TOEFL Junior Practice Test 17 - Reading Comprehension (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

8/21/2020 5:25:00 PM

Cherry Blossom Middle School

Announcement
To: All students and faculty
From: Principal Lewis
Date: April 28
Re: Earthquake Safety Plan

Earthquake Safety Plan

If an earthquake occurs during school hours, all students and faculty are required to follow the school’s Earthquake Safety Plan.

If INDOORS:

  • DROP immediately to the ground.
  • CRAWL underneath furniture, such as a desk or chair.
  • HOLD ON to the furniture until the shaking stops.
  • Stay where you are until you receive directions from a faculty member.

IF OUTDOORS:

  • STAY outdoors; do not go inside a building.
  • MOVE to an open area away from buildings or power poles.
  • Stay where you are until you receive directions from a faculty member.

And no matter where you are, always make sure to STAY CALM.

The word "faculty" is closest in meaning to

  • teachers
  • visitors
  • parents
  • children

What should students in a classroom do if an earthquake occurs?

  • Sit in a chair
  • Move outdoors
  • Find a teacher
  • Drop to the ground

What should students do if they are outdoors when an earthquake occurs?

  • Stand next to a building
  • Move to an open area
  • Go inside a building
  • Drop to the ground

What should a student do after the earthquake stops?

  • Run outside
  • Call a parent
  • Remain in place
  • Move to the gym

Dear Mark, 

Thanks for accepting my party invitation. I am so happy that you are coming. We are going to have a great time!

You’ll need a few things because we are camping overnight at the beach. Here is a list of what you should bring: 

  1. a warm sleeping bag 
  2. a pillow 
  3. a flashlight 
  4. a thick sweatshirt 
  5. a swimsuit 
  6. a large towel 
  7. a bag of marshmallows to roast on the campfire 

We are meeting tomorrow at my house. I am attaching a map to this e-mail in case your parents need directions. As soon as everyone arrives, we will split up into two cars. Unfortunately, my father’s van is in the repair shop. The campground is located near the ocean, so we will be driving for about three hours. That may seem like a long time, but we will get there sooner than you think.

We will have plenty of snacks and activities for the ride.

If you have any questions give me a call or send me an e-mail. See you soon!

Jeff

Which of the following is NOT true about the campground?
  • It is on the beach near the ocean.
  • It does not allow people to build fires.
  • It is possible to sleep there overnight.
  • It is three hours away from Jeff’s house.
What did Jeff attach to the e-mail?
  • Directions to his house
  • Rules of the campground
  • A map of the campground
  • A list of snacks and activities
What is the most likely reason why people will split up into two cars at Jeff’s house?
  • Jeff wants to ride only with his favorite friends.
  • There are separate cars for parents and children.
  • The total number of people cannot fit into one car.
  • There are two different campgrounds on the beach.
Why does Jeff mention snacks and activities?
  • To note how fun the party will be
  • To stress how long the car ride will be
  • To give examples of things Mark should bring
  • To give examples of what they can do in the car

Read the story. Then answer the questions.

Joon stared at his suitcase. He knew what was inside each one. He had carefully packed all the items inside them. Joon, however, kept looking at the suitcases as if they contained unknown mysteries. He still had so many questions. 

The suitcases were ready to go with Joon. They would be separated from him during the long flight. Afterwards, they would be with their owner in a new country. 

During the past few months, Joon had tried to prepare himself for studying in England. He had learned everything about the place where he would spend the next year of his life. Still, he had questions. 

When Joon looked at the suitcases, he was filled with excitement and curiosity. Looking around his bedroom, though, he felt other emotions. He was sad and a little scared about leaving his family and friends. 

“Joon?” his mother called. 

“Yes, Mom?” Joon replied. 

Joon’s mother walked into his room, “We should leave for the airport now. It might take a while for you to check in at the airline desk. They’ll probably have a lot of questions since you’re flying alone.” She smiled at him. “Are you ready, son?”

Joon thought about all the research he did on England he thought about the e-mails he would get from his family and friends. Joon looked at his suitcases again. He was ready.

What would be the best title for this story?
  • Going to the Airport
  • Starting an Adventure
  • How to Pack a Suitcase
  • Where to Study Abroad

Why does Joon stare at the suitcases in paragraph 1?

  • He still has a lot of questions.
  • He wonders if he forgot to pack something.
  • He is trying to remember what is inside them.
  • He is worried that he packed too many things.

How long will Joon be in England?

