Đề số 10 Anh Chuyên vào 10 CNN năm 2020 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

6/26/2020 11:13:00 PM

Đề thi thử môn Tiếng Anh vào lớp 10 CNN được biên soạn bởi Tổ GV Luyện thi Chuyên của TiengAnhK12.

Đề gồm 60 câu hỏi trắc nghiệm. Thời gian làm bài 60" (02 bài tự luận HS hãy làm bên ngoài)

HS hãy sử dụng thời gian hợp lý nhất có thể, đánh dấu những câu chưa chắc chắn để quay lại cân nhắc thêm khi đã làm xong một lượt.

Sau khi nộp bài, HS có thể xem được đáp án của từng câu và thấy 02 câu hỏi tự luận. HS hãy tự làm 02 câu hỏi này trên giấy hoặc Google Doc/MS Word trong tổng thời gian tối đa là 60'.

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • synonym

  • synthesis

  • synchronize

  • synovial 

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • pessimism

  • plausible

  • assertive

  • consider

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • conversion

  • opinion

  • conservator

  • concert

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • editor

  • mentor

  • director

  • contributor

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • arithmetic
  • economist
  • euphemism
  • environment

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • redundant
  • department
  • microscopic
  • relationship

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • condolence
  • fortunate
  • paradise
  • opulent

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • ascend
  • excuse
  • allege
  • program

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

He usually stays quite calm in meetings but this time he just lost his head.

  • be sensible
  • be angry
  • be panicked
  • be calm

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The Prime Minister was instrumental in bringing about the prison reform act.

  • critical
  • downsized
  • insignificant
  • vigorous

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

They advocated state control of all public services.

  • support
  • convict
  • oppose
  • cancel

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

You must be scrupulous about hygiene when you're preparing a baby's bottle.

  • extemporaneous
  • meticulous
  • industrious
  • collaborative

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The organisers go to great lengths to warn entrants of the potential dangers.

  • fight tooth and nail
  • are up the creek without a paddle
  • put their shoulder to the wheel
  • get into hot water

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

A large crowd braved the elements in the hope of seeing their favorite star.

  • ignore the bad weather
  • bury the axes
  • put aside our work
  • quarrel with each other

The poor man was driven from _____ for justice, but his efforts were of no avail.

  • pillar to post
  • top to bottom
  • stem to stern
  • hand to mouth

In 1991, twenty ex-East German swimming coaches _____ admitted giving anabolic steroids to their former charges during the 1970s.

  • openly
  • overtly
  • plainly
  • greatly

If you are bitten by a poisonous snake. it is necessary to be given an _____ as quickly as possible.

  • analgesic
  • antibiotic
  • antiseptic
  • antidote

Beaches were _____ as police searched for canisters for toxic waste from the damaged ship.

  • sealed off
  • cut off
  • washed up
  • kept out

The government voted against _____ the death penalty.

  • replenishing
  • reinstating
  • reversing
  • recruiting

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Fifty-five delegates representing all thirteen states except Rhode Island attended the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia from May to September 1787. The delegates had been instructed by the Continental Congress to revise the old Articles of Confederation, but most believed that a stronger central government was needed. There were differences, however, about what structure the government should take and how much influence large states should have.

Virginia was by far the most populous state, with twice as many as people as New York, four times as many as New Jersey, and ten times as many as Delaware. The leader of the Virginia delegation, James Madison, had already drawn up a plan for government, which became known as the Large State Plan. Its essence was that congressional representation would be based on population. It provided for two or more national executives. The smaller states feared that under this plan, a few large states would lord over the rest. New Jersey countered with the Small State Plan. It provided for equal representation for all states in a national legislature and for a single national executive. Angry debate, heightened by a stifling heat wave, led to deadlock.

A cooling of tempers seemed to come with lower temperatures. The delegates hammered out an agreement known as the Great Compromise – actually a bundle of shrewd compromises. They decided that Congress would consist of two houses. The larger states were granted representation based on population in the lower house, the House of Representatives. The smaller states were given equal representation in the upper house, the Senate, in which each state would have two senators regardless of population. It was also agreed that there would be a single executive, the president. This critical compromise broke the logjam, and from then on, success seemed within reach.

