TOEFL Junior Practice Test 22 - Reading Comprehension (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

12/11/2020 9:14:00 AM

Read the e-mail and answer the questions.

Dear sir,

The purpose of this letter is to inquire as to the status of Mike Marston's application for admission to your school. We were informed in November 2014 that our son was placed on a waiting list. My husband and I attended Victoria School, as did our son, John. We have great respect for the teachers and the school's program and reputation, and we think highly of the school's facilities. Thus, we have encouraged Mike to pursue his dreams and aspirations at your school. We are aware that other students are being notified as to their status. We would greatly appreciate knowing Mike's status so that we can plan accordingly.

Thank you for your attention to this matter, and we look forward to your positive reply.

Yours faithfully,
Lily Marston

(Adapted from TOEFL Junior 10 Practice Tests: Reading Comprehension)

What is the purpose of this letter?
  • To apply to a school
  • To ask for some information
  • To reply to a previous letter
  • To greet someone
Who is Mrs. Marston?
  • A teacher
  • A headmaster
  • A school staff member
  • A parent

According to the letter, why do the family encourage Mike to attend Victoria School?

  • They believe in the school in every aspect.
  • They don't trust any other school.
  • They like the facilities there.
  • They all went to this school.

The word "notified" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • informed
  • chosen
  • required
  • tested
What will Mrs. Marston's family probably do next?
  • Prepare for the new term
  • Write another letter to thank the principal
  • Wait for the feedback from the school
  • Buy school supplies

Read the story and answer the questions.

Laura went to the stable. Four horses stood there. She put a saddle on Star. He was seven years old, big and dark brown. Her sister came out to the stable. They were both going to exercise the horses. It was a warm, sunny day. Jan saddled up Moonbeam, a white mare. They got on the horses and started walking them. 

A few minutes later, Laura was telling Jan about the new doctor in her hospital. She raised her hand for a second to make a point. Just then, Star bucked. Laura went flying into the air. She landed on her head and shoulder on the grass.

"Oh, my gosh!" Jan cried. "Laura, are you all right?"

Laura moaned. Jan gently rolled her over. She didn't see any blood. "That's good," she thought.

"Can you move? You're not paralyzed anywhere, are you?"

Jan pulled Laura up into a sitting position. Laura slightly moved her legs and arms. She wasn't paralyzed. When she moved her right hand to touch her head, she groaned.

"What's the matter?"

"That hurt. When I moved my arm, it hurt."

They still didn't see any blood. Jan undid the top buttons on Laura's blouse and looked at Laura's right collarbone.

"Oh no," she said.

(Adapted from TOEFL Junior 10 Practice Tests: Reading Comprehension)

In the first paragraph, the word "He" refers to _____.

  • one of Laura's younger brothers
  • a horse called Star
  • one of Jan's classmates
  • none of the above
What is the passage mainly about?
  • Falling off a horse
  • Ways of exercising horses
  • Two fierce horses
  • Two brave sisters
In the fifth paragraph, the word "paralyzed" is closest in meaning to _____.
  • analyzed
  • hypothesized
  • disabled
  • populated

What happened to Laura after falling off the horse?

  • She was ill and needed to see a doctor.
  • She found it hard to explain a problem.
  • She wanted to exchange Star for a good one.
  • She felt painful because she injured her arm.
Why did Jan say "Oh no" at the end of the passage?
  • Laura's collar got torn open.
  • There wasn't any blood on the inside of Laura's blouse.
  • Laura's collarbone might get seriously injured.
  • Jan saw Laura's collarbone bleeding.

Read the passage and answer the questions.

The roots of Canadian English can be found in the events which followed the American Revolution of 1776. Those who had supported Britain found themselves unable to stay in the new United States, and most went into exile in the Ontario of Canada. From there they spread to all parts of the country. They were soon followed by many thousands who were attracted by the cheapness of land. Within fifty years, the population of Upper Canada (above Montreal) reached 100,000 - mainly people from the United States.

