TOEFL Junior Practice Test 6 - Reading Comprehension

10/28/2019 10:39:48 PM
Bài thi thử Reading Comprehension số 6 theo đúng mẫu đề chuẩn của TOEFL Junior, gồm 6 bài đọc hiểu với 42 câu hỏi.

In this section of the test, you will read six texts and answer 42 questions. Choose the correct answer to each question.

Before you start, read the sample text and the sample question below.

Sample text

Erosion is one of nature's most powerful forces. It can happen in many ways, including through the wind, rain, snow, and ice, Erosion frequently takes place over a long period of time. This is how canyons and deserts are often created. Yet it is also possible for erosion to take place overnight.

Sample Question 1

What is this text mostly about?

(A) How deserts are created

(B) A natural force

(C) Canyons and deserts

(D) Wind erosion

The correct answer is (B), "A natural force."

Sample Question 2

Which of the following is true regarding erosion?

(A) It can happen in many ways

(B) Water most commonly causes it

(C) It can create deserts overnight

(D) It is stronger than anything in nature

The correct answer is (A), "It can happen in many ways"

 

Read the following newspaper article.

    Students often prefer to spend their weekends hanging out at the shopping mall or sitting at their homes and watching television. But, thanks to a new volunteer program at Samford High School, many of the students there are spending their weekends improving the lives of their neighbors.

    Social studies teacher Wendy Foreman encouraged her students to do some volunteer work at least once a week as soon as the semester began. She even started a club, which is called Help Your Neighbors. The results were beyond belief.

    "Nearly fifty percent of the entire student body joined the club," she said. The members of the club do all sorts of volunteer work. Some devote their time to area hospitals, soup kitchens, and animal shelters. Other students pick up trash in local parks and even along the sides of roads. And some students have organized a food drive that donates food to underprivileged locals every week.

    Ms. Foreman commented, "I couldn't be prouder of these students. It's great to see them doing something productive during their free time. They're really getting involved in the community. They're definitely not typical teenagers."

 

 

 What would be the most appropriate headline for this article?  

  • Be a Volunteer at Samford High School
  • Wendy Foreman and her Volunteer Activities
  • Student Volunteer Club Is Instant Success
  • How to Become a Successful Volunteer

 In paragraph 2, the phrase beyond belief is closest in meaning to

  • Unique
  • Shocking
  • Inspiring
  • Frightful

 What does the author say about Help Your Neighbors?

  • Almost half the students at the school are in it.
  • It has been in existence for an entire year.
  • The president of the club is Wendy Foreman.
  • Its student members are assigned projects to do.

 In paragraph 3, the word underprivileged is closest in meaning to

  • Discouraged
  • Unemployed
  • Unmotivated
  • Deprived

 Which is NOT mentioned as volunteer work done by the students?

  • Spending time working in hospitals
  • Giving food to people who need it
  • Working with homeless people
  • Cleaning up garbage in parks

 Based on her comments, how does Wendy Foreman feel about the students in Help Your Neighbors?

  • She wishes that they would work harder.
  • She is pleased with the work they are doing.
  • She wants them to encourage others to join.
  • She thinks that they are normal teenagers.

Read the following notice. 

Dear students: 

     This year, we plan to take at least two field trips per semester. Please be aware of the following regarding field trips.

     All students who are not yet eighteen years of age must submit a permission slip signed by a parent or guardian. This permission slip indicates that the parent or guardian consents to allow the student to go on the field trip. Failure to submit a permission slip by the day of the field trip means that the student may not accompany the others off-campus.

     All students must also provide proof that they have medical insurance and that their insurance covers them in case of injury while on a field trip. Students may turn in this proof at the front office anytime. If it is not provided, the student will not be able to go on the field trip.

     On-field trips, all students must be on their best behavior. Students are expected to listen to their teachers and to follow the rules and regulations of the places that they visit. Failure to do so will result in some sort of punishment, such as detention or suspension. 
 

David Prosser

Principal 

 What is the purpose of the notice?

  • To inform the students about an upcoming field trip
  • To let the students know about some forms they must submit
  • To advise students on some punishments they may receive
  • To ask for the students' opinions on where to take field trips

 In paragraph 2, the word consents is closest in meaning to

  • Responds
  • Agrees
  • Stresses
  • Obtains

 Based on the notice, what is probably true about some students at the school?

