Đề số 1 ôn thi Anh Chuyên vào 10 CNN

3/7/2020 10:20:00 PM
Choose the word whose underlined and bold part is pronounced differently from that of the rest.
  • elaborate

  • apostrophe

  • economic

  • catastrophe

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others in each group.
  • exhaust
  • heritage
  • grasshoper

  • hurricane
Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.
  • incline

  • eradicate

  • exacerbate

  • enclosure

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

  • measure

  • pleasure
  • peasant
  • feasible

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • archaeology
  • indispensable
  • vocabulary
  • pharmaceutical

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • compliment
  • excellent
  • nominate
  • distinguish

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • priority
  • temperature
  • considerate
  • traditional
Choose the word whose main stress is placed differently from the others in this group.
  • recycle
  • memorial
  • convenient
  • decompose

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Flats which are both comfortable and reasonably priced are few and far between in the current context of economic crisis.

  • uncommon
  • non-existent
  • unusual
  • non-standard

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Despite modern advances, most people still have an irrational fear of hospitals and anesthetics.

  • unacceptable
  • unreasonable
  • unachievable
  • unavoidable
Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.
His new yacht is certainly an ostentatious display of his wealth.
  • showy
  • expensive
  • large
  • ossified

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Many animals, like the otter who uses a stone to crack mussel shells, are capable of using objects in the natural environment as rudimentary tools.

  • technical
  • basic
  • superior
  • original
Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.
Those who advocate for doctor-assisted suicide say the terminally ill should not have to suffer.
  • support
  • oppose
  • annul
  • convict

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

With the dawn of space exploration, the notion that atmospheric conditions on Earth may be unique in the solar system was strengthened.

  • end
  • continuation
  • expansion
  • beginning
According to their letter, we ____ them with a copy of our company’s accounts before we can order any cars on contract hire.
  • have supplied
  • have to supply
  • may have supplied
  • used to supply
________ is his kindness that he is loved by everyone.
  • So
  • There
  • This
  • Such

- "Have you taken everything into account?"

- "Yes, I think I’ve made _______ for just about everything."

  • acknowledgements
  • remedies
  • allowances
  • deficits
Children were taught at home long before public schools were even _____.
  • in principle
  • on the whole
  • at liberty
  • in existence
Economists claim that restricting the free flow of goods will cause global economic _______ and decline.
  • stagnation
  • boom
  • capitalization
  • regimen

Choose the best option that best fits each of the blanks to complete the passage.

Having a roof over your head is a necessity that we in the western world have into an art form - a stylish place to dwell is now intrinsic to our happiness. But the way we live also has to keep pace with rapidly changing lifestyles and as our towards the environment change, we're becoming more aware that our homes 5 need to tread more lightly on the earth. Architects are to this creative challenge, designing inspiring buildings that respond both to our modern lives, and to our growing sense of environmental responsibility. These new buildings boast contemporary aesthetics while encouraging us to live more responsibly by using resources. From innovative designs of tiny capsule dwellings to elegant family homes with robust green features, sustainable ideas are permeating modern design. And it seems we're on the verge of a seismic shift. One idea doing the rounds is that because our aspirations have changed, we can now be content with far fewer possessions. This concept Horden Cherry Lee to design the micro-compact home, a sleek pad only two cubic meters in size, spacious enough for two people to live in for short periods. Professor Horden justifies these compact proportions in of our modern habits: status is increasingly gained by having a high degree of mobility rather than merely owning things.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Many ants forage across the countryside in large numbers and undertake mass migrations; these activities proceed because one ant lays a trail on the ground for the others to follow. As a worker ant returns home after finding a source of food, it marks the route by intermittently touching its stinger to the ground and depositing a tiny amount of trail pheromone – a mixture of chemicals that delivers diverse messages as the context changes.

These trails incorporate no directional information and may be followed by other ants in either direction. Unlike some other messages, such as the one arising from a dead ant, a food trail has to be kept secret from members of other species. It is not surprising then that ant species use a wide variety of compounds as trail pheromones. Ants can be extremely sensitive to these signals. Investigators working with the trail pheromone of the leafcutter ant Atta texana calculated that one milligram of this substance would suffice to lead a column of ants three times around Earth.

The vapor of the evaporating pheromone over the trail guides an ant along the way, and the ant detects this signal with receptors in its antennae. A trail pheromone will evaporate to furnish the highest concentration of vapor right over the trail, in what is called a vapor space. In following the trail, the ant moves to the right and left, oscillating from side to side across the line of the trail itself, bringing first one and then the other antenna into the vapor space. As the ant moves to the right, its left antenna arrives in the vapor space. The signal it receives causes it to swing to the left, and the ant then pursues this new course until its right antenna reaches the vapor space. It then swings back to the right, and so weaves back and forth down the trail.

