TOEFL Junior Practice Test 15 - Reading Comprehension (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

6/13/2020 8:15:00 AM

Wetherton's Weekend Sports Camp!

The Wetherton School is announcing its 5th annual Weekend Sports Camp, which will take place this weekend on the school's athletic grounds. Students can choose from a variety of sports to participate in. 
Below is a list of the sports available and the times at which the games will start. Please arrive at the school 30 minutes before the start time. 

Sports Day Time
Basketball    Friday    7 P.M
Baseball   Saturday 9 A.M.
Volleyball   Saturday 2:30 P.M.
Soccer  Sunday  10 A.M.
Softball   Sunday 3 P.M. 

You can sign up for the sport you want in the library between noon and 1 P.M. on Friday. Remember, you can choose only one sport to play, so don't be late! 

When will the sports camp begin?
  • Friday morning
  • Friday evening
  • Saturday morning
  • Saturday evening

In line 2, the words "take place" are closest in meaning to

  • occur
  • result
  • sound
  • prepare
What time should volleyball players arrive at the school?
  • 9 A.M.
  • 2 P.M.
  • 2:30 P.M.
  • 3 P.M.
Why should students go to the library on Friday?
  • To register for a sporting event
  • To find out the sports available
  • To learn the rules of their game
  • To hear the winners announced

"Yes, a right triangle has a 90-degree angle. Great job!" Samantha smiled across the table at her brother Abe. "Now, let's try another one," she continued. "What do you get when you add up the angles of a rectangle?"

"Let's see," Abe said slowly. "Each angle in a rectangle is 90 degrees." 

"That's right," Samantha encouraged him.

"And there are four angles. So the answer is... 360."

"Right! See, math's not so hard," said Samantha.

"Well, it's a lot harder in the classroom during a test," Abe said.

Samantha didn't say anything. She knew Abe was smart, so she didn't understand why he kept getting bad grades on his math tests.

"If you know all the answers here, why don't you know them in class?" she asked finally.

"I guess because this isn't a test," he said. "I don't feel nervous about choosing the correct answers."

Samantha thought for a minute. "Okay," she said. "Let's stop for the day. But tomorrow, I want you to be ready to study hard."

The next day after school, Samantha was busy before Abe arrived. She walked around the house gathering things and taking them to her room. She found a small desk and chair. She took the wall clock from the living room and put it on her wall. She even found an old chalkboard and set it up.

When Abe opened the door, he couldn't believe his eyes. Samantha's room had been transformed into a classroom! She was standing in front of the chalkboard writing math problems, and on the little desk was a "test" she had prepared for Abe.

"What's all this?" Abe asked, surprised.

"I know you understand math," said Samantha, "so I think you need to start studying how to take a test. If you can learn to do it here, you'll be ready the next time there's a real one in class!" 

What would be the best title for the story?
  • Abe: Math Genius
  • Learning about Shapes
  • Abe's Math Test Problem
  • Samantha's Favorite Subject

How did Abe probably feel when he said: "Well, it's a lot harder in the classroom during a test."?

  • satisfied
  • confident
  • frightened
  • discouraged

The word "them" refers to

  • tests
  • grades
  • the angles
  • the answers
Why does Abe know the answers when he studies with Samantha?
  • He does not get anxious.
  • Samantha gives him the answers.
  • Samantha asks him easy questions.
  • He has already learned them in class.
Why does Samantha decide to gather things from around the house?
  • Because she has trouble studying in her room.
  • Because she wants Abe to enjoy being at home.
  • Because she thinks her room needs edecorating.
  • Because she wants to make her room look like a classroom.
At the end of the story, all of the following items are in Samantha's room EXCEPT
  • a wall clock
  • a small desk
  • a chalkboard
  • a real math test

The word "transformed" is closest in meaning to

  • helped
  • painted
  • changed
  • recovered
What does Samantha want Abe to practice at the end of the story?
  • Doing math problems with a clock
  • Answering math questions on a test
  • Writing math problems on the board
  • Asking questions of the math teacher

For the past three weeks, students in Mr. Wallace's geography class have been raising money for a very important reason. They want to donate $1,000 to One World, a charity that helps poor people in Africa.

