TOEFL Junior Practice Test 18 - Reading Comprehension (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

9/30/2020 11:12:00 AM

Bài thi thử Reading Comprehension theo đúng mẫu chuẩn của kỳ thi Toefl Junior, gồm 42 câu hỏi.

Read the following schedule then choose the best answer to each question below.

Molly was having trouble finding time to do her schoolwork because of all her activities, so she decided to make a schedule showing when she has free time. Writing everything down showed her that she has more time than she thought. 
 

Molly's After-School Activities 

Time (P.M.) Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday
3:00 - 4:30 Soccer Practice Volunteering* at Shelter Soccer Practice   Soccer Practice
5:00 - 6:00   Math Tutoring   Math Tutoring  
6:30 - 7:00 Clarinet Lesson        

 
*signifies every other week 

 What activities does Molly do more than once a week?

  • Having a math tutoring session and volunteering
  • Volunteering and having a clarinet lesson
  • Having a math tutoring session and going to soccer practice
  • Having a clarinet lesson and going to soccer practice

What would Molly probably be doing on Tuesday at 4:45 P.M.?

  • Going to math tutoring
  • Volunteering at the shelter
  • Staying home for the night
  • Preparing for soccer practice

 At what time is Molly's musical activity?

  • 3:00 P.M. on Friday
  • 4:30 P.M. on Tuesday
  • 6:30 P.M. on Monday
  • 5:00 P.M. on Wednesday

 What will happen every other week?

  • Molly will go to soccer practice on Friday
  • Molly won't need math tutoring on Tuesday.
  • Molly might miss her clarinet lesson on Monday
  • Molly will volunteer at the shelter on Tuesday.

Read the following e-mail then choose the best answer to each question below.

Dear Mr. Stevens, 

    I'm proud to tell you that I've finally finished my essay for the city contest. I feel really satisfied with it. I was just about to submit it when I saw that I'm required to turn in a copy that's been graded by an English teacher.

   Since you recommended the contest to me, I was hoping that you'd be willing to take a look at the essay. The essay wasn't written specifically for your class, but I know you'll give me useful feedback. It's not very long and I'd really appreciate it.

    If you don't think you have time to do it, do you have any recommendations for a teacher that might? The contest rules aren't specific. They simply say that the essay has to be graded by an English teacher teaching in the Waring school system. I just moved to Waring at the start of this year, so I don't know any teachers besides you. I think my old teachers would be happy to grade it, but they don't work in Waring. Plus, I'm not in contact with them anymore.

    I'd be happy to e-mail you my essay or print out a copy and give it to you at school. I understand that you're busy, but hope that you can help me out. I'd really like to enter this contest. Thank you. 

Sincerely,

Jessica 

 Why did Jessica write this e-mail?

  • To be friendly with her teacher
  • To win a very important contest
  • To get her essay graded by a teacher
  • To remind the teacher that she's a new student

In paragraph 3, the word "specific" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • good
  • exact
  • correct
  • helpful

In paragraph 3, the word "them" refers to _____.

  • old teachers
  • all teachers
  • contest judges
  • Mr. Stevens and Jessica

According to the e-mail, which of the following is NOT true of Jessica?

  • She changed school early this year.
  • Her essay was written while she was in Waring.
  • She has asked other teachers to grade her essay.
  • Mr. Stevens encouraged her to join a city writing contest.

Read the following articl then choose the best answer to each question below.

    Last week, the Bromson Hill soccer team won the state championship, confirming that the team is the best in the league. This is the third year that Bromson Hill has won, exciting both the team and the fans. This year, the team was challenged in a close game against Freeport. The final score was 3-2. All three goals were scored by senior Alison Levin, who was elected MVP of the league after the championship. Indeed, Levin's four years at Bromson Hill have shown that she is a star.

    Levin is humble about her skill, making sure that everyone knew it was the team, not her, who led Bromson Hill to victory. "We couldn't have done it without each other," she said. "There are 11 players on the field and each one is important." As for the MVP award, Levin simply felt ecstatic. "My eyes teared up when they called my name," she said. Once she was on the stage to collect her award, she announced to the audience, "I'd like to thank my team and my coach for this honor. It's been a great year?" 

