Đề số 4 Anh Chuyên vào 10 CNN năm 2020 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

4/14/2020 11:10:00 PM

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • feather

  • feat

  • feature
  • feasible

Choose the word whose underlined and bold part is pronounced differently from that of the rest.
  • receipt

  • recall

  • recollect

  • recover

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.
  • chimpanzee

  • interviewee

  • refugee

  • committee

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest.
  • architect

  • parachute

  • choir

  • psychology

Choose the word with the main stress differently from that of the others in each group.
  • stimulate
  • relative
  • unpleasant
  • reasonable
Choose the word with the main stress differently from that of the others in each group.
  • economic
  • energetic
  • manufacture
  • available
Choose the word with the main stress placed differently from that of the others in each group.
  • immoral
  • apparent
  • interfere
  • responsive

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • primitive
  • behavior
  • flexible
  • negative

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Environmentalists appeal to the government to enact laws to stop factories from discharging toxic chemicals into the sea.

  • releasing
  • dismissing
  • obtaining
  • producing

Choose the word CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word of the following question.

Paris is the ideal place to learn French; it’s a beautiful and hospitable city with Institutions for high-quality linguistic teaching.

  • noticeable
  • friendly
  • affectionate
  • natural

Choose the word CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word of the following question.

Pitchforks were once carved entirely from wood, but today they have steel tines and wooden handle.

  • in the meantime
  • in one area
  • formerly
  • sometimes

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

People who do very important jobs sometimes have to work around the clock.

  • permanently
  • irregularly
  • continually
  • hastily
Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).
They held an excellent party with the most scrumptious food, fruit and minerals, tea and all sorts of goodies served to celebrate the victory.
  • delicious
  • savoury
  • appealing
  • tasteless

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in the following question.

The power failure at dinnertime caused consternation among the city’s housewisves.

  • anxiety
  • calm
  • dismay
  • deliberation
You look so depressed. You look as if you _____________ a friend in the world.
  • don’t have
  • didn’t have
  • hadn’t had
  • wouldn’t have
I am thinking of quitting my job. I’ve had enough ____________ my boss.
  • with
  • of
  • from
  • about

What was it that _____________ her from her classmates?

  • differed
  • distinguished
  • discouraged
  • distracted
My mother would rather we ____________ each other any more last month.
  • don’t see
  • didn’t see
  • hadn’t seen
  • wouldn’t see

She was born in Japan but now __________ in the USA.

  • immigrated
  • emigrated
  • settled
  • stuck

Read the text below and then decide which best fits each space. 

THE GESTURE INTERFACE

   What’s called the Gesture Interface is the latest idea in the field of personal technology, and it’s a great one. At the moment, if we want mobile to the Web, we have to travel around with things like laptop, smartphones and e-readers in our bags or pockets. The inventor of the Gesture Interface has up with a way of doing this using only something we’ve carried around with us for millions of years - our hands. 

   The idea is based on simple technology that is already in existence. carrying around the usual hardware, you have a small wearable device on your hands. This contains a projector, a camera and wireless technology to connect you to the Web. It also has sensors which read and interpret simple hand . For example, when you want to take a photograph, simply make a frame around the image with your hand and click your fingers. The device works what you want and operate the camera. If you want to a book, then the device projects the pages onto the palm of your hand. 

   It’s a great idea and I think it’s very to become a success. When I told my teenage son about it, he couldn’t to start using one.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Culture is a word in common use with complex meanings and is derived, like the term broadcasting, from the treatment and care of the soil and of what grows on it. It is directly related to cultivation and the adjectives cultural and cultured are part of the same verbal complex. A person of culture has identifiable attributes, among them a knowledge of and interest in the arts, literature, and music. Yet the word culture does not refer solely to such knowledge and interest nor, indeed, to education. At least from the 19th century onwards, under the influence of anthropologists and sociologists, the word culture has come to be used generally both in the singular and the plural (cultures) to refer to a whole way of life of people, including their customs, laws, conventions, and values. 

Distinctions have consequently been drawn between primitive and advanced culture and cultures, between elite and popular culture, between popular and mass culture, and most recently between national and global cultures. Distinctions have been drawn too between culture and civilization; the latter is a word derived not, like culture or agriculture, from the soil, but from the city. The two words are sometimes treated as synonymous. Yet this is misleading. While civilization and barbarism are pitted against each other in what seems to be a perpetual behavioral pattern, the use of the word culture has been strongly influenced by 6 conceptions of evolution in the 19th century and of development in the 20th century. Cultures evolve or develop. They are not static. They have twists and turns. Styles change. So do fashions. There are cultural processes. What, for example, the word cultured means has changed substantially since the study of classical (that is, Greek and Roman) literature, philosophy, and history ceased in the 20th century to be central to school and university education. No single alternative focus emerged, although with computers has come electronic culture, affecting kinds of study, and most recently digital culture. As cultures express themselves in new forms not everything gets better or more civilized. 