In the east, the Atlantic Provinces had been settled by English speakers much earlier (the first contacts were as early as 1497 when the British explorer John Cabot claimed Newfoundland), but even today these areas contain less than 10 percent of the population, so they have only a marginal role in the development of the Canadian "norm". In Quebec, the use of the French language and culture remains from the first period of exploration, with the majority of people using French as their mother tongue: here, English and French coexist uneasily.

Because of its origins, Canadian English has a great deal in common with the rest of the English spoken in North America and is often difficult to distinguish for people who live outside the region. To British people, Canadians may sound American; to Americans, they may sound British. Canadians themselves insist on not being identified with either, and certainly, there is a great deal of evidence in support of this view.

(Adapted from TOEFL Junior 10 Practice Tests: Reading Comprehension)

Why did the Britain's supporters go to Canada at the very beginning?
  • Because it was cooler in Canada in summer
  • Because they were defeated and forced to leave for Canada
  • Because they were attracted by the cheapness of land in Canada
  • Because they all hated the new United States

In the second paragraph, the word "marginal" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • special
  • optional
  • international
  • unimportant
What can we infer from the second paragraph?
  • People speaking English may find it a little difficult to live in Quebec.
  • English and French can coexist in Quebec.
  • English settled in Quebec earlier than French.
  • People in Quebec hated using English as their mother tongue.

In the last paragraph, the phrase "in common" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • different
  • similar
  • various
  • ordinary

In the last line of the passage, the phrase "this view" refers to _____.

  • Canadian English
  • Canadian English sounds British
  • Canadian English sounds like either British English or American English
  • Canadian English has much in common with the rest of the English spoken in North America

According to the passage, all of the following have contributed to the origins of Canadian English EXCEPT _______.

  • the American Revolution of 1776
  • Newfoundland being claimed by British explorer John Cabot
  • the interactions between English and French
  • people's discussions about British English and American English
Which is the best title for this passage?
  • The Main Provinces in Canada
  • The Settlement of the English in Canada
  • The Origins of Canadian English
  • The Different English Branches

Read the story and answer the questions.

Here I am again with another one of my 100% true stories.

I have just left my primary school; in other words, I am now in grade 6, and I am going to secondary school after the six week holidays of course. Now my story happened at St. Bart's, my old primary school, in the junior girls' bathroom.

There is a plaque in our hall, and we had never really noticed it until things started to happen. If you're ever alone in the girls' bathroom, you mostly all of the time can hear someone walking around. It's not my imagination, because it happened to my friends, too. Also this is weird because sometimes you go in there, and the end cubicle's door is locked, but no one's in there. Once my friend was in there with her friend, it was just the two of them when her friend saw a hand pop out under the cubicle. She asked if it was her friend, but her friend was also in the bathroom and it wasn't her, and they were positive no one else was in the bathroom at the time. Another time, one of my friends was in there alone, and she was washing her hands opposite the end cubicle. Then she looked in the mirror, and to her surprise, a girl looked round the door and smirked at her! So she quickly dashed out of the bathroom. After we found out that all these instances had happened, we just had to check out the plaque in the hall. It turned out a girl had died in our school because it said "whom we all loved".

So to see if it was true, we held a seance, and we asked the girl, if she was really there, to give us a sign, show herself, touch someone, or turn on a tap. Amazingly, one of the taps was turned on! We were in shock and rushed out of the bathroom.

Luckily we don't go to that school anymore, but I would really appreciate it if you could comment on my story.

(Adapted from TOEFL Junior 10 Practice Tests: Reading Comprehension)

What can be inferred about the author?
  • She is going to study at a high school.
  • She never took a bath in the bathroom.
  • She has told readers another story before.
  • She is not afraid of ghosts.
In the third paragraph, the word "it" refers to _____.
  • the hall
  • the bathroom
  • the plaque
  • the author's imagination
Why did the girls start to notice the plaque?
  • Because it was in the center of the hall
  • Because it was a unique plaque
  • Because weird things happened in the girls' bathroom
  • Because someone always walked around it

All of the following are mentioned to describe how creepy the bathroom was EXCEPT ______.

