TOEFL Junior Mock Test 2020-2021 #6 - Reading

1/19/2021 3:03:00 PM

Read the notice and answer the questions.

The school has become aware that many students are being prevented from doing their work because of other students playing games and watching movies in the labs. We're sorry it has come to this, but we do not have enough resources to support everything, and our educational mission comes first.

  • NO RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES, SUCH AS GAMES AND MOVIES, ARE ALLOWED IN ANY OF THE LABS FROM 8:30 A.M. TO 4:30 P.M. WEEKDAYS.

Work on course-related game development is excepted. Note that it is usually very obvious whether a game activity is recreational.

  • MULTIPLE SIMULTANEOUS LOGINS TO THE SAME USER ACCOUNT ARE PROHIBITED.

If you have a course-related need for an exception to this rule, please contact the tech staff (supportatsignscs.carleton.ca).

For our general policy on lab usage, please see ses.carleton.ca/labpolicy. Note that it includes:

  • NO FOOD (except dry snacks and bottled drinks)
  • NO PROPPING DOORS OPEN

(Adapted from TOEFL Junior 10 Practice Tests)

Why does the writer write this announcement?
  • To emphasize the must-be-obeyed rules in computer labs
  • To criticize badly behaved students in computer labs
  • To remind students to bring something to computer labs
  • To ask the students to pay for what they've done in computer labs

In the second paragraph, the word "recreational" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • enjoyable
  • reckless
  • complicated
  • childish
According to the announcement, what can students do in the labs?
  • Play computer games
  • Watch movies
  • Do course-related work
  • Surf the Internet
According to the announcement, students have to contact the tech staff when _____.
  • they need to repair their computers
  • they want to log in to the website
  • they want to share one user account at the same time
  • they forget their password to access the account

Which food could NOT be brought into the lab?

  • Biscuits
  • An apple
  • A bottle of water
  • Crisps

Read the e-mail and answer the questions.

Dear Mr. Principal,

I, Emily Gulley, parent of Wilma Gulley, a grade 3 student at Holden School, wish to inform you that my daughter will be absent from school from January 15th to 20th, 2016.

The whole family will be away that week for an overseas trip. It is a last-minute trip that has to be made due to some unforeseen circumstances beyond our control. As such, I am sorry to say that my daughter, Wilma Gulley, will not be present in school for those days.

I would appreciate it if you could inform Wilma's teachers of her absence so that they will assist her in the necessary schoolwork before she goes off. She will work on her assignments and projects where possible if necessary.

Thank you for your kind understanding and assistance.

Yours faithfully,
Emily Gulley

(Adapted from TOEFL Junior 10 Practice Tests)

When will Wilma get back to school from the trip?
  • January 15th, 2016
  • January 20th, 2016
  • January 21st, 2016
  • By the end of January 2016

Why will the Gulleys go on an overseas trip?

  • They have an unexpected overseas event.
  • It's a trip that they planned to go long time ago.
  • They want Wilma to have some relaxing time.
  • A person invited them to go on this trip.
Why does the writer apologize?
  • Her daughter will miss classes for the next few days.
  • She didn't tell the teacher about the trip beforehand.
  • The trip will be too long for a student.
  • She changed the date of departure.
What will Wilma probably do during the trip?
  • Relax and do no homework
  • Assist her parents
  • Try to do necessary assignments
  • Get back as soon as possible
According to the letter, what will the principal do next?
  • Tell everyone about the trip
  • Ask Wilma's teachers to help her before she leaves
  • Reject the request mentioned in the letter
  • Try to understand and then leave messages for Wilma

Read the story and answer the questions.

The veteran wingsuit flyer Victor Kovats has died after failing to deploy his parachute prior to landing at the world championships in China. 

Kovats' body was found on Wednesday morning at the foot of a cliff in Tianmen Mountain National Park in Zhangjiajie City after a team of more than 200 rescuers searched the forests on foot. Kovats was flying on Tuesday afternoon. It was windy in the well-known scenic spot, which is the stunning, mountainous area where director James Cameron shot views for "Avatar". 

