Đề thi chính thức vào 10 chuyên Anh HN năm 2017-2018

12/24/2019 3:34:00 PM

Đề thi môn Anh Chuyên cho các học sinh thi tuyển vào khối chuyên các trường THPT Chuyên trực thuộc Sở GD Hà Nội năm 2017-2018

A good dictionary is indispensable _____ any language majors.

  • to
  • on
  • at
  • with

I expect the new trend will soon _____ here.

  • catch up
  • catch on
  • take on
  • identify with

I really admire the hero of the film. He's so _____.

  • dangerous
  • adventurous
  • foolhardy
  • instinctive

My supervisor is angry with me. I haven't done all the work that I _____ last week.

  • should have done
  • can have done
  • may have done
  • have done

He was a generous friend, but as a businessman he drove a hard _____.

  • bargain
  • affair
  • contract
  • business

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in the following sentences.

Corn, domesticated by the American Indians, was brought to Europe by Columbus.

  • trained
  • cultivated
  • implanted
  • reared

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in the following sentences.

I'm a bit wary of giving people my address when I don't know them very well.

  • cautious
  • notorious
  • harmonious
  • hilarious

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in the following sentences.

I was having such a good time that I was reluctant to leave.

  • disorderly
  • continuing
  • hesitant
  • constant

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in the following sentences.

He testified that he had seen the man leaving the building around the time of the murder.

  • examined
  • gave evidence
  • disapproved
  • denied

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in the following sentences.

The group was involved in several subversive activities.

  • charitable
  • rebellious
  • preposterous
  • questionable

Join one word on the left with one word on the right to make compound nouns. There is one extra in each box. 

food | job | work | fairy | parking | income

tax | stories | meter | satisfaction | poisoning | tale 

1. The more money you earn, the more you have to pay to the government.

2. On my last holiday, I had terrible as a consequence of eating some bad fish.

3. Many people are more interested in than in earning large amounts of money.

4. Don't forget to put some money in the or the traffic wardens will give you a ticket.

5. When I was young, my parents used to tell me about witches and giants and other strange creatures. 

Give the correct forms of the words given to complete the sentences.

A male employee working in the post room of a large company in the United Kingdom received a for wearing jeans to work. (suspend) 

Give the correct forms of the words given to complete the sentences.

The next time you go to the supermarket, don't forget to buy the biggest bottle of kitchen cleaner you can to your work surfaces. (infect) 

Give the correct forms of the words given to complete the sentences.

She was severely by the long illness she had. (weak) 

Give the correct forms of the words given to complete the sentences.

She hadn't been famous as a until her 17th novel was published. (novel)

Give the correct forms of the words given to complete the sentences.

Levels of were certainly not below average, yet cutting boards and dishcloths were found to contain bacteria in far greater number than elsewhere in the home. (clean)

Think of one word only which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. Ever since John broke the window, he's been in the teacher's _______ books.

2. Rumor has it that he quit the country leaving nothing but _______ debts behind.

3. Poor Mark! I feel really _______ about his being laid off on his birthday.

=> Answer:

Think of one word only which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. It is very difficult to fully _______ certain pieces of jazz music until you've heard them a good few times.

2. Although I'm always ready to lend a hand, Marta never really seems to ______ the things I do for her.

3. Given the market for decorative antiques, I'd say that the value of the beautiful vase is set to ________ considerably in the next few years.

=> Answer:

Think of one word only which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. The Smiths were pretty quick off the ______ to sell when they heard house prices were falling.

2. I think that what you said to Rita about her taste in furniture really hit the _______.

3. Poverty and unemployment have certainly left a _______ on this area.

=> Answer:

Think of one word only which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. With less than a minute of the football match to go, Phil managed to ______ the ball into the back of the net.

2. I think the best course of action would be to jump into the car and ______ for Bristol as soon as possible.

3. Louise has been asked to _______ an investigation into what went wrong on the night of the accident.

=> Answer:

Think of one word only which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. Initially, few companies saw any potential in computers designed for the _______ rather than the office environment.

2. Although extremely independent and well able to look after themselves, cats are generally classified as _______ animals.

3. Over the years, the proportion of foreign stories in this newspaper has declined as people have become more engrossed in _______ issues.