What does the passage mainly discuss?
  • The mass migration of ants
  • How ants mark and follow a chemical trail
  • Different species of ants around the world
  • The information contained in pheromones
The word “intermittently” is closest in meaning to _______.
  • periodically
  • incorrectly
  • rapidly
  • roughly
The phrase “the one” refers to a single _______.
  • message
  • dead ant
  • food trail
  • species
According to the passage, why do ants use different compounds as trail pheromones?
  • To reduce their sensitivity to some chemicals
  • To attract different types of ants
  • To protect their trail from other species
  • To indicate how far away the food is
The author mentions the trail pheromone of the leafcutter ant in line 9 to point out _______.
  • how little pheromone is needed to mark a trail
  • the different types of pheromones ants can produce
  • a type of ant that is common in many parts of the world
  • that certain ants can produce up to one milligram of pheromone
According to the passage, how are ants guided by trail pheromones?
  • They concentrate on the smell of food.
  • They follow an ant who is familiar with the trail
  • They avoid the vapor spaces by moving in a straight line.
  • They sense the vapor through their antennae.
The word “oscillating” is closest in meaning to _______.
  • falling
  • depositing
  • swinging
  • starting
According to the passage, the highest amount of pheromone vapor is found _______.
  • in the receptors of the ants
  • just above the trail
  • in the source of food
  • under the soil along the trail

- A: “Have you told your dad what's bothering you?

- B: “I'd _____ in you than in my parents."

  • rather to confide
  • better confide
  • rather my confiding
  • sooner confide

Nancy and James are talking about their school days.

Nancy: "I think school days are the best time of our lives."

James: "______. We had sweet memories together then."

  • That's nonsense
  • Absolutely
  • I'm afraid so
  • I doubt it

Two students are talking about the school curriculum.

- Ted: "Swimming should be made part of the school curriculum."

- Kate: "______. It is an essential life skill."

  • Oh, that's a problem
  • I can't agree with you more
  • Not at all
  • You can make it

Jane is talking to Mike, who has just helped her with her luggage.

- Jane: "______"

- Mike: "It's my pleasure."

  • It's too heavy.
  • It's not my duty.
  • Thanks a lot, indeed.
  • Welcome back.

Ben: "I think people should be allowed to smoke on trains and buses. Don’t you?"

John: "_______ But it's acceptable if they smoke in private settings."

  • I don't know.
  • I don’t think so.
  • That’s totally out of the question.
  • Well, maybe.

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. I went away for a few days.

b. What was wrong with her?

c. Jane wasn’t feeling well.

d. She felt tired and hot, so she stayed in bed. What did you do?

  • a-b-c-d
  • b-c-d-a
  • c-b-d-a
  • b-c-a-d

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. I thought she'd be happy.

b. Did you see May today?

c. Yeah, especially since she got a promotion recently.

d. Maybe it's some kind of personal problem.

e. Yes. But why does she have such a long face?

f. I don't have the foggiest idea.

  • b-a-e-f-c-d
  • e-b-c-f-d-a
  • b-e-f-a-c-d
  • f-a-b-d-c-e

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Why don’t you book a dentist’s appointment?
b. Maybe I can help you typing. I’m not doing anything right now.
c. My tooth’s hurt.
d. I can’t. I’m busy typing 180 pages for my new project manager.

  • a-d-b-c
  • c-a-d-b
  • d-b-c-a
  • c-b-d-a

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Doesn’t matter. I’ll see you at lunch.
b. Don’t you have an English class now?
c. No, I don’t. I only have English on Monday. Today is Tuesday.
d. Well, I thought I have English with you now so that we can talk in class.

  • b-c-d-a
  • d-a-b-c
  • b-a-d-c
  • b-c-a-d

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. I guess so.  But think about Africa.

b. I heard that, but it's not surprising actually, 'cause we haven't had as much rain as normal this year.

c. Did you hear that?  The drought conditions are severe!  There's a lot of death, dying, and suffering out there!

d. I guess you might have to quit watering your garden.  I heard that they are going to start rationing water.  In fact, this morning I happened to hear on the radio that the reservoir had dipped below half its capacity this month and the volume of water entering the reservoir is the smallest in fifty years. 

e. Well, if it could rain even a drop, things would be much better!  And my flowers in the garden would come back in a heartbeat.

f. Really!  I thought that might happen. Great! There go my vegetables!   

  • c-b-e-d-f-a
  • e-a-d-f-b-c
  • f-a-b-e-c-d
  • d-a-e-b-c-f

Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to this one.

Bill should have arrived by now.

  • Bill has just arrived.
  • I expected Bill to have arrived before.
  • I think Bill should be here very soon.
  • Bill is going to arrive any minute.

Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to this one.

“Why don't you participate in the volunteer work in summer,” said Sophie.

  • Sophie suggested me to participate in the volunteer work in summer.
  • Sophie asked me why not participate in the volunteer work in summer.
  • Sophie suggested my participating in the volunteer work in summer.
  • Sophie made me participate in the volunteer work in summer.

Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to this one.

