Đề thi vào 10 - Chuyên Anh TP HCM 2018

5/30/2019 3:57:00 PM

Đề đã được bổ sung giải thích đáp án chi tiết.

Every Christmas of my childhood was the same. My father______ late for lunch weighed down with presents for the family.

  • would arrive
  • could arrive
  • was arriving
  • got used to arriving

If I _____ you a free ticket, would you go to Florence with me?

  • were to offer
  • had offered
  • were offered
  • would offer

"You _____ things. Can't you be more careful?" said Tom's mother.

  • always lose
  • are losing
  • always lost
  • are always losing

____ in the next room, her voice is like ____ of a boy.

  • Hearing - the sound
  • Hearing - the one
  • Heard - that
  • Having been heard - that one

I'd say let's meet on Saturday but I’m none _____ sure what's happening at the weekend.

  • so
  • very
  • that
  • too

When the exam is over, I'll go fishing - ______ I haven't done for weeks.

  • anything
  • something
  • things
  • everything

We're going to visit the Great Walls. Everybody says this is _____.

  • a too good chance for being lost
  • too good a chance to be lost
  • too good a chance for being lost
  • a too good chance to lose

_____, her suggestion is of greater value than her friend's.

  • All things considered
  • All things considering
  • Considering all things
  • Considered all things

As far as I am concerned, education is about learning and the more you learn, _____. 

  • the more for Iife are you equipped
  • the more life you equip for
  • the more equipped for life you are
  • the more you are equipped for

He wants to give his daughters _____ he can afford.

  • all for the best
  • the very best
  • at best
  • what best

_____ Sam had was gone when she heard that nearly all her classmates had failed to answer the teacher's question.

  • A little confidence
  • The little confidence
  • Little confidence
  • Little of confidence

_____ the difficulty of the task, I shall be lucky to have completed it by June.

  • Regarding
  • Presuming
  • Given
  • Encountered

Diana took a course in shorthand and typing _____ applying for a secretary job.

  • on account of
  • with a view to
  • with a reason for
  • for fear of

Jessica has bungled every task her boss has given her so far. _____, he’s prepared to give her one last chance.

  • Notwithstanding
  • Instead
  • Furthermore
  • Nevertheless

The restaurant is popular with film stars and the ______.

  • same
  • like
  • such
  • similar

Tom's decision to leave university after a year is one he now ______ regrets.

  • painfully
  • harshly
  • heavily
  • deeply

Pollutants in this river are increasing __________ - something must be done about it immediately.

  • chillingly
  • utterly
  • rigorously
  • alarmingly

Although his paintings are abstract, the artist _____ inspiration from the natural world.

  • draws
  • pulls
  • makes
  • has

She _____ with pleasure at the unexpected compliment.

  • grinned
  • glared
  • beamed
  • laughed

As Jane lay in her cabin, she heard the gentle sound of waves _____ against the hull.

  • pelting
  • splashing
  • gushing
  • lapping

David was so _____ by the beauty of Ha Long Bay that he instantly decided to move there.

  • captured
  • captivated
  • accumulated
  • beckoned

Many species of fish have _____ ways of protecting their eggs from predators.

  • ingenious
  • indicative
  • inspiring
  • insufficient

No one knows how the rival company got _____ of the plans for thee new marketing campaign.

  • wind
  • breere
  • voice
  • ear

Family relationships later _____ a great significance in his life.

  • built up
  • kept on
  • took on
  • made up

For non-native speakers, it is not unusual for understanding to _____ when listening to others’ conversations in English.

  • fall away
  • break down
  • give up
  • set out

Since we had only one day left, we decided to make an _____ effort to finish the run in record time.

  • all-in
  • all-out
  • over-all
  • all-around

Jukan is one of the many young, _____ artists to be taken on recently by an important gallery.

  • bottom-up
  • up-and-coming
  • top-down
  • out-and-out

Jimmy's not interested in the _____. He just wants to know the plain facts.

  • cut and thrust
  • hue and cry
  • ifs and buts
  • part and parcel

- Mai: "_____"

- Lan: "I'm pretty busy right now. I'm doing my homework because I have an exam tomorrow."

  • How is your day going?
  • How are you doing?
  • What do you do?
  • What are you doing here?

Student 1: – "Excuse me! Could you show me the way to the library?"
Student 2: – "Sorry, I’m new here."
Student 1: – "__________"

  • Not at all.
  • Bad luck.
  • No problem.
  • Thank you all the same.

Choose the word or phrase that fits each space in the following passage.

In recent years, ready-made meals have Britain's eating . Britons now spend four times as much as the Italians on ready-made meals and six times more than the Spanish. for instant meats has increased across Europe as a but why has Britain become the European capital of ready-made food, second only in the world to America?

Convenience is of the attraction. A recent survey that 77 percent of purchasers said they only bought ready meals when they did not have time to cook. Dr. Susan Jebb, head of nutrition at the Medical Research Council, said: "People in the UK work the longest hours, we are very time-poor, and we don't have a strong history of cooking."

