Đề thi thử Anh Chuyên lớp 10 Chuyên Sư phạm năm 2022

4/2/2022 6:00:00 AM

Đề thi thử môn Anh Chuyên vào lớp 10 theo cấu trúc đề thi trường Chuyên Sư phạm nhằm giúp thí sinh tự đánh giá năng lực của bản thân và chuẩn bị tốt kiến thức cho kì thi tuyển sinh 2022-2023 sắp tới.

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • migrate

  • designate

  • innately

  • considerate

     

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • embarrassed
  • awareness
  • abandoned
  • captain

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • education
  • graduate
  • individual
  • confident

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • carol
  • garnish
  • simmer
  • promote

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • assassin
  • carpenter
  • senator
  • atheist
I was most _____ of his efforts to help me during the crisis.
  • appreciate
  • appreciable
  • appreciation
  • appreciative
Mike tried to sort out the problem, but he just _____ a blank.
  • drew
  • wrote
  • painted
  • filled
There are hundreds of fruits in Vietnam and _____ of them grow in summer.
  • most
  • almost
  • mostly
  • the most

His dedication _____ teaching was impressive.

  • on
  • in
  • to
  • of

It's crucial that everybody _____ the ceremony.

 
  • attends
  • must attend
  • has to attend
  • attend

The upper branches of the tallest trees produce more leaves _____ other branches.

  • than do
  • than have
  • than they do
  • than it does

The tennis player couldn't _____ the possibility of withdrawing from the championship because of injury.

  • come off
  • pass over
  • rule out
  • do without

We are not known _____ at all, and as we grow, we feel a progressive lack of individual personality.

 
  • gruelingly
  • severally
  • expensively
  • brusquely

______ to fame at an early age may have a negative influence on children's psychological development.

  • Approaching
  • Reaching
  • Going
  • Rising

Since our train leaves at 10.30, it is _____ that everyone be at the station no later than 10.15.

  • urgent
  • inescapable
  • desired
  • imperative

Mark: Sorry but I can't go to the movies with you. I've got three assignments to do. All must be submitted on Monday. 

Elena: You have three assignments due on Monday? It sounds like you're _____ of your procrastination.

  • reaping the harvest
  • beating around the bush
  • adding insult to injury
  • flying off the handle

He has realized too late that he _____ for her for more than 2 hours when her aircraft lands.

 
  • will wait
  • waits
  • will have been waiting
  • has waited

______ anyone wish to access the information on the status of his or her order, the password should be entered.

 
  • If
  • Should
  • Whether
  • As though

The lives of thousands of fish are _____ jeopardy as a result of the recent oil spill.

 
  • under
  • on
  • at
  • in

Truffles are a great _____ and one of the most expensive foods in the world.

  • masterpiece
  • souvenir
  • staple
  • delicacy

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

HANDMADE HISTORY: THE BAYEUX TAPESTRY

If a picture is worth a thousand words, the seventy-three scenes of the Bayeux Tapestry speak volumes. The tapestry narrates, in pictorial , William Duke of Normandy's invasion and conquest of England in AD 1066 when he defeated the Saxon forces of King Harold at Hastings. Historians believe that the work was created in England, probably around AD 1092, and that it was commissioned by Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, William's half brother, who ensured his fame by figuring in the tapestry's later scenes. Legends connecting it with William's wife Mathilda have been .

The Bayeux tapestry is not, speaking, a tapestry, in which designs are woven into the fabric, but rather a crewel form of embroidery, the pictures being made by stitching woolen threads into a background of plain linen. The threads, in of red, yellow, blue, and green, must have been jewel-bright, but have turned light brown with age. Moreover, one end of the now 20 inches (50 cm) broad and 231 feet (70 m) long cloth is missing.

You can view the Bayeux Tapestry in the William the Conqueror Centre, Bayeux, Normandy, France. An enduring of the times, it is as valuable a of evidence for the Norman Conquest as photographs or films are today.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Atomic was once thought to be fundamental pieces of matter, but they are in turn made of smaller subatomic particles. There are three major subatomic particles neutrons, protons, and electronics. Protons and neutrons can be broken into even smaller units, but these smaller units do not occur naturally in nature and are thought to only be produced in manmade particle accelerators and perhaps in extreme stellar events like supernovas. The structure of an atom can best be described as a small solar system, with the neutrons at the center and the electrons circling them in various orbits, just as the planets circle the sun. In reality, the structure of an atom is far more complex, because the laws of physics are fundamentally different at the atomic level than at the level of the observable world. The true nature of the atomic structure can only be expressed accurately through complex mathematical formulas. This explanation, however, is of little use to most average people.
 
