Đề số 4 ôn thi vào lớp 10 Chuyên Anh Sở HN 2020 (Reading & Writing)

7/10/2020 2:36:00 PM

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

  • massage
  • espionage
  • advantage

  • sabotage

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

  • cherish
  • chameleon
  • challenge
  • champion

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

  • fortunate
  • calculate
  • contemplate

  • populate
Choose the option whose primary stress is placed differently from those of the others.
  • vegetarian
  • preservation
  • original
  • independent
My uncle pulled a few ________ and got me a job in the company where he works.
  • ropes
  • strings
  • threads
  • chords

Choose the option whose primary stress is placed differently from those of the others.

  • ostentatious
  • controversial
  • uncontrollable
  • competitively

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

The couple were finally ______ by the landlord after not paying rent for six months.

  • demolished
  • evicted
  • rejected
  • evacuated

Warning: anyone caught stealing from these premises will be _________.

  • advocated
  • undermined
  • prosecuted
  • enforced

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

Nobody wanted to tell Richard he wasn’t invited, but I drew the short _______ so I had to dot it.

  • straw
  • stick
  • pole
  • rod

The local authorities need to _______ down on illegal parking, in my opinion.

  • hit
  • force
  • move
  • crack

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

I admit breaking the window, but it wasn’t _________.

  • instrumental
  • purposeful
  • deliberate
  • desirable

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

The new regulations have _______ up a number of problems for the company.

  • come
  • thrown
  • got
  • moved

Jim’s a tough character and certainly won’t let anyone push him ________.

  • up
  • off
  • around
  • through

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

Three American fishermen were rescued today after ________ at sea for nine months.

  • wandering
  • roaming
  • drifting
  • sinking

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

They are unlikely to find any new evidence because so much time has ______ since the crime.

  • spanned
  • postponed
  • lapsed
  • elapsed

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in three sentences.

It is often said that children learn best by _________.

The new sofa looked quite expensive, but in fact it was made of _______ leather.

Alison could do an almost perfect _______ of their teacher, and she always made everyone laugh.

Answer:

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in three sentences.

The instructions say you should ________ the glue to a slightly damp surface.

Jane will need to ________ herself more to her work if she is to get a good degree.

I've read the warning, but I don't know who it can ________ to.

Answer:

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in three sentences.

Following the accident, the company has agreed to carry out a thorough ________ of its safety procedures.

The whole policy of allowing members to borrow the club's equipment is now under ________ 

Sally was thrilled to see a positive _________ of her first novel in the local newspaper.

Answer:

Form the collocations using the verbs and prepositions from the boxes. Complete each sentence using a collocation in the appropriate form.

Each verb and each preposition must be used ONCE only.

Verbs

Prepositions

agree, argue, ask, care, know, learn, talk

about, about, for, for, of, on, with     

We can a great deal the oceans by studying even a small piece of coral.

Scientists do not the origin of the universe.

I had to elderly parents when they both became ill.

She didn’t her stepbrother’s existence until her mother died.

On the website they your email address.

We’re going to the council about planting some new trees in the park.

The teacher says we’ve got to do the test, so there’s no point in it.

Use the word given in capitals to form a word that fits in the space.

LIFE IN EXTREME CONDITIONS

Until relatively recently, it was thought that extreme heat and cold presented (MOUNT) problems to living organisms and that all life existed in a narrow range of favourable temperatures. However, the discovery of extremophiles has forced a (ASSESS) of that view.

Extremophiles are bacteria that survive, and even thrive, in (SEEM) impossible conditions. (PROBABLE) as it may seem, some exist at temperatures exceeding 80° in geysers and hot springs, while others live in the freezing conditions of the Antarctic (WILD). While most species of large animals are threatened by global warming, even to the point of extinction, that kind of ecological change may actually benefit the extremophiles. These organisms may survive long after the human race.

Choose the correct answer.

WIKIPEDIA

The online encyclopedia Wikipedia challenges our preconceptions about factual information.

Before Wikipedia, it was as read that encyclopedias were written by paid experts. In other words, before Wikipedia, the “reader” of an encyclopedia had no control over the content. Wikipedia has changed all that, as anyone is allowed to edit add content. The idea has certainly on and, for millions of people, Wikipedia a vital need.

Wikipedia’s founders insist that, on the whole, the information on the site is no less accurate than more traditional encyclopedias. Despite this, critics have the site for its inaccuracies. Articles on the site have certainly things which are not in fact true. However, although these have received wide media , they essentially the problem. Most people have little how many inaccuracies there are in traditional printed encyclopedias too. 

Fill each of the following blanks with ONE suitable word.