  • They do not have to turn in permission slips.
  • They consider field trips educational experiences.
  • They would rather study than go on field trips.
  • They believe medical insurance costs too much money.

 In paragraph 3, the word it refers to

  • Injury
  • A field trip
  • This proof
  • The front office

 Which of the following statements does paragraph 3 support?

  • All students at the school have some kind of medical insurance.
  • The school sells medical insurance to students who need it.
  • The front office can provide information on medical insurance.
  • Students must show the school that they have medical insurance.

 What will happen to students who misbehave while on field trips? 

  • They will not be allowed to go on future trips.
  • They will be punished in some way.
  • They will have to apologize to the teacher.
  • They will be forced to pay a fine.

Read the following notice.

     This summer, the school has decided to offer some special classes for students who desire to further their educations. These classes will not be offered for academic credit. In addition, students must pay a nominal fee of only $50 to attend them. These classes are going to be held from July 1 until August 10 and will meet every day from Monday to Friday from ten to noon. The following classes are being offered: 

Class Names Instructors Comments
An Introduction to Latin Ms. Stigler Learn the elements of Latin, one of the most important languages in Western culture
Automotive Repairs Mr. Larnhardt Learn how to repair cars including how to take apart and put together a car engine
The Basics of Cooking Mr. Roundfield Learn how to cook some simple entrees, appetizers, and desserts from one of the city's top chefs

     Each class is limited to fifteen students. Spots in the class will be filled on a first-come, first-served basis. However, students will have their reservations canceled if they do not pay the fee within three business days of making them. Find out more about the classes and make reservations by calling Mrs. Landers at 676-4000. 

 

 

 What is the best title for the notice?

  • Summer classes being offered
  • Sign up for classes for school credit
  • Learn to cook and to speak a foreign language
  • Great chance for 15 lucky students

 In paragraph 1, the word nominal is closest in meaning to

  • Refundable
  • Minor
  • Cash
  • Required

 Which of the following is true regarding the classes? 

  • Students can get school credit for them.
  • They will last for eight weeks during summer.
  • The classes will be taught by school teachers.
  • They will be held for ten hours per week.

 Which of the following can be inferred from the schedule about the classes? 

  • The books for them will be provided by the teachers.
  • A student may only enroll in one of them.
  • They will be offered during winter break
  • The students will have to do homework in them.

 According to the schedule, students can learn all of the following in the classes EXCEPT

  • How to drive a vehicle
  • How to fix an automobile
  • How to understand a language
  • How to cook some meals

 In paragraph 2, the word them refers to

  • Spots in the class
  • Students
  • Their reservations
  • Three business days

Read the following passage.

    The atmosphere acts in several ways to support life on Earth. One of these is that it protects the planet from detrimental radiation emitted by the sun. In addition, the atmosphere provides life-giving oxygen for animals and carbon dioxide for plants. The atmosphere may appear simple, but it is actually complex and has distinct layers. These layers are divided based upon their height above sea level. There are five major layers of the atmosphere. They are the troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, and exosphere.

     The troposphere is the layer of the atmosphere closest to the Earth's surface. It extends from the ground to approximately seventeen kilometers above sea level at its highest point. This layer contains the greatest mass of the atmosphere around seventy-five to eighty percent. It is also the warmest layer and has most of the weather that people experience.

      The stratosphere extends from the troposphere to around fifty kilometers above sea level. It contains most of the rest of the atmosphere in addition to the ozone layer. This is the region that keeps the Earth safe from much of the sun's radiation. Temperatures are very cold at the lower part of the stratosphere but become warmer higher up due to the absorption of radiation.

     The next three layers are found high above the planet's surface. The first is the mesosphere, which extends from the stratosphere to around eighty-five kilometers above sea level. This is the region where most meteors are incinerated as they hit the atmosphere. Temperatures drop once again in this layer. They may decline to more than minus 100 degrees Celsius. The fourth layer is the thermosphere. It extends alt the way up to 690 kilometers above sea level. It is where the aurora borealis, or northern lights, form. In addition, most spacecraft and space stations orbit the planet there. Temperatures in the thermosphere vary from extremely cold to extremely hot. Last is the exosphere. It extends thousands of kilometers above the ground until there is no longer an atmosphere but only outer space. Instead, there are simply random molecules of hydrogen and helium.

