TOEFL Junior Practice Test 19 - Reading Comprehension (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

10/13/2020 5:52:00 PM

Read the notice and answer the questions.

Hello, everyone. Halloween is a very fun night, but in the last few years there have been a lot of problems in Sillsburg. This year, the town has decided to set some new rules.

First of all, no children under the age of twelve are allowed to be out trick-or-treating without an adult. Also, after 11:30 P.M., no one should be on the streets. The police will be taking anyone found outside back to their houses or to the police station. We do not want any trouble this year and the police have promised to watch everything closely.

We thank you for reading this notice. We want this year to be a great Halloween and we hope that everyone respects the new rules we have made. We are also sorry for any planning problems this might cause parents, but that's why we posted this notice so far in advance. 

What is the notice mainly about?

  • Trick-or-treating
  • New problems on Halloween
  • New rules for Halloween night
  • Police responsibilities on Halloween

How old is the child at least to be out trick-or-treating alone?

  • Twelve
  • Sixteen
  • Fourteen
  • Eighteen

Why did the town post the notice in advance?

  • They wanted to tell children where to trick-or-treat.
  • They wanted to make sure everyone has a costume.
  • They must explain the rules to the town's teenagers.
  • They wanted to avoid planning problems for parents.

The word "closely" is closet in meaning to

  • carefully
  • distantly
  • clearly
  • coldly

Read the e-mail and answer the questions.

Hey Sheri,

We need to talk about our science project. It is due in two weeks but we have not even set a time to start it yet. I have Monday, Wednesday, and Thursday evenings available because I have piano lessons on Tuesdays and soccer practice on Fridays. You said Mondays and Wednesdays are OK for you, so let's work those days after school.

After school on Monday, we can work in my room on our fireball project. We can work until almost 7:00 P.M. My family has dinner then. You should ask your mom to pick you up by 6:50. I bought all the materials we need. I need you to pay for your half on Monday.

E-mail me back and tell me if this plan is OK with you. I think our classmates will be shocked to see us hold fire in our hands!

Bye,

Kim

What is this e-mail mainly about?

  • Paying back Kim's money
  • Choosing a science fair project
  • Where to work on the science project
  • Scheduling a time to work on the science project

Which of the following is NOT mentioned?

  • Sheri plays the piano on Friday.
  • Kim's family eats dinner at 7:00 P.M.
  • The science project is due in two weeks.
  • The girls haven't started the science project.

Why does Kim mention piano lessons and soccer practice?

  • To stress the suitable time to do their science project
  • To give the examples of what the girls should do in the project
  • To give the reason why the girls have to work on other days
  • To show the activities the girls can do after completing the project

Which of the following is true?

  • The girls will work at Sheri's house after school.
  • Sheri needs to pay Kim a half for the supplies.
  • The teacher gives Sheri and Kim some advice.
  • The classmates will be dissapointed at their project.

Read the story and answer the questions.

The day started like any other day. I woke up at six-thirty and went into the bathroom to take a shower and get ready for school. "Are you up yet, Jacob?" I heard my mom yell from downstairs.

"Yes, I am. Is breakfast ready?" I yelled back.

"Come down when you are ready," she said and then she laughed.

I wondered what was funny but didn't think about it very much. I finished brushing my teeth and packed my bag for school. I had a presentation in history, so I had some extra things to bring. I started walking down the stairs to the kitchen when I heard a strange whining noise. Then I decided to jump down the last five stairs but I didn't hop quite far enough. My foot got caught and I fell face-first with a loud bang.

"Jacob! What happened?" My mom said as she found me motionless on the floor. Blood was pouring from my nose and my arm was aching. I couldn't move it, so my mom helped me up and took me out to the car.

Two hours later I left the hospital. My nose was fine but there was a cast on my arm. The pain had gone away, but I was very upset that I would have to miss presenting my history project. I had worked for weeks on it and was really looking forward to it.

"It's okay, honey." My mom said, knowing what was on my mind. "I am sure Mr. Anderson will let you present your project next week. Besides, I think I have something at home  that will make you feel better."

Then I remembered the noise that I had heard just before jumping down the stairs. When I got home, there was a new puppy waiting for me in the kitchen, along with my cold breakfast. I was really hungry, so I ate my breakfast. My mom let me share some of it with my new friend. It turned out to be a good day after all.

What would be the best title for this story?

  • A Surprise for Jacob
  • Jacob's Kind Mother
  • Broken Arms and Legs
  • Jacob's Missing Project

What did Jacob NOT do in the morning before falling?

  • Take a shower
  • Brush his teeth
  • Pack his bag for school
  • Eat the breakfast his mom made

What body part did Jacob hurt in his fall?