The ready-made meal boom also reflects changing social in Britain. More people live alone and so are less likely to be to cook. And with families eating together less often, ready meals allow people to eat what they want when they want. Juliaa Michna, of Marks and Spencer, says that ready meals also reflect changing in food. "Britain's multiculturalism has brought a range of restaurants than other European countries, and ethnic cuisines, which people are often scared of cooking from are more popular. One quarter of meals are Indian, and nearly one in five are Chinese."

Read the passage and choose the best answers to the questions.  

The radical change in the land's surface that results when rural areas are transformed into cities is a significant cause of the rise in temperature in cities that are known as urban heat island.

First, the tall buildings and the concrete and asphalt of the city absorb and store greater quantities of solar radiation than do the vegetation and soil typical of rural areas.

In addition, because the concrete and asphalt are impermeable, the runoff of water flowing a rain is rapid, resulting in a severe reduction in the evaporation rate. So heat that once would have been used to convert liquid water to a gas goes instead to increase the surface temperature further.

At night, although both city and countryside cool through radiation losses, the stone-like surface of the city gradually releases the additional heat accumulated during the day, keeping the urban air warmer than that of the outlying areas.

Part of the urban temperature rise must also be attributed to waste heat from such sources as home heating and air conditioning, power generation, industry, and transportation. Many studies have shown that the magnitude of human-made energy in metropolitan areas is equal to a significant percentage of the energy received from the Sun at the surface.

Investigations in Sheffield, England, and Berlin showed that the annual heat production in these cities was equal to approximately one-third of that received from solar radiation. Another study of the densely built-up Manhattan section of New York City revealed that during the winter, the quantity of heat produced from combustion alone was two and one-half times greater than the amount of solar energy reaching the ground. In summer, the figure dropped to one-sixth.

It is interesting to note that during the summer there is a mutual reinforcement between the higher nighttime temperatures of the city and the human-made heat that helped create them. That is, the higher temperatures result in the increased use of air-conditioners, which, in turn, use energy and further increase the amount of urban heat. During the winter the nighttime warmth of urban areas, produced in large part by heavy energy consumption, is beneficial because less energy needed to heat buildings.

All of the following contribute to the urban heat island effect EXCEPT______.

  • absorption of heat from the Sun
  • storage of heat from the Sun
  • an increased rate of evaporation after a rainfall
  • the release of heat at night from city surfaces

The word "convert" in the passage is closest in meaning to _____.

  • reverse
  • transform
  • reduce
  • compare

The word "that" in the passage refers to ____.

  • city
  • heat
  • day
  • air

In which of the following locations would the rate of evaporation probably be highest?

  • A rural area
  • A small town
  • A medium-sized city
  • A big city

The word "magnitude' in the passage is closest in meaning to ____.

  • calculation
  • comprehension
  • extent
  • formation

The author mentions Manhattan to order to demonstrate that ____.

  • heat in urban areas can be reduced
  • the conclusions of the investigation in Sheffield were wrong
  • its heat production is smaller than that of Berlin
  • human-made heat can exceed the solar energy that reaches the ground in winter

According to the passage, one important consequence of the use of air-conditioners at night is ____.

  • greater energy costs
  • higher levels of urban heat
  • serious problems with the energy supply
  • less need for air conditioning in the morning

The word "beneficial" in the passage is closest in meaning to ____.

  • predictable
  • powerful
  • hazardous
  • advantageous

Which of the following is true about cities at night in the winter?

  • Solar energy has an increased impact on the urban heat island.
  • They tend to be colder than rural areas.
  • Less energy is required to heat buildings
  • Human-made energy created a larger area of total heat than solar energy.

What does the passage mainly discuss?

  • The loss of farmland to urban development
  • The causes of increased heat in cities
  • Waste heat generated by home heating and air conditioning
  • How seasonal change affects the temperature of cities

Rearrange the following sentences so that they make a meaningful review of a computer game.

  • A selection of viewpoints, including a breakneck 'biker's eye view' are offered. This game will push your skills and patience to the limit.
  • There are 10 tracks, of which three are available at the outset. Only by scoring gold in both classes on all of these can you gain access to the next three, and so on.
  • Wonder Racer succeeds in bringing the body breaking speed of time-trial biking to the PC, but its difficulty may leave you shaking. The approach is simple and unsophisticated.
  • The courses are a fictitious mix of country lanes, exotic beaches and snowy mountain passes. The 3-0 is excellent in its speed, smoothness and level of detail.
  • There are only three controls, far fewer than in many other modern games. Players start by selecting one of sixteen riders, from a set of teams.

Supply each blank with one suitable word. 

