TOEFL Junior Practice Test 13 - Reading Comprehension (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

12/14/2019 8:10:00 AM

Đề thi gồm 6 bài đọc hiểu với 42 câu hỏi, mô phỏng bài thi Toefl Junior chuẩn.

Read the following announcement.

Winter vacation activity

Winter vacation is coming soon! And it's a great time to join one of the many community activities available to Fullerton Junior High students. Here are the programs being offered this year:

  • Martial arts - get fit taking Taekwondo classes with local instructor Devin Lee.
  • Conversational language - join the conversation in beginning Spanish, Chinese, or French Classes.
  • Hip hop dance - take classes with Clive Campbell, star of the popular reality TV program Show Us Your Moves.
  • Community service - volunteer to read to the elderly in the city’s winter reading program. 

For more information, students should meet in the gymnasium this Wednesday at lunchtime. Brochures for all programs will be available there. They contain details regarding the locations, prices, and times of the programs. To join one of the programs, students must register at the main office of Fullerton Junior High. Keep in mind they will fill up fast. So, be sure to sign up early!

(Adapted from Diagnostic test - Toefl Junior Preparation book - oneplusone.cn)

What is the purpose of the announcement?
  • To inform students about winter vacation programs.
  • To warn students to sign up early for winter programs.
  • To encourage students to volunteer for community service.
  • To ask students to come to the gymnasium on Wednesday.
According to the announcement, which program will be taught by a famous person?
  • Martial arts
  • Conversational language
  • Hip hop dance
  • Community service
What can be inferred about the community service program?
  • It costs a lot.
  • It will not be classes.
  • It is offered every winter.
  • It will not be popular with students.
Where are brochures about the classes available?
  • In the gymnasium
  • In the TV studio
  • In the main office
  • In the community center

In paragraph 2, the word contain is closest in meaning to?

  • include
  • write
  • make
  • permit
Why should students sign up early?
  • Classes will fill up fast.
  • Class time may change.
  • The main office often closes early.
  • They will get a discount price.

Read the following flier.

“Under the sea” Dance

   The Jonestown Middle School student council invites all students to a dance party fundraiser. Don’t miss this great chance to mix with friends from school and maybe even make some new ones.

Who:     All grade 7, 8, & 9 students

Where: Jonestown Middle School Gymnasium

When:  Saturday, October 12th

**Advance tickets are available only from a member of the student council

 

   The dance party will help to raise money for the new library, so be sure to come out and show your support. The theme for this party is “Under the Sea”, so wear a costume related to the sea or sea life. A prize will be given for the best costume in each grade. Also, at the end of the night, there will be a dance contest, with a prize going to the best dancer in each grade.

   DJ Bonanza will be providing the tunes, and food and drinks will be available throughout the night. Advance tickets are $5, but hurry because they are only available until Friday. Tickets will be $8 at the door.

   Students will need a signed parent permission form to be able to attend the dance. See your teacher for the form.

(Adapted from Practise Test 2 - Toefl Junior Preparation book - oneplusone.cn)

In paragraph 1, the word mix is closest in meaning to___________.

  • discuss
  • arrive
  • join
  • dance
According to the flier, how many prizes will be given away at the dance party?
  • 3
  • 5
  • 6
  • 9

Which of the following is probably true about the dance contest?

  • Everyone who enters will get a prize.
  • It will be happening around 9 p.m.
  • It will start right at 6 p.m. sharp.
  • Only 9th-grade students can enter.
How much does it cost to buy a ticket from a member of the student council?
  • $5
  • $6
  • $8
  • $9

Read the following story.

   Last week, I returned from England after three months of living abroad as an international exchange student. Now, I am eager to share some of my fantastic experiences.

   During my stay, I learned many things about the United Kingdom. I lived with a British host family named the Atkinsons. We visited the Tower of London and watched a play at Shakespeare's Globe Theatre. They always gave me delicious meals. And they taught me many interesting things that I could never learn from textbooks. Did you know that in England people call a toilet a “loo”? Funny, isn't it?

   Because I had to speak English all the time, my English skills improved dramatically. I also had regular school classes in an English middle school. This was especially difficult for me in the beginning. But surprisingly, before long, I began to understand what the students and teachers were saying. The other boys were very kind to me, and I made lots of friends. So, by the end of the third month, I almost didn't want to come home.

(Adapted from Practise Set 6 - Toefl Junior Preparation book - oneplusone.cn)

Why did the student write this letter?
  • To argue that every student should study abroad.
  • To tell about his experience as an exchange student.
  • To suggest that he would like to live in England permanently.
  • To warn other exchange students against staying abroad too long.
Which of the following did the student NOT do with the Atkinson family?
  • Eat tasty English food
  • Tour the Tower of London
  • Read about England in textbooks
  • Watch a play in the Globe Theatre
The student uses “loo” as an example of___________.
  • a word that is only used in England.
  • how much his English has improved.
  • one of the many funny words he learned.
  • something he learned from the Atkinsons.