  • someone's voice
  • the locked door
  • someone's hand
  • a strange girl
According to the story, who turned on the taps?
  • The author
  • The ghost
  • One of the author's friends
  • The plaque
Where is the most possible place that this story comes from?
  • A town's newspaper
  • An ancient journal
  • A horror story website
  • A girl's diary

Read the passage and answer the questions.

TEXAS - A Texas middle school is under fire after students say they have been banned from speaking Spanish in class. The students say their principal announced the rule last month over the intercom.

Inside the walls of Hempstead Middle School, a language controversy is brewing. "There's one teacher that said, 'If you speak Spanish in my class, I'm gonna write you up,"' 8th grader Tiffani Resurez says. Four students say their principal's announcement - banning them from speaking Spanish in class - has given teachers and fellow students a hall pass to discriminate. "She was like, 'No speaking Spanish.' She told me that. I was like, 'That's my first language.' She said, 'Well, you can get out,"' fellow classmate Yedhany Gallegos says. A letter sent home by the superintendent says, "Neither the district nor any campus has any policy prohibiting the speaking of Spanish." The four students feel that the statement from the superintendent has not been made entirely clear at their school. "People don't want to speak it anymore and don't want to get caught speaking it because they're going to get into trouble," 6th grader Kiara Lozano says.

Parents, like Cynthia Zamora, believe the school is not getting to the root of the problem. She wants to know why the "No Spanish" announcement was ever made in the first place. "I was very surprised that she would even go to such lengths," Zamora says. Many students at the school grew up speaking Spanish at home, and they say it often comes as second nature when they're talking to each other at school.

"I'm not scared. I'm gonna keep speaking my language. That's my first language, and I'm gonna keep doing it," Lozano said. The principal has been placed on paid administrative leave while the district investigates. A spokeswoman for Hempstead Independent School District has released a statement saying, in part, "The district is committed to efficiently and effectively resolving this matter with as little disruption to our students and their learning environment as possible." 

(Adapted from TOEFL Junior 10 Practice Tests: Reading Comprehension)

What is this article mainly about?
  • Spanish is deemed to be a bad language.
  • The school's policy on no speaking Spanish was objected to.
  • Parents were against the school's policy on no speaking Spanish.
  • Students accepted that they cannot speak Spanish at school.
What can we infer about the policy on no speaking Spanish?
  • Students were against the rule at first but then they had to compromise.
  • Only people of the school knew about the rule when it was announced.
  • All the students and school staff were irritated by the policy.
  • The principal who made this announcement hated Spanish.
What happened after the no-speaking-Spanish policy was introduced?
  • Some people started to insult others who speak Spanish.
  • Students who speak Spanish were forced to drive out of classes.
  • Teachers started to sympathize with Spanish-speaking students.
  • Everybody in school started to learn a different language.

According to Kiara Lozano, why did people avoid speaking Spanish in school?

  • They are afraid of running into problems when speaking Spanish.
  • They will be punished if they get caught speaking Spanish in classes.
  • The superintendent wants students to speak only English at school.
  • The principal will expel students who speak Spanish from school.

The word "root" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • solution
  • time
  • ground
  • cause

The word "it" refers to _____.

 
  • the local accent
  • slang
  • Spanish
  • English
What can be inferred about the students in this article?
  • Many of them were from other countries.
  • Many students are raised in Spanish-speaking families.
  • None of them is going to be heard speaking Spanish.
  • They already know how to protect their rights.
What will the district do?
  • Dismiss the principal
  • Solve the problem
  • Ask all students to remain silent about the issue
  • Apologize for their mistake

Read the passage and answer the questions.

