Đề ôn luyện thi vào lớp 10 Chuyên Sư phạm số 2

9/19/2020 3:03:00 AM
Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others in each group.
  • measure

  • easterly

  • each

  • eager

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • comic

  • cotton

  • city

  • computer

Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of the main stress.

  • garment
  • cement
  • martyr
  • seizure
Choose the word with the main stress placed differently from that of the others in each group.
  • usually
  • anxiety
  • customer
  • applicant

Choose the word with the main stress placed differently from that of the others.

  • employment
  • atmosphere
  • quantity
  • fortunate

The pest was ________ by insecticide.

  • conquered
  • irrigated
  • exterminated
  • adjourned

If I _____ you a free ticket, would you go to Florence with me?

  • were to offer
  • had offered
  • were offered
  • would offer

I'd say let's meet on Saturday but I’m none _____ sure what's happening at the weekend.

  • so
  • very
  • that
  • too

_____, her suggestion is of greater value than her friend's.

  • All things considered
  • All things considering
  • Considering all things
  • Considered all things

_____ the difficulty of the task, I shall be lucky to have completed it by June.

  • Regarding
  • Presuming
  • Given
  • Encountered
These days the castle is swamped with _____ of tourists.
  • mobs
  • throngs
  • shoals
  • cliques
The local authority expressed regret as US drone strike has _____ killed innocent hostages.
  • incongruously
  • vehemently
  • inadvertently
  • graciously

We would sooner Mr. Tram _____ us the urgent information the other night.

  • would have sent
  • had sent
  • sent
  • had been sent
I would rather go skiing ____ picnicking this weekend.
  • than going
  • than to going
  • than to go
  • than go
He glanced at Juliet accusingly and she looked _____ abashed.
  • completely
  • absolutely
  • utterly
  • suitably
I will try to finish the job to the best of my _____.
  • knowledge
  • ability
  • means
  • command

The new regulations have _______ up a number of problems for the company.

  • thrown
  • come
  • set
  • separated
Max has been _____ my ears all night about his new job.
  • bending
  • deafening
  • rolling
  • biting
His new play is not only interesting but also unique. It is really off the beaten _____.
  • road
  • path
  • route
  • track

Complete the passage by changing the form of the word in capitals.

IT'S ONLY SKIN DEEP

We are only animal that chooses what it will look like. True, the chameleon changes color - but not (WILL) . Unlike us, it doesn't get up in the morning and ask itself, "What shall I look like today?", but we can and do. Indeed, the (ANTIQUE)  of body decoration points to the (CONCLUDE) that it is a key factor in our development as the (DOMINATE)  life-form on our planet.

By (CUSTOM) their physical appearance our ancestors distanced themselves from the rest of the animal kingdom. Within each tribe this helped them to mark out the differences of role, status, and (KIN) . Our ancestors (APPEAR) developed extraordinary techniques of body decoration for practical reasons. How to show where one tribe ends and another begins? How to (LINE) in a lasting way the significance of an individual becoming an adult member of society? (ARGUE) , without the expressive capabilities of such "body language' we would have been (FINITE) less successful as a species.

Write one word in each gap.

The first question we might ask is: What can you learn in college that will help you in being an employee? The schools teach a many things of value to the future: accountant, doctor or electrician. Do they also teach anything of value to the future employee? Yes, they teach the one thing that is perhaps most valuable for the future employee know. But very few students bother to learn it. This basic skill is the ability to organize and express ideas in writing and in speaking. This means that your success as an employee will depend on your ability to communicate with people and to communicate with people and to your own thoughts and ideas to them so they will understand what you are driving and be persuaded.

Of course, skill in expression is not enough itself. You must have something to say in the first place. The effectiveness of your job depends much your ability to make other people understand your work as they do on the quality of the work itself.

Expressing one’s thoughts is one skill that the school can . The foundations for skill in expression have to be early: an interest in and an ear language; experience in organizing ideas and data, in brushing aside the irrelevant,  and above all the habit of verbal. If you do not gain these foundations your school years, you may never have an opportunity again.

Read the text below and think of one word which best fits each space. Use only one word in each space.

LEARNING A MUSICAL INSTRUMENT

   Learning to play an instrument is something that can give a lot of pleasure. It’s also an achievement and a skill that stays with you for life. Music has a part to play in everyone’s life, and has been described a “primary language”.

   Learning to play an instrument isn’t easy at the beginning takes effort and determination. And while there’s nothing wrong with aiming the top, music is definitely something to take up because you think you ought do it.

   A lot of adults regret not learned to play an instrument when they were younger. But it is never late to learn! And the advantages of learning an instrument are far greater than just the pleasure of producing a marvelous sound. When you’ve progressed far , there are lots of amateur groups which you can join you want to be part of a larger group. Once you’ve reached a good enough standard to join a band or orchestra, you add the team skills like you get from playing sport. There’s also a great social side to playing with others, as well as the chance to travel through touring.

