Đề số 2 Anh Chuyên vào 10 CNN năm 2020 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

3/14/2020 6:48:00 PM
Choose the word which underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.
  • bombing
  • plumber
  • subject
  • debt

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • exhalation

  • exuberant

  • execution

  • exhibition

Choose the word which underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • struggle
  • reduction
  • multiply
  • endure

Choose the word which underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • complained

  • hatred

  • naked

  • ragged

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • worldclass
  • wheelchair
  • firewood
  • blackmail

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • admirable
  • accessible
  • compatible
  • respiratory

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • eradicate
  • kilometer
  • characterize
  • communism

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • descent
  • dissent
  • discontent
  • content

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

In spite of her embarrassment before Rodya's urgent and challenging look, she could not deny herself that satisfaction.

  • hard
  • curious
  • demanding
  • difficult

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Many inhabitants in the village have been inflicted with cancer due to the polluted source of water.

  • have fought against
  • have prevented
  • have suffered from
  • have avoided

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The neighbors' constant wrangles with each other shattered our tranquility.

  • wrecks
  • wraths
  • quarrels
  • conversations

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Organized research may discourage novel approaches and inhibit creativity, so seminal discoveries are still likely to be made by inventors in the classic individualistic tradition.

  • common
  • coherent
  • varied
  • unbiased
Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).
Fields and gardens not far from the site of the explosion now are resplendent with daffodils, roses and tulips.
  • perfect
  • gloomy
  • diverse
  • beautiful
Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).
Children are more receptive to new experiences if their parents prepare them ahead of time.
  • recognizable
  • understanding
  • intriguing
  • inaccessible
You ____ anything to me if you want to spend virtually your entire wages on lottery tickets, then that’s up to you.
  • don’t have to explain
  • weren’t able to explain
  • shouldn’t have explained
  • weren’t supposed to explain
After Jim’s accident and his subsequent appearance in court, he was ___________ from driving for a year.
  • dispossessed
  • disqualified
  • arrested
  • captured
He is not willing to embrace new ideas. He is _________.
  • single-minded
  • narrow-minded
  • absent-minded
  • feeble-minded
I always get _________ in the stomach before sitting an exam.
  • worms
  • butterflies
  • crabs
  • ants
Kathy __________ comes up with a solution when everyone else is at a loss.
  • absolutely
  • invariably
  • persistently
  • universally

Read the passage below and decide which word best fits each space.

SCENTS IN THE OFFICE

   The word "jasmine" images of a delicate white flower with a wonderful perfume. Since ancient times, many people have believed that the flower's perfume has the to heal. It is therefore unsurprising that studies are now being out on effects of the scent of jasmine and other perfumes in an office environment. Researchers in Japan have found that when the air was scented jasmine, computer operators made 33% fewer errors. Orange, rose and lavender perfumes have also been to make people work more efficiently and to their stress levels.
   Although these studies originally took place in Japan, a recent in the UK found that 40% employers support the idea of scenting the workplace. In fact, one store has already two different perfumes into the front and the back of its shop in the hope that they will have a calming effect on its customers.

Read the following passage and choose the best answer to each of the following questions.

In this era of increasing and diminishing fossil fuel supplies, we must begin to put a greater priority on harnessing alternative energy sources. Fortunately, there are many readily available, renewable resources that are both cost-effective and earth-friendly. Two such resources are solar and geothermal power.

Solar energy, which reaches the earth through sunlight, is so abundant that it could meet the needs of worldwide energy consumption 6,000 times over. And solar energy is easily harnessed through the use of photovoltaic cells converting sunlight to electricity. In the US alone, more than 100,000 homes are equipped with solar electric systems in the form of solar panels or solar roof tiles. And in other parts of the world, the use of solar system is growing steadily.

Another alternative energy source is geothermal power which creates energy trapping heat from below the surface of the earth. Hot water and steam that are trapped in underground pools are pumped to the surface and used to run a generator, which produces electricity. Geothermal energy is 5,000 times more abundant than the entire known supply of fossil fuel sources and as with solar power, the technology needed to utilize geothermal energy is fairly simple. A prime example of effective geothermal use is Iceland, a region of high geothermal activity where there are over 80 percent of private homes heated by geothermal power.

Solar and geothermal energy sources are just two of the promising renewable alternatives to conventional energy sources. The time is long overdue to invest in the development and use of alternative energy on global scale.

What is the main topic of this passage?

  • The benefits of solar and wind power over conventional energy sources.
  • Two types of alternative energy sources that should be further utilized.
  • How energy resources are trapped from nature.
  • Examples of the use of energy sources worldwide.

What best describe the author’s purpose in writing the passage?

  • To warn about the hazard of fossil fuel use.
  • To inform people of the benefits of developing alternative energy sources.
  • To describe the advantages and disadvantages of alternative energy use.
  • To outline the problems and solutions connected with global warming.

According to the passage, how is solar energy production similar to geothermal energy production?