It all started during one of Mr. Wallace's classes. Students were learning about the problems of poverty and hunger that many Africans face. They were so moved by what they learned that they decided to do something about it themselves.

Mr. Wallace supported the idea, and he asked all his students to do some special homework that night. They were to research charity organizations and choose one that the class would donate to. The next day, the students agreed on One World.

Since then, they have been raising money at school and around the community. They have started information meetings to teach people about the issue and encourage them to help. So far, they have collected $650.

This Saturday, Mr. Wallace's class will be holding a bake sale. They hope the money earned during the sale will give them enough to meet their goal. It will be held in the school auditorium from 8:30 A.M. to 4:30 P.M. Please try to show up, buy a treat, and do your part! 

Which headline best summarizes the article?
  • Learn about Africa This Saturday
  • Geography Class Meets Fundraising Goal
  • Students Organize to Make a Difference
  • Annual School Bake Sale Rescheduled

In the first paragraph, the word "face" is closest in meaning to 

  • describe
  • introduce
  • experience
  • require
According to the article, how did the students select One World?
  • Mr. Wallace suggested it.
  • They researched it at home.
  • They learned about it in class.
  • One student was familiar with it.
According to the article, what have students already done to raise money?
  • Sent out letters
  • Sold baked goods
  • Traveled to Africa
  • Held informational meetings
Based on the article, how much money do students hope to raise at the bake sale?
  • $350
  • $650
  • $1,000
  • $1,650

One of the biggest challenges any runner can take on is the marathon, a footrace that is just over 26 miles (42 kilometers) long. It requires both strength and strategy. Runners shouldn't start out going too quickly, or else they will become exhausted before the end. The world record for completing a marathon currently stands at two hours, four minutes.

The history of the marathon goes back to 490 BC and a battle between the ancient Greeks and Persians. The battle happened at a place called Marathon, and after several days of hard fighting, the Greeks were victorious. According to legend, a Greek messenger named Pheidippides ran from Marathon to Athens to report the good news. He covered the entire distance 26 miles without stopping.

The marathon became one of the first modern Olympic sports in 1896, and it continues to be held during the Olympics today. However, many people also participate in marathons for fun. Every year, over 500 of these races occur is around the world. Some of them are so popular that tens of thousands of runners race in them together. The largest and most famous include those held in Boston, London, and New York City. 

What is the best title for this passage?
  • Greek Contributions to Sports
  • An Ancient Race in Our Times
  • The World's Largest Marathons
  • The History of the Olympic Games

In the first paragraph, the word "strategy" is closest in meaning to

  • desire
  • fitness
  • planning
  • resource

In the first paragraph, the word "they" refers to

  • Greeks
  • runners
  • Persians
  • challenges
What is the marathon named after?
  • A Greek messenger
  • An ancient battle site
  • An old Olympic event
  • A modern record holder
According to the passage, why did Pheidippides run to Athens?
  • To participate in a footrace
  • To fight as part of the Greek army
  • To inform people of Greece's victory
  • To bring news that a battle had started
Why does the author mention Boston, London, and New York City?
  • To compare places where marathons are held
  • To give examples of places that have big marathons
  • To suggest that the cities should hold marathons
  • To explain the relationship between big cities and marathons

Our bodies change as we age, and our eyes are no exception. We tend to experience more vision problems as we enter middle age, even those of us who enjoyed perfect vision in early adulthood. One such condition is called presbyopia, which affects the eye's lens. The lens is a thin, transparent structure in the eye that changes shape as we focus on different objects. Presbyopia is the loss of lens flexibility, making it difficult to focus on objects close at hand.

People with presbyopia have trouble when they read. This is because we hold books and newspapers close to us in order to see the print. The same is true of e-books and notebook computers. The nearness of the text, combined with its small size, means presbyopic eyes are unable to focus sufficiently to allow normal reading. As people try to focus their eyes and see the words in front of them, they may become tired or nauseous and develop headaches.