What is the main topic of this passage?

  • James Madison's plan to create a stable structure for the government of the United States
  • The differences in population and relative power between the original states
  • A disagreement at the Constitutional Convention and a subsequent compromise
  • The most important points of the Small State Plan

It can be inferred from the passage that ______.

  • every state in the country is larger than Delaware
  • Delaware has no right at the Constitutional Convention
  • Virginia is ten times larger than Delaware
  • Delaware has a small population compared to Virginia, New Jersey, New York

It can be inferred from the passage that the Articles of Confederation ______.

  • allowed small states to dominate large ones
  • provided for only a weak central government
  • were revised and presented as the Large State Plan
  • were supported by a majority of the delegates at the Convention

According to the passage, in 1787 which of the following states likely had the FEWEST people?

  • New York
  • Delaware
  • New Jersey
  • Virginia

In paragraph 2, the phrase "this plan" refers to ______.

  • a plan suggested by the national legislature
  • the Small State Plan
  • a compromise plan
  • the Large State Plan

According to the passage, the weather had what effect on the Constitutional Convention?

  • Cold temperatures made Independence Hall an uncomfortable place to work.
  • Hot weather intensified the debate while cooler weather brought compromise.
  • Bad weather prevented some of the delegates from reaching Philadelphia.
  • Delegates hurried to achieve an agreement before winter arrived.

Which of the following is NOT given in the passage as one of the provisions of the Great Compromise?

  • Each state would have two senators.
  • Congress would be divided into two bodies.
  • There would be only one national executive.
  • The president would be elected by popular vote.

The author uses the phrase "broke the logjam" in paragraph 3 to indicate that ______.

  • the Convention came to a sudden end
  • the situation had become desperate
  • the government was nearly bankrupt
  • some major problems had been solved

Mike and Lane are university students. They are talking about Lane’s upcoming high-school reunion.

Mike: "So, you have your fifth high-school reunion coming up?"

Lane: "______."

  • Oh, the school reunion was wonderful.
  • The food at the reunion was excellent.
  • Yeah. I’m really looking forward to it.
  • No. You’re in no mood for the event.

Two close friends Tom and Kyle are talking about Kule's upcoming birthday. Select the most suitable response to complete the exchange.

Tom: "Can I bring a friend to your birthday party?

Kyle: " _____."

  • It's my hornour
  • Let's do it then
  • The more the merrier
  • That's right

- "______ detective stories?"

- "In my opinion, they're good for teenagers."

  • What do you think about
  • Are you fond of
  • How about
  • What do people feel about

- “More women will be participating in politics.”

- "_______ They are becoming more active."

  • Not at all.
  • Yes, it may be true.
  • Really?
  • I disagree.

An old gentleman, who is not sure where to go for the summer holiday, is asking a travel agent for advice.

Gentleman: “Can you recommend any places for this summer holiday?”

Agent: “_____."

  • Yes, please go to other agencies
  • I don't think you could afford a tour to Singapore, sir
  • No, you cannot recommend any places
  • A package tour to the Spratly Islands would be perfect, sir

New research has that the jay, a shy European bird commonly found in woodlands, (1) _____ the tactics it uses to acquire food, depending on its (2) _____ importance to other jays in the vicinity. Jays that are high in social rank boldly steal food from their (3) _____ , even in full view of their opponent.  When hiding food, they change their position frequently.
The same bird, when placed with a more dominant jay, acts in a very different (4) _____ . It hides its food much more secretively than the dominant bird, which hovers over its stash, changing its position regularly. When attempting to steal food, the submissive bird does so far more (5) _____ ; waiting until its opponent is at a considerable distance before approaching the (6) _____ .
Researchers working on the project at the University of Cambridge were able to ascertain the social (7) _____ of fourteen jays after systematically pairing them up and observing their behavior. Professor Clayton, who supervised the study, believes that these behavioral changes indicate that the birds were cognitively (8) _____ to different situations, rather than simply carrying out learned behavior.

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (1).

  • switches
  • converts
  • requires
  • refurbishes

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (2).

  • relative
  • qualified
  • virtual
  • absolute

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (3).

