Đề số 3 ôn thi vào lớp 10 Chuyên Anh Sở HN 2020 (Reading & Writing)

7/7/2020 10:54:00 PM

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

  • crooked
  • intended
  • hooked
  • wicked

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

  • crop
  • concern
  • conduct
  • protect

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

  • education
  • graduate
  • shoulder
  • soldier

Choose the word with the main stress placed differently from that of the others.

  • committee
  • entertain
  • referee
  • millionaire

Choose the word with the main stress placed differently from that of the others.

  • retirement
  • government
  • inhabit
  • excessive

Relations between the two islands have ______ further recently.

  • decayed
  • deteriorated
  • spoiled
  • distorted

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

_______ of birds over a city usually predict cold weather.

  • Herds
  • Flocks
  • Packs
  • Groups

We still ________ to the idea.

  • don’t use
  • didn’t use
  • don’t get used
  • haven’t got used

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

With over 500 hits from the 60s, 70s and 80s, this is the ________ hits collection.

  • exquisite
  • satisfactory
  • optimum
  • ultimate

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

That’s the last time _____ here.

  • I’ve ever come
  • I’m ever coming
  • I ever came
  • I’d ever come

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

Jake’s completely round the _______, isn’t he?

  • edge
  • side
  • corner
  • bend

Only _____ people have joined the website so far, but we’re hoping membership will increase over the next couple of months.

  • few
  • a few
  • little
  • a little

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

Never ________ such an enjoyable holiday.

  • I will forget to have
  • will I forget to have
  • will I forget having
  • will I be forgotten having

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

I always clean the flat before my mum comes round, but she always finds at least on _________ of dust and says it’s filthy!

  • scrap
  • gust
  • speck
  • blade

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

The news of his death was like a bolt _______. 

  • from the red
  • from the blue
  • from the black
  • from the white

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in three sentences.

When Janet got down to work, every complex problem was swiftly _______ to its most important points.

Everything got worse and worse and eventually he was ________ to begging.

The doctor noticed that the swelling had been considerably ________ by the application of the new ointment.

Answer:

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in three sentences.

Winning the competition came as a ________ surprise to Marianne.

Robin is determined to keep on collecting football stickers until he has a ________ set.

Sir Ralph arrived at the taney-dress party in full army uniform, _________ with badges and medals.

Answer:

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in three sentences.

They heard the news of their wrecked holiday plans with _________ hearts.

For anyone convicted of such a crime, there is a_________ penalty.

Simon is convinced he will be able to carry that _________ rucksack all the way.

Answer:

Form the collocations using the verbs and prepositions from the boxes. Complete each sentence using a collocation in the appropriate form.

Each verb and each preposition must be used ONCE only.

Verbs

Prepositions

bump, gather, quarrel, talk, tell, throw, try      

apart, away, into, out, out of, up, with

I decided it was time to some of my old exercise books from school.

Sofia got really angry during the meeting, and eventually she her papers and stormed out.

I Lea in town. She said she would phone you later.

I really can't the twins , they look so similar. 

I don't suppose there's any way we can you leaving college, is there?

The new shop has loads of computers on show so that you can them before buying.

The Agriculture Minister, Mariam Haddad has her European counterparts over the issue of fish conservation.

Use the word given in brackets to form a word that fits in the space.

SIR CLIVE SINCLAIR

Born in 1940, UK businessman Sir Clive Sinclair has an enduring place in the minds of British people for two reasons. First, he was the man who (REVOLT) home computing with the ZX series of computers, and secondly, he was the man whose alternative to the car, the C5, failed spectacularly to capture the public imagination.

Sinclair’s products, the ZX81 and its successful (PLACE), the ZX Spectrum, were small, affordable computers that sold in huge numbers in the early 1980s. Despite limited capabilities, they allowed people to play computer games in their own home for the first time, and even introduced people to the word (PROCESS).

The C5, a one-person vehicle that ran on electricity, was produced in 1984 and was Sinclair’s attempt to (MODERN) transport. However, it was persistently criticised in the press for being unsafe and impractical in the British climate and the production of the C5 was (CONTINUE) in August, 1985.

Choose the best option to complete the passage.

Less than a third of advertising executives believe their campaigns help to sell products - a survey has revealed. Instead, they are plagued by self-doubt and insecurity and dream of it all up for another career. In spite of their “whiz-kid” , the survey of 600 advertising employees from 50 agencies found the industry weary from . Forty percent of women said sex was rife and 73 percent described advertising as a “terrible career” for working mothers because of its unpredictability and 12-hour days. Although spending on advertising by major companies has increased, only 28 percent of advertising employees were prepared to say that they believed they campaigns were . Dominic Mills, the editor of the industry’s trade magazine campaign, which the survey, was shocked by the results. “It is to think that so many people in advertising believe their efforts are falling of the mark but this is what people privately think” she said. Between 1990 and 1992 a fifth of people in the advertising industry lost their jobs. Asked what job they would most like to do instead, the survivors said they would become barristers, writers, actors or artists.

