Đề số 5 ôn thi vào lớp 10 Chuyên Anh Sở HN 2020 (Reading & Writing)

7/12/2020 5:30:00 PM

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others'.

  • soothe

  • gloomy

  • livelihood

  • monsoon

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest.

  • prenatal

  • premium

  • precinct

  • prejudiced

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others'.

  • shoelace
  • embrace
  • commonplace
  • necklace

Choose the word whose primary stress is placed differently from that of the others.

  • exponential
  • executive
  • explanatory
  • exemplary

Choose the word whose main stress is placed differently from the others in each group.

  • manufacture
  • unemployment
  • citizenship
  • competition

There has been a lot of _______ surrounding the government’s proposed scheme.

  • controversy
  • consent
  • conformity
  • consequence

If the service isn’t up to standard, I think you have _____ right to complain.

  • all
  • each
  • much
  • every

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

If these measures also reduce unemployment, that is _______.

  • not any good
  • all to the good
  • for good and all
  • up to no good

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

There's so much technical _______ in this manual that I can't really understand it.

  • jargon
  • slang
  • tongue
  • speech

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

Water is a very _______ resource in the desert.

  • odd
  • stray
  • random
  • scarce

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

______ quickly we ran, we just couldn't catch up with the van.

  • Although
  • Even
  • Much
  • However

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

Can you get those aspirin that ______ in water, because I can't take the others?

  • dilute
  • dissolve
  • diminish
  • dispense

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

Old Mrs Duckworth was coming down the road, weighed _______ with bags of shopping.

  • down
  • out
  • on
  • off

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

I'll just _______ some ice to go in our drinks.

  • crush
  • squeeze
  • squash
  • compact

Choose the best options to complete the following sentence.

My father ______ when he found out that I'd damaged the car.

  • hit the roof
  • saw pink elephants
  • made my blood boil
  • brought the house down

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

The actress forgot her ________ on the opening night of the play.

This anti-aging cream will reduce ________ on your face.

Don’t ever cross the railway ________ at this point; it's far too dangerous.

Answer:

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

I have the ________ that some members of the group are less than happy with the planned excursion.

Vaclav did his best to leave the conference audience with a positive ________ of the work of his organisation.

On one of the Roman tiles you can see the _________ of a dog's paw, made before the clay had dried over two thousand years ago.

Answer:

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

Whether the book in ________ is the one published in the USA is something you'll have to find out from the librarian.

There's no _______ of Thea's loyalty to the company; she has been with them for the past 15 years, after all.

It took the minister some time to finally address the _______ of underfunding in education.

Answer:

Form the collocations using the verbs and prepositions from the boxes. Complete each sentence using a collocation in the appropriate form.

Each verb and each preposition must be used ONCE only.

Verbs

Prepositions

base, confide, dream, expel, marvel, pack, remind 

about, at, from, in, of, on, with     

Peter always me.

Mary’s new novel is a true story.

I Jane’s ability to jump so high.

The bus was people.

I you last night.

Danny was the school for bad behaviour.

This house me my own home.

Use the word given in capitals to form a word that fits in the space.

A recent government report (HIGH) the extent to which credit card debt is spiraling. Blame is apportioned solely to the credit card companies, who, the report claims, will go to any (LONG) to attract new customers. Additionally, according to the report, they are responsible for encouraging existing customers to borrow more by raising their monthly limit. Certainly, a recent advertising campaign by a major credit card company - which has since been (DRAW) - seems to bear these findings out.

However, while the responsibility of the credit card companies is not (CONSIDER), it is, in my opinion, unfair to lay all the blame on their shoulders. The majority of credit card users are able to make their (PAY) on time without difficulty. There will always be a minority of people in our society who are financially irresponsible. If they run up huge debts, is it really the credit card company’s fault.

Read the text about homework and choose the correct word that best fits each of the blanks.

A study of the impact of homework in different countries claims that the pressure of homework causes between children and parents. According to the study, this pressure is most evident in families where parents are for their children to succeed at school.

The recently released study is a review of research over 75 years, which the impact of homework in the United Kingdom, the United States, Europe, Australia and the Middle East. It claims homework can become a source of tension, particularly when parents try to too much control.