  • minions
  • subordinates
  • subsidiaries
  • novices

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (4).

  • mode
  • conduct
  • manner
  • methodology

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (5).

  • cautiously
  • reticently
  • inertly
  • rashly

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (6).

  • cache
  • kitty
  • amalgamation
  • assembly

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (7).

  • classification
  • hierarchy
  • array
  • consequence

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (8).

  • modifying
  • amending
  • adapting
  • mutating

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

(1)____________. This is a complex issue about which not a great deal is known, but the lack of evidence of mineral deficiencies in our population speaks to the adequacy of our soils. Agricultural practices that remove the total crop from the field year after year with no replenishment of trace minerals can over time result in a crop poor in these minerals.(2)____________. But with most fertilizers this practice would replenish only potassium, phosphates, and nitrogen. Rotating a "green manure" crop such as clover, (3) ____________, would renew only nitrogen in the soil, not trace elements. There is a growing realization, (4)____________, that so-called organic farming makes good commercial sense and would help minimize mineral depletion. Organic farming essentially refers to farming that does not depend on chemical fertilizers; rather, soils are invigorated (5)____________. These techniques return organic material and trace minerals back to the soils and are to be commended. 

(1)

  • Scientists have been concerned that agricultural and industrial use of land have caused the depletion in the soil minerals
  • Some people are concerned that our soils are becoming depleted of trace minerals by continuous agricultural use
  • Compared to traditional farming, farmers believe that organic farming can make soils more fertile and avoid losing trace minerals.
  • Traditional agricultural practices prevent soils from replenishing itself, making it necessary to supplement trace minerals by using fertilisers

(2)

  • Of course, the farmer could supply chemical fertilizer to the fields
  • Obviously, organic fertilizer can help the farmer supplement trace minerals
  • The farmer can certainly avoid mineral deficiency by using chemical fertilizers
  • There is no way to improve the soils, except for the use of chemicals.

(3)

  • which is plowed under after the end of the growing season
  • which ploughs to grow wheat
  • that is plowed in the end of the growing season
  • which needs to plow when the growing season ends

(4)

  • however
  • therefore
  • due to
  • Yet

(5)

  • by applying organic wastes such as corn stalks and bean vines, and compost
  • by using natural fertilizers from animals and discontinuing using chemicals
  • by converting all crops to organic farming and abandoning all fertilizers
  • by applying manure and by plowing in crop wastes, such as corn stalks and compost

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. I guess he has to be very careful about what he eats.

b. He almost died when he was little.

c. My brother is allergic to peanuts.

d. He has a very strict diet.

e. That’s not good.

  • b-d-e-a-c
  • d-c-b-a-e
  • c-e-b-a-d
  • b-a-d-c-e

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. What happened to your plan?

b. I got a D in college chemistry.

c. I was going to be a doctor.

d. Now I’m glad that I didn’t.

e. I think a hospital is the most dangerous place in the world.

f. So, you didn’t become a doctor.

  • a-b-e-c-f-d
  • c-d-a-b-e-f
  • b-a-c-e-d-f
  • c-a-b-f-d-e

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Natural food has more vitamins.

b. I’m on a new diet.

c. Why did you do that?

d. I switched from pasta to potatoes.

e. Pasta is processed food, and potatoes are natural food.

f. What are you eating now?

  • a-b-d-c-e-f
  • b-f-d-c-e-a
  • d-c-e-a-b-f
  • f-e-a-b-c-d

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. I think you look great in the blue one. 

b. Lucy, long time no see. You look great.

c. You always did have a good taste.

d. What a coincidence! I haven’t seen you for ages, Meghan.

e. I just got a new job. And I’m looking for new dresses.

  • b-e-d-a-c
  • d-b-a-e-c
  • b-d-a-c-e
  • d-b-e-a-c

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Well, it must have been nice to get away from this rain for a while. We had so much rain while you were gone that we all thought we’d be drowned.

b. Did you have a good vacation, Ben?

c. It was great, we went to the beach every day. The ocean was a little cold for swimming though.

d. Really? I am sorry. Man, it would’ve been so much nicer if you had come with us!

  • a-d-b-c
  • b-a-d-c
  • b-c-a-d
  • b-c-d-a

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Since I live near France now, I would think about learning some French. However, I heard that it is a very difficult language to study.

