Đề số 9 Anh Chuyên vào 10 CNN năm 2020 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

6/24/2020 9:45:00 AM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • famed

  • infamous

  • dangerous

  • strange

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • important

  • abundant

  • concordant

  • confidant

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • wolverine

  • masculine

  • quarantine

  • gasoline

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • smooth

  • baboon

  • bamboozle

  • footage

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • ambassador
  • consortium
  • picturesque
  • consultant

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • apprehension
  • distinction
  • intelligent
  • potential

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • imaginary
  • argumentative
  • psychological
  • hypersensitive

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • inventory
  • interview
  • delicacy
  • intersect

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

A lot of superstitious practice in a country can be a major impediment to its economic development.

  • obstacle
  • assistance
  • impetus
  • encouragement

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

I decided to set up my own business because I was tired of just being a cog in a machine.

  • someone who is disobedient
  • someone who has no power
  • someone who plays a significant role
  • someone who is necessary but not important

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The giraffe is conspicuous in the grasslands because of its long neck.

  • evident
  • noticeable
  • stunning
  • interesting

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

There are a number of miracle cures on the market for people gullible enough to buy them.

  • mischievous
  • easily tricked
  • strong-minded
  • insensitive

Choose the OPPOSITE word in meaning to the underlined word in the following questions.

Unless you get your information from a credible website, you should doubt the veracity of the facts until you have confirmed them elsewhere.

  • accuracy
  • truthfulness
  • inexactness
  • unfairness

Choose the OPPOSITE word in meaning to the underlined word in the following questions.

If you stick to your guns, you refuse to change what you are saying or doing despite the opposition or criticism of other people.

  • be changeable
  • be persistent
  • be inflexible
  • be constant

Most of the _____ in this workshop do not work very seriously or productively.

  • rank and file
  • tooth and nail
  • eager beavers
  • old hand

At the end of the training course, each participant was presented with a _____ of completion.

  • certificate
  • diploma
  • degree
  • qualification

_____ are that stock price will go up in the coming months.

  • Chances
  • Opportunities
  • Possibilities
  • Conditions

According to psychologists, children raised with high _____ of fear in unpredictable or violent environments experience negative emotions for extended periods of time.

  • grades
  • numbers
  • quantities
  • levels

Tim dropped the _____ on doing this task again because of his carelessness. I can't stand him anymore.

  • pin
  • needle
  • button
  • ball

Read the passage and choose the correct answer for each blank.

      Looking for an unforgettable way to celebrate that special occasion? Well, the (1)______of options open today’s youngster - or even “ oldster” for that matter, is a far cry from the traditional party or restaurant visit. No longer is it (2)________sufficient to invite your friends round, buy some food and get a barker to produce a cake. No, today’s birthday boy or girl is looking for something out of the ordinary, ranging from the (3)______ expensive to the downright dangerous. Anything goes, as long as it is unusual and impressive. Top of this year ‘s popular (4)______are as follows: taking some friends to rally driving, helicopter lessons, plane trip, and parachuting, and hot air ballooning. Then there is always group bungee jumping or taking your buddies on a stomach-churning, while water rafting ride down rapids. The desire of an adventurous celebration is not restricted to the (5)__. I recently met an octogenarian who celebrated (6)______the milestone of eighty by having a fly lesson. Of course, if you have money the world is your oyster. A very rich relation of mine flew fifty of his friends to a Caribbean island to mark the passing of his half century. Unfortunately, I was only a (7)________relation. Undoubtedly, the more traditional forms of celebration do continue to (8)______the less extravagant or less adventurous among us. However, with my own half century looming on the horizon I would not say no to a weekend in Paris and a meal at the Eiffel Tower. I can but dream. Perhaps by the time I’m eighty, I’ll be able to afford it. 

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (1).

  • scale
  • degree
  • range
  • variance
Choose the word or phrase that best fits (2).
  • hoped
  • decided
  • marked
  • considered
Choose the word or phrase that best fits (3).
  • perfectly
  • dearly
  • outrageously
  • explicity
Choose the word or phrase that best fits (4).
  • experiments
  • extravagances
  • exposures
  • expenses

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (5).

