Đề số 2 ôn thi vào lớp 10 Chuyên Anh Sở HN 2020 (Reading & Writing)

7/3/2020 8:56:00 AM

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • purpose
  • produce
  • pollute
  • compose
Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.
  • chimpanzee

  • interviewee

  • refugee

  • committee

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

  • stealth
  • thus
  • thankful
  • thumb

Choose the word with the main stress placed differently from that of the others.

  • subtract
  • struggle
  • throughout
  • remote

Choose the word with the main stress placed differently from that of the others.

  • employment
  • atmosphere
  • quantity
  • fortunate
Rebecca didn’t deserve _______ punished quite so severely, if you ask me.
  • be
  • being
  • to be
  • to being

Do you think the generation _____ between parents and teenagers is getting wider?

  • split
  • divide
  • crack
  • gap

The speaker stopped _________ his notes before continuing.

  • checking
  • check
  • to check
  • to checking
I read somewhere that the youngest _________ in a family is often the funniest.
  • sibling
  • spouse
  • guardian
  • citizen
That new painting looks a bit out of ___________ in our living room, don’t you think ?
  • room
  • space
  • place
  • spot
What you’re saying now _________ what you said earlier.
  • disputes
  • contradicts
  • comprises
  • interferes
Many people consider Davies ___________ the finest artist of his generation.
  • be
  • being
  • to be
  • to being
I woke up late for my interview because I _________ about it all night and didn’t get much sleep.
  • worried
  • have been worrying
  • had been worrying
  • had worried
After the investigation, the accident was put down to human __________.
  • mistake
  • wrong
  • error
  • slip
Everyone started to _________ around the old woman on the floor but no one offered her any help.
  • crowd
  • spread
  • put
  • hang

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in three sentences.

Pia's under a lot of stress because she's in the _______ of applying for a new job.

The company was trying to develop a new manufacturing _______ in an attempt to cut costs.

Many people buy cosmetics in an attempt to slow down the _______ of ageing.

Answer:

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in three sentences.

The party leaders got together to plan their next _______ in the election campaign.

Chrysoula hated playing chess with Yannis because he always took so long when it was his _______. 

It's high time we made a ________. There's so much to do.

Answer:

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in three sentences.

The censors cut one particular _______ from the film before it was released.

I'd rather go to the cinema; I'm afraid opera isn't my ________.

We couldn't get to sleep because we could hear the neighbours making a _______.

Answer:

Form the collocations using the verbs and prepositions from the boxes. Complete each sentence using a collocation in the appropriate form.

Each verb and each preposition must be used ONCE only.

Verbs

Prepositions

apologise, apply, confront, face, distract, pride, resort, succeed

for, to, from, in, on, to, with

1. We finding Ann's house at the second attempt.

2. However poor I was I would not stealing.

3. He confessed when he was the evidence.

4. You need to yourself more your work.

5. Alan himself his punctuality.

6. I was doing my work by the music.

7. I breaking your electric drill.

Use the word given in capitals to form a word that fits in the space.

CULTURE CLASHES

One (CHARACTER) of the modern world is that people increasingly find themselves living side by side with people from other cultures. While in the past people with different cultures were able to live quite separately, high mobility and freedom of movement meant that we are more likely today to be confronted with people whose way of life is unfamiliar to us. In such circumstances, (RACE) is a real danger.

People feel a tremendous loyalty to their own culture, and are often unwilling to develop an appreciation of the positive aspects of other cultures. They may feel that another culture presents a threat to their own (INHERIT), one that could even lead to the (APPEAR) of certain aspects of their way of life. Often, however, this threat is more a matter of perception than reality and different groups live in (RELATE) harmony in many parts of the world.

Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank.

What is the world largest desert? I’m sure the first that to mind is the legendary Sahara – but that’s 3rd. It’s actually the desert on the Antarctic , measuring just under 14,000,000 kms2, closely followed by the Arctic desert. Most people living away from deserts associate this kind of with sand, but only 10% of deserts are actually made up of sand dunes.

The term ‘desert’ in fact describes a landscape which receives almost no , meaning rainfall, snow, ice or hail. The term can also apply to regions where there is greater evaporation of moisture than rainfall. In other words, more water is absorbed back into the than stays on or within the ground. So, in deserts, you’re mainly talking about ice sheets and a little rock, not sand, of course. The surface of many other deserts is comprised of loose rock where the finer particles of dust and sand have been blown away.

It may surprise you to know that deserts exist all over the , from the Kalahari in Africa to the Great Victoria in Australia and so on, and that they cover just over a fifth of the earth’s land area. The world’s largest hot desert, the Sahara, actually reaches temperatures of 122 Fahrenheit degrees. Other arid deserts may not be so hot but in common with the Sahara, they considerably at night.

An issue that is worrying geologists, governments and the people that live on the edges of deserts is the way they are spreading. You might think that the reason for this is drought – but the lack of rain is not the cause.

Write one word in each gap.