The study states that parents have the most positive influence when they offer moral support, make appropriate resources available and discuss general issues, adding that parents should only offer their help when their children specifically ask them to. The report also backs the effectiveness of homework clubs, which have recently popular in many schools. These provide a quiet where children can study after formal lessons finish, with a teacher often available to help them. Children feel that these clubs homework enjoyable and given them a better chance of passing exams.

Write one word in each gap.

CRYING

A boyfriend or girlfriend we love dump us. How do we react? Most of us go through a period of crying our eyes . But have you ever wondered why humans cry? Most mammals produce tears to clean and lubricate the eyes but humans are unique - perhaps with the exception of gorillas and elephants - in producing tears in response emotional stimuli. We might feel crying when we hear sad news, or even cry with happiness. Scientists are unsure what, if any, benefits there are from crying as it seems to have little or no immediate effect on the situation that has produced the tears. However, many people do say that they feel the benefits of a good cry in that after it they are emotionally stronger, so it’s possible that crying does in some way help us to get difficult emotional situations.

Some societies look down on adults crying. This attitude is, sometimes seen in the society’s language. Expressions such as “there’s no point crying over milk” and “ and bear it” in English reflect a culture that - at least historically - does not value adult crying.

Crying can also be used as a means of deception. If you cry “crocodile tears”, you are on an act - pretending to be upset when in fact you are not.

Read the passage and choose the best answer to each of the question.

FOOD CHAIN

Originally, the idea of "food chain" was developed by a scientist named Charles Elton in 1927. Elton described a general food chain in terms of where plants and animals get their energy. He started with plants, which get energy from sunlight. Next, plant-eating animals get their energy by eating plants. At the nest level of the chain, meat-eating animals get their energy from eating other animals. Elton's idea of a "chain" related to the concept that all these animals are linked together by what they eat. Anything that affects one part of the chain affects all of the other parts of the chain. The first part of the chain, plants, is called the producer. All of the parts of the chain above the producer are called consumers. 

Here is a simple example of a food chain. Grass uses sunlight to produce sugars and proteins so that it can grow. Rabbits eat the grass and get energy from it. Foxes eat rabbits and get energy from them. Foxes are at the "top" of this food chain because nothing eats them. Now imagine that a farmer plows up the field of grass where the rabbits usually eat. Some of the rabbits might die. Others will probably move to another location to find food. In either case, there are fewer rabbits. This means less food for the foxes. Thus, the foxes depend on the grass in a way, even though they don't eat grass directly. 

In the natural world, of course, there are no food chains simple like this. Rabbits eat lots of plants besides grass. Foxes eat lots of things besides rabbits. Additionally, there are lots of things in nature that eat grass and rabbits. Therefore, when trying to describe the real world, it is more appropriate to think of food webs rather than food chains. 

However, that does not mean the idea of a simple food chain is not important. Food chains are still a useful concept to consider, even if they are an oversimplification of reality. Take, for example, the case of DDT's effect on animals. In 1960s, DDT, a common pesticide at that time, was used a lot by farmers. Farmers only used a little at a time, so large animals were not harmed. However, once DDT was used in a field, it did not go away. Whenever it was used, DDT just stayed in the environment. Eventually, rain washed it into rivers and lakes. Plankton, a tiny water organism, absorbed the DDT. Then, fish ate the plankton. There was not much DDT in one bit or plankton, but small fish consumed many bits of plankton. Then, larger fish ate lots of smaller fish. So the concentration of DDT in the larger fish became higher. Then, birds such as the osprey ate large quantities of the larger fish. 

In the end, compared to the concentration of DDT in plankton, the concentration Of DDT in osprey was 10 million times greater! The DDT did not kill the osprey, though. It just made the female osprey lay eggs with very thin shells. The shells were so thin that when the mother sat on the eggs, they broke. Thus, the osprey population became greatly reduced before rebounding to today's levels. 

(Đề đề nghị - THPT Chuyên Hùng Vương - Bình Dương)

According to the passage, which of the following is true about Elton's idea of food chains?

  • He only looked at plants and animals near his home.
  • Other scientists at the time rejected Elton's idea.
  • The chain started with plants.
  • They measured the energy stored in food.

The expression "depend on" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _______.

  • count on
  • have a relation to
  • need
  • trust

What does “others” in paragraph 2 refer to?

  • Farmers
  • Food chain
  • Foxes
  • Rabbits

In paragraph 3, what does the author imply?