  • adolescents
  • teenagers
  • youth
  • young

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (6).

  • attaining
  • arriving
  • reaching
  • getting

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (7).

  • distant
  • remote
  • faraway
  • slight

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (8).

  • pacify
  • satisfy
  • distract
  • absorb

Read the passage and choose the correct answer

Nature has always provided a stimulus for inventive minds. Early flying machines clearly were an attempt to emulate the freedom of birds. Architects and engineers have often consciously modeled buildings on forms found in nature. A more recent example of the inspiration given by nature is the invention of Velcro®. The inventor of this now common fastening device noticed that small burrs attached to his dog's coat grasped the hairs by means of tiny hooks. This led him to invent a synthetic fabric whose surfaces mimic the clasping properties of this natural seedpod.

Animals and plants have evolved solutions to the kinds of problems that often interest engineers and designers. Much current research in material science is concerned with actively examining the natural world, especially at the molecular level, for inspiration to develop materials with novel properties. This relatively new field of study is sometimes known as biomimetics since it consciously attempts to mimic nature.

Researchers have investigated several interesting areas. For example, they have studied how the molecular structure of antler bone contributes to its amazing toughness, how the skin structure of a worm contributes to its ability to crawl, how the sea cucumber softens its skeleton and changes shape so that it can squeeze through tiny gaps in rocks, or what gives wood its high resistance to impact. These investigations have led to several breakthroughs in the development of composite materials with remarkable properties.

Predictions for future inventions that may be developed from these lines of research include so-called smart structures that design and repair themselves in a similar way to a variety of processes in the natural world. For example, engineers have envisaged bridges that would detect areas heavily stressed by vehicle movement or wind. The bridge structure would then automatically add or move material to the weak areas until the stress is reduced. The same principle might be used to repair damaged buildings. Other new materials that have been imagined are substances that would copy photosynthesis in green plants in order to create new energy sources. The potential impact of biomimetic research is so great that the twenty-first century may come to be known as the "Age of Materials."

The passage is primarily concerned with ______.
  • future research into the uses of Velcro®
  • the effect of the Age of Materials on nature
  • the development of products based on nature
  • problems that preoccupy designers and engineers

The word “emulate” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ______.

  • stimulate
  • captivate
  • imitate
  • activate
Which of the following is true about Velcro®?
  • It was first used to remove dog hair from the owner’s coat.
  • It exemplifies how a natural structure inspired a useful invention.
  • The inventor of Velcro® was very famous before his invention.
  • It has set a trend for tiny hook-like structures in synthetic fabric.

The word “novel” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ______.

  • unique
  • familiar
  • fictitious
  • legendary

Which of the following does the word “it” in paragraph 3 refer to?

  • sea cucumber
  • skeleton
  • shape
  • worm
According to the passage, what do investigations in biomimetics suggest?
  • Biomimetics is not promising.
  • Biomimetics may lead to the development of new creatures.
  • Biomimetics may lead to useful inventions.
  • Biomimetics has provided the new material for smart structures.
According to the passage, which of the following would NOT be a useful biomimetic product?
  • Tomatoes mimicking the structures that give sea cucumbers the ability to squeeze through cracks.
  • Bulletproof jackets mimicking the structures that give wood its resistance to impact.
  • Glass in windshields mimicking the structures that give antler bone its toughness.
  • Cables mimicking the structures that give spiderwebs their flexibility and tensile strength.
As inferred from the passage, what would be the advantage of a product that mimics photosynthesis?
  • It could be used to create green plants.
  • It could help to meet future energy needs.
  • It could be an aid in repairing green areas.
  • It could form the basis of twenty-first century materials.

- "I'm so sorry I lost that hat you gave me last year."

- "_____"

  • How come? You are so absent-minded!
  • Not at all. Luckily, it didn't cost me much.
  • Never mind, I can easily buy you another one.
  • How many times will I have to buy you one?

Andy: "I want a dozen roses delivered to my girlfriend's house."