  • They both require the use of a generator.
  • They both use heat from the earth's surface.
  • They both require fairly simple technology.
  • They are both conventional and costly.

According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE about solar power?

  • There is very little of it available in Iceland.
  • It is being used in 100,000 private homes worldwide.
  • it is 6,000 times more powerful than the energy needs of the world.
  • There is enough of it to far exceed the energy needs of the world.

What does the word “which” in paragraph 3 refer to?

  • An alternative energy resource
  • A machine for generating electricity
  • Geothermal power
  • The use of photovoltaic cells

What can be inferred from the use of geothermal energy in Iceland?

  • It is the widely used form of energy for heating homes.
  • Twenty percent of the geothermal energy generated is used to heat the cath.
  • It is not effective for use in private homes.
  • It is 80 times more effective than traditional forms of fuel use.

The word “conventional” in paragraph 4 can be replaced by _______.

  • optimistic
  • traditional
  • effective
  • abundant

It is stated in the passage that ______

  • An increased number of countries are using solar energy.
  • The heat coming from inside the earth can be utilized almost everywhere on earth.
  • Only solar energy is environmentally friendly.
  • Geothermal heat can provide 80% of power needs in Iceland.

Jane is talking to Mike, who has just helped her with her luggage.

- Jane: "______"

- Mike: "It's my pleasure."

  • It's too heavy.
  • It's not my duty.
  • Thanks a lot, indeed.
  • Welcome back.

Two students are talking about the school curriculum.

- Ted: "Swimming should be made part of the school curriculum."

- Kate: "______. It is an essential life skill."

  • Oh, that's a problem
  • I can't agree with you more
  • Not at all
  • You can make it

- “I think selling on our unwanted and underused goods can lead to a lesser impact on our environment.”

- "_______ It's much better than throwing them away."

  • You must be kidding.
  • That’s totally out of the question.
  • That sounds sensible.
  • I don't know.

Jack and Kevin are in their office.

- Jack: “I was wondering if you like to join us for drinks after work?”

- Kevin: "_______"

  • Sorry, I’m busy tonight.
  • I'm hungry.
  • You're welcome.
  • Don't worry.

John and Mary are at a dance hall.

- John: “Would you like to dance with me? ”

- Mary: "_______"

  • You're welcome.
  • That would be nice.
  • Don't mention it.
  • Me, too.

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Too bad, I don’t have any pennies left for the repairs.
b. Let me see. Well, I'm afraid there’s a lot of work to be done.
c. I don’t know. The mechanic doesn’t work.
d. Hey, Mary. What’s wrong with your bike?

  • d-a-b-c
  • d-c-a-b
  • d-b-c-a
  • d-c-b-a

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Dave, are you going to the Corner Café to get a cup of coffee?
b. No, not at all. I feel lonely going by myself anyways.
c. No, that’s closed. I’m going to the café by the bookstore on the next street.
d. Do you mind if I go with you? Sheila, the marketing director, asked me for coffee. She always tells me to do all these annoying things.

  • a-c-d-b
  • d-c-a-b
  • a-b-d-c
  • a-c-b-d

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. No, thanks. Just let me sleep until I wake up.

b. I'm going to take a nap.

c. That's a good idea.

d. You should unplug the phone.

e. Do you want me to wake you in an hour?

  • e-a-b-d-c
  • e-a-b-c-d
  • b-d-c-e-a
  • b-e-c-d-a

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Me too. Imagine. It's a long weekend. We've got three days in a row.

b. We're going to go hiking and camping in the mountains.

c. That sounds exciting! 

d. I'm so glad the weekend's finally here.

e. I don't have any plans yet. I'll just play it by ear. How about you?

f. So, where're you going? 

  • d-a-f-e-b-c
  • a-f-d-c-e-b
  • a-e-d-f-c-b
  • c-a-b-d-f-e

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Oh, look at the thermometer!  The temperature has hit 98!

b. Well, I just hope it'll level off.

c. Tell me about it.  It's like the whole world is broiling.

d. I hope it's not gonna break into three digits!

e. Oh, my!  It's really hot!  I've never seen such scorching weather in my life!

f. But it's already awfully close!

  • f-d-b-c-a-e
  • a-f-c-e-b-d
  • e-c-a-d-f-b
  • c-e-a-b-f-d
Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this one.

“Absence makes the heart grow fonder.”

  • Being apart from someone you love makes you love them more.
  • Our heart needs absence to grow.
  • Being apart from someone you love makes you love them less.
  • Absence makes us grow older.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Even if the job market is not stable, those who persist will be able to land jobs eventually.

  • When it’s hard to find a job, jobs on land are even harder.
  • Patient people will secure jobs even in an unstable job market.
  • Only persistent job seekers can find jobs.
  • In land, jobs are only available to persistent job applicants.
Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this one.

There won’t be peace in the conflict if both sides do not really desire it.

  • It is only if both sides actually want the conflict to end peacefully that it will happen.
  • As both sides in the conflict apparently desire peace, it is likely that there will be peace soon.
  • The main problem in the conflict seems to be that neither side really desires peace.
  • There has been a lot of fighting in the conflict because both sides seem to want it that way.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

There is no point in your phoning Jane - she's away.