It is the second consecutive year Zhangjiajie has hosted the wingsuit flying world championships, and 16 flyers from around the world took part in it. Kovats was the fourth contestant to fly on Tuesday, but a powerful gust of wind derailed him from the planned route, and then the parachute failed to open due to technical problems. 

Kovats was an extreme-sport veteran, parachuting well over 1,000 times and wingsuit jumping 700 times. 

Wingsuiting involves flying through the air using a special jumpsuit, which adds surface area to the human body to create an increased lift. A wingsuit flight normally ends with a parachute opening, so usually, depending on the conditions, a wingsuit can be safely flown from any point that provides sufficient altitude for flight and parachute deployment. 

(Adapted from TOEFL Junior 10 Practice Tests)

What is the best title for this passage?
  • A New Wingsuit Flyer
  • A Staff at the World Championships
  • A Visitor to China
  • Wingsuit Accident in the Mountains
What can be inferred about the accident?
  • It happened at the place that is dangerous to do wingsuit flying.
  • It always happens to amateur flyers.
  • It was understandable for Kovats.
  • It happened to Kovats due to external and technical reasons.
In the third paragraph, the word "contestant" is closest in meaning to _____.
  • staff
  • pilot
  • competitor
  • jumper
According to the story, what can be inferred about Kovats' extreme-sport career?
  • Kovats was a very experienced flyer.
  • Kovats could make a lot of money by flying or parachuting.
  • Kovats had learned how to fly for long.
  • Kovats liked to participate in different competitions.
Why do flyers wear a special jumpsuit?
  • To look professional
  • To draw audience's attention
  • To have extra buoyancy
  • To decrease friction of air
In the last paragraph, the word "altitude" is closest in meaning to _____.
  • elevation
  • lift
  • gravity
  • oxygen
What can we know about wingsuit flying?
  • It is too dangerous for anyone.
  • It is relatively safe most of the time.
  • It is popular among young people in China.
  • It is only for professionals to do.

Read the story and answer the questions.

Some years ago, we had a foreign exchange student coming to live with us. We found it very difficult to pronounce his name correctly, but he didn't mind. He told us just to call him "Eric". We had repainted the spare room, bought new rugs and furniture, and generally made sure everything would be comfortable for him. So I can't say why it was that Eric chose to sleep and study most of the time in our kitchen pantry. "It must be a cultural thing," said mom. "As long as he is happy." We started storing foods and kitchen things in other cupboards so we wouldn't disturb him. 

Sometimes I wondered if Eric was happy; he was so polite that I was not sure he would tell us if something bothered him. A few times, I watched him through the pantry door gap, studying with silent intensity, and I imagined what it might be like for him here in our country. Secretly I had been looking forward to having a foreign visitor - I had so many things to show him. For once I could be a local expert, a fountain of interesting facts and opinions. Fortunately, Eric was very curious and always had a lot of questions. 

However, they weren't the kind of questions I had been expecting. Most of the time, I could only say, "I'm not really sure," or "That's just how it is here." I didn't feel very helpful at all. I planned we would go on a number of weekly excursions together as I was determined to show our visitor the best places in the city and its surroundings. I think Eric enjoyed these trips, but once again, it was hard to really know. Most of the time, Eric seemed more interested in small things he discovered on the ground. I might have found this a little exasperating, but I kept thinking about what mom had said about the cultural thing. Then I didn't mind so much. 

Nevertheless, none of us could help but be bewildered by the way Eric left our home: a sudden departure early one morning, with little more than a wave and a polite goodbye. It actually took us a while to realize he wasn't coming back. 

There was much speculation over dinner later that evening. Did Eric seem upset? Did he enjoy his stay? Would we ever hear from him again? An uncomfortable feeling hung in the air, like something unfinished, unresolved. It bothered us for hours until we discovered what was in the pantry. Go and see for yourself: it's still there after all these years, thriving in the darkness. It's the first thing we show to any new visitors to our house. "Look at what our foreign exchange student left us," we tell them. "It must be a cultural thing," says mom. 