=> Answer:

Choose one given verb and give a correct preposition or adverb to make suitable phrasal verbs to fill in the gaps below. Remember to use the correct forms of the verbs and each verb once only. There are two extra verbs.

[ steal | make | bear | explain | keep | answer | hang ]

We expect that the accused his actions in the highest court in the land.

If you can me a little longer, I'll try to explain the reasons behind our actions.

The naughty boy with the last of the sweets at the party last week.

I suppose I would spend a lot of time just with friends in the town center.

I don't have much money these days, so it's hard my music collection.

Choose the best option to complete the passage.

Less than a third of advertising executives believe their campaigns help to sell products - a survey has revealed. Instead, they are plagued by self-doubt and insecurity and dream of it all up for another career. In spite of their “whiz-kid” , the survey of 600 advertising employees from 50 agencies found the industry weary from . Forty percent of women said sex was rife and 73 percent described advertising as a “terrible career” for working mothers because of its unpredictability and 12-hour days. Although spending on advertising by major companies has increased, only 28 percent of advertising employees were prepared to say that they believed they campaigns were . Dominic Mills, the editor of the industry’s trade magazine campaign, which the survey, was shocked by the results. “It is to think that so many people in advertising believe their efforts are falling of the mark but this is what people privately think” she said. Between 1990 and 1992 a fifth of people in the advertising industry lost their jobs. Asked what job they would most like to do instead, the survivors said they would become barristers, writers, actors or artists.

Give one suitable word to complete the passage.

Most people who move to a foreign country or culture may experience a period of time when they feel very homesick and have a lot of stress and difficulty functioning in the new culture. This feeling is often called “culture shock” and it is important to understand and learn how to cope with culture shock if you are to successfully to your new home’s culture. First of all, it's important to know that culture shock is very normal. Everyone in a new situation will go through some form of culture shock, and extent to which they do is determined by factors such as the different between , the degree to which someone is anxious to adapt to a new culture and the familiarity that person has to the new culture. If you go, for example, to a culture that is far different from your own, you're likely to experience culture shock more sharply than those who move to a new culture knowing the language and the behavioral of the new culture.

There are four general stages of cultural adjustment, and it is important that you are aware of these stages and can recognize which stage you are in and when so that you will understand why you feel the you do and that any difficulties you are experiencing are temporary, a process you are going through rather than a constant situation.

The first stage is usually referred to as an excitement stage or the “honeymoon” stage. Upon arriving in a new environment, you'll be interested in the new culture, everything will seem exciting, everyone will seem friendly and helpful and you'll be overwhelmed with impressions passively, and at this stage toy have little meaningful experiences of the culture.

But it isn’t before the honeymoon stage dissolves into the second stage - sometimes called the withdrawal stage. The excitement you felt before changes to frustration as you find it difficult to cope with the problems that arise. It seems that everything is difficult, the language is hard to learn, people are unusual and unpredictable, friends are hard to , and the simple things like shopping and go to the bank are challenges. It is at this stage that you are likely to feel anxious and homesick and you will probably find yourself complaining for the new culture or the country. This is the stage which is inferred to as “culture sick”.

Culture shock is only temporary, and at some point, if you are one of those who manage to stick it , you will experience the third stage of cultural adjustment, the “recovery” stage. At this point, you have a routine, and you will feel more confident functioning in the new culture. You will start to feel less isolated as you start to understand and accept the way things are done and the way people behave in your new environment. Customs and traditions are clearer and easier to understand. At this stage, you will deal with new challenges with humor rather than anxiety.

The last stage is the “home” or “stability” stage. This is the point when people start to feel at home in the new culture. At this stage, you will function well in a new culture, adopt certain features and behaviors from your new home. And prefer certain aspects of the new culture to your own culture.

There is, in a , a fifth stage to this process. If you decide to return home along period in a new culture, you may experience what is called “revenge culture shock”. This mean that you might find aspects of your own culture “foreign” because you are so used to the new culture that you have spent so long adjusting to. Reverse culture shock is usually pretty mild - you may notice things about your home culture that you have never noticed before, and some of the ways people do things may seem odd. Reverse culture shock rarely for very long.

Read the passage and choose which of the paragraphs A - F to fit into the numbered gaps in the following magazine article. There is one extra paragraph which does not fit any of the gaps. 