Some people try to avoid presbyopia by "exercising" their eyes. They practice reading small print in newspapers or magazines, thinking they can "train" is their eyes to keep their focus sharp. However, experts say this has no effect on lens flexibility. The truth is that we have no control over when or how presbyopia occurs. The only solution is to wear glasses when we need to focus on nearby objects. 

What is the passage mainly about?
  • Benefits of wearing glasses at a young age
  • A vision problem affecting middle-aged adults
  • Differences among some common eye problems
  • How to exercise the eye and prevent presbyopia

In the first paragraph, the word "transparent" is closest in meaning to

  • tiny
  • clear
  • strong
  • broken
What is presbyopia?
  • Losing one's sight
  • Having mental problems
  • Losing flexibility of the lens
  • Having trouble seeing distant objects
What kind of trouble do presbyopic people have when they read?
  • They read words backwards.
  • Glasses have not been made for them.
  • They cannot read any words in the text.
  • They cannot focus on the close, small print.

In the second paragraph, the word "its" refers to

  • a book
  • the text
  • the eye
  • an e-book

In the second paragraph, the word "sufficiently" is closest in meaning to

  • nearly
  • much
  • quickly
  • enough
Which is NOT mentioned as a result of trying to read with presbyopia?
  • Nausea
  • Eye pain
  • Headaches
  • A tired feeling

What do sonic people do to prevent presbyopia?

  • Read small printed text
  • Get eye surgery at a young age
  • Check their eye condition regularly
  • Workout everyday

What does the author imply about the eye's lens?

  • It does not become flexible with use.
  • Presbyopia causes it to become smaller.
  • It remains strong throughout a person's life.
  • Wearing glasses damages it.
How is presbyopia treated?
  • By using glasses
  • By resting the eye
  • With eye exercises
  • With a powerful drug

In the year 1540, Spanish explorers traveled to what today is northern Arizona. There, they found something that amazed them. A wide canyon with steep walls ran for miles through the earth. The explorers tried to climb down to the bottom of the canyon, but it was too far. Later, they reported seeing rocks in the canyon that were bigger than any church tower back in Spain. Today, we are still amazed by this massive geologic formation. We call it the Grand Canyon.

The canyon was created by the Colorado River. The water wears down and carries off the rocks and dirt that it flows over. This action is called erosion. Over millions of years, the river has made a deep path in the earth, and this path is the canyon. Currently, the canyon is more than a mile deep, and the Colorado River still runs along the bottom of it.

People have traveled from all over the world to see the Grand Canyon. Grand Canyon National Park is one of the oldest national parks in America, and more than five million tourists visit it each year. They like thinking about how long it took the Colorado River to carve the canyon. They also enjoy hiking and camping in the canyon. And, of course, they love to stand at the top of the canyon and admire the beautiful views

Which title best summarizes the main idea of the passage?
  • Protecting the Grand Canyon
  • Natural Wonder: the Grand Canyon
  • The Discovery of the Colorado River
  • The Grand Canyon and American History
Why couldn't the Spanish reach the bottom of the canyon?
  • It was very deep.
  • They were scared of it.
  • A road to it was blocked.
  • They did not have any supplies.

In the first paragraph, the word "massive" is closest in meaning to

  • odd
  • large
  • rough
  • useful
What is erosion according to the passage?
  • A deep hole in the ground
  • A type of fast-flowing river
  • The removal of earth by water
  • The process of river formation
Based on the passage, what is probably true about the Grand Canyon?
  • It is continually getting deeper.
  • Americans do not often visit it.
  • It's located in southern Arizona.
  • Its early formation involved the ocean.

In the second paragraph, the word "it" refers to

  • the mile
  • the river
  • the earth
  • the canyon
How did America recognize the Grand Canyon's importance?
  • By assisting people who travel to it
  • By thanking Spain for discovering it
  • By creating a national park around it
  • By preventing people from entering it

In the third paragraph, the word "carve" is closest in meaning to

  • cut
  • raise
  • carry
  • move

All of the following are mentioned as attractions for tourists at the canyon EXCEPT

  • exploring new canyon areas
  • considering the canyon's age
  • enjoying the views of the canyon
  • walking and sleeping in the canyon