Protons and neutrons have nearly equal mass and size, but protons carry a positive electrical charge, while neutrons carry no charge at all. Protons and neutrons are bound together by the strong nuclear force, one of the four basic forces in the universe. Protons and neutrons give atoms some of their most basic properties. Elements are defined by two numbers: their atomic number, which is equal to the number of protons they have, and their atomic weight, which is equal to the total number of their neutrons and protons. In most lighter atoms, the number of neutrons and protons is equal, and the element is stable. In heavier atoms, however, there are more neutrons than protons, and the element is unstable, eventually losing neutrons through radioactive decay until a neutral state is reached.
 
Electrons are negatively charged particles. They are bound to their atoms through the electromagnetic attraction. Opposite electrical charges attract one another, so the positive charge of the proton helps to keep the negatively charged electron in orbit around the nucleus of the atom. Electrons are different from neutrons in that they cannot be broken down into smaller particles. They are also far smaller and lighter than neutrons and protons. An electron is about one-thousandth of the diameter of a proton and an even smaller fraction of its mass. Electrons circle the protons and neutrons at the center of the atom in orbits. These orbits are often called electron shells. The closer the orbit is to the center of the atom, the lower its energy is. There are seven electron shells, and each higher level can hold more electrons than the previous shell. Electrons naturally seek to occupy the lowest shell possible. So, if there is space in a lower shell, an electron will drop down to occupy that space. At temperatures higher than a few hundred degrees, electrons will gain energy and move to a higher shell, but only momentarily. When the electrons drop back down to their natural shell, they emit light. This is why fires and other very hot objects seem to glow.
 
Electrons are also primarily responsible for many of the chemical properties of atoms. Since electrons seek to occupy the lowest electron shell possible, they will move from one atom to another if there is a space available in a lower electron shell. For example, if there is an atom with an open space in its third shell, and it comes into contact with an atom with electrons in its fourth shell, the first atom will take one of these electrons to complete its third shell. When this happens, the two atoms will be chemically bonded to form a molecule. Furthermore, atoms sometimes lose electrons in collisions with other atoms. When this happens, the ratio of protons and electrons in the atom changes, and therefore, the overall electrical charge of the atom changes as well. These atoms are called isotopes, and they have significantly different chemical properties from their parent atoms.
 
In paragraph 1, why does the author compare the structure of an atom to a solar system?
  • To provide an explanation of atomic structure that will be easily understood
  • To show the influence of atomic structure on the world at the observable level
  • To display the complex mathematical formulas of the atomic structure
  • To contrast the size of atoms with the size of objects at the observable level

Which of the following statements is true?

 
  • Protons and neutrons attract each other by electrostatic attraction.
  • The atomic number and atomic weight are decided by protons and neutrons.
  • The particles that are smaller than protons or neutrons can be found in nature.
  • People can examine the structure of an atom under a microscope.

What will happen if an atom has more neutrons than protons?

 
  • It will not have enough of a positive electrical charge to keep its electrons in orbit.
  • Its extra neutrons will be converted into light energy.
  • It will slowly give off neutrons until the atom becomes stable.
  • Its nucleus will explode in a supernova.

The phrase "one another" in paragraph 3 refers to _____.

  • electrons
  • electrical charges
  • particles
  • atoms

According to the passage, all of the following are true of electrons EXCEPT _____.

  • neutrons or protons are considerably bigger than them
  • they circle around the nucleus of an atom
  • their energy levels are fixed and unchanging
  • they tend to come to the lowest shell whenever having chance

When does an atom produce light?

 
  • When it has more electrons than its electron shells can hold.
  • When energy is added to the outermost electron shell.
  • When an electron drops back to its original electron shell.
  • When an electron is transferred from one atom to another.

Which property of electrons is responsible for chemical bonding?