 In paragraph 1, the word detrimental is closest in meaning to

  • Harmful
  • Influential
  • Constant
  • Conditional

 Based on the passage, what is probably true about the Earth's atmosphere?

  • It has more mass than the planet itself.
  • Humans still have a great deal to learn about it.
  • Life on the planet could not exist without it.
  • It formed over the course of billions of years.

 Which of the following is true regarding the troposphere? 

  • It is the largest in area of all the layers of the atmosphere.
  • It constantly changes due to the effects of weather.
  • It covers the area upon which plants and animals live.
  • It contains high amounts of both nitrogen and oxygen.

 The author uses the ozone layer as an example of 

  • A layer with fairly warm temperatures
  • The largest layer of the atmosphere
  • One part of the stratosphere
  • A dangerous place filled with radiation

 In paragraph 3, the word this refer to

  • The stratosphere
  • Sea level
  • The atmosphere
  • The ozone layer

 In paragraph 4, the word incinerated is closest in meaning to 

  • Exploded
  • Warded off
  • Repelled
  • Burned up

 Where are the aurora borealis found?

  • In the exosphere
  • In the thermosphere
  • In the stratosphere
  • In the mesosphere

 Which of the following statements does paragraph 4 support? 

  • Spacecraft and space stations orbit from the exosphere.
  • The mesosphere is further from the ground than the thermosphere.
  • The exosphere extends to the boundaries of outer space.
  • The temperature may reach 100 degrees Celsius in the mesosphere.

Read the following passage.

     The American Founding Fathers were, as a group, among the most accomplished men in the history of any country. Among them were George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, and John Adams. Another, who ranks as one of the greatest of them, was Thomas Jefferson. Thomas Jefferson was the third president of the United States. He was the founder of the University of Virginia. He was responsible for the Louisiana Purchase, which more than doubled the size of the United States. And, most importantly, he was the author of the Declaration of Independence. It stated that the American colonies were free from English rule. Born in 1743, Jefferson began receiving a classical education as a young child. He focused on learning languages, including Latin and Greek. He later went on to study at the College of William and Mary, the second-oldest college in America after Harvard. There, Jefferson focused on law, which enabled him to become one of America's most knowledgeable lawyers. 
     It was Jefferson's study of law that prompted him to become an early supporter of the American independence movement. In the 1760s and 1770s, England began to levy a number of taxes on the American colonists. Most colonists detested the taxes and considered them oppressive. The colonists further disliked the taxes because they had no representation in Parliament, the legislative body in England. 
     Jefferson was himself an elected member of the House of Burgesses. This was the legislative body of the colony of Virginia. He felt very strongly about the importance of the American colonies being represented in Parliament. Since King George III of England refused to allow that Jefferson spoke out strongly in favor of independence. He wrote essays in support of independence. Then, in a meeting of the Continental Congress in 1776, Jefferson - along with four other men - was chosen to write a declaration that the colonies were free from English rule. It took him seventeen days to come up with the document that would become known as the Declaration of Independence. Signed on July 4, 1776, it gave freedom to the American colonies and cemented Jefferson's place in history as one of the greatest supporters of the cause of freedom. 

 What is the best title for the passage? 

  • The Third President of the United States
  • Thomas Jefferson: Author of the Declaration of Independence
  • How America Became Free from English Rule
  • Thomas Jefferson and King George III of England

 In paragraph 1, the word them refers to

  • The American Founding Fathers
  • A group
  • Any country
  • Geogre Washington, Benjamin Frankin, James Madision, and John Adams

 What does the author say about Thomas Jefferson? 

  • He attended college at the University of Virginia.
  • He was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.
  • His actions made the United States become twice as large.
  • He is considered as great an American as George Washington.

 Why does the author mention the College of William and Mary?

  • To compare it with Harvard
  • To state when it was founded
  • To give its location in Virginia
  • To note that Jefferson attended it

 What does the author point out by writing that most colonists detested the taxes in paragraph 2? 

