perfect.” Kate smiled. “Now, shoot the air out. Hard.”
With all his might, Ben blasted air. Out burst a high note—with his tooth!

(by Donna Latham)

The last person to lose a tooth is _____.

  • Boss
  • Kate
  • Ben

Who is Kate?

  • Ben's cousin
  • Ben's little sister
  • Ben's big sister

What did Kate recommend Ben do to lose the wobbly tooth?

  • Bite an apple
  • Chew the gum
  • Hold the breath

In the end, Ben can lose a tooth by ____.

  • jiggling
  • whistling
  • waiting

Read the text. Then answer the questions.

The Strange Star

Rosie loved watching the night sky. It shined with so many stars.
Sometimes, she would climb onto Papa's shoulders. She'd feel like a princess, sitting closer to those stars.
One afternoon. Papa said. "We're going to the beach! Won't that be fun?
Rosie wasn't sure. "Will my stars be merry too?" "Maybe," Papa said.
So they went to the beach. But it was foggy that night - no stars in sight.
"Let's see what happens tomorrow," Papa said.
"Okay..." Rosie frowned.
The next morning, they went back to the beach and Rosie gathered seashells. Rosie found something strange. It looked like a big, orange, bumpy star. Had it fallen from the sky? And why wasn't it glowing? "It's not a star." Papa smiled. "It's a starfish. It lives in the ocean."
Rosie put the starfish in the ocean. They watched the waves wash it back home. Then Rosie looked for more starfish. She liked the stars and starfish. 

(by Anita N. Amin)

Rosie wanted to climb onto Papa's shoulders _____.

  • to have more fun
  • to be a prince
  • to sit closer to stars

When did Rosie find a starfish?

  • At the beach
  • In her backyard
  • In the morning

A starfish is not a star because _____.

  • it is not glowing
  • it is orange
  • it is so big

What did Rosie do right after she found a starfish?

  • She looked up in the night sky.
  • She found something strange.
  • She put the starfish in the ocean.

Read the story. Then answer the questions.

The Perfect Camping Trip

One Saturday evening, Bella and her friend Mia went camping. Mosquitoes snapped at them in the dewy air. Tall pine trees rustled in the soft wind and sprinkled down pine needles.
“It’s like camping in the woods,” Mia said. They were in Bella’s back yard.
“Let’s pitch our tent.” Bella flung a sheet over two drooping branches on side-by-side trees. It was perfect! They laughed and crawled under the sheet. But the wind grew stronger. The sheet flapped over and off the tree. They tried again, but the sheet wouldn’t stay.
“Hmm,” Mia said. “Let’s roast marshmallows instead.”
They hunted for sticks and broken pieces of bark. They made a pile on the ground, poking long sticks through their marshmallows. It was perfect!
Bella ran inside to ask Mom to start the campfire. But Mom said, “No, we can’t start a campfire in our backyard. You or someone else could get hurt. Just pretend. Or you can use the microwave.”
They pretended but it wasn’t the same. And their marshmallows got dirt all over them.
“Hmm,” Bella said. “Let’s sit and look at the stars instead.”
But when they looked up, Bella saw a black sky without any glowing stars. The moon was hazy and striped with tentacle-like clouds.
“The sky looks spooky,” Mia said.
“It does look spooky,” Bella smiled.
They told each other spooky ghost stories. It was perfect!
Then, Bella felt a drop. And another. And another. Bella and Mia raced inside out of the rain.
Their camping trip was ruined! Bella frowned. Or was it? She remembered they could make S’mores in the microwave!
Bella and Mia devoured their graham cracker, chocolate, and marshmallow, S'more sandwiches. Who knew s’mores could be so good without ashes and smoke?
Mom pulled two sleeping bags into Bella’s bedroom. Bella and Mia snuggled deep down in them, staring up at the glowing sticker stars on Bella’s bedroom ceiling.
“This is the best camping trip ever,” Mia said.
“Let’s do it again next weekend!” Bella smile.

(By Anita N. Amin)

In the story, where do Bella and Mia go camping?

  • On Bella's grandparents' farm
  • In Bella's backyard
  • In the woods

What reason does Mom give for not starting the campfire?

  • It's going to start raining.
  • There is no firewood.
  • Someone could get hurt.

What happened during Bella and Mia's camping adventure?

  • There were many stars in the sky.
  • It's going to start raining.
  • The marshmallows were so yummy.

In the story, how did the girls make their S'mores?

  • Over a campfire
  • In the microwave
  • Using marshmallow spread

Read the text. Then answer the questions.

Lionel Messi is a great footballer. He usually gets up very early at 6:30 and goes jogging. After that, he eats breakfast and then takes a shower. At 8 am, Lionel goes to football training. Lionel always has a lunch break at about half past two and then rests for a while. At 4 pm, he continues training.
On the field, Lionel often scores goals. His nickname is "the flea" because he is small and fast. People say he has got magic feet! He is the only player to score five goals in one match in the Champion League.
When Lionel doesn't have training or a match he likes to relax and play video games. He also works for his charity that helps poor children. His family is very important to him and he likes spending time with them. "I am the happiest man alive and I am happy for myself, my family and my country," he says.

Why is Lionel called "the flea"?

  • He flies fast.
  • He is small and fast.
  • He has got the magic.

What is very important to Lionel?

  • The match
  • The country
  • The family

Read the text. Then answer the questions.

There are many model villages in the UK, but Bekonscot Model Village in Beaconsfield is one not to miss.
Visitors can explore six towns and villages on a site the size of two football pitches. One special at is a ten-mile track model railway through the whole place. As many as twelve trains can operate at the same time, going through tunnels, crossing bridges over rivers and a lake, passing the windmill and the castle, and stopping at the stations.
Walk down Bekonscot Town High Street, past the police station and school. Bend down and look in the windows to see the people inside! Visit the zoo with miniature animals and the small fishing village with little boats in the harbor.
Bekonscot Model Village is one hour by car from London. That's enough for a day trip, but there are things to see in just one day! 

What is the special attraction in Beaconsfield?

  • Bekonscot Model Village
  • Track model railway
  • Windmill and castle

What can NOT visitors see in the zoo?

  • Miniature animals
  • A fishing village
  • A shopping mall