Đề thi gồm 6 bài đọc hiểu với 42 câu hỏi. Biên soạn dựa trên Preparation book for Toefl Junior Tests - oneplusone.cn.
Read the following flyer
Spring is here again! That means it's time for the Boulderville Middle School yearly bake sale and fun day. The money raised will be used for a new gymnasium. If all goes according to plan, construction will begin this fall. So, bring the whole family to the school this Saturday and join in the fun. In the assembly hall, you can sample tasty baked goods made by Boulderville parents. And be sure to buy a selection of delicious cookies, cakes, bread and pies. Then, join in one of the following events:
Student art display
Student dance show
Noon, 2 p.m, 4 p.m, 7 p.m
The fun begins at noon and continues until 7 p.m. Families are invited to pack a picnic lunch. Or you can enjoy barbeque sausages and hotdogs. Teachers will be selling them in the cafeteria between noon and 3pm. They will also be serving refreshing ice drinks all day long. So, mark it on your calendars. And we'll see you there!
In paragraph 1, the word raised is closest in meaning to ___________.
In paragraph 2, the word they refers to ___________.
Read the following passage from the school newspaper
At this time of year, many students feel anxious while they wait to find out their exam scores. l am too concerned about exam scores. This makes me think that all the stress they cause is bad for our health. In my opinion schools should focus less on other ways of learning.
It is important to ask what are exams really for? The teachers tell us that exams are for testing how much we have learned personally. I think that exams mostly just test how well people take exams! It seems that those who get high scores are good at taking exams, but they are not always the best students. They may be good at studying details and memorizing facts but that does not mean they are smartest students in the class.
I believe that students would learn more at school if they could focus on learning together with other students in class and with the teacher. The time we spend preparing for and taking exams could be spent sharing ideas, instead of memorizing facts also. If teachers gave students more of their time and attention they would know more about our learning abilities and not need to give us tests all the time.
In paragraph 1, the word anxious is closest in meaning to ___________.
In paragraph 2, the word those refers to ___________.
Read the following story
“Can you spare a little change?”, the old man asked Grace. ”I'm very cold and I have nothing to eat.”
The man's clothes were old, torn, and messy. He was not dressed warmly enough for the cold, January weather.
Grace felt bad for him, so she checked her pockets for change. But she didn't have any money.
“I'm sorry, sir. I don't have anything,” she explained. “I wish I could help you, really.”
The old man smiled. “I believe you would help if you could, young lady,” he answered. “Thanks anyway. I appreciate it.”
Just then a woman walked by. She was wearing a very expensive-looking fur coat. Two large diamond earrings dangled from her ears. A pearl necklace hung around her neck.
It suddenly broke, scattering pearls in every direction.
“Oh no!” the woman exclaimed. “My pearls! They're everywhere!” She bent down and began gathering the pearls, one by one. Grace and the old man helped her.
“Well, that seems to be all of them,” the woman said. ”Thank you both so much for your help.”
A long, black limousine pulled up to the curb. The woman got in and the limousine drove away.
“Why didn't you ask her to help you?”, Grace asked the old man.
He scratched his head. “I guess I just forgot,” he answered, laughing.
Then Grace spotted something shiny in a crack in the sidewalk. It was a pearl.
“You have to give that back to her.”, the old man warned.
Grace thought for a moment. ”But how can I? She's gone, and we don't even know her name. I think you should take it.”
The old man stared at the pearl for a moment.
“No, that wouldn't be right.”, he said thoughtfully.
They decided to take the pearl to the police station. Grace left her cell phone number.
The next day, Grace got a call from the police station. An officer asked her to come at once, although she had no idea why.
At the station, a police officer handed Grace an envelope. She opened it and was astonished to find a lot of money. There was also a note that simply said, “Thank you.”
Grace ran to where she had seen the old man the day before. She found him and handed him the envelope. He looked inside and smiled.
“See, I knew you would help me!”, he said cheerily.
In paragraph 13, the word spotted is closest in meaning to ___________.
In paragraph 19, the word astonished is closest in meaning to ___________.
Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.
Traffic congestion is a common problem in larger cities. In some cities, congestion gets so bad during rush hour that it is sometimes faster to walk than to drive. Traffic accidents are also a problem. Unfortunately, these problems are not easy to solve. However, an experimental traffic system being tested in several cities in Northern Europe has led to some surprising results.