  • 1 week
  • 1 month
  • 12 weeks
  • 12 months

The phrase “check in” is closest in meaning to

  • drive
  • study
  • report
  • unpack
Why does Joon decide he is ready in the last line of the story?
  • He knows that he will get to the airport early.
  • He has prepared for his trip as best as he could.
  • He has packed everything he needs for his trip.
  • He knows that he will enjoy his time in England.

Read the following story then choose the best answer to each question below.

“One last thing, kids,” said Mrs. Hamid just as the bell rang “who wants to be our class president?”

“I do!” Brenda yelled.

“I do, too!” Tim added.

No one else spoke.

“You two can give speeches tomorrow,” Mrs. Hamid concluded.

On the bus, Brenda sat next to her best friend, Juana. Everyone was talking about the election. Naturally, all the girls wanted to vote for Brenda. Brenda was very popular. But Tim was the new boy. No one really knew him. Only a few of the boys wanted to vote for him, and that was just because he was a boy. The rest of the boys didn't care about the election at all.

“There are twelve girls, but only eleven boys,” Brenda whispered to Juana. “I've won already!”

The next day, Brenda spoke first.

“My speech is simple,” she began. “First, you all know me. And second, I'm a girl. That's all there is to say.”
Some of the girls laughed, and nearly all of them clapped eagerly. But Juana was disappointed. She'd expected something better from her friend.

Then Tim stood up in front of the class.

“OK, I'm new,” he said. “But do you really care if I'm a boy or a girl? Do you want to vote for someone just because she's popular? Even though I'm new, I want our class to be the best. How? I have some ideas about that.”

Tim explained many new ideas for improving the class. Juana thought they were all really good ideas. The boys concurred. At the end of Tim's speech, the boys stood up and cheered.

When it came time to vote, Juana couldn't decide what to do. Brenda was her best friend. But Juana really thought Tim deserved to be president. If she voted for him, he might win.

"Your votes, please,” Mrs. Hamid requested.

She read each piece of paper and made marks on the board. In the end, there were eleven votes for Brenda and twelve votes for Tim.

“That's impossible!” Brenda shouted.

Mrs. Hamid counted again.

“Congratulations, Tim,” she said

The word "eagerly" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • angrily
  • foolishly
  • excitedly
  • doubtfully

Which of the following did Brenda mention in her speech?

  • She was new.
  • She was a girl.
  • She had good ideas.
  • She was Juana's friend.
Why was Juana disappointed?
  • She thought Brenda would give a better speech.
  • She did not think the other girls should clap loudly.
  • She thought Tim had good ideas for improving the class.
  • She did not think Brenda's speech should be before Tim's.

Which of the following did Tim NOT mention in his speech?

  • He was new.
  • He had some ideas.
  • He thought Brenda shouldn't be popular.
  • He wanted their class to be the best.

The word "concurred" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • wondered
  • objected
  • agreed
  • blamed

What does the author imply about Tim's victory?

  • He won because Brenda voted for him.
  • He won because Juana voted for him.
  • He won because Brenda forgot to vote.
  • He won because the girls did not vote.
What would be the best title for this story?
  • How Juana and Brenda Became Friends
  • How Tim Almost Won the Election
  • Brenda's Request
  • Juana's Decision

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Fast food is usually high in fat and has no nutritional value, however, it is popular for many reasons. It tastes good and is inexpensive. Best of all, it is an easy way to grab a quick bite when you’re in a hurry. But in 1986, a group of people wanted to end “fast eating”. They tried to close the first McDonald’s in Rome. Soon, the group became the Slow Food organization.

Since then, Slow Food has grown internationally and now has over 100,000 members in 132 countries. However, Slow Food was not created just to protest fast food. It also protests fast life. Group members argue that people do things too quickly in modern life. This fast life forces people to eat fast food.

One of the goals of Slow Food is to show people that fast life is responsible for bad eating habits. Many people no longer take the time to prepare meals in the kitchen. Rather, they eat packaged and fast food while working, watching television, and even driving. Slow Food members try to educate people about healthy eating habits. They hope that people will eat slower, live slower, and take the time to enjoy life.

What would be a suitable title for the passage?
  • Protesting McDonald’s
  • The Dangers of Fast life
  • The Beliefs of Slow Food
  • The Benefits of Fast Food
What is true about fast food?
  • Low in price, low in nutrition, high in fat
  • High in price, low in nutrition, low in fat
  • Low in price, low in nutrition and low in fat
  • High in price, high in nutrition, and low in fat

In the 1st paragraph, the word "bite" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • burger
  • meal
  • injury
  • coke

In the 3rd paragraph, the word "they" refers to _____.

