Đề thi vào lớp 10 môn Anh Chuyên - PTNK TPHCM 2018

10/8/2020 11:00:00 AM

Read the passage and choose the correct answer.

A. Advantages of time management:

gains time, motivates and initiates, reduces avoidance, promotes review of work, eliminates cramming for exams, reduces anxiety.

Keys to successful time management:

- Self-knowledge and goals: In order to manage your time successfully, having an awareness of what your goals are will assist you in prioritising.

- Developing and maintaining a personal, flexible schedule: Time management provides you with the opportunity to create a schedule that works for you, not for the others. This personal attention gives you the flexibility to include things that are most important to you.

B. What is RescueTime?

RescueTime is a web-based time-management tool that allows you to easily understand how you spend your time. You install a program on your computer and we magically track all of your time usage.

I always have a lot of different applications and sites open at any given time. How does RescueTime handle that?

RescueTime doesn't really care which applications you have open, but rather pays attention to which application or side is currently “in focus”. In other words, we are measuring what’s what you are paying attention to, not what you have open.

What about when I get up from my computer? How are you going to measure that?

Why would you ever want to do that? Seriously, though - RescueTime has an idle timeout that will stop the data collection process if there hasn't been mouse or keyboard activity for a certain period of time.

How accurate is RescueTime?

We like to say that RescueTime is about 95% accurate. Because of idle detection, RescueTime can sometimes over-report by a few seconds here and there. We are constantly working to improve accuracy.

C. Have you been trying to improve your time management skills or overall personal effectiveness? Do you feel like you are still missing some key details? If so, we've got something for you.

This personal time management guide and the accompanying newsletter are dedicated to building a stronger foundation for your success. One skill at a time.

Each section of the guide is an important building block you can put into your foundation right now. Take one of the pages and read it: you will gain the key insights and practical tips for one of the core areas of higher personal effectiveness. Take another page and do the same. Each article will move you one step forward in something that could be limiting your success Ievel today.

D. Time management is commonly defined as the various means by which people effectively use their time and other closely related resources in order to make the most out of it. It refers to principles and systems that individuals use to make conscious decisions about the activities that occupy their time.

However, it has been said that you can’t manage time, time just is. So “time management” is a mislabelled problem. What you really manage is your activity during time.

In which text does the writer answer questions?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

In which text does the writer promote a book?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

In which text does the writer define something?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

In which text does the writer address students?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

In which text does the writer claim that time management is good for people who procrastinate?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
Which text is saying the following: They can accurately track how you use your time.
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
Which text is saying the following: Certain insights can improve your effectiveness.
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Which text is saying the following: Time cannot be managed.

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
Which text is saying the following: You need to know your priorities.
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
Which text is saying the following: It’s easy to tell when you are not working on the computer.
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
Don’t panic; your key will probably _______ when you least expect it.
  • turn up
  • run up against
  • come across
  • put down

John's never happy. He's always _____ about one thing or another.

  • considering
  • finding fault
  • grumbling
  • criticizing
The retiring firemen received a commemorative gift ________ a set of pens and pencils.
  • involving
  • comprising
  • composing
  • consisting

Many children in state schools have expressed frustration at having to ________ with values they don’t share.

  • corroborate
  • conceive
  • comply
  • comprise
Experts have discovered a fossil that has been so exceptionally well preserved that even its tissue is __________.
  • inflated
  • inaudible
  • intact
  • indiscreet
Don’t forget to plug in the __________ cable before turning the printer on.
  • inspection
  • connection
  • retention
  • detection
I’ll be back one of these days, and we’ll have a ________ meal together.
  • slap down
  • slap-bang
  • slapdash
  • slap-up
Sally __________ when she heard that her sister was on the hijacked plane.
  • took aback
  • broke down
  • put off
  • fell out
Then I lay there wide _________ until after midnight, thinking about nothing else.
  • woken
  • awake
  • awoke
  • waking

- "Have you taken everything into account?"

- "Yes, I think I’ve made _______ for just about everything."

  • acknowledgements
  • remedies
  • allowances
  • deficits
Sports journalists are saying that the home side is _______ to win the championship match tomorrow.
  • resolute
  • feasible
  • bound
  • probable

Rising temperatures are said to be ________ the habitats and feeding patterns of penguins.