If you consider yourself to be particularly environmentally friendly, there was a community which may interest you. Here, in a large multi-home development known as BedZED, you can find architecture which is truly green. Buildings come with thick windows and walls, which regulate the temperature at a comfortable level throughout the year. The south-facing windows collect heat and light from the sun, as do solar panels fitted onto the exterior. Not only that, but BedZED is stylish, and every flat comes with a private garden.

As far as countries in the West are concerned, the buildings that people live and work in costume for more energy than transport, for example. However, architecture need not consume so much energy, nor produce so much in the way of CO2 emissions. The intelligent design of the housing at BedZED housing demonstrates that building can be made environmentally friendly, without particularly high costs or advanced technology.

And indeed, the BedZED community - which has some 84 homes - it's really rather cost-effective because of the economies of scale: the more home you build, the less you pay proportionately for the materials and construction of each individual home. This is as well as other benefits, is why BedZED is receiving more and more attention.

The technology used in the BedZED design could be implemented far more than it currently it, across different forms of architecture. It is neither a challenge, nor costly to install solar panels, triple-glazed windows, or to insulate floors and wall better. Indeed, according to some estimates, it would be easy to reduce the energy consumption of most of our buildings by up to 20% if we used more different design.

Indeed, according to researcher from the European Commission is Brussels, who works on energy efficiency, it would be possible to achieve a great deal simply by using existing technologies.

In large part, the drive for these changes has come from Europe. Here, governments are becoming more concerned about the dangers of relying too much on our current energy and aware of the need to meet energy-reduction goals. Many governments have given financial incentives for using energy-efficient design in the construction industry, and have to tightened regulations. Moreover, a European Union directive now requires house builders to  present evidence of how they are meeting energy-efficiency guidelines.

It also seems that governments are becoming more involved in the research and development of the environmentally friendly designs. At one laboratory in California, a team has experimented with architectural designs such as windows which become darker, on sunny days, thereby reducing the amount of heat coming into the house. This would, in theory, offer significant savings for people who make heavy use of air-conditioning in hot, sunny climate. Interesting initiatives have been taken elsewhere, too.

We still have not reached a situation in which the general public fully accepts such measures. From a marketing perspective, it can still be a difficulty to convince customers that energy efficient products are worthwhile. However, as energy prices rise, the sure to change.

List of paragraphs:

A. Governments elsewhere in the world are playing the part, too. In the US, the Energy Star program provides standards for the energy efficiency of consumer products, from home construction to computers and kitchen appliances. This has resulted in energy-efficient products becoming commonplace, and indeed, an attractive choice for consumers.

B. Both of these regions still make every possible attempt to meet energy consumption guidelines as governments around the world attempt to come to grips with the threat of global warming. there seems every likelihood that this project could lead the way - one can only hope that others will follow.

C. In India, for example, a New Delhi-based non-profit organization has helped to create systems where by small villages can see waste products from farming, and convert them into power. And in Sweden, there is a research into how heat from the ground can be used to provide hot water or heating for homes.

D. Although it might seem like a state-of-the-art paradise for the super-rich, it’s actually an estate of the affordable housing  built between 2000 and 2002 in the suburb of London. It can't be said that people who live here are all eco-warriors, but they are part of a growing tendency to find buildings which use less energy. 

E. This essentially means finding out how to increase efficiency in the least complicated manner possible. BedZED, for example, was planned so that even if the homes need more energy, despite their eco-friendly designs, there is still a power plant based on the site. This plant, which uses waste materials, can meet any remaining energy demands from residents.

F. Recently, this has been coming from Asia in the form of Indian and Chinese visitors. Also, more zero-energy communities are under construction elsewhere in the UK as well as in USA.

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I suppose you didn't enjoy that party so long, did you? => You can't .....?

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It was her lack of confidence that surprises me. => What I found.....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The passenger said to the taxi driver: "Hurry up!" and he added "I must be at the station on time."

=> The passenger told .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The only reason why she got promotion is that she's competent. => Were it .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

That rumor about the politician and the construction contract is absolutely false.

=> There is .....

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Attendance at the additional evening lectures is not obligatory for students. (under)

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

All are eligible for the contest. There is no discrimination of race and sex. (regardless)

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I don't care if she doesn't write to me. (difference)

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

They couldn't deceive customers although they used attractive advertisements. (Whatever)

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I don't know how he is going to accept the fact that he has lost his job. (terms)