Write on word in each gap.

THE SEGWAY

The Segway HT (Human Transporter) first presented to the public in 2001. It is a revolutionary form of transport, which runs electricity and allows the rider to balance on a small platform between two wheels. Balance is maintained by two computers, which monitor the Segway’s move. As the vehicle moves off balance, the computers turn the wheels to compensate, in this way restoring balance. If the rider leans forwards or backwards, the Segway moves in that direction in an attempt to steady . If the rider continues to lean, the vehicle continues to move at up to 10 mph. Once you are on the move, the Segway be steered in the direction you want to go using the handlebars.

are thought to be a number of advantages to the Segway for short, inner-city journeys. It’s a very safe, environmentally-friendly means of transport, and a number of organisations, such as police forces and postal services, consider to be a possible alternative to cars and bicycles.

Read the text below and choose the best option to each question.

IO AND TITAN

A satellite of the largest planet in the Solar System, Io is one of the four largest moons known as the "Galilean moons" of Jupiter and orbits closest to the planet. Not much was known about lo until 1979 when the United States conducted Voyager exploratory missions. The missions discovered that the moon had no impact craters, which scientists considered unusual because they had expected the opposite. Io possesses the characteristics of a fairly young moon, however, with a molten iron core and more than 400 active volcanoes. Thus, any collisions with objects from outer space would not manifest themselves through craters and other blemishes, as Io's exterior is being paved again and again by lava flows. Io's silicate surface is very colorful, mostly shades of orange because of the presence of sulphur and its compounds. Io's atmosphere is very thin and consists mostly of sulphur dioxide. 

Io's discovery by Galileo Galilei in 1610 played an enormous part in scientific development in the 17th and 18th centuries. Io and its companion moons gave scientists a reason to adopt the Copernican system over the Ptolemaic system, which insists that the Earth was at the center of the Solar System. Galileo observed that the moons never left the vicinity of Jupiter, which proved that not everything revolved around the Earth. 

Titan is the largest of Saturn's 57 moons. Unlike Io, Titan orbits Saturn in the outermost part, but sometimes skirts in and out. Discovered by the Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens in 1655, Titan's atmosphere is dense, which makes it difficult to study Titan even with telescopes. The Cassini-Huygens mission in 2005 determined that Titan has liquid hydrocarbon lakes near the North Pole. The surface of Titan shows large regions of dark terrain, which are actually extensive plains covered with sand dunes formed by the strong winds of the satellite. The exploratory mission also discovered that Titan has a fully developed atmosphere unlike the other satellites of Jupiter and Saturn. Titan's air is predominantly made up of nitrogen along with other hydrocarbon elements, which are the basis of building amino acids necessary for the formation of life. Titan's atmosphere may be similar to that of the early Earth. On that account, if life were able to develop on Titan, it would give model for the evolution of life on the Earth.

(Đề thi Olympic 30/4 lớp 10 - THPT Chuyên Lê Quý Đôn - Ninh Thuận)

What is the main idea of the passage?

  • Io and Titan are the most unusual satellites in the Solar System.
  • Scientists do not know very much about the moons of Jupiter and Saturn.
  • The moons of Jupiter and Saturn resemble their parent planets.
  • Io and Titan are two dissimilar satellites of the Solar System's biggest planets.

The phrase "the opposite” in the passage refers to

  • the missions failed to find Io.
  • scientists thought that Io was an old moon.
  • Io had impact craters.
  • Io does not orbit the Jupiter

The word “exterior” in the passage is closest in meaning to

  • surface
  • land
  • element
  • shade

According to the passage, what was NOT true about Io?

  • Is Jupiter’s innermost satellite.
  • Has apparent impact from celestial objects.
  • Displays bright range colors from the sulphur in its atmosphere.
  • Was discovered by Galileo Galilei.

Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage?

  • The discovery of Io was a significant occurrence in the 17th century for the scientific world.
  • Science continued to develop with the discovery of Io in 1610.
  • In the 17th and 18th centuries, the biggest development in science was Galileo's discovery of Io.
  • Galileo Galilei discovered Io in 1610, and this discovery had a big impact on the growth of science in the 17th and 18th centuries.

According to the passage, the discovery of Io was significant because

  • it showed that satellites other than the Earth's moon existed.
  • it disproved the accuracy of the Ptolemaic system.
  • it proved that some moons have volcanoes.
  • it indicated that Jupiter had more than four moons.

According to paragraph 3, what was NOT learned about Titan during Cassini-Huygens mission?

  • The moon has hydrocarbon lakes.
  • Titan has sand dunes covering vast plains.
  • The atmosphere of Titan is similar to Io's.
  • The atmosphere of Titan is fully developed.