  • marring
  • dotting
  • shifting
  • altering
Recently Tawfiq Al-Sudairi, the deputy minister of Islamic Affairs in Saudi Arabia, ______ his disapproval of the political interpretation of Islam.
  • spoke
  • said
  • told
  • voiced
Thus, you convince them that this piece is ________, so no one will attack us outside in an attempt to steal it.
  • invaluable
  • valueless
  • priceless
  • unworthy
The horrific plane crash was ______ pilot error.
  • resulted in
  • inflicted by
  • attributed to
  • admonished by

Stop shouting! You’re ______ attention to yourself.

  • accepting
  • drawing
  • paying
  • accumulating
The President had to _______ her vacation after hearing about the natural disaster.
  • restrain
  • restrict
  • curtail
  • desert
Children were taught at home long before public schools were even _____.
  • in principle
  • on the whole
  • at liberty
  • in existence
Economists claim that restricting the free flow of goods will cause global economic _______ and decline.
  • stagnation
  • boom
  • capitalization
  • regimen
Renewable forms of energy are now quite cost _____.
  • successful
  • ignorant
  • productive
  • effective

Read this post carefully and answer the questions that follow. 

JAYWALKING

The origins of jaywalking, the illegal crossing of a roadway by a pedestrian, lie in a propaganda campaign by the motor industry in the early 1900s. The word “jaywalker” was first used to describe someone from the countryside who wasn’t accustomed to the rules of the road for pedestrians in the city, so would attempt to cross the streets anywhere. In 1913, a department store in New York hired a Santa Claus, who stood on the sidewalk bellowing at people who didn’t cross the street properly and calling them jaywalkers.

The idea of being fined for crossing the road at undesignated areas or without regard for traffic regulations can confuse foreign visitors to the US. The UK, Norway and France are among the many developed countries where jaywalking is not an offence, but their rates of pedestrian injuries are lower than those of the US. However, a handful of countries have followed the lead of the US and imposed anti-jaywalking measures. Police in China, for example, began fining jaywalkers in 2013, and in Singapore, jaywalking can lead to a $1000 fine or a three-month jail term.

In the US, jaywalking can result in a fine ranging from $190 to $250. As in most countries with anti-jaywalking legislation, enforcement of the law here is sporadic, often only triggered by repeated complaints from drivers in certain areas. But jaywalking has been illegal in the US for many decades. According to Jacob Rath, a history professor at the University of Virginia, a key moment was in 1929 when a petition was signed by the citizens of Cincinnati to limit the top speed of cars to 25mph. Though the petition failed, car makers scrambled to shift the blame for pedestrian casualties from motorists to pedestrians. Soon, he adds, they also started influencing school safety education by stressing that “streets are for cars, not for children”. As a result, anti-jaywalking laws were adopted in many cities and had become the norm by the end of the 1930s.

In the decades that followed, the overriding goal of city planners and engineers was to allow traffic to circulate unhindered. “For years, pedestrians were essentially written out of the equation when it came to designing streets,” says Tom Vanderbilt, author of Traffic - Why We Drive the Way We Do. “They didn’t even appear in early computer models, and when they did, it was largely for their role in blocking vehicle traffic. This has made US cities unusually hostile to pedestrians,” says Vanderbilt. Jaywalking has become an “often misunderstood umbrella term”, covering many situations in which the pedestrian should, in effect, have the right of way.

In the US, resistance to anti-jaywalking legislation is growing. The Los Angeles Police Department recently advertised an anti-jaywalking campaign on its Facebook page, respondents accused the police of simply seeking an easy source of revenue. And in New York, in its effort to crack down on jaywalking, the mayor’s office has come up against opposition from voters and police officers. Advocates of jaywalking say careless drivers, not pedestrians, are most often to blame for motorists-pedestrian accidents, pedestrian deaths and injuries, and that there is no evidence to prove that anti-jaywalking campaigns are effective. They believe that there is too little experimentation with projects that aim to make US cities more pedestrian-friendly, such as increasing motorists’ awareness of pedestrians and reducing traffic speeds in urban areas.

Leave your comments:

Very interesting facts about jaywalking, but your post is wrong when it states that “it is not an offence in the UK”. Jaywalking is an offence in Northern Ireland (part of the UK), although, fortunately, traffic officers rarely enforce the law. But if and when they do, it can result in either a written warning or a £30 fine. - Ian McInnes

Which of the following is closest in meaning to “bellowing” in paragraph 1?

  • yelling
  • smiling
  • staring
  • waving

Who would most likely be fined for jaywalking in the United States?

  • a person from the countryside who crosses the road at a crosswalk
  • someone who hurriedly crosses the road near a crosswalk
  • a pedestrian standing on the sidewalk outside a department store
  • a motorist who is unaware of the rules of the road for pedestrians

What does the author imply in the second paragraph?