    Bromson Hill's coach Jessica Wallis along with Levin's teammates feels a bit differently about Alison, whom they call "Al." "Al is number one in the league. She'll be shy about it, but we owe this win to her. She's been an inspiration to all of us on the team. It will be sad to see her go next year," said Brittany Clark, a defender that plays for Bromson Hill.

    Although Alison will miss the Bromson Hill team, she's excited about the prospect of playing in college. Alison will be playing for the University of Virgil women's team, which is one of the best in the country. 

What would be the most suitable headline for the article?

  • Bromson Hill Star Leads Team to Win
  • Coach Jessica Wallis Is Proud of Victory
  • Bromson Hill Is the Best in the League
  • University of Virgil Accepts Bromson Hill Student

 What is suggested about Alison Levin in the article?

  • She isn't a prideful person.
  • She respects her coach, Jessica
  • She didn't deserve the MVP award
  • She believes that the victory was hers

Based on her comments, what is Brittany Clark probably worried about?

  • Alison doing poorly in college
  • The coach getting angry at the team
  • The team losing strength next year
  • Getting extremely depressed without Alison

In paragraph 2, the word "ecstatic" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • joyful
  • grateful
  • doubtful
  • dissatisfied

 In paragraph 4, the word "prospect" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • fear
  • success
  • surprise
  • expectation

Why does the author mention that Alison Levin's eyes teared up at the league awards ceremony?

  • To show that she felt a lot of emotion
  • To explain her anger that her team wasn't recognized
  • To describe the pain in her leg at the last soccer game
  • To prove that she was unhappy about winning the award

Read the following story then choose the best answer to each question below.

   Sandy and I could not believe how lucky we were to get picked for the dance team. We both tried out but never expected to make it.

   Sandy was so excited that when she saw the roster she dragged me across the whole school and made us late for math class just to show it to me.

   "I'm so happy. I'm so happy!" she kept saying over and over and I was too.

   Being on the dance team was a lot of hard work. We had tough practices every day after school for three hours. We would start with stretches and then go into our routines.

   "Let's go! Move it!" our coach would yell.

   He was a good coach but he was strict. He made all of us work very hard. Over time, Sandy and I improved. Our coach noticed.

   "You girls have done a great job so far this year. I want to send you to New York City to represent our school in the state championships. I think you will be a great team, but I need you to keep working hard," he said smiling.

   We both stalled shouting in exultation and the other girls congratulated us. It was a big moment.

   Through the next weeks we trained harder than ever before and pretty soon it was the weekend of the championships.

   "Are you ready?" Our coach asked us on the trip to the city.

   "I am feeling great!" I said, but Sandy did not say anything.

   We both waited for a moment and then she said, "I am very nervous. What if we make a mistake?"

   Our coach laughed and said, "Of course you will make a mistake but just try hard, do the best you can, and I will be happy. Mistakes happen but you need to keep going. That's what is important."

   The tournament was great but there were a lot of really good dancers so we didn't win. Our parents were still excited though, and our coach was happy. After the competition we got to have dinner in the big city and our coach gave us medals, even though we didn't win anything.

   "What are these for?" I asked.

   "For being great dancers and for all of the hard work that you girls have done," he said beaming. "and for making me the happiest coach in the State of New York. I cannot wait for next year's competition." 

 What is the story mainly about?

  • The New York City dance championship
  • The hardship of being dance team members
  • The two girl students' dance team experience
  • The two girl students being chosen as best dancers of the year

Why does Sandy drag the author across the whole school?

  • To meet the team coach
  • To get to the daily dance practice
  • To show that they both made the team
  • To try out for the dance team together

In paragraph 4, what does the author mean by "go into our routines"?

  • Do hard exercises
  • Practice for the championship
  • Start practicing their dances
  • Finish stretching their bodies

Which word best describes the girls' reaction to being sent to New York City?

  • Excited
  • Nervous
  • Interested
  • Disappointed

Based on paragraph 13, what does the coach think about the competition?

  • If the girls work hard, they will win
  • Their losing the competition would be a big disappointment
  • It's most important to try their best
  • The girls will win if they don't make any mistakes

What will probably happen to Sandy and the author next year?