  • the goals
  • many people
  • bad eating habits
  • Slow Food members

Why does the author mention "132 countries"?

  • To note that many countries eat slow food
  • To point out that McDonald’s is in many countries
  • To prove that fast food is popular in many countries
  • To show that Slow Food can be found in many countries

In the 2nd paragraph, the word "protest" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • eat
  • make
  • fight
  • support
What do Slow Food members hope people will do?
  • Eat more
  • Live longer
  • Live slower
  • Work faster

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Trading is a way for people to exchange goods. People have been trading goods since the beginning of time. The way goods are traded has become more convenient as people’s lives have become busier and more complex.

Goods that were hard to find were used to make the first trades. Cows, salt, and tea are some examples. However, as people traveled farther from their homes to trade with others, these goods became difficult to carry and store.

Metal objects were introduced as money as early as 500 B.C. Precious metals such as gold and silver were used to make coins. But carrying a lot of coins was heavy. Paper money was created to be used in larger trades. Coins were still used for smaller trades.

The invention of the computer led to electronic money. Credit cards were first introduced in the mid-twentieth century. Other forms of electronic money include phone cards and gift cards. The wallet phone is the latest form of electronic money. It is a cellphone that can make trades through a wireless connection.

Which title best summarizes the main idea of the passage?
  • Forms of Electronic Money
  • Goods that are Hard to Find
  • The Changing Forms of Trading
  • The Best Kinds of Money to Use
How has the way people trade goods changed?
  • It takes more time.
  • It costs more to do.
  • It is more convenient.
  • It is more complicated.
What is an example of good that was hard to find?
  • Coins
  • Cattle
  • Metal
  • Trips
ln third paragraph, the word "Precious" is closest in meaning to _____.
  • Useless
  • Valuable
  • Harmful
  • Magical
Why does the author mention the computer?
  • To give examples of electronic money
  • To explain how electronic money began
  • To illustrate paper money’s unpopularity
  • To point out the popularity of the wallet phone
In the last paragraph, the word "It" refers to _____.
  • Trading
  • The computer
  • Electronic money
  • The wallet phone

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Sigmund Freud was a well-known psychologist who was born in Austria in 1856. He is famous because he came up with psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis is a certain way of helping a patient with a troubled mind. Freud believed that people have many thoughts and ideas deep inside, but they are taught to ignore them over time.

Psychoanalysis helps people by searching for their secret idea. They will ask the patient many questions about their dreams, desires, and childhood. Then they will try to find out what all of this means.

Freud believed that a person's personality was not caused by genetics, but was formed by things that happened to the person as a child. For example, if a grown woman is very shy, Freud would say that something happened when she was a child that made her that way. He believed that the way parents and siblings treated a child affected them as adults.

According to Freud, each person's mind has three parts: the id, ego, and superego. The id is the part of the mind that only wants to pleasure and cannot think about bad consequences. The superego is a person's sense of doing what they are supposed to do. The ego is the part of the mind that balances the id and the superego. Freud believed that if these parts of the mind were explored, a person could be cured of their psychological sickness.

What would be the most suitable title for the passage?
  • id, ego, and superego
  • Psychoanalysis in Austria
  • The Famous Ideas of Freud
  • Freud's Psychology of Shy People
What can psychoanalysis do?
  • Help a patient
  • Scare doctors
  • Make a decision
  • Change psychology
What did Freud believe about people's personalities?
  • They aren't very useful.
  • They are based on individuals' genetics.
  • They are sometimes different by country.
  • They are the result of childhood experiences.

In paragraph 1, the word "them" refers to _____.

  • people
  • questions
  • psychoanalysis
  • thoughts and ideas

In paragraph 3, the word "grown" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • large
  • mature
  • special
  • attractive
All of the following are true about Freud EXCEPT_____.
  • he had a very powerful id
  • he had ideas about personality
  • he was born in 1856 in Austria
  • he came up with the id, ego, and superego

In paragraph 4, the word "consequences" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • benefits
  • accidents
  • results
  • ideas
What does the superego do for a person?
  • Make their personality
  • Balance their id and ego
  • Try to find them pleasure
  • Tell them what is right and wrong
What was probably true about Freud?
  • He wrote many books.
  • He enjoyed doing surgery.
  • He liked to spend time with doctors.
  • He believed parents influence a child.