TOEFL Junior Practice Test 5 - Reading Comprehension

10/27/2019 10:50:04 PM
Bài thi thử Reading Comprehension số 5 theo đúng mẫu đề chuẩn của TOEFL Junior, gồm 6 bài đọc hiểu với 42 câu hỏi.

Read the following letter.

Dear Thomas, 
     I am curious as to whether or not you are still planning to go on that skiing trip with your family this winter vacation. I ask because, if you are not going, you might find this program I heard about today to be interesting. Apparently, Westfield State University, our local college, is going to hold an art seminar for thirty students.

     According to the brochure I have, three of the school's top faculty members are going to teach the seminar. They are planning to focus on painting. But they will also be lessons on sculpture and etching. And here is the best part: It does not cost anything to attend the seminar. However, you have to apply for a position. You can do that by submitting a sample of your work. I know how much you love art, so this could be a great opportunity for you. You probably do not want to give up going skiing, but this is a once-in-a-lifetime event. You might not want to pass up this chance. Let me know if you need any more information. 

Your friend,

Susan 

 Why did the author write this letter?

  • To describe her winter plans
  • To discuss an upcoming art exhibit
  • To recommend a special program
  • To compliment the local college

 What does the author indicate about Thomas's plans for winter vacation?

  • He is going to take some art classes
  • He will go on a trip with his family
  • He will learn how to ski at a resort
  • He is going to travel abroad somewhere

 What can be inferred from the letter about Wesfield State University?

  • It is one of the top schools in the state.
  • It is located near the home of the author.
  • It offers several programs during winter.
  • High school students can take regular classes there.

 Which of the following is NOT mentioned about the seminar?

  • Where it is going to be
  • How long it is going to last
  • How many students may take it
  • What is going to be taught

 According to the letter, how can a student get into the seminar?

  • By applying online
  • By geeting recommended by a teacher
  • By sending in a work of art
  • By paying an entrance fee

 In paragraph 2, the phrase pass up is closest in meaning to

  • omit
  • ignore
  • forget
  • miss

 What can be inferred from the letter about the author?

  • She intends to apply to the seminar along with Thomas
  • She believes Thomas will not get a similar chance again
  • She thinks that she is a better artist than Thomas
  • She took part in the seminar the previous year

Read the following announcement.

Students,

     You all need to know that Ms. Melvin, the tenth grade history teacher, is going to be unable to complete the spring semester. Ms. Melvin suffered some serious injuries in a car crash over the weekend. She remains hospitalized and is not expected to be released until sometime during the summer. Fortunately, her doctors believe that she will make a complete recovery. You can feel free to drop by and see how she is do-ing at Memorial Hospital during regular visiting hours. She will surely appreciate the company.

     To replace Ms. Melvin, a new teacher has been hired. His name is Mr. Potter, and he comes from Centerville High School, where he was employed as a substitute teacher. Mr. Potter was highly recommended by the principal of Centerville High School, and we are optimistic that you will enjoy taking classes with him. Please be sure to welcome him to the school. We expect you to be on your best behavior during the final month of the semester and to treat Mr. Potter as you do all of our other faculty members.

Paul Delaney

Principal

 What is the purpose of this announcement?

  • To discuss a change in teachers
  • To annouce the firing of a teacher
  • To praise Ms. Melvin for her work
  • To tell a story about Mr. Potter

 What happened to Ms. Melvin?

  • She transferred to another school
  • She resigned her position
  • He got employed at a hospital
  • She was hurt in an accident

 In paragraph 2, the word optimistic is closest in meaning to

  • appreciative
  • determined
  • positive
  • convinced

 In paragraph 2, the word welcome is closest in meaning to 

  • thank
  • greet
  • admit
  • approve of

 Based on the announcement, what is probably true about Mr. Potter?

  • He has never worked full time before
  • He has a master's degree in history
  • He recently graduated from school
  • His principal liked the work he did

 What does the principal tell the students to do?

  • Behave nicely to Mr. Potter
  • Study hard in their classes
  • Call Ms. Melvin and speak with her
  • Organize a visit to the hospital

Read the following passage.

     While Western medicine is common throughout the world, it is not the only type of medicine that people practice. Another kind of medical treatment is known as acupuncture. In general, it is considered to be an alternative type of medicine. It was developed in China well over one thousand years ago, but exactly when and how it was created remain mysteries. Acupuncture involves the inserting of multiple needles into the body. The needles are placed at certain points in the body depending on the type of problem the patient has. According to the theory behind acupuncture, there are places on the skin that are connected to different parts of the body. By pricking the skin with needles at these points, an acupuncturist can help a patient either relieve pain or cure various problems.