In paragraph 3, the word dramatically is closest in meaning to ___________.

  • occasionally
  • greatly
  • painfully
  • loudly

What can be inferred from the letter about the regular classes at the English middle.

  • They were hard at first because he did not understand what others were saying.
  • They were especially difficult at first because he did not know any other students.
  • They were the only classes available to international exchange students.
  • They were classes meant especially for international exchange students.
Why did the boy almost not want to come home?
  • His English improved.
  • His host family fed him very well.
  • He made many friends at school.
  • He attended regular school classes.

Read the following passage.

Ragtime is a fast and complicated kind of music that was popular around the beginning of the twentieth century. Scott Joplin is now considered to be the most important American ragtime composer and piano player. During his lifetime, Joplin only enjoyed a brief period of professional success in the early 1900s. However, his work had an important, lasting effect on audiences, as well as other composers.

   When ragtime first appeared in the late nineteenth century, it was considered a low form of cheap entertainment, not a serious musical movement. Then in 1899, Joplin wrote a ragtime song called Maple Leaf Rag. The song showed Joplin's creative blend of African American rhythm and more established European American musical styles. It was a huge success and helped to make ragtime popular with the general public. Maple Leaf Rag was the first instrumental composition to sell over one million copies of sheet music. It was also the first music by an African American to find a large audience among European Americans.

   Although the general ragtime style already existed before Joplin began composing, his work attracted a lot of attention from other ragtime composers of his time. Songs like Maple Leaf Rag influenced these composers mostly because they were very popular with the public. And many of them started to add similar fast and complicated rhythm to their music. Later, composers came to appreciate the high quality of Joplin's music, which has continued to capture the imagination of many composers and musicians up to the present day. For example, many later jazz musicians were influenced by Joplin's complex African-style rhythm. Jazz, in turn, went on to influence many more popular music styles. These include the blues, rock and roll, soul, and even hip hop. As a result, many music historians now list Joplin's work as an early basis of all modem popular music.

   (Adapted from Diagnostic Test Toefl Junior Preparation book - oneplusone.cn)

What is the passage mainly about?
  • Scott Joplin's fast piano playing.
  • Scott Joplin's brief period of success.
  • The types of music Scott Joplin liked.
  • The importance of Scott Joplin's music.
Which of the following is true of ragtime?
  • It was a popular type of music.
  • It began around the year 2000.
  • It disappeared around the year 1900.
  • It was the most popular during Joplin's lifetime.

In paragraph 1, the word brief is closest in meaning to______________.

  • lengthy
  • happy
  • short
  • safe
Which of the following is true regarding Maple Leaf Rag?
  • It was a mix of musical styles.
  • It was not popular in Joplin's lifetime.
  • It was not a serious musical movement.
  • It helped make ragtime become cheaper.

In paragraph 2, the word It refers to ______________.

  • ragtime
  • the general public
  • African American rhythm
  • the song Maple Leaf Rag
What does the author imply about European Americans in Joplin's time?
  • Most of them were successful.
  • Most of them were musicians.
  • Most of them were tired of European American music.
  • Most of them didn't listen to music by African Americans.

In paragraph 3, the word attracted is closest in meaning to___________.

  • drew
  • grew
  • made
  • felt

Why did Ragtime songs like Maple Leaf Rag influence other composers around Joplin’s time?

  • Scott Joplin was a European American.
  • Scott Joplin was an African American.
  • They already existed.
  • They were greatly enjoyed by people.

In paragraph 3, the words capture the imagination of are closest in meaning to __________.

  • anger
  • punish
  • interest
  • satisfy
All of the following kinds of music were influenced by jazz EXCEPT___________.
  • ragtime
  • blues music
  • hip hop
  • soul music

Read the following passage.

   Biorobotics is a field within robotic science that is based on the movements of living things. The most famous biorobots look and move a lot like humans. However, there are several robots that have been made to mimic animals. While many companies develop such robots as toys, some are used for practical purposes.

   One example of a biorobot is a flying robot that is based on the movements of bees. The robot, named “Carlton,” was developed by the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence. Built to be both light and powerful, it can hover like a bee in tight spaces and also change direction without losing speed. This robot's abilities make it very useful for military and police search and rescue missions. For example, Carlton can hide behind a tall wall, rise up to quickly look at what is on the other side, and then hide again. It can also send video images of what it sees to soldiers in a safe location far away.

   “Modsnake” is a robot that was modeled on snakes. This robot was developed by the Carnegie Mellon University Biorobotics Lab. It is made to move like a snake, so it can pass through narrow spaces, move over all sorts of obstacles, climb, poles, and even swim. The way Modsnake moves makes it useful for a variety of tasks such as checking for survivors in collapsed buildings, finding damaged areas inside of pipes and cleaning up oil spills in lakes and rivers.

