TOEFL Junior Practice Test 11 - Reading Comprehension (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

12/5/2019 8:39:00 PM

Đề thi gồm 6 bài đọc hiểu với 42 câu hỏi. Biên soạn dựa trên Preparation book for Toefl Junior Tests - oneplusone.cn.

Read the following flyer

Spring is here again! That means it's time for the Boulderville Middle School yearly bake sale and fun day. The money raised will be used for a new gymnasium. If all goes according to plan, construction will begin this fall. So, bring the whole family to the school this Saturday and join in the fun. In the assembly hall, you can sample tasty baked goods made by Boulderville parents. And be sure to buy a selection of delicious cookies, cakes, bread and pies. Then, join in one of the following events:

Event

Time

Location

Student art display

All day

Gymnasium

Student dance show

Noon, 2 p.m, 4 p.m, 7 p.m

Assembly hall

Pie-eating contest

3 p.m

School grounds

Horse rides

All day

School grounds

The fun begins at noon and continues until 7 p.m. Families are invited to pack a picnic lunch. Or you can enjoy barbeque sausages and hotdogs. Teachers will be selling them in the cafeteria between noon and 3pm. They will also be serving refreshing ice drinks all day long. So, mark it on your calendars. And we'll see you there!

In paragraph 1, the word raised is closest in meaning to ___________.

  • spent
  • collected
  • marked
  • pulled
Which event does not share a location with another event?
  • The pie-eating contest
  • The horse rides
  • The student dance show
  • The student art display
According to the flier, when do the horse rides end?
  • Noon
  • 3 p.m
  • 5 p.m
  • 7 p.m
All of the following will be on sale EXCEPT ___________.
  • cookies
  • bread
  • hot dogs
  • picnic lunches

In paragraph 2, the word they refers to ___________.

  • families
  • parents
  • teachers
  • students

Read the following passage from the school newspaper

   At this time of year, many students feel anxious while they wait to find out their exam scores. l am too concerned about exam scores. This makes me think that all the stress they cause is bad for our health. In my opinion schools should focus less on other ways of learning.

   It is important to ask what are exams really for? The teachers tell us that exams are for testing how much we have learned personally. I think that exams mostly just test how well people take exams! It seems that those who get high scores are good at taking exams, but they are not always the best students. They may be good at studying details and memorizing facts but that does not mean they are smartest students in the class.

   I believe that students would learn more at school if they could focus on learning together with other students in class and with the teacher. The time we spend preparing for and taking exams could be spent sharing ideas, instead of memorizing facts also. If teachers gave students more of their time and attention they would know more about our learning abilities and not need to give us tests all the time.

Why did the student write the letter?
  • To suggest that exams should be the main focus of learning
  • To argue that schools should stress learning and not exams
  • To warn teachers against spending too little time with students
  • To disagree with the belief that taking exams has disadvantages

In paragraph 1, the word anxious is closest in meaning to ___________.

  • nervous
  • proud
  • angry
  • hurt
What can be inferred from the letter about this student's exam scores?
  • He did poorly on his exams.
  • He feels good about his scores.
  • He doesn't know his scores yet.
  • He doesn't care about his scores.
Why does the student think exams are bad for students' health?
  • They cause a lot of stress.
  • They require students to study.
  • They force students to focus.
  • They call for new ways of learning.

In paragraph 2, the word those refers to ___________.

  • schools
  • teachers
  • exams
  • people
Why does the student talk about studying details and memorizing facts?
  • To explain how students can focus on learning together
  • To argue that exams test how much students have learned
  • To give an example of the kinds of useful skills that students should learn in class
  • To note that those who get high exam scores may not be the smartest students
According to the student, how can teachers know more about their students' abilities?
  • Give them tests all the time
  • Spend more time with them
  • Encourage them to memorize details
  • Let them study for exam together

Read the following story

   “Can you spare a little change?”, the old man asked Grace. ”I'm very cold and I have nothing to eat.”

   The man's clothes were old, torn, and messy. He was not dressed warmly enough for the cold, January weather.

   Grace felt bad for him, so she checked her pockets for change. But she didn't have any money.

   “I'm sorry, sir. I don't have anything,” she explained. “I wish I could help you, really.”

   The old man smiled. “I believe you would help if you could, young lady,” he answered. “Thanks anyway. I appreciate it.”

   Just then a woman walked by. She was wearing a very expensive-looking fur coat. Two large diamond earrings dangled from her ears. A pearl necklace hung around her neck.

   It suddenly broke, scattering pearls in every direction.

   “Oh no!” the woman exclaimed. “My pearls! They're everywhere!” She bent down and began gathering the pearls, one by one. Grace and the old man helped her.

   “Well, that seems to be all of them,” the woman said. ”Thank you both so much for your help.”

   A long, black limousine pulled up to the curb. The woman got in and the limousine drove away.

   “Why didn't you ask her to help you?”, Grace asked the old man.

    He scratched his head. “I guess I just forgot,” he answered, laughing.