     Acupuncture is popular in many parts of Asia. It is also becoming more common and attracting new patients in Europe and North America. But many people believe it is ineffective. The main reason they feel that way is that it is difficult to understand how the entire process works. Research into acupuncture's capabilities has yielded varying results. Some studies show that it is quite effective at relieving pain. Other ones, however, claim that it is merely like a placebo. In other words, people believe acupuncture treatment will be effective, so it winds up helping them.

 What is the best title for the passage?

  • A new type of medicine
  • All about acupuncture
  • Western medicine vs. Acupuncture
  • Acupuncture: Does it work?

 What does the author imply about acupuncture?

  • Its origins are not precisely known
  • Some Western doctors use it
  • It costs less than Western medicine
  • The needles used vary in size

 Which of the following statements does paragraph 1 support?

  • The needles used can sometimes hurt the patients
  • Most of the needles are inserted in the patient's back
  • Acupuncturists use more than one needle at a time
  • Most acupuncture is used to treat fetal diseases

 Where is acupuncture becoming practiced more often?

  • In Asia
  • In Australia
  • In Africa
  • In Europe

 In paragraph 2, the word ineffective is closest in meaning to

  • useless
  • doubtful
  • abnormal
  • fraudulent

 In paragraph 2, the word ones refers to 

  • Practitioners
  • Acupuncture's capabilities
  • Varying results
  • Studies

Read the following passage.    

     One of the most effective predators among all insects is the praying mantis. This animal is about twelve to fifteen centimeters in length and is either green or brown in color. That enables it to blend in with its natural habitats, which are forests and jungles. The praying mantis has a large triangular-shaped head and five eyes. Two of them are large compound eyes while there are also three smaller simple eyes in the middle. They combine to give the insect an exceptional range of vision. The distinguishing feature of the praying mantis is its two large front legs. They are raised up, which makes the insect appear as if it is praying like a person in a church.

     Its front legs, as well as its blinding speed, are the keys to the hunting skills of the praying mantis. It eats other insects, especially moths, crickets, grasshoppers, and flies. It typically lies in wait so that it can ambush its prey. When an insect walks, hops, or flies by, it swiftly pounces and grabs the insect with its front legs. The legs have barbs on them, which makes it easier for the praying mantis to hold a struggling insect. Once it catches an insect, the praying mantis then uses its powerful mandibles to eat its catch.

     A praying mantis has a life span of around twelve months. At some point during its life, the insect mates. On many occasions, right after the male and female mate, the female kills and eats the male. Sometime later, she lays up to 400 eggs at a time. These eggs subsequently hatch into nymphs — immature adults. They are small, have no wings, and cannot reproduce. Gradually, they transform into adult praying mantises.

 What is the passage mainly about?

  • The characteristics of the praying mantis
  • How the praying maintis catches its prey
  • The mating habits of the praying mantis
  • Where the praying mantis typically lives

 Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage about the praying mantis?

  • The number of eyes that it has
  • Where it typically can be found
  • The quality of its vision
  • The animals that often hunt it

 What does the author point out by writing about the praying mantis using its blinding speed in paragraph 2?

  • It can move very quickly
  • It cannot see well
  • Its reaction time is slow
  • Its look can paralyze some creatures

 The author uses moths, crikets, grass-hoppers, and flies as examples of

  • Predators that are threats to the praying mantis
  • Creatures that live together with the praying mantis
  • Animals that the praying mantis usually ignores
  • Animals that the praying mantis often consumes

 What does the author point out by writing about the praying mantis holding a struggling insect in paragraph 2?

  • The insect is fighting the praying mantis
  • The praying mantis is hunting the insect
  • The insect is trying to escape
  • The praying mantis is eating the insect

 What does the author say about praying mantis nymphs?

  • They kill and eat other praying mantises
  • They lack the wings that adults have
  • They can function like mature adults
  • They are capable of laying eggs

Read the following story.

     Last Monday morning, the students in Mr. Morrison's science classes were excited. They were having their annual science fair. All of the students had worked hard to come up with something for the event, and they were ready to display the results of their work.

     The students set up their exhibits inside the school gym. There were more than 100 displays in all. Some of the displays were large and impressive creations made by the students while others showed the outcomes of experiments that students had conducted in laboratories.

     The judges walked around and looked carefully at all of the exhibits. They took notes on all of them. Then, they spoke with several teachers before making their final decisions.

     "May I have your attention, please,” said Mr. Morrison. "To begin with, I’d like to thank the students for the great work they did this year. This is clearly the best science fair we've ever had.” The students all cheered after hearing Mr. Morrison make that remark.

     “The judges have selected the winners of the science fair. First, I’d like to announce the third-place winner. I know she had a lot of fun doing her experiment in the lab. And the judges loved her work. So let's congratulate Sarah Rafael for the research that she did on bacteria.” Everyone in the audience clapped as Sarah went to the front to receive her prize.