THE LEGEND OF THE ROOT 

Ginseng is one of the great mysteries of the east. Often referred to as the 'elixir of life' its widespread use in oriental medicine has led to many myths and legends building up around this remarkable plant. Ginseng has featured an active ingredient in oriental medical literature for over 5,000 years. Its beneficial effects were, at one time, widely recognized and praised that the root was said to be worth its weight in gold. the long history of ginseng, no one fully knows how it works. The active part of the plant is the root. Its full name is Panax Ginseng - the word Panax, like the word panacea, coming from the Greek for 'all healing'. There is growing interest by western scientists the study of ginseng. 

It is today believed that this remarkable plant may beneficial effects in the treatment of many diseases which are difficult to treat with synthetic drugs. 

Today, ginseng is longer a myth or a legend. Throughout the world, it is becoming widely recognized that this ancient herb holds the answer to relieving the stresses and ailments of modern living. It is widely used for the treatment of various ailments such as arthritis, diabetes, insomnia, hepatitis and anemia. However, the truth behind ginseng works still remains a mystery. Yet its widespread effectiveness shows that the remarkable properties are more than just a legend.

(Đề đề nghị Olympic 30/4 - THPT Chuyên Bảo Lộc - Lâm Đồng)

Read the passage and choose the best answer to each of the question.

Today we take electricity for granted and perhaps we do not realize just how useful this discovery has been. Steam was the first invention that replaced wind power. It was used to drive engines and was passed through pipes and radiators to warm rooms. Petrol mixed with air was the next invention that provided power. Exploded in a cylinder, it drove a motor engine. Beyond these simple and direct uses, those forms have not much adaptability. 

On the other hand, we make use of electricity in thousands of ways. From the powerful voltages that drive our electric trains to the tiny current needed to work a simple calculator, and from the huge electric magnet in steel works that can lift 10 tons to the tiny electric magnet in a doorbell, all are powered by electricity. An electric current can be made with equal ease to heat a huge mass of molten metal in a furnace, or to boil a jug for a cup of coffee. 

Other than atomic energy, which has not as yet been harnessed to the full, electricity is the greatest power in the world. It is flexible, and so adaptable for any task for which it is wanted. It travels so easily and with incredible speed along wires or conductors that it can be supplied instantly over vast distances. 

To generate electricity, huge turbines or generators must be turned. In Australia, they use coal or water to drive this machinery. When dams are built, falling water is used to drive the turbines without polluting the atmosphere with smoke from coal. 

Atomic power is used in several countries but there is always the fear of an accident. A tragedy once occurred at Chernobyl, in Ukraine, at an atomic power plant used to make electricity. The reactor leaked, which caused many deaths through radiation.

Now scientists are examining new ways of creating electricity without harmful effects to the environment. They may harness the tides as they flow in and out of bays. Most importantly, they hope to trap sunlight more efficiently. We do use solar heaters for swimming pools but as yet improvement in the capacity of the solar cells to create current is necessary. When this happens, electric cars will be viable and the world will rid itself of the toxic gases given off by trucks and cars that burn fossil fuels.

(Đề đề nghị Olympic 30/4 - THPT Chuyên Bến Tre - Bến Tre)

The author mentions the sources of energy such as wind, steam, petrol in the first paragraph to ______.

  • suggest that electricity should be alternated with safer sources of energy
  • emphasize the usefulness and adaptability of electricity
  • imply that electricity is not the only useful source of energy
  • discuss which source of energy can be a suitable alternative to electricity

Before electricity, what was sometimes passed through pipes to heat rooms?

  • Gas.
  • Petrol
  • Steam.
  • Hot wind.

What does the author mean by saying that electricity is flexible?

  • It is cheap and easy to use.
  • It is used to drive motor engines.
  • It can be adapted to various uses.
  • It can be made with ease.

What do we call machines that make electricity?

  • Voltages.
  • Electric magnets.
  • Generators or turbines.
  • Pipes and radiators.

The main forms of power used to generate electricity in Australia are _______.

  • atomic power and water
  • water and coal
  • sunlight and wind power
  • wind and gas

The word "they" in the last paragraph refers to _______.

  • harmful effects
  • the tides
  • scientists
  • new ways

Electric magnets are used in steel works to ______.

  • lift heavy weights up to ten tons
  • test the steel for strength
  • heat the molten steel
  • boil a jug of water

The advantage of harnessing the power of the tides and of sunlight to generate electricity is that they _______.

  • do not pollute the environment
  • are more reliable
  • are more adaptable
  • do not require attention

Which of the following power sources causes pollution by emitting harmful gases?

  • Sunlight.
  • Petrol.
  • Water.
  • Wind.

The best title for this passage could be _______

  • "Types of Power Plants"
  • "Electricity: Harmful Effects on Our Life"
  • "How to Produce Electricity"
  • "Why Electricity Is So Remarkable"

Read the article and choose your answers from the sections A-D. You may choose any of the sections more than once.