  • The colonists refused to pay their taxes.
  • The colonists cheated on their taxes.
  • The colonists hated the taxes very much.
  • The colonists looked for ways to avoid paying taxes.

 What did King George III do? 

  • He encouraged the Americans to declare their independence.
  • He read some of the works on independence that Jefferson wrote.
  • He rejected the American demand for representation in Parliament.
  • He decided which items in America England should raise taxes on.

 In paragraph 3, the word cemented is closest in meaning to

  • Constructed
  • Sealed
  • Decided
  • Considered

 Based on the passage, what is probably true about the Declaration of Independence? 

  • It was signed by all of the members of the Continental Congress.
  • It is a document that takes up seventeen pages.
  • It has had a bigger influence in history than any other document.
  • It is what most people remember Thomas Jefferson for.

Read the following passage.

     The Vikings were fierce warriors that lived in Scandinavia. Today, Scandinavia comprises the lands occupied by the modern-day nations Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. Starting in the eighth century and continuing until around the tenth, the Vikings began moving out of their homelands. They sailed to the south and west. At first, they simply raided areas and then returned to their homes. Later, they began settling down in great numbers in distant lands. The Vikings had settlements in parts of Russia, France, Sicily, England, Iceland, and Greenland. There was even one in North America for a short period of time. To make these voyages, the Vikings not only needed good ships but also had to excel at seafaring and navigating.

      Viking ships were long and narrow and had good sea-keeping qualities. They were built in what is known as the clinker style. Long planks were overlapped and held together with iron rivets. This made the hulls of the ships very strong and therefore able to withstand rough seas. The Vikings built several kinds of ships. Some were used to carry cargo while others were built for war. Most Viking warships had a single mast and a single large square-shaped sail. They had positions for rowers on each side as well as room for both cargo and warriors. Furthermore, the ships had shallow drafts, so they could be easily beached on any shore. This lets them sail upmost river systems. 

     To navigate, the Vikings depended upon two methods. First, they utilized the knowledge that had been gained by their forefathers and passed down from generation to generation. Thus, the Vikings knew all the harbors, coves, islands, and rocks in their homelands. Once initial long-range voyages were made, the knowledge of how to get there and back was transmitted as well. Second, the Vikings had instruments to help them navigate by noting the position of the sun in the sky. The main instrument was known as a sunstone. It is a type of crystal. By looking at how the sun's rays passed through a sunstone, the Vikings could determine which way to sail. Even in cloudy weather, which was frequent in the places the Vikings sailed, a small amount of sunlight usually passed through the clouds. As a result, the Vikings could use their sunstones even during inclement weather conditions. 

 

 

 What is the passage mainly about? 

  • How the Vikings managed to sail long distances
  • Why the Vikings raided areas outside their homelands
  • When the Vikings established new colonies
  • What types of ships the Vikings constructed

 According to the passage, which of the following is mentioned about Viking raids? 

  • Why the Vikings stopped doing them
  • Which places they raided the most often
  • When they started going on raids
  • How many warriors went on each raid

 What does the author say about the clinker style? 

  • It was a ship-building method invented by the Vikings.
  • The Vikings used it to make ships that were strong.
  • Only Viking warships were constructed by using it.
  • It resulted in Viking ships being larger than those of others.

 In paragraph 2, the word withstand is closest in meaning to

  • Survive
  • Penetrate
  • Conquer
  • Divide

 According to the passage, all of the following statements about Viking warships are true EXCEPT

  • They used both sails and rowers to move
  • The Vikings could easily land them on shore
  • They were capable of sailing up many rivers
  • The Vikings often fought battles on board them

 How did the Vikings learn to navigate in the waters around their homelands? 

  • By passing along knowledge to one another
  • By consulting detailed charts and maps
  • By using skilled navigators on every voyage
  • By employing navigational tools such as sunstones

 Why does the author talk about sunstones? 

  • To comment about the difficulty involved in using them
  • To explain how the Vikings used them to navigate
  • To stress that only the Vikings had access to them
  • To focus on how the Vikings first made them

 In paragraph 3, the word inclement is closest in meaning to 

  • Cool
  • Stormy
  • Torrential
  • Unlucky