(Adapted from TOEFL Junior 10 Practice Tests)

What can be inferred about the foreign exchange student?

  • The name Eric is difficult to pronounce.
  • He looks different from other students.
  • The real name of the student is not Eric.
  • He doesn't like people calling him Eric.
How did the writer and his mom react to Eric's behavior?
  • They forgot what Eric did.
  • They were afraid to bother him.
  • They were happy to see what Eric did.
  • They were shocked to see Eric's behavior.
Why did the writer wonder whether Eric was happy?
  • He never showed he was happy.
  • He did things in a too polite way.
  • He told the writer he missed home.
  • He acted really weirdly.
In the second paragraph, the word "fountain" is closest in meaning to _____.
  • source
  • spring
  • professor
  • host
In the third paragraph, the word "this" refers to _____.
  • the cultural thing
  • Eric's interest in little things
  • the writer's inability to answer some questions
  • the best place in the writer's hometown
How did the writer's family feel about the way that Eric left?
  • Confused
  • Anxious
  • Delighted
  • Furious

Read the passage and answer the questions.

Smog is a combination of smoke and fog. It occurs when gases from burnt fuel mix with fog on the ground. When heat and sunlight get together with these gases, they form fine, dangerous particles in the air. 

Smog occurs in big cities with a lot of traffic. Particularly, in the summertime, when it is very hot, smog stays near the ground. It is dangerous to our breathing, and in smoggy areas, we cannot see very well. 

Smog was first discovered in Great Britain in the 19th century, during the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. At that time, people used coal for heating and cooking. Factories also used coal to produce iron and steel. Smoke mixed with wet, foggy air and turned yellow. The smog often hung over cities for many days. It caused lung diseases and breathing problems. Thousands of people died in London every year. 

Today, cities that have a large population and are located in hot, subtropical areas have the biggest smog problems - for example, Los Angeles, Mexico City and Cairo. 

A lot has been done to prevent smog recently. Factories are now using coal that does not have that much sulphur in it, and cars are much cleaner today. In some cities, people are, in fact, not allowed to drive cars on smoggy days. 

(Adapted from TOEFL Junior 10 Practice Tests)

Where can smog possibly be found?
  • At a place where it is rainy
  • At a place where the traffic is heavy
  • In a city where many people smoke
  • Underground
In the first paragraph, the word "fine" is closest in meaning to _____.
  • tiny
  • good
  • harmful
  • shiny
What would happen if smog stays close to the ground?
  • It will disappear in a short time.
  • It will make the sky cleaner.
  • It will harm our health and block our sight.
  • It will cause many storms and thunders.

According to the passage, what is true about smog?

  • It is mixed with heat and create harmful substances.
  • People first noticed it during the 1910s.
  • People produced it by using iron and steel.
  • It appears in cities and spreads throughout the country.
What probably caused the smog in Britain at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution?
  • There were too many cars in the country.
  • The weather there was too foggy.
  • People smoked a lot at that time.
  • Factories and people used coal as energy.
In the third paragraph, the word "it" refers to _____.
  • iron
  • smog
  • steel
  • smoke
According to the author, what kind of cities is facing the most severe smog problems?
  • Some cities in the United States
  • Highly populated cities located in subtropical areas
  • Cities with large-scale industry
  • Cities which have heavy traffic and a large number of cars
What are cities trying to do to prevent smog?
  • They have prohibited the use of coal in factories to reduce sulphur emission.
  • They are using low-sulphur coal in factories and new energy for cars.
  • They are looking for sustainable energy to replace coal.
  • They have built a system to clean the air in major cities.

Read the passage and answer the questions.

Penguins are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the southern hemisphere.