  • It would be a waste of time phoning Jane - she's away.
  • You waste your time if you insist on phoning Jane - she's away.
  • Don't spend your valuable time phoning Jane - she's out.
  • Jane is very difficult to phone - she's always away.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Only their own mother can tell Simon and Mike apart.

  • No one other than their own mother can separate Simon and Mike.
  • Simon and Mike bear some resemblance to each other.
  • It's very difficult to distinguish Simon and Mike.
  • Except for their own mother, no one can talk to Simon and Mike.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Mike graduated with a good degree. However, he joined the ranks of the unemployed.

  • If Mike graduated with a good degree, he would join the ranks of the unemployed.
  • That Mike graduated with a good degree helped him join the ranks of the unemployed.
  • Mike joined the ranks of the unemployed because he graduated with a good degree.
  • Although Mike graduated with a good degree, he joined the ranks of the unemployed.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

No member in the team came to his birthday party. But Julia did come.

  • Julia was the only member in the team to come to his birthday party.
  • Not only did Julia come to his birthday party but also other members did.
  • Julia was one of the members who came to his birthday party.
  • Every member in the team came to his birthday party.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

William Clark was not granted the rank of captain. Captain Lewis more or less ignored this and treated Clark as his equal in authority and rank.

  • William Clark was not granted the rank of captain because Captain Lewis more or less ignored this and treated Clark as his equal in authority and rank.
  • William Clark was not granted the rank of captain, thus Captain Lewis more or less ignored this and treated Clark as his equal in authority and rank.
  • Although William Clark was not granted the rank of captain, Captain Lewis more or less Ignored this and treated Clark as his equal in authority and rank.
  • As William Clark was not granted the rank of captain, Captain Lewis more or less ignored this and treated Clark as his equal in authority and rank.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Olga was about to say something about the end of the movie. He was stopped by his friends right then.

  • Hardly had Olga intended to say something about the end of the movie before he was stopped by his friends.
  • Only after Olga had said something about the end of the movie was he stopped by his friends.
  • Were it not for Olga’s intention of saying something about the end of the movie, he would not be stopped by his friends.
  • It was not until Olga was stopped by his friends that he started to say something about the end of the movie.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

He held the rope with one hand. He stretched it out.

  • The rope is held with one hand then he stretched it out.
  • Stretching the rope out, he holds it with one hand.
  • Holding the rope with one hand, he stretched it out.
  • He stretched the rope with one hand and held it.

Read và choose the correct answers. 

In the past, people used to work at one job for their whole life. They had a sense of loyalty to their company or employer. But these days it is common for people to work at two or three companies during their career. Sometimes they even change their profession completely. Because of this situation, (1) _________ There are certain ways they can do this.

The most important thing is to treat the workers well. This means providing good benefits, such as health care, vacation time, sick leave, bonuses, and pension plans. Many employers do not want to spend much money on these benefits because they are very expensive. This can be a big mistake. The workers feel that the boss doesn't care about them. As a result, the workers feel they don't need to be loyal to the company. If they see a better job offer, (2) ___________ Another way that an employer can keep their workers' loyalty is by maintaining a friendly workplace environment. The boss can do this by visiting the workers regularly while they are working. They can encourage the employees to do a good job and compliment them when the work is done well. The boss can also throw parties around the holiday season. At this time they can take the workers out to restaurants and buy them food and drinks. (3) __________, supportive atmosphere can make the employees more comfortable. This positive relationship with their boss will make them decide to be loyal to the company.

(4) ___________ They consider whether or not the company has made them feel welcome and comfortable. If they think that their employer tries hard to make their life good, then they will probably be more loyal to the company. (5) ___________

Choose the correct answer for (1)

  • employers should be able to determine effective accommodations for their employees.
  • employers must take disciplinary actions against their employees.
  • employers must make more effort to earn the loyalty of their employees.
  • employers must recruit more experienced workers.

Choose the correct answer for (2)

  • they can jump to the new job without hesitation.
  • they may consider declining,provided it goes against their moral and values.
  • they may hesitate because it can – and should – be a difficult decision.
  • they can easily get motivated to continue working.

Choose the correct answer for (3)

  • Creating a friendly
  • To create an effective
  • In order to create a friendly
  • Employers who create an effective

Choose the correct answer for (4)

  • In general, all employees should have access to some information which employers would consider confidential.
  • In conclusion, employees must be given the same status as shareholders and the consequent right to elect directors to the Board.
  • Last but not least, emotional wellbeing of employees is an issue for many companies.
  • In sum, people often think about the ways in which their company takes care of them.

Choose the correct answer for (5)

  • They wouldn’t take on better-paid job offers.
  • They can also be satisfied with their relations with co-workers and the physical safety conditions at their workplaces.
  • Although they remain overwhelmingly unsatisfied with their jobs.
  • They will not leave easily and they will work hard.