 
  • Their electromagnetic attraction to protons
  • Their tendency to occupy the lowest possible electron shell
  • The fact that they cannot be broken into smaller particles
  • Their ability to break free of their atom during a collision

Use the word in brackets to form a word that fits in the space.

While Dien Bien still evokes memories of fierce battles and (HERO) national victories, today, this province (CHARMLESS) visitors with its peaceful beauty. Spring is a (SPECTACLE) time to visit Vietnam's Northern Highlands. After a cold winter, when mist and frost cover the whole plateau, spring brings a blanket of white bauhinia blossoms. The pure white blooms of bauhinias are mirrored in the Nam Na and Nam Ron Rivers. (TRAVEL) pass beneath flowering bauhinia trees as they cross Pha Din Pass, one of the Four Great Mountain Passes of Vietnam. These fragile white blooms grow between bright green leaves on scraggy branches, like white butterflies fluttering in the (WILD).

For ethnic Thai people in Dien Bien, bauhinias are a symbol of longing for happiness, (PURE), faith, beauty, filial (PIOUS) and hope. These flowers are (CLOSE) linked to the lives, customs, traditions and folk chants of Thai communities. Bauhinias are often compared to young Thai girls: radiant and (GRACE), wild yet innocent, living in these remote mountains.

Arguably, bauhinias are a symbol of the local people, spreading far and wide and adding beauty to the wild landscape. Visitors who come to Vietnam's Northwest Highlands in the spring can't help but be (ENCHANT) by the pure and tranquil beauty of wild bauhinia flowers.

Adapted from https://heritagevietnamairlines.com/

Fill each of the following blanks with ONE suitable word.

INDOOR AIR POLLUTION

The citizens of major European countries think the of climate change such as severe floods and storms are already affecting them, according to a major new polling study. The research dispels the idea that global warming is widely seen as a future problem, and also shows strong support for action to tackle global warming, subsidies for clean energy and big financial penalties for nations that refuse to be part of the international climate deal signed in Paris in 2015 — US President Donald Trump has threatened.

There was also strong support for giving financial to developing nations to cope with the impacts of climate change. Renewable energy was viewed very positively in all nations, but fracking had little support, with just 20% of people seeing it positively in the UK, 15% in Germany, and 9% in France. Nuclear power was also unpopular: only 23% of those in France, it supplies the vast majority of electricity, have a favorable opinion.

Overwhelming majorities of people in the UK, Germany, France, and Norway said climate change was at partly caused by human activities, such as burning fossil fuels. But only a third thought the vast majority of scientists agreed with this, despite about 97% of climate scientists doing so. "It is encouraging to see that most people in this very large study recognize that climate change is happening and that support for the need to tackle - it remains high the people we surveyed," said Prof Nick Pidgeon at Cardiff University, who led the international project. He said the firm backing of the public could be important in the light of Trump's opposition to climate action: " the recently shifting political mood in some countries, climate policy is now entering a critical phase. It is therefore even important that the public's clear support for the Paris agreement is carried by policymakers Europe and worldwide."

Read the text and do the tasks that follow.

POISONOUS ANIMALS

Often benign and beautiful, there are so many potential dangers, often lethal, hidden in the natural world that our continued existence on the planet is actually quite astounding. Earthquakes, tsunami and volcanoes are some of nature's more cataclysmic risks, but fade in comparison to the dangers presented by the more aggressive flora and fauna around the world.

There are two classes of creature that use chemicals in either attack or defence, but it is important to draw a distinction between those that are considered poisonous and those that are venomous. A poisonous creature is one that has a chemical component to dissuade potential predators; they usually secrete toxins through their skin so that their attacker is poisoned. A venomous creature, on the other hand, is not so passive – they use toxins not in defence but in attack. This differentiation is often seen in the colouring of the creatures in question – those with poisonous toxins are often brightly coloured as a warning to potential predators, whereas those classed as venomous are often camouflaged to blend in with their surroundings, making them more efficient hunters.

One of the most poisonous animals know to man is the poison arrow frog, native to Central and South America. Secreting poison through its skin, a single touch is enough to kill a fully grown human (in fact, the frog earned its name from the practice of putting tiny amounts of this poison onto blow darts used by the native population mainly for hunting and, historically at least, also for battle). It is interesting to note, however, that when bred in captivity, the dart frog is not actually poisonous – it generates its protection from its diet of poisonous ants, centipedes and mites.