The number of penguin species is debatable. Depending on which authority is followed, penguin biodiversity varies between 17 and 20 living species, all in the subfamily Spheniscinae. Some sources consider the white-flippered penguin a separate Eudyptula species, while others treat it as a subspecies of the little penguin; the actual situation seems to be more complicated. Similarly, it is still unclear whether the royal penguin is merely a color morph of the macaroni penguin. Also eligible to be a separate species is the northern population of rockhopper penguins. 

Although all penguin species are native to the southern hemisphere, they are not, contrary to popular belief, found only in cold climates, such as Antarctica. In fact, only a few species of penguin actually live so far south. At least ten (verification needed) species live in the temperate zone; one lives as far north as the Galápagos Islands: the Galápagos penguin. 

The largest living species is the emperor penguin: adults average about 1.1 m (3 ft 7 in) tall and weigh 35 kg (75 lb) or more. The smallest penguin species is the little blue penguin (also known as the fairy penguin), which stands around 40 cm tall (16 in) and weighs 1 kg (2.2 lb). Among extant penguins, larger penguins inhabit colder regions, while smaller penguins are generally found in temperate or even tropical climates. Some prehistoric species attained enormous sizes, becoming as tall or as heavy as an adult human. These were not restricted to Antarctic regions; on the contrary, subantarctic regions harbored high diversity, and at least one giant penguin occurred in a region not quite 2,000 km south of the Equator 35 million years ago, in a climate decidedly warmer than today. 

Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sea life caught while swimming underwater. They spend half of their life on land and half in the oceans. 

Penguins seem to have no special fear of humans and have approached groups of explorers without hesitation. This is probably on account of there being no land predators in Antarctica or the nearby offshore islands that prey on or attack penguins. Instead, penguins are at risk at sea from predators such as the leopard seal. Typically, penguins do not approach closer than about 3 meters (9 ft); they become nervous at about that distance. This is also the distance that Antarctic tourists are told to keep from penguins (tourists are not supposed to approach closer than 3 meters, but are not expected to withdraw if the penguins come closer)

(Adapted from TOEFL Junior 10 Practice Tests)

What would be the best title for the passage?
  • Penguins
  • Penguins Are Endangered
  • Penguins and Humans
  • Kinds of Penguins
What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
  • There are some very special species of penguins.
  • The number of penguin species has not been decided.
  • Eudyptula, macaroni and rockhopper penguin are three main species of penguins.
  • There are 20 living penguin species.

What can we infer from the third paragraph?

  • More people believe penguins don't always live in cold climates.
  • You can find penguins living in any continent.
  • There are more penguins living in Antarctica than any other places.
  • Sometimes we need to correct the popular beliefs.
In the fourth paragraph, the word "these" refers to _____.
  • adult humans
  • tropical climates
  • prehistoric penguins
  • subantarctic regions

In the fourth paragraph, the word "extant" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • endangered
  • unknown
  • existing
  • depressed

What is the main idea of the fourth paragraph?

  • The largest and the smallest penguin species
  • The penguins' habitats
  • The prehistoric penguin species
  • A very special penguin species - the little blue penguin
In the fifth paragraph, the phrase "feed on" is closest in meaning to _____.
  • live on
  • consist of
  • take in
  • eat up
Why do penguins seem to have no special fear of humans?
  • Humans are familiar to them due to their regular appearance.
  • There haven't been any land predators that attack them before.
  • They usually keep a certain distance from humans.
  • They don't have any predator in Antarctica.
Why does the author mention "3 meters" in the last paragraph?
  • 3 meters is the distance that penguins are told to keep from humans.
  • Penguins become scared at that distance.
  • It is more convenient for humans to watch penguins at that distance.
  • Humans will be in danger at that distance.
What does the author actually mean according to the last sentence in the passage?
  • Sometimes penguins are willing to come closer.
  • People can come closer if they like the penguins too much.
  • There is no regulation about the distance humans should keep from penguins.
  • If a tourist comes closer than 3 meters, someone will told him to withdraw.
According to the passage, the article is likely to be selected from the magazine _____.
  • National Geographic
  • Zoos and Life
  • Environmentalist
  • Explorer