Đề thi chính thức vào 10 chuyên Anh HN năm 2018-2019

12/25/2019 10:30:00 AM

Đề thi môn Anh Chuyên cho các học sinh thi tuyển vào khối chuyên các trường THPT Chuyên trực thuộc Sở GD Hà Nội năm 2018-2019

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • determine

  • define

  • decline

  • deprive

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • equation

  • question

  • digestion

  • suggestion

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • worthy

  • southern

  • thyme

  • Netherlands

Choose the word whose main stress pattern is different from that of the others.

  • manual
  • surround
  • railroad
  • nuclear

Choose the word whose main stress pattern is different from that of the others.

  • compartment
  • pedestrian
  • convenience
  • fascinate

My son and my daughter-in-law are staying with us _______ the time being until they can afford an apartment.

  • for
  • during
  • at
  • in

A _____ is a bridge that carries one road over another one.

  • flyover
  • underpass
  • elevated walkway
  • tunnel

Not having written about the required topic, _____ a low mark.

  • I was given
  • the teacher gave me
  • the teacher gave
  • my presentation was given

We must try to cut ______ the amount of money we spend a month.

  • down on
  • up with
  • in with
  • away from

If you catch them stealing again, there will be ______ for it but call the police.

  • no choice
  • saying
  • no knowing
  • no help

The factory has announced that it is _____ off over 200 workers.

  • dismissing
  • firing
  • leaving
  • laying

When I finish writing this composition, I’m going to ______ and go to bed.

  • have my day
  • call it a day
  • make my day
  • take days off

The flowers will soon start to bloom _____ winter is gone and the weather is more favorable.

  • so that
  • now that
  • as if
  • much as

We caught a momentary _____ of Prince Charles as his car drove past.

  • glimpse
  • peep
  • glance
  • view

At the deep bottom of Atlantic _____.

  • lied the Titanic
  • lay the Titanic
  • did the Titanic lie
  • had the Titanic lain

Complete each sentence using a verb from column A in the correct form and a suitable particle from column B. You can use any particle more than once.

A B
turn; bring; deal; set; keep; bottom; live; break; single; run; out; up; down; on; with; off;

1. Mary her stress by taking up yoga every day.

2. It is thought that house prices have now finally .

3. Tim was sad because he failed to to his parents’ expectations.

4. My karate instructor always Robert to demonstrate techniques he’s the best in the class.

5. Our band has just our second album.

6. We missed the beginning of the film since our motorbike on the way to the cinema.

7. She wanted to knit a scarf, but she of wool before she was finished.

8. If you don’t with your regular exercise, you’ll gain more weight.

9. Their proposal to build another skyscraper in the city has been as it may be dangerous.

10. What time do you want to for New York?

Think of one word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences. Number ‘0’ is an example.

0. After being responsible for two false starts, the athlete was disqualified from the sprint.

I couldn’t understand what Grandma was saying until she put in her false teeth.

Making a false statement to the police is an offense.

Think of one word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. Eating pizza can make people happy – it’s a great _______ food.

2. Rock climbing pushes many people beyond their ________ zones.

3. He could retire now and live in _______ for the rest of his life.

=> Answer:

Think of one word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. The teacher said he would not _______ such rude behavior in his class.

2. Please _______ up to 3 weeks for delivery.

3. These websites ________ consumers to compare the prices of all telephone providers.

=> Answer:

Think of one word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. We just have to finish this section, then we’re _______ and dry.

2. His grandmother is staying at a nursing _______ and he visits her every weekend.

3. This island is ________ to many species of birds.

=> Answer:

Think of one word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. The actress forgot her _______ on the opening night of the play.

2. The anti-aging cream will reduce ________ on your face.

3. Don’t ever cross railway ________ at this point; it’s far too dangerous.

=> Answer:

Think of one word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. Please ______ your name clearly into the microphone.

2. The president governs the country and the governor governs the ________.

3. He was in a ______ of absolute shock.

=> Answer:

Give the correct form of the words in brackets to complete the passage below.