Over-consumption

Paul Wachtel asks why economic growth does not automatically lead to an increased sense of well-being

A. In a host of different ways, the economies of the highly industrialised nations of the world have long operated on the assumption that a sense of well-being depends crucially both on the quantity of goods and services available to the population and on the rate at which that quantity is growing. It is easy to understand how such a misconception could hold sway. And yet, there is little indication that people's lives are fuller or happier than those of our parents' or grandparents' generation, who had much 'less'. Why is it that growth has yielded so little in enduring satisfaction? Why do people fall to derive any pleasure from their standard of living when, in fact, they have so much more Than the previous generation? To explicate fully the Ironies and psychological contradictions of the emphasis on economic growth would require considerably more space than is available here, but to begin with, it must be noted that the entire dynamic of the growth-oriented economies that exist in industrialised countries absolutely require dissatisfaction. If people begin to be satisfied with what they have, if they cease to organise their lives around having still more, the economy is in danger of grinding to a halt.

B. The tendency to over-consume results, in part, from advertising, the very purpose of modern advertising is to generate desires; if an ad can make you feel your life is not complete without product X, it has done its job. But ads are not the only source of this phenomenon. Society as a whole is structured to lead people to define their aspirations in terms of products, and new products are constantly being brought out. Moreover, this tendency is exacerbated considerably by another set of psychological factors. A variety of studies have demonstrated that judgments about an experience are shaped very largely by a person's level of expectation. In a growth-oriented society, people's expectations are continually being raised, and so their adaptation level - the level against which they compare new experiences - keeps rising. Only what is above the new standard ever gets noticed. Satisfaction becomes like the horizon; it looks a clear and finite distance away and potentially attainable. But as you approach it, it continually recedes, and after much effort, you are no closer than you were when you began.

C. People's expectations being too high is not the only reason for the ambiguous relationship between material goods and a sense of well-being. Many of the ways we gear up for growth actually undermine some of the more fundamental sources of satisfaction and well-being, leaving us feeling more insecure and less satisfied than we were before. A number of major studies into sources of happiness concluded that once some minimal income is attained, the amount of money people have matters little in terms of bringing happiness. In other words, above the poverty level, the relationship between income and happiness is remarkably small. What does matter, these studies indicate, are things like love, friendship, being part of a community, being committed to or part of something larger than oneself. But it is precisely these things that a way of life organised around growth and market transactions impairs. The expectations, assumptions, and arrangements by which people in the industrialized world live, lead them to sacrifice a great deal, both individually and collectively, for the sake of perpetuating the economic system.

D. Nowadays, we work too hard as we strive to be able to afford the larger and larger package that defines a standard way of life and we make our working lives less pleasant as we, societally, forget that the workers from whom we extract greater productivity are ourselves, and as more people feel the insecurity of corporate efforts to become 'lean and mean'. And all too often, people attribute at the hours of work not even to the wish to 'make it', but simply to the fact that they must 'make ends meet'. For most people in the West, there is simply the experience of having to keep up with the treadmill. Yet what figures comparing present purchasing power with those prevailing in the 1950s and 1960s (an earlier time of perceived prosperity) show, is that the definition of 'making ends meet' keeps changing, What not too long ago would have defined an upper-middle-class standard of living now feels to most people as 'just making ends meet'. The dishwasher, television set and so forth that once were signs of luxurious living are now perceived to be necessities. Perhaps this is a sign of progress and certainly there is something salutary about the fact that we no longer regard as luxuries such items as running water. But as the definition of necessity keeps evolving, we need to bear two things in mind; that the sense of well-being does not increase in the same way and that the earth is groaning under the strain.

In which section are the following mentioned?

The impact on people of organisations seeking greater efficiency:

An explanation of why happiness is always out of reach:

The fact that people's attitude towards certain goods have changed overtime:

Data that has revealed a surprising lack of correlation:

A lack of evidence that people today are more content than they used to be:

The ability of the market to meet people's desire to acquire more goods:

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The author describes his childhood vividly in the book. (account) ⇒ The author’s book ……... his childhood.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

This plant often gets attacked by insects. (prone) ⇒ This plant ………. by insects.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Do you have any idea about how Jack made enough money to buy that new sports car? (light) ⇒ Can you ………. Jack made enough money to buy that new sports car?

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Kate has finally accepted that their friendship is over. (terms) ⇒ Kate has finally ………. their friendship is over.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I wasn’t expecting you to begin singing when they asked you to speak. (took) ⇒ It ………. singing when they asked you to speak.

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Janice soon recovered from her cold. ⇒ It did ……….

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

When he won the scholarship, Alan began to realise just how lucky he was. ⇒ It began ………..

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Only passengers with Gold Star tickets may use the executive lounge. ⇒ Use of the executive lounge ……….

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

You should not lock this door for any reason when the building is open to the public. ⇒ Under no …………

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

More and more tourists are visiting the ancient towns in the mountains. ⇒ There has ……….