Another poisonous creature is the puffer fish, which is actually served as a delicacy in Japan. Although not aggressive or externally dangerous, its extremely high levels of toxicity cause rapid paralysis and death when ingested, and there is at this point no known antidote, hence preparation of puffer fish (called ‘fugu’ in Japan) is restricted only to licensed chefs. In the last ten years, it has been estimated that over 40 people have been killed by fugu poisoning due to incorrect preparation of the fish.

Although there are many hundreds, even thousands of poisonous fauna, the number of venomous animals on the planet far exceeds their number, perhaps the most well-known of which are snakes and spiders. In the snake world, the most lethal is the Inland Taipan. Able to kill up to 100 humans with the intensity of the toxin in one bite, it can cause death in as little as 45 minutes. Fortunately, they are not only very shy when it comes to human contact, there is also a known antivenin (cure), although this needs to be administered quickly. In the arachnid world, the spider that has been identified as being the most venomous is the Brazilian wandering spider. It is responsible for the most number of human deaths of any spider, but perhaps more alarmingly it is true to its name, hiding during daytime in populated areas, such as inside houses, clothes, footwear and cars.

When scientifically calculating the most venomous, there are two points which are considered: how many people can be killed with one ounce of the toxin, and how long it takes for death to occur. Without doubt, the overall winner in this category is the box jellyfish. Found mainly in waters in the Indo-Pacific area, they are notorious in Australia and have even been seen as far south as New Zealand. The box jellyfish has tentacles that can be as long as 10 feet (hence their other name ‘Fire Medusae’ after Medusa, a mythological character who had snakes for hair). Each tentacle has billions of stinging cells, which, when they come into contact with others, can shoot a poisonous barb from each cell. These barbs inject toxins which attack the nervous system, heart and skin cells, the intense pain of which can cause human victims to go in shock, drown or die of heart failure before even reaching shore.

According to the information in the passage, classify the following information as relating to:

A. Poisonous creatures

B. Venomous creatures

C. Both poisonous and venomous creatures


1. are protected by secretions on their skin.

2. are often colored to match the environment.

3. aggressively use toxins.

4. use toxins when being threatened.

There is a common misunderstanding of the difference between poisonous and venomous.

 
  • True
  • False
  • Not given

Significant environmental disasters are more damaging than animals.

 
  • True
  • False
  • Not given

The poison dart frog obtains its poison from its environment.

 
  • True
  • False
  • Not given

Touching a puffer fish can cause paralysis.

 
  • True
  • False
  • Not given

The Brazilian Wandering spider kills more people every year than any other venomous creature.

 
  • True
  • False
  • Not given

The box jellyfish can cause death by drowning.

 
  • True
  • False
  • Not given

Answer the questions by choosing from the sections in the passage (A - G). Some of the choices may be required more than once.

Climate Change: Instant Expert

A. Climate change is with us. A decade ago, it was conjecture. Now the future is unfolding before our eyes. Canada's Inuit see it in disappearing Arctic ice and permafrost. The shantytown dwellers of Latin America and Southern Asia see it in lethal storms and floods. Europeans see it in disappearing glaciers, forest fires and fatal heat waves. Scientists see it in tree rings, ancient coral and bubbles trapped in ice cores. These reveal that the world has not been as warm as it is now for a millennium or more. The three warmest years on record have all occurred since 1998; 19 of the warmest 20 since 1980. And Earth has probably never warmed as fast as in the past 30 years--a period when natural influences on global temperatures, such as solar cycles and volcanoes should have cooled us down.

B. Climatologists reporting for the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) say we are seeing global warming caused by human activities. People are causing the change by burning nature's vast stores of coal, oil and natural gas. This releases billions of tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) every year, although the changes may actually have started with the dawn of agriculture, say some scientists. The physics of the "greenhouse effect" has been a matter of scientific fact for a century. CO2 is a greenhouse gas that traps the Sun's radiation within the troposphere, the lower atmosphere. It has accumulated along with other manmade greenhouse gases, such as methane and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Some studies suggest that cosmic rays may also be involved in warming.