  • His arm
  • His legs
  • His back and arm
  • His nose and teeth

Why did Jacob feel upset?

  • Because he could not eat the breakfast his mom made.
  • Because he could not show his history project in class.
  • Because his arm and his nose were broken in the accident.
  • Because his teacher did not let him present his project.

The word "motionless" is closest in meaning to

  • terrified
  • awake
  • shocked
  • still

The word "it" in the last paragraph refers to_______.

  • day
  • puppy
  • breakfast
  • new friend

The word "whining" is closet in meaning to ______.

  • loud
  • angry
  • crying
  • yelling

Read the story and answer the questions.

"Today is your first day of school and I want you to look handsome," my mom said as she forced a collared shirt over my head.

"I don't want to wear the blue one. I like the red one. It is more comfortable," I said as I tried to grab my favorite shirt.

"The red one is old and has stains. It is the first day of school, so you have to wear a new shirt."

I hated the way the shirt looked, but she would not be defeated. I didn't like the first day of school because everyone expected you to be dressed up. All I wanted to do was wear my normal clothes.

"Here is your lunch box. I packed you all healthy foods — a sandwich, juice, and two apples. You can share one of the apples if you want, but I don't want you to eat sweets. Don't try and trade with the other kids. I have already told your teachers to watch out, so don't even try," she said.

"Defeated again," I thought to myself. I hated never having sweet things in my lunch box, but my mom never packed them.

When I got to school, my best friend was waiting for me outside the playground. There was a soccer game being started and we hurried to join. We only got to play ten minutes before the bell rang but it was awesome. I scored three goals.

Then I looked down at my shirt. It was torn apart. I had ripped part of it and it was covered in dirt.

"My mom is going to kill me!" I said to my friend. "She told me I had to look neat for my first day of class."

"It's okay. The soccer coach was watching you play and he is definitely going to ask you to try out for the team now. Just tell your mom you had to," my friend said, smiling.

He was right. My mom was mad when she picked me up but she was excited that I got picked for the team. I think that it was a pretty good first day. 

Why does the boy hate the first day of school?

  • Because he did not want to wear formal clothes
  • Because his mom forced him to go to school
  • Because he had to eat healthy foods at lunch time
  • Because he could not play soccer when he got to school

What is suggested about the boy's mom?

  • She doesn't wear nice shirts.
  • She is older than the boy's teacher.
  • She enjoys eating candy and sweets.
  • She is concerned about the boy's health.

According to the passage, all of the following statements are true about the boy EXCEPT _______.

  • he is a good soccer player
  • he was asked to join the soccer team
  • he worried about being scolded by his mom
  • he exchanged the lunch box with his friend

What does the author imply about the boy?

  • He does not enjoy playing soccer
  • He doesn't have very many friends
  • He usually gets food on his nice clothes
  • He doesn't care about wearing nice clothes

The phrase "torn apart" is closet meaning to _______.

  • violently pulled
  • gently broken
  • accidently found
  • slowly destroyed

What is the best title for the story?

  • The first day in my class
  • Mom never packs me candy
  • I always ruin my nice clothes
  • A ripped shirt and a new soccer team member

Read the passage and answer the questions.

Abraham Lincoln is one of the most famous presidents ever elected in the United States. He is also one of only two American presidents to ever be assassinated. He was born in 1809 in Kentucky on the western frontier. He worked hard and was considered a very strong man. He was self-educated and eventually became a lawyer in the country region of Kentucky.

After that, he started his career in politics. He was elected to the Illinois Legislature. Lincoln was very outspoken against slavery. In 1860 his anti-slavery campaign won him the Republican nomination for president. He won the election but the American Civil War began shortly after. During the war, Lincoln declared the "Emancipation Proclamation," a speech which introduced the law he is most famous for. This law stated that slavery in America was to be abolished; all slaves were to be freed.

After the North was victorious over the southern states, Lincoln was very happy to finally get to govern his country in relative peace. However, Lincoln's presidency and life would not last much longer. On April 14th, 1865, while attending a play in Washington, D.C., Abraham Lincoln was shot in the back of the head by John Wilkes Booth. Booth, believing the Civil War was still being fought, assassinated the president to further the cause of the Confederate Army. He was tracked down and killed ten days later by Unionist soldiers. 

What is the passage mainly about?

  • A famous president in American history
  • A famous law in American history
  • A terrible war in American history
  • An assassination in American history

What did Abraham Lincoln do before he went into politics?

  • He worked on the western frontier.
  • He worked as a lawyer in Kentucky.
  • He was a soldier in the countryside.
  • He worked to fight slavery in Washington, D.C.

Why does the author mention The Emancipation Proclamation?