    Then Grace spotted something shiny in a crack in the sidewalk. It was a pearl.

    “You have to give that back to her.”, the old man warned.

    Grace thought for a moment. ”But how can I? She's gone, and we don't even know her name. I think you should take it.”

    The old man stared at the pearl for a moment.

    “No, that wouldn't be right.”, he said thoughtfully.

    They decided to take the pearl to the police station. Grace left her cell phone number.

    The next day, Grace got a call from the police station. An officer asked her to come at once, although she had no idea why.

    At the station, a police officer handed Grace an envelope. She opened it and was astonished to find a lot of money. There was also a note that simply said, “Thank you.”

    Grace ran to where she had seen the old man the day before. She found him and handed him the envelope. He looked inside and smiled.

   “See, I knew you would help me!”, he said cheerily.

What would be the best title for this story?
  • Grace's Pearl
  • The Necklace
  • Grace's Gift
  • The Limousine
Why did Grace feel bad for the old man?
  • He was all alone.
  • He was old and ugly.
  • He was cold and hungry.
  • He was standing on the street.
Why didn't Grace give the old man money when she first saw him?
  • She gave him a pearl instead.
  • She had to keep her money.
  • She didn't want to help him.
  • She didn't have any money.
According to the passage, all of the following people looked for the scattered pearls EXCEPT ___________.
  • the police officer
  • the woman
  • Grace
  • the old man

In paragraph 13, the word spotted is closest in meaning to ___________.

  • noticed
  • received
  • hid
  • felt
Why did Grace get a call from the police?
  • They wanted to question her about the pearl.
  • They wanted her to come to the station.
  • She was going to be arrested.
  • She left her phone at the station.

In paragraph 19, the word astonished is closest in meaning to ___________.

  • unsure
  • angry
  • surprised
  • interested
What can be inferred about the envelope full of money?
  • It was money from the woman.
  • It was money the police had found.
  • It was money the old man had lost.
  • It was money the girl had lost.

Read the following passage

   Traffic congestion is a common problem in larger cities. In some cities, congestion gets so bad during rush hour that it is sometimes faster to walk than to drive. Traffic accidents are also a problem. Unfortunately, these problems are not easy to solve. However, an experimental traffic system being tested in several cities in Northern Europe has led to some surprising results.

   The system is called ”shared streets.” It is an experimental system that has very few traffic laws. As a result, shared street areas have no traffic lights, street signs, or even divisions between street and sidewalk. Although most people would expect this to cause the number of traffic jams and accidents to pile up, thus far, there have been significant drops in both. One reason is that the shared streets system encourages people to be more careful. Without traffic rules, people tend to slow down and pay more attention to each other. Normal traffic systems, on the other hand, rely on signs and signals, which people often miss or disobey, leading to accidents. In addition, the shared streets system decreases traffic jams because without fixed lanes and parking spaces, it is easier for cars to move around freely when there is a lot of traffic.

What is the best title for this passage?
  • Changing Traffic Systems Around the World
  • A Surprising Solution to Traffic Problems
  • Making Cities Safer Places
  • Why Traffic Laws are Dangerous
What does the author imply about rush hour in some cities?
  • The fewer cars there are, the worse the traffic.
  • The more cars there are, the faster they go.
  • People always walk during rush hour.
  • Cars can only move very slowly.
What is one reason that the “shared streets” system has decreased accidents?
  • People have decided not to drive at all.
  • People are more cautious of each other.
  • The speed limit is lower.
  • The laws are stronger.

In paragraph 2, when the author writes that people expect accidents and traffic jams to pile up the author means that people expect them to ___________.

  • continue
  • stop
  • return
  • increase
According to the article, why do normal traffic systems lead to traffic accidents?
  • There are fewer traffic lights, street signs, and sidewalks.
  • People often do not follow the traffic signs and signals.
  • They encourage people to drive cautiously.
  • Cars can move around more freely.
According to the article, why does the shared streets system decrease traffic jams?
  • Cars can move more freely in traffic.
  • There is usually not a lot of traffic.
  • There are more parking spaces.
  • It is easier to change lanes.

Read the following passage.

   Although fires are still a danger in every major city today, they were a much more serious problem in earlier centuries. The historic Fire of London was a severe example of the damage fire can cause. Ultimately, however, this disaster also positively affected the city.

   In 1666, the Great Fire of London burned out of control for three days, destroying most of the central district of the city. The disaster caused a huge amount of property damage - around seventy thousand people lost their homes. At the time, there were only about eighty-thousand living in the city. There are no accurate records of how many people died in the fire because the worst damage happened in poor neighborhoods. Unfortunately, the government did not record the deaths of poor people in those early times.