  • More countries have anti-jaywalking measures than those that don’t.
  • Anti-jaywalking measures don’t guarantee low pedestrian injury rates.
  • Traffic regulations in the US are confusing for foreign visitors.
  • Jaywalking should not be an offence in any developed country.

Who campaigned for the introduction of anti-jaywalking legislation?

  • the auto industry
  • the citizens of Cincinnati
  • educationalists
  • motorists

Which of the following is closest in meaning to “written out of the equation” in paragraph 4?

  • frustrated
  • disregarded
  • deceived
  • reprimanded

How did early city planners view pedestrians?

  • They thought that they made the roads unsafe for motorists.
  • They regarded them as being vital elements in road design.
  • They considered them to be traffic obstructions.
  • They believed they should have the right of way on the streets.

What can be inferred about traffic officers in the US?

  • They want to abolish anti-jaywalking legislation.
  • They would like to see a limit on the top speed of cars.
  • They believe that the fine for jaywalking is too high.
  • They don’t consider fining jaywalkers a top priority.

What do people who oppose anti-jaywalking laws believe?

  • The laws help reduce the number of motorist-pedestrian accidents.
  • Jaywalking fines are a necessary source of income for cities.
  • Motorists are unaware of what jaywalking actually is.
  • Pedestrian-friendly projects should be implemented.

Why has Ian McInnes left a comment on the weblog?

  • to stress that the fine for jaywalking in his country is avoidable
  • to point out the Northern Ireland is part of the UK
  • to correct information in Mike Bruberg’s post
  • to argue for the rights of pedestrians
What best describes the style of Mike Bruberg’s post ?
  • a public complaint against jaywalking
  • an informative analysis of jaywalking
  • a subjective opinion on jaywalking
  • a sentimental defense of jaywalking

Read the text about homework and choose the correct word that best fits each of the blanks.

A study of the impact of homework in different countries claims that the pressure of homework causes between children and parents. According to the study, this pressure is most evident in families where parents are for their children to succeed at school.

The recently released study is a review of research over 75 years, which the impact of homework in the United Kingdom, the United States, Europe, Australia and the Middle East. It claims homework can become a source of tension, particularly when parents try to too much control.

The study states that parents have the most positive influence when they offer moral support, make appropriate resources available and discuss general issues, adding that parents should only offer their help when their children specifically ask them to. The report also backs the effectiveness of homework clubs, which have recently popular in many schools. These provide a quiet where children can study after formal lessons finish, with a teacher often available to help them. Children feel that these clubs homework enjoyable and given them a better chance of passing exams.

Choose the sentence which is CLOSEST in meaning to the given one.

"You have spoilt my party,” she told her brother.

  • She apologized for spoiling her brother’s party.
  • She accused her brother of spoiling her party.
  • She has asked her brother to spoil her party.
  • She threatened to spoil her brother’s party.

Choose the sentence which is CLOSEST in meaning to the given one.

She had never been to such a boring party before.

  • She shouldn’t have been so bored at the party.
  • Rarely does she go to boring parties.
  • Never before had she been so bored at a party.
  • She avoids going to boring parties

Choose the sentence which is CLOSEST in meaning to the given one.

Cathy had better stop eating so much chocolate.

  • Cathy wishes she could give up eating chocolate.
  • Cathy ought to stop eating so much chocolate.
  • Cathy would prefer to stop eating so much chocolate.
  • Cathy may have given up eating so much chocolate.

Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to this one.

Bill should have arrived by now.

  • Bill has just arrived.
  • I expected Bill to have arrived before.
  • I think Bill should be here very soon.
  • Bill is going to arrive any minute.

Choose the sentence which is CLOSEST in meaning to the given one.

Without his help, she would not have managed to solve the problem.

  • She managed to solve the problem on her own.
  • She's unable to solve the problem without his help.
  • If he hadn't helped her, she wouldn't have been able to solve the problem.
  • If he helps her, she'll be able to solve the problem.

Read the text about oil spill and choose the correct word that best fits each of the blanks.

On an ecologist’s list of nightmares, this looked like an easy member of the Top Five. An Ecuadorian fuel tanker, the Jessica, ran aground in the Galapagos archipelago and slowly spilled its of 240 000 gallons of oil into the surrounding ocean. The disaster threatened to choke a unique and delicate ; the islands whose giant tortoises and 15 related species of finch inspired Charles Darwin’s “The Origin of Species” in 1859.