Read the text below and look carefully at each sentence. Find errors at each sentence and correct them (there may be more than one error in each sentence). 

If there is no mistake, write "x" in both blanks.

(1) The arrival of satellite TV has brought up on a whole new world of viewing into our living rooms — if we can afford to pay for it, that is, major sport events can now be seen live. (2) Beside this, a wider variety of sports is now available. (3) The viewer can choose anything from dog racing and sumo wrestling. (4) Certain channels show 20 film every day, again, the choice is enormous from old classics to the latest Hollywood releases. (5) For them who like to keep informed, 24-hour news is available for the touch of a button. (6) Children are not forgotten neither. (7) A special junior channel broadcasts cannons and children's films. (8) But do we really need all this choice? (9) The danger is that we will become a population of passive couch-potato with square eyes and fingers glued to the remote control. (10) Of course, the choice is a good thing, but viewers should use his ability to select the best and disregard of the rest.

Mistake(s) in sentence (1):

Errror: => Correction:

Errror: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (2):

Errror: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (3):

Errror: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (4):

Errror: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (5):

Errror: => Correction:

Errror: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (6):

Error: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (7):

Error: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (8):

Error: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (9):

Error: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (10):

Error: => Correction:

Error: => Correction:

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

FRUIT, VEGETABLES AND YOU!

Why is it important to eat fruit and vegetables?

Rich in vitamins and nutrients, fruit and vegetables make up the basis of a healthy diet. In fact, they are our fountain of youth, so it’s hard to understand how so many of us can resist these natural miracle foods. But sadly, we do. The hard facts tell us that 70% of the US population – that’s seven out of every ten Americans – fail to meet the minimum recommendation of five servings a day. This leaves us overfed and undernourished, causing a variety of health problems. Adding more fruit and veggies to your meals will dramatically help your body fight disease, boost your energy and trim your waistline.

How do I add more fruit and vegetables to my diet?

There are several easy ways to put more natural goodness into all your meals. If you’re willing to try something new, you can have a lot of fun doing it too. All it takes is a little planning:

  • Drink your fruit by making smoothies and freshly squeezed juices. The combinations of ingredients you can use are endless, and in many cases, these drinks are so filling that they make a good substitute for an entire meal. Try using a high-powered blender to make thick tropical cocktails like pineapple-orange-banana. For something simpler, a hand-operated citrus juicer is all you need to make delicious, cheap and naturally sweet orange juice.
  • Eat more veggies by starting one meal a day with a small salad. And instead of the usual iceberg lettuce, try making a spinach salad. After all, the darker the greens, the more nutrient-rich they are.
  • Add peppers, tomatoes, mushrooms or onions to your scrambled eggs or anywhere else you can think of, such as in pasta sauces, soups and sandwiches.
  • For dessert, how about frozen bananas and grapes? If you have an extra sweet tooth, you can dip the bananas into melted dark chocolate before you freeze them. Otherwise, strawberries dipped in dark chocolate are also a delicious, guilt-free treat.
  • Never leave the house without a healthy snack such as a small bag of dried apricots, apples or cranberries. To avoid keeping the rest of the family waiting, always keep your fresh fruits and vegetables sliced, well-packed and ready to go.

But just remember, to maximize their nutritional value, it is recommended that fruit and veggies are soaked for 20 minutes in a mixture of water and white vinegar. This will not only keep them fresh, but will also remove all dirt, insects and bacteria.

The information sheet implies that fruit and vegetables

  • keep you feeling and looking young
  • are not recommended for everyone
  • are liked by many people
  • are less effective than medication for fighting disease

According to the first paragraph, how many Americans eat enough fruit and vegetables?

  • 30% of the population
  • 10% of the population
  • 5% of the population
  • 70% of the population

What does the author mean when he says This leaves us overfed and undernourished in paragraph 1?

  • We need to eat more in order to fight disease
  • We can survive on fruit and vegetables alone.
  • We eat too much unhealthy food.
  • We don’t take our health seriously.

How does the information sheet describe the process of adding more fruit and vegetables to your

  • as enjoyable
  • as time-consuming
  • as complicated
  • as educational

Why is spinach mentioned?

  • to explain that it is the most nutritious vegetable of all
  • as a tastier alternative to lettuce
  • to explain that darker vegetables are healthier
  • as an ingredient for a recipe

Which of the following is closest in meaning to treat in paragraph 6?

  • recipe
  • need
  • meal
  • luxury

What is one time-saving tip mentioned in the information sheet?

  • preparing fruit and vegetables before putting them away
  • using a blender rather than a hand-operated juicer
  • buying pre-washed fruit and vegetables
  • soaking fruit and vegetables in water and vinegar

What is the main purpose of this information sheet?

  • to make recommendations about how to eat more healthily with less money
  • to offer advice on how to eat more healthily
  • to convince people to become vegetarians
  • to provide recipes which include more fruits and vegetables

Read the following passage and choose which of the headings from A - J match the blanks. There are two extra headings, which do not match any of the paragraphs. 