The author mentions Titan's hydrocarbon elements in order to

  • explain the colors on Titan’s surface.
  • demonstrate how dense Titan's atmosphere is.
  • show that Titan resembles the Earth's moon.
  • provide evidence that Titan is like the early Earth.

Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the study of Titan?

  • Scientists had not learned much about Titan prior to the Cassini-Huygens missions.
  • It is impossible to conduct because of the gases on the moon’s surface.
  • Its most interesting discoveries were made by Christian Huygens.
  • The mission sent to study Titan did not gather much information.

Read the article and choose your answers from the sections A-D. You may choose any of the sections more than once.

Neither this nor that

A. Most of us sit happily within our binary categorized genders. We push the boundaries a little bit. We like to think we're being a bit alternative with our decisions in clothing, or even in attitude. It isn't difficult to find perfectly straight house-husbands taking an interest in the decor of the family home and to find misogynistic women in boardrooms and on factory floors alike across the globe today. We might be able to do more within our assigned gender, but we're still very much pinned down by the borders of our gender - we're still only reacting against our strict Victorian predecessors - we've yet to step into the future of our possible selves.

B. A difficult pill for us to swallow though is that we can't imagine ourselves without gender. Who are we without our box labels of "man" and "woman"? As we ask ourselves this question, a beautiful songbird flies past our eyes and it dawns on as that we don't exist without these categories. Or, rather we cannot imagine - we are unintelligible to ourselves without these demarcations. This is one of the basic ideas of Judith Butler, a theorist on many aspects of identity, but who made her name in the public domain with her research upon gender. She works from within a number of perspectives and any cursory attempt at an introduction to her and her ideas would be to do unto her a great injustice, but for those who are unfamiliar with her work, she argues that gender is performative, This term has, indeed, caused some of the many problems and confusions with Butler's theory, but as a base from which to start, one who would like to understand should soon dispose of the theatrical notion hanging around in your connotational mind and turn towards the field of linguistics. More specifically towards a particular linguist and his work; J. L Austin's How To Do Things With Words.

C. L. Austin's work couldn't be further away from gender studies if it tried, but Judith Butler made use of his famous theory upon the performativity of certain types of speech or utterances. He argued that some utterances had no reference outside of the sentence, so these utterances are performative. Austin refers to the utterances in naming ceremonies and marriage ceremonies as instances of the performativity of language. It takes a while to get one's head around this, but essentially Austin argues that in certain cases utterances do not describe nor state the "doing" of an action, but rather the utterance itself is the action; the utterance performs the action. "I name this ship..." would be an example of a performative utterance. Judith Butler arrives at Austin's work through a critique of it by the French philosopher Jacque Derrida. Derrida takes issue with Austin's narrow usage of his theory.

D. This is where Judith Butler picks up the thread. She argues that from the moment we are born, we are encased by language. We don't speak back for a year or so, but the people around us are already dressing us up in the finery of the language we will one day use to decorate ourselves - to create our identities with. But, further than this and more explicitly as Butler develops in her later work Bodies That Matter, the moment we are born the sentence is uttered, "it's a girl" or "it's a boy" - this is the basis of her argument of gender being performative. I suppose a good way to imagine it is through Spiderman's web that he shoots from his wrist. The web is language and language that is inescapable. The implications of this though, are very serious for Butler. She often writes about children who are born with two sets of genitals or whose genitals are ambiguous. For these people, Butler argues, the "gendering" is most cruel. These human beings aren't left as the beautiful products that they are, but quite the opposite - they are mutilated as babies and find it very difficult to live sexually fulfilling lives as adults.

In which section are the following mentioned?

The details of a linguist's theory:

The disagreeing of a philosopher with a linguist's theory:

Sexism towards women by members of the same sex:

The misinterpretation of a term in Judith Butler's work:

The worst problems of gender-assignment:

That people today aren't that different from people from a different era:

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

No matter what happens, we will never do business with that firm again. (ever) ⇒ Under ………… with that firm again.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The news that the Prime Minister had resigned came as a great shock to everyone. (aback) ⇒ Everyone ………. Prime Minister's resignation.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I felt relaxed at Gita's house because her parents greeted me so warmly. (ease) ⇒ Gita's parents ............... the warmth of their greeting.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The area was completely devoid of vegetation. (whatsoever) ⇒ There ………… the area.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Selena really has no idea of the difficulty of finding a parking place. (how) ⇒ Little does ............ find a parking place.

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It seems that no one predicted the final outcome of the negotiations. ⇒ No one ………...

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

They often went to the zoo with their parent as children. ⇒ Their parents would ……

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The company will decide very soon whether to close the Beijing office. ⇒ The company is on ……….

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

We would have preferred them not to have stayed so long, that’s true. ⇒ We would sooner ……….

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Her remarks simply made his rage more uncontrollable. ⇒ Her remarks simply added ……….