BOOK REVIEW

Rarely one find as clear an account of social change as Olivia Harris’s Changing Britain. Those who prefer to bury their heads in the and imagine that Britain is the same as it was even 20 years ago are in for a shock. Harris convincingly argues that only have those in authority increased their power, but ordinary people are also less likely to stand to those in office. At point in the book any of Harris’s claims presented without evidence, and neither does she talk to the non-expert. Her main conclusion, that not until we all realise that there is a problem and decide to confront the powers that be will the situation improve, is powerful and irresistible.

Read the following passage and choose the best answer to the questions.

Genetic engineering - the unimaginable face of the future?

  1. If we now know enough to be able to make changes in the genetic material that we hand on to our children, why not seize this power? Why not control what has been left to chance in the past? Social and environmental influences already control many other aspects of our children's lives and identities. We do not quarrel with the use of orthodontics to straighten teeth, or good nutrition and education to enhance intelligence. Can we really reject positive genetic influences on the next generation's minds and bodies when we accept the rights of parents to benefit their children in every other way?
  2. It seems to me inevitable that genetic engineering will eventually be used. It will probably begin in a way that is most ethically acceptable to the largest portion of society, to prevent babies inheriting conditions that have a severe impact on the quality of life, such as heart or lung conditions. The number of parents needing or desiring this service might be tiny, but their experience would help to ease society's fears, and geneticists could then begin to expand their services to prevent the inheritance of genes leading to other disorders that have a less severe impact, or an impact delayed until adulthood. At the same time, other genes could be added to improve various health characteristics and disease resistance in children who would not otherwise have been born with any particular problem.
  3. The final frontier will be the mind and the senses. Here, genetic engineering could have enormous benefits. Alcohol addiction could be eliminated, along with tendencies toward mental disease and antisocial behaviour like extreme aggression. People's senses of sight and hearing could be improved, allowing for new dimensions in art and music. And when our understanding of brain development has advanced, geneticists will be able to provide parents with the option of enhancing various intellectual attributes as well.
  4. Is there a limit to what can be accomplished with genetic enhancements? Some experts say there are boundaries beyond which we cannot go. But humans have a tendency to prove the experts wrong. One way to identify types of human enhancements that lie in the realm of possibility - no matter how outlandish they may seem today - is to consider what already exists in the living world. If another living creature already has a particular attribute, then we can work out its genetic basis and eventually we should be able to make it available to humans. For example, we could provide humans with a greatly enhanced sense of smell like that of dogs and other mammals, and the ability to 'see' objects in complete darkness through a biological sonar system like the one that allows bats to find their way in the dark.
  5. In the longer term, it might be possible to identify the genetic information which allows creatures to live under extreme conditions here on Earth - like the microscopic bacteria that live in scalding hot water around volcanic vents on the ocean floor, far removed from light and free oxygen, and other creatures that use a biological form of antifreeze to thrive in sub-zero temperatures around Antarctica. One day it may even be possible to incorporate photosynthetic units into human embryos so that humans could receive energy directly from the sun, just like plants. Such genetic gifts could allow these genetically modified humans to survive on other planets in the solar system, where they could in turn use genetic engineering to further enhance the ability of their own children to survive in their chosen worlds.
  6. In the short term, though, most genetic enhancements will surely be much more mundane. They will provide little fixes to all of the naturally occurring genetic defects that shorten the lives of so many people. They will enrich physical and cognitive attributes in small ways. But as the years go by over the next two centuries, the number and variety of possible genetic extensions to the basic human genome* will rise dramatically - like the additions to computer operating systems that occurred during the 1980s and 1990s. Extensions that were once unimaginable will become indispensable - to those parents who are able to afford them.

*The total of all the genes that are found in one living thing.

According to the writer, what has been “left to chance in the past”?
  • The genetic compatibility of potential parents.
  • The social and environmental factors affecting children.
  • The qualities and characteristics that children inherit.
  • The ways in which parents may benefit their children.

Genetic engineering may first be applied to disabilities affecting babies because______.

  • the greatest long-term benefit would be provided
  • this would be the last controversial use
  • this would prevent so much suffering
  • the social consequences are so severe
Once genetic engineering is accepted, it may be used to _______.
  • improve the mental capabilities of unborn children
  • extend understanding of how the brain works
  • bring new realism to art and music
  • care people with alcohol-related problems
Looking further into the future, the writer suggests that human attributes _________.
  • could be transferred to other live creatures
  • can only be enhanced with characteristics from other humans
  • should not be interfered with beyond certain limits.
  • could be improved with genetic information from other creatures
The writer suggests that genetic engineering may ultimately allow humans to ________.
  • live under the ocean
  • produce energy by using the Sun
  • reproduce with creatures from other planets
  • live and reproduce in inhospitable conditions
In the final paragraph the writer implies that genetic engineering _______.
  • should only be used to deal with genetic defects
  • will be affected by computer technology
  • may not be used to benefit everyone equally
  • will one day be taken for granted by everyone
What can be inferred about the writer’s attitude?
  • He is concerned about the implications of future developments.
  • He is enthusiastic about future developments in genetic engineering.
  • He is disappointed by the limited advances already achieved.
  • He is hopeful that there will be rapid developments in the near future.

Which of the following is CLOSEST in meaning to the word "thrive" in paragraph 5?