  • It is the title of the most well-known law that Lincoln announced.
  • Lincoln won the Republican nomination for president with this law.
  • It was the first law he had stated before the Civil War happened.
  • It was the result of the anti-slavery campaign Lincoln ran in 1860.

The word "outspoken" is closet in meaning to _______.

  • skillful
  • forthright
  • bashful
  • tentative

The word "relative" is closet in meaning to _______.

  • reasonable
  • complete
  • limited
  • comparative

Based on the passage, which of the following is true about Abraham Lincoln?

  • He started his career in Illinois as a lawyer.
  • He and John Wilkes Booth knew each other.
  • He was a Democrat but soon became independent.
  • He was killed at a theater by John Wilkes Booth.

What does the author imply about Abraham Lincoln?

  • There is an unknown reason why he was assassinated.
  • The Civil War was not over yet after his death in 1865.
  • He tried his best to fight against slavery in America.
  • He is the president who has the shortest presidency.

Read the passage and answer the questions.

The human heart is responsible for pumping blood through your body. It would be impossible to live without it. That's why heart attacks are so dangerous. Every time a healthy heart beats, it is sending blood throughout the body. The average human heart beats about seventy-two times per minute. Electricity causes the four parts of the heart to work together to create heartbeats.

A heart attack happens when the blood supply cannot get in or out of the heart. Usually, this happens when fat and white blood cells get clogged in an artery. An artery is a pathway to the heart. When blood flow to the heart is stopped, heart cells begin to die. People feel chest pain and sweat when they're having a heart attack. Often they have trouble breathing or begin vomiting.

Heart attacks are the leading cause of death all over the world, but there are certain things we can do to prevent them from happening to us. First of all, eating healthy and exercising can stop heart disease. Also, we should not smoke. Smoking increases the chance of having a heart attack. 

What is the passage mainly about?

  • The heart's arteries
  • Heart attack deaths
  • Human heart attacks
  • The healthy human heart

What is the cause for the heart to work?

  • electricity
  • blood vessels
  • heartbeats
  • blood cells

When does a heart attack occur?

  • Heart cells begin to die.
  • The heart stops pumping.
  • The blood cannot come to the heart.
  • The arteries don't have enough white blood cells.

According to the passage, all of the following statements are true EXCEPT _______.

  • The average heartbeat of an adult is about 72 times per minute.
  • Heart cells will die if they don't get any blood supply.
  • A heart attack takes place when blood cells cannot come to the heart.
  • People often have a fever and cough when having a heart attack.

According to the passage, how can people prevent heart attacks?

  • They should take more vitamins
  • They should exercise twice a day
  • They should go to the doctor's more often
  • They should eat healthy and stop smoking

The word "it" in the first paragraph refers to _______.

  • heart attacks
  • human heart
  • blood
  • body

The word "clogged" is closet in meaning to ______.

  • depressed
  • pressed
  • blocked
  • crowded

Read the passage and answer the questions.

The Civil War happened just as the art of photography was growing. Many people believe that photography had a big effect on the war. People were able to see images of their president, Abraham Lincoln. They were also able to have photographs of their sons, fathers, brothers, and husbands who fought or died in the war.

Not only that, but many photographs of battlefields were shown in galleries in New York and Washington D.C. These photographs made people understand just how terrible the war was. The pictures show piles of dead bodies in empty fields.

Army generals also used photographers as part of their staff. They sent photographers to take pictures of enemy areas and bases. They took pictures of roads, railroads, and bridges so that they could have information about what everything looked like. They wanted to have information so that they could win the war. The war ended in 1865, but we still have the pictures. The photos from the battles of Antietam and Gettysburg are particularly sad. Even today, they make us remember the horrors of war.

What would be the best title for the passage?

  • Fighting Photographers
  • Photographs in the Civil War
  • Pictures of Abraham Lincoln
  • Army Generals Taking Pictures

What could people do for the first time because of photography?

  • They could fight better in battle with better guns.
  • They could get to know Abraham Lincoln and his children.
  • They could have pictures of their family and the president.
  • They could see dead bodies in fields outside of their homes.

Why were photographs of battlefields shown in galleries?

  • To show the reality of a fierce war
  • To stress the importance of photographs
  • To display the mightiness of the army
  • To make people remember the dead

Why were photographers hired by army generals?

  • To take pictures to get information
  • To work as spies
  • To help design and build new bridges
  • To print pictures of the war in newspapers

The word "particularly" in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to ______.

  • strongly
  • extremely
  • specially
  • slightly

Which of the following is NOT mentioned?

  • Effect of photographs on the war
  • The awfulness of the war
  • The sad photos from some battles
  • The collapse of street structures

The word "they" in the last sentence refers to _____.

  • the battles
  • the pictures
  • the photographers
  • the army