  • I wouldn't have learned French if I had known it is very difficult to study.
  • If I hadn't heard that French is a challenging language to learn, I would consider studying it as I live near France.
  • I had better learn French because I live near France, but maybe I won't as I find it very difficult.
  • Living so close to France, I have the opportunity to its language, but I think it is going to be difficult, or so I have heard.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Societies doubted about women's intellectual ability. Therefore, they could not get access to education.

  • Failure to get access to education resulted in the doubt about women’s intellectual ability.
  • The denial of education to women was caused by societies’ doubt about their intellectual ability.
  • Not getting access to education, societies showed their uncertainty to women’s intellectual ability.
  • Women’s intellectual ability was doubted about due to their lack of education.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

There are few passengers. The coach to Dover will still leave on schedule.

  • The coach to Dover would be going to depart soon even if there weren’t many people on it.
  • Despite having few passengers, the coach to Dover will still leave as planned.
  • The coach planned to going to Dover only carries a small number of passengers.
  • Even though the coach for Dover leaves now, there won’t be few people travelling on it.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Bill was tired of the hectic lifestyle in the city. He quitted his job and moved to a far-flung place.

  • Bill was so tired of the busy, modern life in the city that he handed in his resignation and moved to a place off the beaten track.
  • So tired Bill was of the rat race that he ended up giving up his job and moved to a remote area.
  • Tired as he might be with the hustle and bustle of the city life, Bill resigned from the company and came back his home to live with his family.
  • Such was Bill exhausted with the lifestyle in the city, he decided to quit his job and moved to a place in the middle of nowhere.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

You need to tell us everything first. Then, we can help you.

  • It is not until you have told us what happened that we can help you.
  • Only when do you tell us the whole story we can help you.
  • Provided that you tell us your story first, we can't help you.
  • Though you insist on keeping us in the dark about everything, we still help you.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Providing that Sheldon's plans stay the same over the weekend, we'll leave early on Monday morning.

  • We would leave early on Monday morning if Sheldon's plans were changed.
  • Because Sheldon's plans has changed over the weekend, we have to leave early on Monday morning.
  • We'll set off early on Monday morning due to the changes in Sam's plans.
  • Unless there are changes in Sheldon's plans over the weekend, we'll hit the road early on Monday morning.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

It was generous of her to donate so much money to charity.

  • That she donated so much money to charity was generous.
  • She was generous and donated a large amount of money to charity.
  • Donating so much money to charity made her become generous.
  • She donated a large amount of money to charity, which was generous of her.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

A lot of people believe that other life forms exist elsewhere in the universe, but we'll probably have to wait for a long time until we know for sure.

  • Many people believe that it will take a long time for us to know for sure of other life forms exist somewhere else in the universe.
  • It is certain that other life forms exist somewhere in the universe, but it will be a long time before people can find and get into contact with them.
  • Many people have long believed that somewhere in the universe there certainly exist other life forms that are waiting for us to contact them.
  • It is most likely that it will be many years before humans know for certain if there are aliens somewhere in the universe, but many people already believe they do.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Trying to run a few errands just before she went to the airport caused her to be a little late in meeting her husband there.

  • It was due to her attempt to do some small tasks at the last moment that she arrived at the airport a few minutes late to pick her husband up.
  • She was running some errands when she suddenly realized that she had to go to the airport to meet her husband, and she arrived there a bit late.
  • She had to run a few errands after she had picked her husband up at the airport. And so they arrived home a little late.
  • She had run several errands a short time before she went to pick her husband up at the airport, yet she still managed to get there just on time.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

The reason she wasn't responding to your questions is that her anger at you for what you said to her the other night still hasn't waned.

  • What you said to her a few nights ago doesn't matter any more because she's no longer angry with you and will respond to any questions you ask her.
  • Your words to her the other night made her very angry, and for this reason she's not asking you any questions.
  • She remains angry with you for all those things you said to her a few nights ago, and that's why you weren't getting any replies to your questions.
  • She hasn't stopped being angry with you for your words to her a few nights ago, but there's no reason for you not to respond to her questions, about them.