The upper layers of Earth’s oceans have cooled significantly over the past two years, even though the planet as a whole is warming up. While this may just be part of the natural variation of oceans, (climate) are still confounded by the massive uncountable loss of heat. Scientists have been increasingly concerned about rising sea temperatures over the last 50 years but these new (find) tell a different story. Generally speaking, the (absorb) of heat by the oceans reduces atmospheric warming. Now (measure) taken by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration have put a wrinkle in the trend. Scientists found that the oceans dropped in temperature by a/an (believe) 0.02 degrees centigrade between 2011 and 2013. It is possible that volcanic eruptions are one main cause of the phenomenon, but no firm answer has yet been provided.

Choose the best option that best fits each of the blanks to complete the passage.

Having a roof over your head is a necessity that we in the western world have into an art form - a stylish place to dwell is now intrinsic to our happiness. But the way we live also has to keep pace with rapidly changing lifestyles and as our towards the environment change, we're becoming more aware that our homes 5 need to tread more lightly on the earth. Architects are to this creative challenge, designing inspiring buildings that respond both to our modern lives, and to our growing sense of environmental responsibility. These new buildings boast contemporary aesthetics while encouraging us to live more responsibly by using resources. From innovative designs of tiny capsule dwellings to elegant family homes with robust green features, sustainable ideas are permeating modern design. And it seems we're on the verge of a seismic shift. One idea doing the rounds is that because our aspirations have changed, we can now be content with far fewer possessions. This concept Horden Cherry Lee to design the micro-compact home, a sleek pad only two cubic meters in size, spacious enough for two people to live in for short periods. Professor Horden justifies these compact proportions in of our modern habits: status is increasingly gained by having a high degree of mobility rather than merely owning things.

Read the passage below and choose the best option to answer each of the following questions.

If we now know enough to be able to make changes in the genetic material that parents hand on to their children, why not seize this power? Why not control what has been left to chance in the past? Social and environmental influences already control many other aspects of our children's lives and identities. Can we really reject positive genetic influences on the next generation's minds and bodies when we accept the rights of parents to benefit their children in every other way?

It seems to me inevitable that genetic engineering will eventually be used. It will probably begin in a way that is most ethically acceptable to the largest portion of society, to prevent babies inheriting conditions that have a severe impact on the quality of life, such as deafness or blindness. The number of parents needing or desiring this service might be tiny, but their experience would help to ease society's fears, and geneticists could then begin to expand their services to prevent the inheritance of genes leading to other disorders such as asthma, heart disease, and various forms of cancer.

A further frontier will be the mind and the senses. Here, genetic engineering could have enormous benefits. Alcohol addiction could be eliminated, along with tendencies toward mental disease. People's senses of sight and hearing could be improved, allowing for new dimensions in art and music. And when our understanding of brain development has advanced, geneticists will be able to give parents the chance to choose intellectual gifts for their children as well.

Are there any limits to what can be accomplished with genetic enhancements? Some experts say there are boundaries beyond which we cannot go. But humans have a tendency to prove the experts wrong. One way to identify types of human enhancements that lie in the realm of possibility - no matter how outlandish they may seem today - is to consider what already exists in the living world. If another living creature already has a particular attribute, then we can work out its genetic basis and eventually we should be able to make it available to humans. For example, we could provide humans with a greatly enhanced sense of smell like that of dogs and other mammals, and the ability to "see" objects in complete darkness through a biological sonar system like the one that allows bats to find their way in the dark.

In the longer term, it might be possible to identify the genetic information which allows creatures to live under extreme conditions here on earth - like the microscopic bacteria that live in scalding hot water around volcanic vents on the ocean floor, far removed from light and free oxygen, and other creatures that are genetically adapted to thrive in subzero temperatures in the Arctic. One day it may even be possible to incorporate photosynthetic units into human embryos so that humans could receive energy directly from the sun, just like plants. Such genetic gifts could allow these genetically modified humans to survive on other planets in the solar system, where they could in turn use genetic engineering to further enhance the ability of their own children to survive on their chosen worlds.