Florist:  "_____"

  • Roses are very expensive these days.
  • Red ones are very beautiful.
  • Would you like a basket or a bouquet?
  • Oh! They are favorite flowers.

- “I think teenagers should be allowed to decide what to do in their free time.”

- "_______ That may help them become self-dependent and creative."

  • I don’t think so.
  • Really?
  • I'm not sure.
  • That’s definitely right.

Choose the most suitable response to complete the exchange.

- “The application of technology in schools will facilitate teaching.”

- "_______ We can now use computers and projectors in classrooms."

  • Not really.
  • I don’t think so.
  • Well, maybe.
  • Well, it’s true.

- “I really like the photo exhibition. It’s great to see how the school used to look.”

- "_______ It's a fascinating way to learn History."

  • Not at all.
  • Absolutely right!
  • I couldn’t agree with you.
  • I'm not sure.

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. How do you like the bicycle?

b. It isn't too heavy?

c. It's very nice.

d. No, not at all.

e. So you're satisfied with it?

f. Very. It's just what I had in mind.  

  • c-f-b-a-d-e
  • a-e-c-f-d-b
  • a-c-b-d-e-f
  • f-d-b-c-a-e

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. This year I want to wear a pumpkin costume.

b. I remember having a lot of fun last year.

c. Then I think people will mistake you for a real one.

d. Have you decided what you will be dressing up for Halloween, Sara?

e. I want to be either a butterfly or a fairy.

f. Definitely, mom took us around in a bunny outfit.

  • a-b-f-d-e-c
  • b-d-a-e-b-f
  • b-f-a-c-d-e
  • d-e-b-f-a-c

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. It’s such a chore.

b. What did they do in the old days?

c. I hate brushing my teeth.

d. Really? I can’t wait till all my teeth fall out.

e. They brushed with their fingers.

  • a-d-b-c-e
  • b-e-d-a-c
  • c-a-b-e-d
  • d-e-a-c-b

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. There’s no food in the woods.

b. Bears are invading our neighborhoods.

c. They should stay in the woods where they belong.

d. Of course, they’re starving to death.

e. Then it’s too dangerous for kids and pets.

  • b-d-c-a-e
  • a-c-b-d-e
  • b-a-d-c-e
  • e-b-a-c-d

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. It’s hard if you want to do it right.

b. What’s so hard about hitting a little white ball?

c. No, like a good amateur golfer.

d. Golf is so hard.

e. You mean like Tiger Wood?

  • b-a-d-e-c
  • d-b-a-e-c
  • e-b-d-a-c
  • c-e-d-b-a

Read the passage and choose the correct answer for each blank

(1)__________. Whilst there remain for exotic animals in society, endangered species will always be at risk of being hunted and poached. Poachers often target larger animals - animals which take a long time to repopulate, such as rhinos and elephants. The poachers are clever and use methods (2)___________. Captive breeding is perhaps the most effective method of protecting animals from extinction, (3)____________. First, releasing animals from captive environments could introduce disease into wild populations.(4)______________. Would they know how to hunt for food? Or how not to be killed by other animals? Perhaps the biggest problem facing endangered species, (5)____________, is the increasing population of the human race. Although conservation measures have helped to prevent human from completely destroying all natural habitats, human invasion will always be one of the greatest risks to threatened species.

(1)

  • Despite considerable effort, people have failed to protect the animals in both short term and long term projects for some reasons
  • A considerable amount of effort in conservation projects might be ineffective in the long term due to a number of factors
  • As many people are still in need of products from animals, we can never succeed in protecting them from being hunted.
  • Preventing hunters or keeping animals in large cages can effectively protect them from becoming extinct.

(2)

  • which are sometimes completely undetectable
  • which can be applied in many places
  • which make the government concerned
  • which make animals become extinct in a faster rate

(3)

  • but this also has its problems.
  • so that this also has a lot of problems
  • therefore, there also has its problems
  • despite its problem

(4)

  • Secondly, being fed by humans makes animals lazy and forget how to hunt in the natural environment
  • Secondly, the wild animals will compete with them for food and shelters, making it hard to inhabit the areas
  • Secondly, they will become at risk of being hunted again by the poachers once released to the natural environment
  • Secondly, after several generations in captivity, species could become less able to survive in the wild

(5)

  • additionally
  • yet
  • however
  • therefore

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence.