  • They will win easily.
  • They will stop dancing.
  • They will compete again.
  • They will help the coach.

Read the passage and answer the questions.

Big Bend National Park in the southwest of Texas is one of the most majestic desert areas in the United States. It is part of the Chihuahua, which is one of the largest deserts in North America and stretches over both America and Mexico.

Big Bend Park is home to mountains, rivers, basins, valleys, as well as many plants and animals. It is not as popular as a national park as some others. This may be because it takes an extremely long time to get there. Big Bend National Park is hundreds of miles from the nearest legitimate town or airport. When people go there, they need to make sure that their cars have plenty of gas. There is a large risk of running out.

When visitors get to the park, they are usually happy that they drove all the way. The park is 1,252 square miles of desert beauty. There are beautiful cactus blooms as well as glorious sunsets. The hiking trails are magnificent. Visitors can stay in a lodge that is run by the park or camp with their own equipment. However, visitors should be careful. Even though the park is incredibly hot during the day, the lack of moisture in the air makes the heat dissipate at night. The nights at Big Bend are surprisingly cold. It's important to bring a warm sleeping bag. 

 Which title best summarizes the main idea of the passage?

  • A place of desert flowers
  • Cactus blooms at big bend
  • A national park to be visited
  • A desert that is cold at night

In paragraph 3, the word "lodge" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • bed
  • inn
  • cavern
  • restaurant

 In paragraph 3, the word "dissipate" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • destroy
  • disturb
  • discover
  • disappear

 Why does Big Bend get cold at night?

  • Precipitation usually comes at night.
  • It is too arid to hold the heat in the air.
  • The air is too clear and breathable for warmth.
  • Deserts like Big Bend experience harsh winters.

Which of the following is NOT mentioned staying overnight at Big Bend?

  • It's better to stay in the lodge.
  • There are generally two different ways to sleep.
  • Visitors can bring their own camping equipment.
  • It's too cold outside without a warm sleeping bag.

 Why don't people visit Big Bend more often?

  • It is too cold for most visitors.
  • A lot of people don't want to visit Texas.
  • Most cars aren't strong enough to get there.
  • It is very far away from a town or an airport.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

    Dolphins are one of the most intelligent species on the planet, which makes them a very interesting animal to scientists. In their natural habitats, dolphins use various vocalization techniques. They whistle and squeak to recognize members of their pod, identify and protect their young, and call out warnings of danger. They also make clicking sounds used for echolocation to find food and obstacles in dark and murky waters.

    Amazingly, the whistling sound that the bottlenose dolphin makes has been found to have a similar pattern to human language. They always make conversational sounds when they greet each other. If you listen to dolphins' squeaks and squeals, it will sound like they are having a conversation.

    Dolphins usually use both sound and body language to communicate with each other. It is through gesture and body language, however, that most of their communication with humans come. Dolphins can be trained to perform complicated tricks. This suggests they have a high level of intelligence and communication capacity. If they work for a long time with a trainer, they are able to recognize and understand human commands.

    A lot of dolphin communication has been studied using dolphins in captive environments. These studies have been criticized because some marine biologists believe that dolphins living in aquariums or research centers cannot be considered "normal." Even so, most believe that studying dolphin communication in captivity is useful for beginning to understand the complexity of dolphin communication. After all, dolphins are one of the most intelligent animals. Their ability to communicate is impressive and worthy of study.

What would be the most suitable title for the passage?

  • Intelligent mammals in captivity
  • Complex patterns in dolphin life
  • Dolphins' social tendencies with humans
  • Communications in dolphins

What are the common ways for a dolphin to communicate?

  • Swimming speeds
  • Human voice imitation
  • Squeaking and squealing sounds
  • Vocalizations and body language

According to paragraph 4, what do some marine biologists think about captive dolphins?

  • They can't be considered accurate subjects for biological studies.
  • They can communicate exactly the same as humans do.
  • They easily demonstrate how dolphins act in the wild.
  • Their relationships are too personal with marine biologists.

 In paragraph 1, the word "vocalization" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • closing eyes
  • creating words
  • making gestures
  • producing sounds

All of the following are true about dolphin communication EXCEPT _____.