     “The second-place winner,” said Mr. Morrison, “made a unique contribution to the science fair. He designed and programmed his own computer game, which I know many of you had fun with. Let's congratulate Tim Simpson, the second-place winner."

     After Tim received his prize, Mr. Morrison spoke one more time. "And now it's the moment we've all been waiting for. The first-place winner's work was breathtaking. In fact, I've never seen a better robot made by anyone. So let's congratulate Molly Smith. She's this year's winner of the science fair."

 What would be the best title for the story?

  • Molly Smith's Science project
  • Let's see who won the science fair
  • Mr. Morrison's students
  • The school science fair

 In paragraph 2, the word outcomes is closest in meaning to 

  • appearances
  • outlines
  • expectations
  • results

 In paragraph 3, the word their refers to 

  • the judges
  • all of the exhibits
  • notes
  • several teachers

 Based on his comments, what does Mr. Morrison think about this year's science fair?

  • It is the best ever at the school
  • It could have been better
  • It has some good entrants
  • It needs more creative experiments

 What did Sarah Rafael do for the science fair?

  • She created a computer game
  • She experimented with bacteria
  • She built her own robot
  • She wrote a computer program

 What can be inferred from the story about Tim Simpson?

  • His science project is something people can play
  • He believes he should have come in first place
  • He worked with Mr. Morrison to do his project
  • His parents assited him in doing his project

 In paragraph 7, the word breathtaking is closest in meaning to

  • magnificent
  • original
  • unmatched
  • imaginative

Read the following passage.

    When two or more different elements or compounds are combined, they often produce a chemical reaction. What kind of reaction takes place depends upon the elements or compounds that are involved. In all cases, however, when there is a chemical reaction, a new compound is formed. There is not merely a physical change like there is during a physical reaction. For instance, when ice melts and becomes water, that is not a chemical change; it is a physical one. The reason is that chemically speaking, the ice and water are the same thing. They are only in different physical states. There are six main types of chemical reactions. They are combustion, synthesis, decomposition, single-displacement, double-displacement, and acid-base reactions.

     Combustion happens when oxygen combines with another compound. When this occurs, heat and fire are produced. A catalyst, such as a spark, is needed for combustion to take place. One example of this is when gas and oxygen burn in a car's engine. The spark plugs in the engine provide the fire necessary to initiate the chemical reaction.

     As for synthesis, it happens when two elements or compounds combine to form a new compound. For example, hydrogen and oxygen can unite to form water, and sodium and chlorine can come together to form salt. Decomposition is the reverse. When it takes place, a compound breaks down into its basic components. Thus, water transforms into hydrogen and oxygen atoms while salt beanies sodium and chlorine.

     A single-displacement reaction happens when one element replaces another one in a compound. As an example, copper and silver nitrate can undergo a chemical reaction. The copper displaces the silver and forms copper nitrate. And the silver comes to exist as individual crystals. A double-replacement reaction happens when different parts of two compounds swap places to form two new compounds. For instance, lead nitrate can combine with potassium iodide. After a chemical reaction, two new compounds — lead iodide and potassium nitrate — are formed. Last of all, acid-base reactions occur when an acid and base are combined. After exchanging protons, the two compounds form water as well as some kind of salt.

 What would be the most appropriate headline for this article?

  • Physical and chemical reactions
  • How chemical reactions occur
  • Combining two elements
  • What kind of reaction is it?

 Which of the following is true regarding chemical reactions?

  • Some elements are unable to react with others
  • They must include a solid and a liquid
  • The compounds involved change states of matter
  • They result in the formation of a new compound

 According to the passage, all of the following are chemical reactions EXCEPT

  • single-displacement reactions
  • decomposition reactions
  • physical reactions
  • synthesis reactions

 In paragraph 2, the word catalyst is closest in meaning to 

  • medium
  • sponsor
  • conversion
  • tool

 What example does the author use to show a combustion reaction?

  • Ice melting and becoming water
  • Gas and oxygen producing heat and fire
  • Water breaking down into hydrogen and oxygen
  • Copper and silver nitrate combining

 Why does the author mention sodium and chlorine?

  • To give the chemical formula for salt
  • To provide an example of a synthesis reaction
  • To contrast them with hydrogen and oxygen
  • To prove that synthesis and decomposition are similar

 In paragraph 3, the word it refers to

  • a new compound
  • water
  • salt
  • decomposition

 In paragraph 3, the word components is closest in meaning to

  • parts
  • atoms
  • traits
  • kinds

 In paragraph 4, the word swap is closest in meaning to 

  • reveal
  • commit to
  • trade
  • join

 What happens during an acid-base reaction?

  • Two elements combine
  • Two elements change places
  • A compound breaks down
  • Salt and water are formed