Headings:

A. Examples of customization 

B. Unusual keepsakes 

C. A new approach 

D. A simple cell phone 

E. Unbelievable material 

F. A strange TV 

G. Number of products shown on the festival

H. Three designs of a software 

Simplicity reigns at London's biggest design festival.

(1)

With upwards of 300 product launches, installations and exhibitions, London's annual nine-day design festival is a showcase of head-spinning choice. In many ways that's the beauty of the extravaganza, everyone has a different experience and takes something unique away from it. There were however some intriguing themes and trends in this year's edition that spoke to larger social or cultural preoccupations.


(2)

One was the launch of two consumer electronics products designed to simplify and beautify our technology-addled lives. Both chose the new London Design Festival venue of Somerset House to show their wares. The first was a mobile phone launched by Swiss company Punkt and designed by Jasper Morrison that allows users to make calls and texts only (well, it has an alarm clock and an address book too). Punkt founder Petter Neby doesn't believe it will replace your smart phone but suggests users fit it with the same SIM card as your main phone and use it in the evenings, weekends and on holiday.


(3)

The other electronics launch came from the unlikely French sibling duo of the Bouroullec brothers. Though tech companies like Samsung are usually prescriptive about their products the Bouroullecs (who admitted they found most TVs sad and ugly) seem to have been given free rein. Their new television for the mega Korean brand looks more like an item of furniture than an ultra-large and ultra-slim piece of tech. More importantly, it comes with simplified on-screen interaction and a 'curtain mode' that turns your screen into a shimmering pattern during ads or half-time. Again, their focus was on dialing down digital insanity.


(4)

Customizable online furniture was also very much in vogue at this year's festival. But rest assured, weird and unreliable software or off-the-wall designs sent to a 3D printer somewhere and arriving months later, seem to be a thing of the past. Customization may finally have come of age. Two examples were Scandi-brand Hem that combinded good design by the likes of Luca Nichetto, Form Us With Love and Sylvain Willenz with affordable price points. The fact that the brand opened a pop-up store in Covent Garden during the festival is a recognition of the importance of both physical and online spaces that work seamlessly together.


(5)

Another online configurable brand to make its debut after years in development was Warsaw-based Tylko. Like Hem, Tylko has spent time and money on very powerful and easy-to-use software, but with only three designs - a table, a shelf and salt and pepper mills - it has a way to go. Its augmented reality app is simple to use however and its table has been developed with a nano-coating option that really does appear to keep pesky stains at bay. Craft and 'making' in all its forms was once again a big hit and nowhere more so than at TENT, the East London design event that gets better every year.


(6)

A definite highlight was the massive space taken over by the Design & Crafts Council of Ireland and filled with weavers and potters doing their thing and showing their wares. Irish Design had another delectable stand over at the Rochelle School in East London too. The Souvenir Project was a series of nine non-cliché 'souvenirs' made in Ireland and included a rainbow plate by Nicholas Mosse Pottery that featured rows of animals, flowers and watering cans and commemorated the legalization of same-sex marriage in Ireland in May 2015.


(7)

If there was one material that could be said to define the festival it might just be Jesmonite, the wonder man-made building composite. Lighter and more sustainable than concrete, its dramatic capabilities were brought to life by London-based design studio PINCH and their tour-de-force limited edition Nim table and Swedish artist Hilda Hellström's giant colorful volcano made for the restaurant in London's Ace Hotel. A show called Matter of Stuff near Covent Garden was in on the jesmonite act too, but even more intriguingly was presenting vases made out of Propolis, a resinous material collected by bees and used to seal gaps in hives that, according to their designer Marlene Huissoud, behaves like glass.


(8)

Finally, this was the year that Chinese Design finally displayed a well-edited and inspired showcase of products. Despite the mouthful of a title, Icon Presents: Hi Design Shanghai stand at 100% Design was a meaningful selection of designers exploring materials and ideas. Young design duo Yuue's offerings were the most representative of a new conceptual approach to design that seems to be emerging. Their lamps were functional but also thought-provoking and humorous. What more could one want from the stuff that surrounds us?

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Attendance at the additional evening lectures is not obligatory for students. (under)

=> ..........

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

All are eligible for the contest. There is no discrimination of race and sex. (regardless)

=> ..........

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I don't care if she doesn't write to me. (difference)

=> ..........

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

They couldn't deceive customers although they used attractive advertisements. (Whatever)

=> ..........

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I don't know how he is going to accept the fact that he has lost his job. (terms)

=> ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

They declared war on the pretext of defending their territorial rights.

=> The .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

He sounds as if he has spent all his life abroad.

=> He gives ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

He decided to repair the thing himself and not to take it back to the shop.

=> Rather .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It's sad, but unemployment is unlikely to go down this year.

=> Sad .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

People believe that the Chinese invented paper in 105 A.D.

=> Paper .....