  • dolphins' clicking sounds are sometimes used to greet humans
  • dolphins' squeals and squeaks sound conversational to the human ear
  • communication using sounds and gestures occurs between dolphins
  • body language and gestures are used for communication with humans

 In paragraph 4, the word "most" refers to _____.

  • a few bottlenose dolphins
  • a lot of bottlenose dolphins
  • the minority of marine biologists
  • the majority of marine biologists

In paragraph 3, the word "capacity" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • ability
  • simplicity
  • probability
  • productivity

 Why do dolphins use their communication skills with each other?

  • To prove that they are happy and useful in captivity.
  • To make beautiful music and to find food.
  • To recognize, protect and communicate with each other.
  • To trick humans into thinking they are intelligent.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

    Sacagawea was a Shoshone woman who accompanied the first United States expedition to the Pacific Coast. She acted as an interpreter and guide for William Clark and Meriwether Lewis, who was sent to explore the Western United States by President Thomas Jefferson.

    It is believed that Sacagawea was born in a Shoshone village located near today's Idaho in 1788. She was kidnapped at age 12 by a tribe called the Hidatsa who lived near today's North Dakota. When she was 13 years old, she was married to a Canadian trader named Toussaint Charbonneau who was living in the village.

    During the winter of 1804, Lewis and Clark arrived near the Hidatsa village and built a fort. There, they tried to find people who could help them on their journey. Lewis and Clark decided to hire Charbonneau, knowing that his wife Sacagawea spoke Shoshone. They knew that she could help them when they met the Shoshone later on in their trip. At this time, Sacagawea was pregnant with her first child. She gave birth to a little boy just before embarking on the journey. He would participate in all of the travels and later be adopted by William Clark.

    Sacagawea was able to reunite with her people during the expedition. When the group reached the Shoshone village, she found that the chief was her long-lost brother. Clark's journal entry tells of their powerful reunion. Indeed, Clark's journal hints many times that Sacagawea had a profound effect on the expedition. Clearly, her presence as a native guide and as the trip's only woman was very important to both Lewis and Clark.

    It is known that she overcame a lot of obstacles and served as a loyal and keen interpreter for Lewis and Clark. In fact, not much is known about Sacagawea accept her role in the expedition. There is little hard evidence to support various beliefs about how she lived after the journey and how and when she died. Sacagawea, however, was used as an icon of American feminism in the early 20th century to arouse the sense of self-worth of women. Because of her ability and accomplishments, she is still admired in the United States today. 

Which title best expresses the main idea of the passage?

  • Sacagawea's Devotion to the Shoshone Tribe
  • Early American Feminism in the Sacagawea Legend
  • The Life of Sacagawea Shown in William Clark's Journal
  • Sacagawea and Her Role in the Lewis and Clark Expedition

In paragraph 1, the word "interpreter" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • doctor
  • writer
  • mother
  • translator

Why did Lewis and Clark want a Shoshone-speaking guide?

  • They were interested in making a profit from trading
  • They needed someone who had a relationship with the chief.
  • They knew they would meet the Shoshone during their travels.
  • They wanted to learn the language so the Shoshone would cooperate.

The author mentions all of the following EXCEPT _____.

  • Sacagawea becoming a mother
  • the marriage of Charbonneau and Sacagawea
  • Sacagawea reuniting with the Shoshone people
  • Thomas Jefferson's specific goals for the journey

 What does the author say about Sacagawea's death?

  • It made her a heroine.
  • It doesn't have a clear story.
  • It was written about by Clark.
  • It occurred while she was running away.

 In paragraph 3, the word "He" refers to _____.

  • Shoshone chief
  • Sacagawea's son
  • Sacagawea's brother
  • Sacagawea's husband

Why does the author mention Sacagawea's role in 20th-century feminism?

  • To discuss Sacagawea's unique female abilities
  • To show that Sacagawea inspired American women
  • To explain why Sacagawea is on many American coins
  • To remind readers that Sacagawea is only a legend

Based on the passage, what is probably true about Lewis and Clark?

  • They learned the Shoshone language.
  • They never met with Thomas Jefferson.
  • They were grateful for Sacagawea's help.
  • They didn't make it across the United States.