The multiplicity of meanings attached to the word made and will make it difficult to define. There is no single, unproblematic definition, although many attempts have been made to establish one. The only non problematic definitions go back to agricultural meaning (for example, cereal culture or strawberry culture) and medical meaning (for example, bacterial culture or penicillin culture). Since in anthropology and sociology we also acknowledge culture clashes, culture shock, and counter-culture, the range of reference is extremely wide.

It can be inferred from the passage that since the 20th-century ________.

  • all schools and universities have taught classical literature, philosophy, and history
  • classical literature, philosophy, and history have been considered as core subjects
  • classical literature, philosophy, and history have not been taught as core subjects
  • schools and universities have not taught classical literature, philosophy, and history

The word "It" in paragraph 1 refers to _______.

  • broadcasting
  • the soil
  • culture
  • the treatment and care

The passage mainly discusses ________.

  • the derivatives of the word culture

  • the distinction between culture and civilization
  • the figurative meanings of the word culture

  • the multiplicity of meanings of the word culture

Which of the following is NOT true about the word culture?

  • Its use has been considerably changed.
  • It is a word that cannot be defined.
  • It differs from word civilization.
  • It evolves from agriculture.

The author remarks that culture and civilization are the two words that __________.

  • share the same word formation pattern
  • have nearly the same meaning
  • are both related to agriculture and cultivation
  • do not develop from the same meaning

The word "attributes" in paragraph 1 most likely means ___________.

  • qualities
  • aspects
  • fields
  • skills

The word "static" in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by ________.

  • dense
  • balanced
  • unchanged
  • regular

It is stated in paragraph 1 that a cultured person ________.

  • does a job relevant to education
  • has knowledge of arts, literature, and music
  • has a job related to cultivation
  • takes care of the soil and what grows on it
Choose the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
John and Mary are leaving the library.

- John: “Would you like to have lunch today?”

- Mary: "_______"
  • No, I don't.
  • That sounds good.
  • What a pity!
  • Go ahead.

- “_____”

- "Never mind, better luck next time."

  • I’ve broken your precious vase.
  • I have a lot on my mind.
  • I couldn’t keep my mind on work.
  • I didn't get the vacant position.

Karen: “As women live longer than men, should they retire later?”

Miss Diep: “_______”

  • When women are retired, they want to enjoy life.
  • When men are retired, they still want to continue working.
  • The government is still discussing the retirement age.
  • I don’t think so. Physically, they are weaker and they need to retire earlier.

Phuc: “What factors affect tourism?”

Khanh: “__________”

  • Economic factors are always decisive ones.
  • A strong tourism industry brings the country numerous advantages.
  • It is influenced by so many things, such as weather, people, and administrative policies.
  • People need to be professionally trained to work in the tourism industry.

Choose the correct response.
- “I think it’s oppressive for the government to tax people who take care of themselves in order to pay for health insurance for those who are obese.”
- "_______ Government funding of health insurance is useful to ensure basic fairness."

  • You're definitely right.
  • I don’t think so.
  • I couldn’t agree with you more.
  • Absolutely right!

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a.It’s $1.200 per month including gas and electricity.
b.It sounds great. How much do you charge per month again? I want to stay for only two months.
c.This apartment has just been redecorated, and what’s more, the neighbors are very quiet, too.
d.Oh, that’s a little expensive. Can I come back later? I want to go check out other places.

  • c-b-a-d
  • a-d-c-b
  • c-a-d-b
  • d-c-a-b

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. She will do fine as she always has a good rapport with them.

b. Sarah must be a very patient person.

c. I think the first few weeks will still be tough for her.

d. What is Sarah doing these days?

e. She will start her teaching career next week.

  • b-d-e-a-c
  • c-d-e-a-b
  • d-e-b-c-a
  • d-e-a-c-b

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Oh, we just missed it.

b. Should we take a taxi to the conference?

c. I think we should take a taxi. We’re late.

d. There’s a bus now. We’ll have to run to catch it.

e. It’s impossible to get one during rush hour.

f. Let’s wait for another 20 minutes!

  • c-b-d-a-e-f
  • d-b-e-a-c-f
  • b-e-d-a-f-c
  • f-b-d-a-c-e

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. I do. But I will always be a fan of the arts.

b. Great! It’s always a pleasure to attend an art event with you, Suzanne.

c. The choreography of the dancers is incredible.

d. You were a talented ballerina. Do you miss dancing?

e. What a fantastic performance!

  • e-c-d-a-b
  • c-b-e-d-a
  • d-a-c-e-b
  • b-a-c-e-d

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Sir, did I do anything wrong? 

b. Oh, I'm sorry, I didn't see the stop sign at the corner. I didn't mean it.

c. Oh, sorry sir, I don't have it on me. Honestly, I forgot it back at the house. But I have the insurance policy with me. Here it is. 

d. Yes, sir. You ran through the stop sign. May I see your driver license, please?

e. Please wait here, sir. I'll come back in a moment.

f. That doesn't justify your violation. May I see your license, please? 