   A third robot, based on cockroaches, also has several uses “Sprawl” was designed by a research team at Stanford University to take videos and recover small objects. Like many six-legged robots, Sprawl was made to move like an insect. However, Sprawl is uncommonly fast and strong for its size, just like a real cockroach. These characteristics make it particularly useful for military situations in which an enemy might try to disable it. It is very difficult to shoot because it moves quickly and is relatively small. Even if an enemy shoots Sprawl, it can usually keep functioning.

(Adapted from Practise Set 1 - Toefl Junior Preparation book - oneplusone.cn)

What is the passage mainly about?

  • Biorobots based on animals.
  • Biorobots that work like humans.
  • Military uses of biorobots.
  • Flying abilities of biorobots.

In paragraph 1, the word mimic is closest in meaning to___________.

  • understand
  • guard
  • teach
  • copy

In paragraph 1, the word some refers to____________.

  • companies
  • toys
  • robots
  • humans
According to the passage, Carlton can do all of the following things EXCEPT___________.
  • change directions quickly
  • climb in tight spaces
  • hide behind walls
  • send video images

What does the author imply about Modsnake?

  • It has no legs.
  • It moves quickly.
  • It can be dangerous.
  • It has no military uses.

In paragraph 3, the word "collapsed" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • old
  • cheap
  • wooden
  • fallen
Which of the following is true about Sprawl?
  • It was originally built to destroy small objects.
  • It was developed by a German research team.
  • It is smaller than a cockroach.
  • It is small but very solid.

Why is Sprawl useful in military situations?

  • It cannot be shot.
  • It can shoot at the enemy.
  • It is small enough to be shot from a gun.
  • It will usually keep working even when shot.

In paragraph 4, the word "disable" is closest in meaning to _______.

  • break
  • follow
  • see
  • buy

Read the following passage.

    International model United Nations meetings are events at which high school and college students from all over the world play the role of UN representatives. These meetings are largely based on the real United Nations. They are even divided into many of the same groups, such as the UN Security Council and the World Health Organization. The events allow students to develop and strengthen skills that are important for international careers, such as politics or international law.

   One of the main goals of the meetings is to develop effective communication skills. Because of this, students participate in many presentations, debates, and written research assignments. For example, at the end of every meeting, each student group writes a suggestion for solving one major world problem that they have learned about through their research assignments. These groups then discuss their suggestions with the rest of the student representatives in order to get them to support it. They may also discuss and solve invented problems, such as imaginary wars or natural disasters. Such activities challenge students' abilities to convey their thoughts in a clear, thoughtful way.

   In addition to working on basic communication, students at the meetings try to express themselves in polite ways that help to solve problems. This is perhaps the most difficult task for real UN delegates, so model UN organizers put a lot of emphasis on it. The organizers strongly encourage students to try to understand the ideas of others, consider their feelings, and agree on solutions.

   The meetings are also designed to help students become more open-minded. Students often play the role of representatives for countries other than their own. This encourages them to learn more about other cultures and to think about important problems in different ways. While pretending to be from a different country, students are exposed to a lot of ideas and information that they would not normally consider. Usually, they come away with a much better understanding of people in different cultures. This experience often gives them an advantage over schoolmates who only learn about world events and international relations in traditional classrooms.

(Adapted from Practise Set 4, Toefl Junior Preparation book - oneplusone.cn)

What is the passage mainly about?
  • Which countries participate in model UN conferences.
  • What students learn at model UN conferences.
  • How to solve invented problems at the UN.
  • Why viewpoints are changing at the UN.

In paragraph 1, the word They refers to___________.

  • meetings
  • groups
  • representatives
  • events

Why do students at model UN meetings participate in presentations, debates, and written research assignments?

  • to solve one major world issue.
  • to learn good communication skills.
  • to help them decide between careers.
  • to get student representatives to support them.
Why does the author mention imaginary wars and natural disasters?
  • To contrast them with real-world problems.
  • To give two examples of invented problems.
  • To point out that students cannot control them.
  • To explain how problems are solved at the mock UN.

In paragraph 2, the word convey is closest in meaning to___________.

  • show
  • answer
  • explain
  • hide
Why do students play the role of representatives for countries other than their own?
  • To express themselves in polite ways.
  • To decide which culture is the best.
  • To consider the feelings of others.
  • To think about issues in new ways.

In paragraph 4, the word exposed is closest in meaning to___________.

  • limited
  • produced
  • open
  • slow
What does the author imply about students who only learn in traditional classrooms?
  • They are given a lot of information.
  • They don't learn about international events.
  • It can be hard for them to understand other cultures.
  • It is very easy for them to understand their schoolmates.