In the short term, though, most genetic enhancements will surely be much more mundane. They will provide little fixes to all of the naturally occurring genetic defects that shorten the lives of so many people. They will enrich physical and cognitive attributes in small ways. But as the years go by over the next two centuries, the number and variety of possible genetic extensions to the basic human genome will rise dramatically - like the additions to computer operating systems that occurred during the 1980s and 1990s. Extensions that were once unimaginable will become indispensable - to those parents who are able to afford them.

According to the writer, what has been ‘left to chance in the past’?

  • The ways in which parents may benefit their children.
  • The genetic information passed on to children.
  • The social and environmental factors affecting children.
  • The qualities and characteristics that children inherit.

Genetic engineering may first be applied to conditions affecting children because ____.

  • this would prevent so much suffering
  • this would be the least controversial use
  • the greatest long-term benefit would be provided
  • the social consequences are so severe

Once genetic engineering is accepted, it may be used to ________.

  • improve the mental capabilities of unborn children
  • extend understanding of how the brain works
  • bring a new realism to art and music
  • cure people with alcohol-related problems

Looking further into the future, the writer suggests that human attributes ______.

  • could be transferred to other living creatures.
  • could be improved with genetic information from other creatures.
  • should not be interfered with beyond certain limits.
  • can only be enhanced with characteristics from other humans.

He suggests that genetic engineering may ultimately allow humans to ______.

  • live under the ocean.
  • reproduce with creatures from other planets.
  • produce energy by using the sun.
  • live and reproduce in inhospitable conditions.

In the final paragraph he implies that genetic engineering _____.

  • should only be used to deal with genetic defects
  • will be affected by computer technology
  • may not be used to benefit everyone equally
  • will one day be taken for granted by everyone

The writer is generally _____.

  • enthusiastic about future developments in genetic engineering
  • concerned about the implications of future developments
  • hopeful that there will be rapid developments in the near future
  • disappointed by the limited advances already achieved.

Fill each blank with a suitable word to complete the passage.

Many countries regard income first and foremost the primary means of determining their success in with other countries. This measure divides the value of a country’s annual production the number of people resident in the country. In 1998, however, the King of Bhutan announced that in the future his nation’s main measure of success would be happiness than income. He did this with a to showing the world that money does not happiness. A year later, the King had the fateful decision to allow television into his country. Until then, it had been banned as all forms of advertising. But in 1999, TV sets began to be imported into the country and, as a result, people started to spend a lot of time watching television programs. Around the time, children began fighting more, crime and more couples separated or divorced.

Rewrite each of the following sentences using the word given in bold in such a way that it means the same as the original one.

Peter is far superior to David in terms of technical knowledge. (match)

=> When it .....

Rewrite each of the following sentences using the word given in bold in such a way that it means the same as the original one.

The meeting dragged on for hours and the managers argued aggressively. (but)

=> Not .....

Rewrite each of the following sentences using the word given in bold in such a way that it means the same as the original one.

I am glad now you see sense and agree that your parents are right. (senses)

=> I am glad .....

Rewrite each of the following sentences using the word given in bold in such a way that it means the same as the original one.

Ben couldn’t finish the crossword despite trying really hard. (might)

=> Try.....

Rewrite each of the following sentences using the word given in bold in such a way that it means the same as the original one.

It seems that no one predicted the correct answer. (have)

=> No one .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

We didn't take the train, so we were late for the meeting. => If we .....

Rewrite each of the following sentences beginning with the words given so that it has the same meaning as the original one.

Just thinking about his face at the moment makes me laugh. => The very.....

Rewrite each of the following sentences beginning with the words given so that it has the same meaning as the original one.

I will never forget the day I heard I’d got into my chosen university. => The day on .....

Rewrite each of the following sentences beginning with the words given so that it has the same meaning as the original one.

The facts were not all made public at the time. => Only later .....

Rewrite each of the following sentences beginning with the words given so that it has the same meaning as the original one.

Exhaustion prevented the runners from finish the race. => So .....

Write an essay on the following topic:

“Some schools now offer their courses on the Internet so that people can study online. Is this a positive or negative trend? Use specific reasons and examples to support your view in about 200 – 250 words.”