“You shouldn’t have leaked our confidential report to the press, Frank!” said Jane.

  • Jane suspected that Frank had leaked their confidential report to the press.
  • Jane accused Frank of having cheated the press with their confidential report.
  • Jane blamed Frank for having flattered the press with their confidential report.
  • Jane criticized Frank for having disclosed their confidential report to the press.

Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to this one.

It is reported that the harvest had been wiped out due to heavy frost.

  • The harvest is reported that it had been wiped out due to heavy frost.
  • The harvest is reported to have been wiped out due to heavy frost.
  • It is reported that heavy frost had been wiped out the harvest.
  • The harvest had been reported to be wiped out due to heavy frost.

Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to this one.

Every soldier will have to use a radio after landing.

  • It’s a must of every soldier that they use a radio allot they landed.
  • That every soldier needs a radio to use after landing will be necessary.
  • After landing it will be vital that every soldier use a radio.
  • Every soldier's using a radio will he needed once landed.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Electronic devices are bad for your eyes. Their radiation is very harmful.

  • Electronic devices that their radiation is very harmful are bad for your eyes.
  • Electronic devices which their radiation is very harmful are bad for your eyes.
  • Electronic devices, whose radiation is very harmful, are bad for your eyes.
  • Electronic devices, which are bad for your eyes, their radiation is very harmful.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Alternative sources of energy have environmental advantages. It’s not easy to make full use of them.

  • Because alternative sources of energy have environmental advantages, it’s not easy to make full use of them.
  • Alternative sources of energy have environmental advantages, so it’s not easy to make full use of them.
  • Despite their environmental advantages, it’s not easy to make full use of alternative sources of energy.
  • Although alternative sources of energy have environmental advantages, but it’s not easy to make full use of them.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Greenpeace has realized the seriousness of environmental pollution. It urges the government worldwide to take action soon.

  • Having realized the seriousness of environmental pollution, Greenpeace urges the government worldwide to take action soon.
  • Greenpeace has realized the seriousness of environmental pollution so that it urges the government worldwide to take action soon.
  • Greenpeace has realized the seriousness of environmental pollution whereas it urges the government worldwide to take action soon.
  • Realized the seriousness of environmental pollution, or else Greenpeace urges the government worldwide to take action soon.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

He died in 1960. He received the bravery award in 1970.

  • After his death, he received the bravery award in 1970.
  • He died in 1960 so he received the bravery award in 1970.
  • Before his death, he received the bravery award in 1970.
  • Because he died in 1970, he received the bravery award in 1970.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

His wife gave birth to their first child. He understood what true responsibility meant.

  • Never has he understood true responsibility before he became a parent himself.
  • Were his first child not to be born, he wouldn’t understand true responsibility.
  • Hardly had he understood true responsibility when their first child was born.
  • Not until he became a parent did he understand what true responsibility meant.

Read và choose the correct answers. 

Every year, thousands of people successfully order goods from mail order catalogs. However, some (1) _____________ find that the goods they ordered look nothing like the pictures, arrive damaged, or don't arrive at all. Here are some tips to help protect yourself when you shop through the mail.

  • Before placing your first order, ask around. Have your friends or family used this catalog before? How was their experience? Were they satisfied with the goods and service? Would they use the company again?
  • (2)___________ Look for companies that offer a no-questions asked return policy. Check whether you will have to pay postage if you need to return goods.
  • Always include shipping costs and sales tax in the final price when comparing costs. (3) ____________ Make sure you know exactly what you are paying for.
  • How long will you have to wait for your order. If you need something in a hurry, (4) ____________
  • Keep records of your orders, including the catalog name, address, telephone number, and the date that you placed the order. Of course, you should also keep track of items ordered, operator name, and expected date of delivery.
  • If you encounter any problems with a mail-order company, contact a consumer advocacy group. (5) ___________

Choose the correct answer for (1).

  • less unlucky customers
  • more unfortunate individuals
  • desperate shoppers
  • certain sensible persons

Choose the correct answer for (2)

  • Leave out all questions asked by the companies.
  • Not all return policies implemented entirely for the sake of the customer.
  • Ignore the return policy.
  • Read all available information, including the return policy.

Choose the correct answer for (3)

  • In some cases, the shipping costs can really add up.
  • Being closer to the factory can aid in shipping costs and time.
  • Shipping costs and delivery times also are included in the price search.
  • And few mail-order companies will eat the shipping costs of returned goods.

Choose the correct answer for (4)

  • shopping by mail might not be the best option.
  • there are numerous factors you should consider.
  • do not consider local shopping.
  • the ultimate option would be shopping by mail.

Choose the correct answer for (5)

  • Although such groups are private organizations, governments pay a significant role in supporting and regulating them.
  • Such groups can help consumers meet their needs or even turn them into long-standing “friends”.
  • You can easily find telephone numbers for such groups in the telephone directory or on the Internet.
  • Such groups can provide much-needed extra voice and leverage.