The emergency began when the captain of the Jessica, a 30-year-old boat, a buoy for a lighthouse and ran aground off the shore of San Cristobal Island. The ship’s cargo was 65% diesel oil for Baltra Island and 35% bunker fuel, a heavier form of oil used by tour boats. Rescue teams from the Ecuadorian navy and state-owned fuel company began fuel from the damaged vessel, but after three days of battering by waves up to 2 meters in , the Jessica began leaking oil into the sea and would pour out over 180000 gallons.

One week later, the government declared a state of in the Galapagos archipelago, setting an initial $2 million for cleanup operations.

The English spoken in Canada is similar ________ the United States.
  • to these in
  • with that of
  • with that in
  • to that of

After the eruption, lava _______ out of the volcano and poured down the mountainside.

  • has spewed
  • was spewed
  • spewing
  • spewed
This prestigious university ______ just over $2 million to nanotechnology research recently.
  • says to allocate
  • said to have allocated
  • is said to have allocated
  • is said that they allocated
According to the investigation, he died not from a blow to the head _______.
  • but of a heart attack
  • but his heart failed him
  • only of a heart attack
  • instead of his heart attack

"Did Celine ever graduate from university?"

"No, _____ at university for 18 months, she dropped out to find work."

  • she had been
  • after having been
  • while being
  • since she was
________ Keith made in his attempt to catch the dog that he strained his back.
  • Such a great effort
  • Such was the effort
  • So was the effort that
  • So great effort

The examinee couldn’t understand the question, so he asked _____ from the supervisor.

  • for clarification
  • to clarify
  • for clarifying
  • to be clarified
With the increase in international crime, it is logical to ______ searched at customs nowadays.
  • assuming that you are
  • assume to be
  • assume you will be
  • assume being
Democrats would have done better in the midterms _________ they run as the peace party.
  • had
  • if
  • unless
  • were

Human Rights Watch documented that thousands of orphans and abandoned children _________ each year.

  • are vanished in
  • vanish
  • have been vanished
  • get vanished

- "He needs to go on a strict diet."

- "I agree. He does eat ________ much."

  • too much
  • that
  • much too
  • too very

- "Didn’t you hear the door bell?"

- "No, I _________ fast asleep."

  • had to be
  • must be
  • should have been
  • must have been
There seemed to be a consensus that the new proposal _______ at the meeting.
  • has rejected
  • be rejected
  • should reject
  • was rejected
Christine has never ____________ to anybody about anything in her life.
  • lied
  • laid
  • lain
  • lay
Medical researchers have recently discovered what __________ to be a new strain of the killer virus.
  • appears
  • is appearing
  • was appeared
  • appears as if

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • chateau
  • chain
  • chapter
  • charm

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • courageous
  • gaseous
  • gorgeous
  • cretaceous

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • cough

  • tough

  • hiccough

  • rough

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • together
  • generation
  • genre
  • genitive

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • orphan
  • dolphin
  • shepherd
  • asphalt

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Nowadays, despite their parents’ efforts to keep them innocent, children are growing up much more quickly than they did a generation ago.

  • despite
  • are growing up
  • more quickly
  • did

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

In those countries where public health care is available, less unnecessary medical procedures occur and lawyers are rarely involved in settling disputes.

  • those countries where
  • less
  • occur
  • involved in

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Julia has discovered that she can express her opinions more freely through her diary and not in her letters.

  • has discovered
  • through
  • diary
  • and not in

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

In the 18th century, careers in medicine and law were prestigious, but it did not require practitioners to hold college degrees.

  • were
  • it
  • did not require
  • to hold

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The director’s second movie is quite different from his first and, in continuity at least, is more superior to it.

  • quite different
  • at least
  • more superior
  • it

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Human population, far from being randomly scattered across the continents, appear to be distributed in circular patterns.

  • from being
  • randomly
  • appear
  • to be distributed

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Edward Graves was one of a handful of people who committed his life to preserve the pristine wilderness of the Sierra Nevada mountains.

  • was one of
  • committed
  • his
  • to preserve

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

When rumors of a secret wedding began to spread, neither of the movie stars were available for comment.

  • When
  • began to spread
  • neither of
  • were

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The main rule of the stables is clearly posted and reads as follows: anyone who has not rode a horse before must be accompanied on the trail by an experienced guide.

  • is
  • reads
  • rode
  • by an experienced guide

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • compulsory
  • federation
  • parabolic
  • mausoleum

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • meteorite
  • consequently
  • preferable
  • certificate

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • carol
  • garnish
  • simmer
  • promote

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • nominate
  • compromise
  • ultimate
  • embroider

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • minimize
  • applicant
  • satellite
  • bilingual