The system is called "shared streets". It is an experimental system that has very few traffic laws. As a result, shared street areas have no traffic lights, street signs, or even divisions between street and sidewalk. Although most people would expect this to cause the number of traffic jams and accidents to pile up, thus far, there have been significant drops in both. One reason is that the shared streets system encourages people to be more careful. Without traffic rules, people tend to slow down and pay more attention to each other. Normal traffic systems, on the other hand, rely on signs and signals, which people often miss or disobey, leading to accidents. In addition, the shared streets system decreases traffic jams because without fixed lanes and parking spaces, it is easier for cars to move around freely when there is a lot of traffic.
The phrase "pile up" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _____.
Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question.
Although fires are still a danger in every major city today, they were a much more serious problem in earlier centuries. The historic Fire of London was a severe example of the damage fire can cause. Ultimately, however, this disaster also positively affected the city.
In 1666, the Great Fire of London burned out of control for three days, destroying most of the central district of the city. The disaster caused a huge amount of property damage - around seventy thousand people lost their homes. At the time, there were only about eighty-thousand living in the city. There are no accurate records of how many people died in the fire because the worst damage happened in poor neighborhoods. Unfortunately, the government did not record the deaths of poor people in those early times.
When the fire happened, people in London were already struggling to survive a large plague outbreak that had begun in 1665. London's housing troubles were a major cause of the problem. At the time, much of central London consisted of closely packed and poorly made wooden buildings that made it hard for people to stay warm in winter weather. This created an unhealthy environment because germs travelled freely from home to home. In addition, the buildings were on narrow, dirty streets where people threw their garbage. Rats were attracted by the garbage in the streets, and they brought fleas - the carriers of the plague. Once people caught the plague from flea bites, the disease spread rapidly throughout the city, especially in the cramped central district.
It was at this time, in these terrible conditions, that the Great Fire raged through London.
Despite the damage, the fire had a positive effect because it destroyed the old, poorly made wooden buildings. It also killed most of the rats and fleas, which slowed the spread of the plague. After the fire, the government rebuilt the damaged areas. Whenever possible, they used brick or stone. Thus, the new houses were much more solid and more difficult for rats to enter. Widened streets and improved garbage collection also made the area less attractive to rats. These measures cut down the rat population further, which had an obvious effect on the number of fleas remaining in the city. The wider, cleaner streets also helped to stop the disease from spreading from person to person because there was simply more room to walk.
What is the passage mostly about?
Which of the following is true regarding fires in the past?
Why are there no accurate records of how many people died in the fire?
In paragraph 3, the word "struggling" is closest in meaning to _____.
In paragraph 3, the word "they" refers to ______.
In paragraph 3, the word "cramped" is closest in meaning to _____.
Which of the following was NOT mentioned as a problem with London housing in the 1600's?
Why did the government rebuild with brick and stone after the fire?
In paragraph 5, the word "cut down" is closest in meaning to _____.
Read the following passage.
The stock market is an important part of the world economy. The market itself is not a single place, like a store, but rather a system in which people buy and sell stocks. Obviously, people invest in stocks to make money. There are two basic ways to make money in the stock market.
One way to make money involves sharing some of the company’s profits. Basically, when someone buys stock in a company, that person becomes a shareholder - one of many part-owners. As a part-owner, the shareholder gets part of any money that is left over after the company pays for expenses and development. Usually, when a company is making a profit, it sends money to its shareholders up to four times a year. Sometimes the companies offer shareholders more stock ins instead of cash. In either case, this payment is known as a dividend. For people who own many shares of stock, dividends can add up to a great deal of money.
People can also make money when stock prices go up. When stock prices go up, the value of that stock increases. Thus, shareholders make money when they sell the stock at a higher price. For example, if someone buys one share of stock for $100 and sells it when the price has gone up to $150, that person makes $50. However, stock prices do not always go up. Sometimes they stay the same; or worse, they go down. Of course, all shareholders hope stock prices go up, so they can make money on their investment. However, in the end, buying the stock is a lot like playing a betting game, and the investor who buys the stock is betting that the price will go up.
The question, then, is who controls stock prices? Actually, stock prices fluctuate due to several factors. When a company's profits increase, its stock prices usually go up as well. Also, when business, in general, is good or bad in a particular industry, such as the IT industry, it can affect the stock prices of individual companies within that industry. Furthermore, sometimes there are global money problems that cause serious trouble for investors all around the world. Often, when this happens, the prices of most stocks on the stock market fall severely. That, in turn, causes more global money problems, which can lower prices even more.
In paragraph 2, the word profits is closest in meaning to ___________.
In paragraph 2, what does the word it refers to?
In paragraph 4, the word fluctuate is closest in meaning to ___________.