The transition of digital photography from the privilege of rich people to an ordinary home appliance has caused some problems. That is the reason a modern man has a set of questions concerning digital cameras, especially the what's, why's and where's of digital cameras. Nobody wants to make a "miscalculation"! 

The basic problem in choosing a digital camera is the "guarantee" that the device you are purchasing will "grow old" in a couple of months due to constant improvements and developments of the sphere. The only factor that may delay this process of "growing old" is purchasing a device with the price twice or three times higher than the average market price for a digital camera at the moment. If a person chooses a digital camera, there are several criteria of a great priority he needs to keep in mind: the price of and the image resolution of the camera, the capacity of the memory card, the presence of an LCD display, the interface of the device, its weight and size. 

The price of a digital camera depends on its quality factors. The resolution of a digital camera, or in other words, the "size of a digital image", is measured in pixels. Pixels in their turn are photosensitive elements. It is common knowledge that the bigger the amount of pixels indicated in the camera properties is, the better it is. Therefore, if a high-detailed photo is required, the usage of the zoom on a digital camera with low resolution will not give the desired result. In this case, a person choosing a digital camera needs to exactly know what it will be used for and to choose it according to its future destination. It is necessary to mention that the resolution of 640 x 480 is the lowest resolution any customer should be orientated to. It is the minimal resolution with which the purchase of a digital camera still remains reasonable. 

The lens of the camera or the zoom properties mentioned above allows saving a lot on the price of the device but hits the quality of the pictures obtained. The memory card is a very important issue, too. It is much better to choose a good camera with a small memory capacity than an average digital camera with a larger memory capacity. The presence of an LCD display is no longer a wish. It is a requirement for any digital camera. It allows people to check the future image, to anticipate it and to delete bad images and therefore to save space.

(Adapted from TOEFL Junior 10 Practice Tests: Reading Comprehension)

What is the best title for this passage?
  • How to Choose a Digital Camera
  • The Transition of Digital Photography
  • How Many Elements Does a Camera Have?
  • Miscalculations in Purchasing a Camera
In the second paragraph, the word "guarantee" is closest in meaning to _____.
  • guidance
  • assurance
  • employee
  • chance
According to the passage, all of the following are criteria when you are purchasing a camera EXCEPT _____.
  • the price
  • the size of a digital image
  • the battery
  • the capacity of the memory card
In the third paragraph, the phrase "depends on" is closest in meaning to _____.
  • consists of
  • is decided by
  • is created by
  • makes up
In the third paragraph, the word "orientated" is closest in meaning to _____.
  • directed
  • achieved
  • created
  • instructed
According to the passage, when we are talking about the resolution of a digital camera, all of the following are what we should be aware of EXCEPT _____.
  • what the camera will be used for
  • the lowest resolution any customer should be orientated to
  • the future destination of the camera
  • the size and weight of the camera

What can we infer from the last paragraph?

 
  • The lens of the camera have effect on the quality of the photos.
  • The larger the capacity of the memory card is, the better the camera is.
  • The quality of the camera is less important than the capacity of the memory card.
  • It is not so necessary to pay attention to the presence of an LCD display.
According to the passage, which kind of camera may a customer NOT buy?
  • An excellent camera with a small memory capacity
  • A camera with minimal resolution but still sounds reasonable to purchase
  • A camera with a much higher price than the average market price
  • An average camera with a large memory capacity
When the author says, "The presence of an LCD display is no longer a wish. It is a requirement for any digital camera", he actually means _____.
  • the image technology of digital cameras has improved greatly
  • an LCD display might not be purchased easily
  • customers are much richer than before
  • customers' taste has improved
The passage is likely to be selected from the magazine _____.
  • Network World
  • My Digit
  • National Geographic
  • Auto Fan
According to the passage, what will the author state next?
  • The basic problems in choosing a digital camera
  • The reasons why the memory card is not so important
  • The importance of a digital camera's resolution
  • Successful cases of purchasing a digital camera