  • a-d-b-f-c-e
  • d-f-e-b-a-c
  • f-b-a-d-e-c
  • a-f-c-e-b-d

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

It is possible that the fire in the ship was started by a bomb.

  • They say that a bomb started the fire in the ship.
  • The fire in the ship might have been started by a bomb.
  • It shall be said the fire in the ship had been started by a bomb.
  • The fire in the ship is known to have been started by a bomb.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Our company holds the monopoly over the import of these chemicals.

  • Our company is one of the few companies allowed to import these chemicals.
  • Ours is the only company allowed to import these chemicals.
  • All companies but ours are allowed to import these chemicals.
  • These exported chemicals are held by our company, which is monopoly.
Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this one.

There is no doubt that Martin is the best candidate for the job.

  • Martin is by all means the best candidate for the job.
  • Without question, Martin is the best candidate for the job.
  • In all likelihood, Martin is the best candidate for the job.
  • Quite by chance, Martin is the best candidate for the job.
Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this one.

He was such a wet blanket at the party tonight!

  • He made people at the party wet through.
  • He spoiled other people's pleasure at the party.
  • He bought a wet blanket to the party.
  • He was wet through when going home from the party.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this one.

It is open to question as to whether Jane will get the job.

  • If Jane could answer the question, she would get the job.
  • Jane is being interviewed for the job.
  • It is not certain that Jane will get the job.
  • The question is whether Jane will get the job or not.
Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.
My uncle is a businessman. He was ranked the wealthiest of the country.
  • My uncle is a businessman, ranking the wealthiest of the country.
  • A businessman, my uncle, was ranked the the wealthiest of the country.
  • My uncle, a businessman, was ranked the wealthiest of the country.
  • A businessman, who is my uncle, was ranked the wealthiest of the country.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

He had just finished eating his breakfast. Then he fell down.

  • Hardly did he finished eating his breakfast when he fell down.
  • Hardly he had finished eating his breakfast when he fell down.
  • Hardly have he finished eating his breakfast when he fell down.
  • Hardly had he finished eating his breakfast when he fell down.
Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.
She was the first woman in the Philippines. She was elected as the president of the country.
  • She was the first woman being elected as the president of the Philippines.
  • She was the first woman who is elected as the president of the Philippines.
  • She was the first woman to be elected as the president of the Philippines.
  • She was the first woman elected as the president of the Philippines.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

She didn’t take her father’s advice. That’s why she is bored with her work.

  • If she took her father’s advice, she wouldn’t be bored with her work.
  • If she had taken her father’s advice, she wouldn’t have been bored with her work.
  • If she had taken her father’s advice, she wouldn’t be bored with her work.
  • If she takes her father’s advice, she won’t be bored with her work.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

The soccer team knew they lost the match. They soon started to blame each other.

  • Not only did the soccer team lose the match but they blamed each other as well.
  • No sooner had the soccer team started to blame each other than they knew they lost the match.
  • As soon as they blamed each other, the soccer team knew they lost the match.
  • Hardly had the soccer team known they lost the match when they started to blame each other.

Read the passage and choose the correct answer.

(1)_______. They did this by reading aloud, acting or playing a musical instrument. (2)_______, they were taken to public places of entertainment - the theatre, opera, circus or ballet. They looked forward to these occasions with great excitement and would remember and discuss what they had seen for many weeks afterward. (3)_______ , and children quickly accept these marvelous inventions as a very ordinary part of their everyday lives. For many children, the sense of witnessing a very special live performance is gone forever.

(4)_______. The presence of a TV set may have encouraged a very lazy response from viewers in their own homes, but the desire of those with ambitions to become performing artists themselves does not seem to have been at all diminished. (5)_______, albeit with an older, more specialist audience.

Choose the correct answer for (1)

  • In the past, performing skills were an important part of the British education system.
  • In the past, British children were frequently encouraged to try out their Internet skills for the benefit of adults.
  • In the past, British children were frequently encouraged to try out their performing skills for the benefit of adults.
  • In the past, British children were frequently not allowed to try out their performing skills for the benefit of adults.

Choose the correct answer for (2)

  • As they grew up
  • Not until they grew up
  • As they were born
  • They grew up

Choose the correct answer for (3)

  • Although nowadays television and computers supply an endless stream of easily available entertainment
  • However, nowadays television and computers supply an endless stream of easily available entertainment
  • Since nowadays television and computers supply an endless stream of easily available entertainment
  • Because nowadays television and computers supply an endless stream of easily available entertainment

Choose the correct answer for (4)

  • Because all is not lost.
  • But all is lost.
  • There is nothing left to be done.
  • But all is not lost

Choose the correct answer for (5)

  • And live performances in public are still relatively popular
  • Since the performances of all these works are very fine
  • Certainly, live performances must be saved from disappearance
  • These are followed by visits to live performances