   When the fire happened, people in London were already struggling to survive a large plague outbreak that had begun in 1665. London's housing troubles were a major cause of the problem. At the time, much of central London consisted of closely packed and poorly made wooden buildings that made it hard for people to stay warm in winter weather. This created an unhealthy environment because germs travelled freely from home to home. In addition, the buildings were on narrow, dirty streets where people threw their garbage. Rats were attracted by the garbage in the streets, and they brought fleas - the carriers of the plague. Once people caught the plague from flea bites, the disease spread rapidly throughout the city, especially in the cramped central district.

 It was at this time, in these terrible conditions, that the Great Fire raged through London.

 Despite the damage, the fire had a positive effect because it destroyed the old, poorly made wooden buildings. It also killed most of the rats and fleas, which slowed the spread of the plague. After the fire, the government rebuilt the damaged areas. Whenever possible, they used brick or stone. Thus, the new houses were much more solid and more difficult for rats to enter. Widened streets and improved garbage collection also made the area less attractive to rats. These measures cut down the rat population further, which had an obvious effect on the number of fleas remaining in the city. The wider, cleaner streets also helped to stop the disease from spreading from person to person because there was simply more room to walk.

What is the passage mostly about?
  • How the plague spread through London
  • Some benefits of the Great Fire of London
  • The rebuilding of London after the Great Fire
  • The damage caused by the Great Fire of London
Which of the following is true regarding fires in the past?
  • They only happened in major cities.
  • They always had some positive effects.
  • They caused small amounts of damage.
  • They were more dangerous than fires today.
Why are there no accurate records of how many people died in the fire?
  • The records were destroyed in the fire.
  • The people were dying from the plague.
  • The fire burned out of control for three days.
  • The deaths of poor people were not recorded.

In paragraph 3, the word struggling is closest in meaning to ___________.

  • fighting
  • hoping
  • planning
  • failing

In paragraph 3, the word they refers to ___________.

  • germs
  • streets
  • rats
  • diseases

In paragraph 3, the word cramped is closest in meaning to ___________.

  • old
  • unpopular
  • damaged
  • crowded

Which of the following was NOT mentioned as a problem with London housing in the 1600's?

  • Closely packed houses
  • Unclean streets
  • Poor quality brick
  • Badly made buildings
Why did the government rebuild with brick and stone after the fire?
  • To save on building costs
  • To make houses stronger
  • To keep fleas out of the city
  • To rebuild London as it was before

In paragraph 3, the word measures is closest in meaning to ___________.

  • tools
  • steps
  • buildings
  • reasons

Read the following passage.

   The stock market is an important part of the world economy. The market itself is not a single place, like a store, but rather a system in which people buy and sell stocks. Obviously, people invest in stocks to make money. There are two basic ways to make money in the stock market.

   One way to make money involves sharing some of the company’s profits. Basically, when someone buys stock in a company, that person becomes a shareholder - one of many part-owners. As a part-owner, the shareholder gets part of any money that is left over after the company pays for expenses and development. Usually, when a company is making a profit, it sends money to its shareholders up to four times a year. Sometimes the companies offer shareholders more stock ins instead of cash. In either case, this payment is known as a dividend. For people who own many shares of stock, dividends can add up to a great deal of money.

   People can also make money when stock prices go up. When stock prices go up, the value of that stock increases. Thus, shareholders make money when they sell the stock at a higher price. For example, if someone buys one share of stock for $100 and sells it when the price has gone up to $150, that person makes $50. However, stock prices do not always go up. Sometimes they stay the same; or worse, they go down. Of course, all shareholders hope stock prices go up, so they can make money on their investment. However, in the end, buying the stock is a lot like playing a betting game, and the investor who buys the stock is betting that the price will go up.

   The question, then, is who controls stock prices? Actually, stock prices fluctuate due to several factors. When a company's profits increase, its stock prices usually go up as well. Also, when business, in general, is good or bad in a particular industry, such as the IT industry, it can affect the stock prices of individual companies within that industry. Furthermore, sometimes there are global money problems that cause serious trouble for investors all around the world. Often, when this happens, the prices of most stocks on the stock market fall severely. That, in turn, causes more global money problems, which can lower prices even more.

What is the passage mainly about?
  • The ways that companies make a profit
  • The ways that investors predict stock prices
  • How people make money in the stock market
  • How stock prices are affected by global money problems

In paragraph 2, the word profits is closest in meaning to ___________.

  • prices
  • jobs
  • dealings
  • earnings

In paragraph 2, what does the word it refers to?

  • A company
  • A shareholder
  • A stock
  • A profit
According to the author, what do shareholders get?
  • A great deal of money four times a year
  • A share of the company's products
  • Part of the company expenses
  • Part of the company's profits
Why is buying a stock like playing a betting game?
  • Shareholders sell their stock at a higher price.
  • Shareholders bet stock prices will stay the same.
  • Investors bet stock prices will increase.
  • Investors make money on their stock.

In paragraph 4, the word fluctuate is closest in meaning to ___________.

  • stop
  • vary
  • buy
  • sell
Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a factor that affects stock prices?
  • A company's profits
  • Investments in stock
  • Global money problems
  • Business in a specific industry