It is forecast that we can look forward to working hours in the future, but it is necessary for health and tranquillity to work a certain of hours per week, ideally doing a variety of jobs - something schools have always known. It may be that the house building will meet a need. It is a very basic human instinct. Gardening is a related activity. It is already to cultivate many fruits and vegetables than to buy them in the shops and the house of the next decade should take this into .

important question is that of energy conservation. The proportion of income on keeping warm is steadily going up, and, with the cost of energy likely to double in real terms during the next ten years or , many large badly-insulated old houses will become extremely expensive to use. The demand will be small, well-insulated homes located in warm protected areas and making the best of the sun's warmth. Efficient heating units will be of prime importance. At we waste a lot of space in planning rooms which are awkward to use.

Supply each blank with one suitable word. 

We live surrounded by objects and systems that we take for , but which profoundly affect the way we behave, think, work, play and in general lead our . Look, for example, at the place in which you are reading this now, and see how much of surrounds you is understandable, how much of it you could actually build yourself or repair if it to cease to function. When we start the car or press the in the elevator, or buy food in the supermarket, we gave no to the complex devices or systems that make the car move or the elevator rise, or the food appear on the shelves. Throughout this century we have become increasingly dependent on the products of . They have already changed our lives: at the simplest , the availability of transport have made us physically less fit than our ancestors. Many people are alive only because they have been given immunity to disease through drugs. The vast majority of the world's population relies on the ability of technology to provide and transport food. We are unable to feed or clothe or keep warm without technology.

Identify the five (5) mistakes in the following passage and correct them. (in exact order on the text)

An ecosystem is a group of animals and plants living in a specific region and interact with one another and with their physical environment. Ecosystems include physical and chemical components, such as soils, water, and nutritions that support the organisms living there. These organisms may range from large animals to microscopic bacteria. Ecosystems also can be thought of as the interactions among all organisms in a given habitat; for instance, one species may serve as food for other. People are part of the ecosystems where they live and work. Human activities can harm or destroy local ecosystems unless actions such as land development for housing or businesses are careful planned to conserve and sustain the ecology of the area. An important part of ecosystem management involves finding ways to protect and enhance economical and social well-being while protecting local ecosystems.

Mistake #1: ==>

Mistake #2: ==>

Mistake #3: ==>

Mistake #4: ==>

Mistake #5: ==>

Supply the appropriate form of  the word in the bracket.

His tour was cut short due to his illness. (APPOINT)

Supply the appropriate form of the word in the bracket.

Since the city center became a(n) pedestrian area, shopping has been a more pleasant experience. (TRAFFIC)

Supply the appropriate form of the word in the bracket.

I've the CNN homepage as I use it regularly to get the latest news. (MARK)

Supply the appropriate form of the word in the bracket.

The at the temple are bringing heart for peace and prosperity. (DEVOTION)

Supply the appropriate form of the word in the bracket.

A(n) life, lack of physical activity, stressful jobs, and bad habits can influence one's health in a very bad way. (PACE)

Supply the appropriate form of the word in the bracket.

Officials urged caution in anticipation of catastrophic and flooding in the days to come. (THREAT)

Supply the appropriate form of the word in the bracket.

The store manager explained that only certain items were sold at a discount. (APOLOGY)

Supply the appropriate form of the word in the bracket.

Women are traditionally supposed to be good at . (TASK)

Supply the appropriate form of the word in the bracket.

The recent events the need for a better understanding of the environmental impact of biotechnology. (SCORE)

Supply the appropriate form of the word in the bracket.

fines may be issued for careless driving and other offences. (SPOT)

Rewrite the following sentence without changing the meaning. You have to use the exact word given in bracket.

I think you should get someone to fix the computer. (fixed)

=> I would prefer it ..........

Rewrite the following sentence without changing the meaning. You have to use the exact word given in bracket

Jack was so nervous that his mind couldn't function properly. (straight)

=> Such ..........

Rewrite the following sentence without changing the meaning. You have to use the exact word given in bracket

To say briefly, this school regulation cannot be abolished right away. (do)

=> In a ...........

Rewrite the following sentence without changing the meaning. You have to use the exact word given in bracket.

Trying to persuade someone to agree with you can be a formidable task. (view)

=> Trying to bring ..............

Rewrite the following sentence without changing the meaning. You have to use the exact word given in bracket

Anna inherited a fortune when her father died. (into)

=> After the .............

Rewrite the following sentence without changing the meaning. You have to use the exact word given in bracket.

I managed to finish the task, but it was difficult. (succeed)

=> Only with ...............

Rewrite the following sentence without changing the meaning. You have to use the exact word given in bracket

Fred didn't tell Sopite his news until she had finished her homework. (telling)

=> Fred waited .............

Rewrite the following sentence without changing the meaning. You have to use the exact word given in bracket

Although she didn't agree with the management's decision, Chloe was forced to accept it. (choice)

=> Much .....

Rewrite the following sentence without changing the meaning. You have to use the exact word given in bracket

Suddenly, the management said it was important for us to wear dark suits to the meeting. (once)

=>The management insisted .....

Rewrite the following sentence without changing the meaning. You have to use the exact word given in bracket.

We were not late for school because you took us in your car. (time)

=> If it hadn’t been for .....