I whispered as I didn't want anybody to hear our conversation.

  • Since nobody wanted to hear our conversation, I whispered.
  • So as not to hear our conversation, I whispered.
  • Because I whispered, anybody heard our conversation.
  • I lowered my voice in order that our conversation couldn't be heard.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Our system is that the losing side pays for the hire of the basketball court.

  • The way we do it is, whichever side loses, that side pays for the hire of the basketball court.
  • With us it's the winners, not the losers who have to pay for the hire of the basketball court.
  • If our side loses, then we will have to pay for the hire of the basketball court.
  • The losers obviously expect the winning side to pay for the hire of the basketball court.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

In spite of feeling confident about her university entrance exams, Jane did very poorly.

  • Jane should have done better than she actually did on her university entrance exams.
  • Jane was sure that she would do well when she took her university entrance exams, and indeed her results were quite good.
  • Jane failed her university entrance exams despite being especially well-prepared.
  • Jane's confidence in her ability to pass her university entrance exams was not justified by her results.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

For an allergic person, a bee-sting can be very serious, often resulting in a severe reaction or even death. 

  • Allergies to bee-stings usually result in the death of the person stung, but sometimes they survive.
  • Bees can cause extreme allergies in people, some of whom may even die as a result.
  • A person who is allergic to bees might get very ill and can possibly die if stung.
  • It's hardly possible for one who is allergic to bees to survive a sting.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Diesel fuel is normally a petroleum product, but good quality diesel fuel can be synthesized from vegetable oil and alcohol.

  • Whereas most diesel fuel is derived from petroleum, alcohol and oil from vegetables can also be used to produce a fine diesel fuel.
  • Artificial diesel fuel made from vegetable oil and alcohol is not as good as petroleum-based diesel fuel.
  • It might be possible to make a substitute for petroleum-based diesel fuel by using vegetable oil and alcohol.
  • There is no difference between natural diesel fuel made from petroleum and the artificial kind made from alcohol and vegetable oil.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

The substance is very toxic. Protective clothing must be worn at all times.

  • Since the substance is very toxic, so protective clothing must be worn at all times.
  • So toxic is the substance that protective clothing must be worn at all times.
  • The substance is such toxic that protective clothing must be worn at all times.
  • The substance is too toxic to wear protective clothing at all times.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

One student failed because he completely ignored the instruction on the paper. The instructions appeared on the top of every page.

  • One student failed as he completely ignored the instructions appearing on the top of every page on the paper.
  • Even though one student ignored the instructions printed on the top of every paper, he failed.
  • No matter how completely one student ignored the instructions printed on the top of every page of the paper, he failed.
  • One student failed to ignore the instructions printed on the top of every page of paper.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Olga was about to say something about the end of the movie. He was stopped by his friends right then.

  • Hardly had Olga intended to say something about the end of the movie before he was stopped by his friends.
  • Only after Olga had said something about the end of the movie was he stopped by his friends.
  • Were it not for Olga’s intention of saying something about the end of the movie, he would not be stopped by his friends.
  • It was not until Olga was stopped by his friends that he started to say something about the end of the movie.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

He is a rich man. He leads a simple life.

  • Affluent as he is, he has a very simple way of living.
  • His property has no role to play in the choice of how he lives his life.
  • However rich he may seem, judging from his simple life, he is actually not.
  • His simple life style can give a false impression of how affluent he is.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

His meeting with The Queen marked a milestone in his life. After that, nothing was the same for him.

  • After he met The Queen, he turned over new leaves.
  • His meeting with The Queen was the turning point of his life as it appealed to his better nature.
  • After a talk with The Queen his life changed once and for all.
  • His meeting with The Queen meant a world to him for it radically changed his outlook on life.