  • survive
  • surrender
  • flourish
  • perish

Read the article and choose your answers from the sections A-D. You may choose any of the sections more than once.

Nationing India through the Railway

A. Within Raja Rao's Kanthapura, the railway is present in its supporting interactions between the village and the city, and the Congress Party and their village supporters, in delivering newspapers and directions of actions to take in the anti-imperial and nationalist movement. Notions of the railway delivering messages of anti-colonial sentiment can be found in it presenting a surface which is translatable as a canvas in nationalistic graffiti. As Kurt Iveson suggests, in relation to the railway in Australia, 'if the train that carries graffiti 'runs' with the tag for message still on it, this gives the writer for a movement more recognition.' So, the railway can be seen to open the possibility of literally carrying intentions towards nationhood on its very surface. The railway, of course, was not built by the British with intentions towards independence but can be seen to introduce a particular framework that comes to be appropriated in the movements towards nationhood.

B. Not only can the railway be seen as a mobiliser of nationhood, but conterminously as a mobiliser of capitalism. As Ian Kerr suggests in Building the Railways of the Raj, the building of the railway in India introduced the framework of contractual employment - of the labour market - and, the knowledge of the saleability of that labour, arguably, lays the foundations for unions, The Congress Party and ultimately independence. Independence and the conceiving of the nation internationally can be further perceived in the participation of Indian construction workers in the building of railways throughout Africa. The knowledge of the saleability of labour internationally anticipates the falling of borders through globalisation before their construction. As Barrack Obama arrives at the old Nairobi train station in the post aspect of colonialism, he writes upon a railway line that had taken 'the lives of several hundred imported Indian workers' for the 'line of track that helped usher in Kenya's colonial history', inferring an interconnectivity within the Empire, and an interconnectivity within the constructing of railways and, furthermore, how that 'colonial history' relied upon the introduction of the railway.

C. In Deepa Mehta's film, Water Chuyia is a child-widow, in an institution for women whose husbands have died. After living in this institution and witnessing the curtailing of happiness and freedom, she is taken to the railway station. Gandhi is reported to have been released from prison and is rumoured to be holding one of his 'prayer meetings' in the station. As Chuyia is carried to the station, the procession of people heading towards Gandhi has a slowness and a reverence similar to pilgrims entering a temple in anticipation of witnessing a god. Indeed, in post-colonial India, Gandhi's face is printed on the national currency of India, and he is referred to as the 'father of the nation.' The holding of a politico-religious meeting in the railway station further supports the proposition that the railway played a key role in nation building and independence. The final shot of the train proceeding into the future carrying the child-widow, Narayan the Gandhiist, and Gandhi himself invokes a positivist sense of 'inevitability' of 'progression' and nationhood.

D. The scene set in the railway station in Deepa Mehta's Earth focuses upon Ice Candy Man crouching on a platform at Lahore railway station amongst others waiting for the train to arrive from the recently split Punjab, and the newly partitioned India. In breaking away from the British, the land and the railway is being reclaimed and rewritten upon; the process of cracking is entered into, revealing gaps and lapses in time and memory. As the train arrives twelve hours late, an uncanny silence draws up next to it; a silence that is echoed with the arrival of the 'ghost train' of Khushwant Singh's Train to Pakistan. In Earth, those waiting for the arrival of the train expect to meet family members and the one-day-old citizens of the newly formed nation of Pakistan; instead, the unnervingly silent carriages divulge death and dismemberment. The communicative aspect of the railway network becomes traumatically fulfilled; the railway carries the conflicting messages of renewal and relief, and bloodshed and war. The men are described as having been butchered and the women as having been dismembered with the 'members' tilling gunny sacks. The witnessing of divided bodies echoes the land that has itself had incisions made upon it.

In which section are the following mentioned?

An important Indian figure using the railway station for a meeting about the nation:

The cutting up of land:

The using of India workers to build railways in other countries:

A totally new nation of the time:

A physical feature of the currency of India:

The railway wasn't built to be used as a tool for creating a nation:

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The police had to let the suspect go because new evidence was produced. (light) ⇒ The police had to let the suspect go ……………………. evidence produced.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Maria didn't tell John the news until he had finished his meal. (for) ⇒ Maria ………. telling him the news.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Don't let her relaxed manner deceive you; she's an extremely shrewd businesswoman! (taken) ⇒ Don't let ……………………. her relaxed manner; she's an extremely shrewd businesswoman. 

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Unless the weather changes dramatically overnight, we'll be leaving at dawn. (no)

⇒ Providing ……………………………. the weather overnight, we'll be leaving at dawn.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Werner found it hard to get used to the fact that he'd lost his job. (terms) ⇒ Werner found it hard ……………. the fact that he'd lost his job.

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I’m going to write a complain to the council. ⇒ I intend to make…………..

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

We don't think you should have done that. ⇒ We'd rather ………….

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Mary's performance in last week's test was nowhere near as good as it was in today's. => Mary performed ……….

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

You mustn't open the lid of the machine until it has stopped making that noise. => Only when ......

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The Japanese are the best at making pocket-sized technology. ⇒ The Japanese are second ……………….