C. If current trends continue, we will raise atmospheric CO2 concentrations to double pre-industrial levels during this century. That will probably be enough to raise global temperatures by around 2℃ to 5℃. Some warming is certain, but the degree will be determined by cycles involving melting ice, the oceans, water vapour, clouds and changes to vegetation. Warming is bringing other unpredictable changes. Melting glaciers and precipitation are causing some rivers to overflow, while evaporation is emptying others. Diseases are spreading. Some crops grow faster while others see yields slashed by disease and drought. Clashes over dwindling water resources may cause conflicts in many regions.

D. As natural ecosystems - such as coral reefs - are disrupted, biodiversity is reduced. Most species cannot migrate fast enough to keep up, though others are already evolving in response to warming. Thermal expansion of the oceans, combined with melting ice on land, is also raising sea levels. In this century, human activity could trigger an irreversible melting of the Greenland ice sheet. This would condemn the world to a rise in sea level of six metres - enough to flood land occupied by billions of people.

E. The global warming would be more pronounced if it were not for sulphur particles and other pollutants that shade us, and because forests and oceans absorb around half of the CO2 we produce. But the accumulation rate of atmospheric CO2 has doubled since 2001, suggesting that nature's ability to absorb the gas could now be stretched to the limit. Recent research suggests that natural CO2 "sinks", like peat bogs and forests, are actually starting to release CO2.

F. At the Earth Summit in 1992, the world agreed to prevent "dangerous" climate change. The first step was the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, which came into force during 2005. It will bring modest emission reductions from industrialised countries. Many observers say deeper cuts are needed and developing nations, which have large and growing populations, will one day have to join in. Some, including the US Bush administration, say the scientific uncertainty over the pace of climate change is grounds for delaying action. The US and Australia have reneged on Kyoto. Most scientists believe we are underestimating the dangers.

G. In any case, according to the IPCC, the world needs to quickly improve the efficiency of its energy usage and develop renewable non-carbon fuels like: wind, solar, tidal, wave and perhaps nuclear power. It also means developing new methods of converting this clean energy into motive power, like hydrogen fuel cells for cars. Other less conventional solutions include ideas to stave off warming by "mega-engineering" the planet with giant mirrors to deflect the Sun's rays, seeding the oceans with iron to generate algal blooms, or burying greenhouse gases below the sea. The bottom line is that we will need to cut CO2 emissions by 70% to 80% simply to stabilise atmospheric CO2 concentrations--and thus temperatures. The quicker we do that, the less unbearably hot our future world will be.

 

Which paragraph contains each of the following pieces of information?

1. The effects of global warming on animals:

2. The ways in which ordinary people can see the global climate is changing:

3. The science behind global warming:

4. Possible solutions to global warming:

5. The different changes of plants:

6. Countries that went back on an agreement:

7. The limited absorbency of nature:

8. The causes of global warming:

9. Arguments caused by the reduction in water:

10. The first attempt to prevent climate change of the world:

 

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one, using the word in brackets. You must use between THREE and FIVE words, including the word given. Do NOT change the word given.

Only a small part of the city's drug problem was dealt with in the investigation. (SURFACE)

=> The investigation the city's drug problem.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one, using the word in brackets. You must use between THREE and FIVE words, including the word given. Do NOT change the word given.

News of the scandal becomes widely known within minutes. (WILDFIRE)

=> News of the scandal .

 

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one, using the word in brackets. You must use between THREE and FIVE words, including the word given. Do NOT change the word given.

Due to the failure to provide adequate flood protection, the town is currently being badly affected. (COUNTING)

=> The town is now its failure to provide adequate flood protection.

 

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one, using the word in brackets. You must use between THREE and FIVE words, including the word given. Do NOT change the word given.

Was the film as good as you expected it to be or was it disappointing? (LIVE)

=> Did the film of it or was it disappointing?

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one, using the word in brackets. You must use between THREE and FIVE words, including the word given. Do NOT change the word given.

Thanks for your effort to help but I hope that you stop bothering my team right now. (LEFT)

=> I know you're trying to help, but I'd really rather you just right now.

 

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

A bee sting is more likely to cause death than a snake bite these days.

=> Death ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

They won the case as the plaintiff didn’t turn up.

=> Had it ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The course finished with a big party.

=> At the end ..........

 

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

There has been a dramatic increase in the number of people learning English. 

=> The number of people .............

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Because of his popularity, the candidate is expected to win the election.

=> Riding on.......