  • Animals that do not eat other animals.
  • How simple food chains limited.
  • The relationship of rabbits and foxes.
  • Ways to teach food chains to students.

As used in paragraph 2, what is the meaning of the word “field”?

  • An area of study
  • A piece of land for plants
  • A place for playing games
  • A region that is visible

Why does the author mention DDT in reference to food chains?

  • To compare this chemical's effect on producers and consumers.
  • To explain why consumers sometimes become extinct.
  • To illustrate the true complexity of nature.
  • To show how the simple concept of food chains could be useful.

All of the following are mentioned in the passage EXCEPT ________.

  • a simple example of a food chain
  • producers and consumers in the jungle
  • how a food chain helped explain a problem
  • who came up with the idea of food chains

Why did large fish in rivers and lakes have high concentrations of DDT in their body?

  • The large fish ate small fish with DDT in them.
  • The large fish laid eggs in plankton with DDT in it.
  • The large fish naturally produced DDT.
  • The large fish swam in water with DDT in it.

What can be inferred from the last paragraph about osprey?

  • They became extinct.
  • They began laying more eggs.
  • They stopped eating fish.
  • They were helped before all of them died.

Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage?

  • Elton was the first person to show a chain of events linking plant-eaters to meat-eaters.
  • The image of a chain was used to help show the connection between the parts of a food chain.
  • Chains are not usually thought of when people imagine food, but Elton still chose to use this image for his theory.
  • Animals and plants are linked by chains according to Elton's theory of natural foods.

Read the article and choose your answers from the sections A-D. You may choose any of the sections more than once.

Picture this ... with your mind’s eye

Trying to understand and cope with life, we impose our own frameworks on it and represent information in different symbolic forms in our mind, writes Jonathan Hancock.

A. Think of the mental maps you use to find your way around the places you live and work. Which way up do you picture towns and cities you know well? Which details are highlighted, which ones blurred? Just as the map of London used by passengers on the Underground is different from the one used by drivers above ground, so your mental framework differs from that of other people. We also use frameworks to organise more abstract information. Many people say that they can visualise the position of key passages in books or documents. Mention a point made by the author, and they can recall and respond to it by picturing it in relation to other key points within the larger framework they see in their mind's eye. On a chaotic-looking desk, it is often possible to see a mental picture of where the key pieces of paper are and find a particular document in seconds.

B. We all have our own natural strategies for structuring information, for altering and re-arranging it in our mind's eye. You can take control of your thinking by increasing your control of the mental frameworks you create. Since Ancient Roman times, a specific framing technique has been used to improve memory and boost clarity of thought. The concept is simple: you design an empty framework, based on the shape of a building you know well, and get used to moving around its rooms and hallways in your mind. Whenever you have information to remember, you place it in this 'virtual storehouse'. Whatever it is you are learning — words, numbers, names, jobs, ideas — you invent pictorial clues to represent each one. The mind prefers images to abstract ideas, and can retain vast numbers of visual clues. Just as advertisers bring concepts to life with key images, you highlight the important points in a batch of information and assign each of them an illustration.

C. Memory and place are closely linked. Have you ever walked upstairs, forgotten what you went for, but remembered when you returned to where you were standing when you first had the thought? When you are trying to learn new information, it makes sense to use the mind's natural tendencies. In your mind, you return to the imaginary rooms in your 'virtual storehouse', and rediscover the images you left there. Cicero, perhaps the greatest orator in history, is reputed to have used this technique to recall complex legal arguments, addressing the Roman Senate from memory for days on end. You can use it to remember all the employees in your new workplace, the jobs you have to do in a day, month or year, subject headings for a complex piece of work, or the facts you need to have at your fingertips under pressurised circumstances.

D. The system of combining images and ideas works so well because it involves 'global thinking', bringing together the two 'sides' of your brain. The left side governs logic, words, numbers, patterns and structured thought — the frameworks you build — and the right side works on random thoughts, pictures, daydreams — the memorable imagery you fill them with. The fearless, imaginative creativity of the child combines with the patterning, prioritising, structured thinking of the adult. The memory is activated with colours and feelings, as you create weird, funny, exciting, surreal scenes; and the information is kept under control by the organised frameworks you design. Imagination is the key. You enter a new dimension, dealing with information in a form that suits the way the mind works. In this accessible form, huge amounts of data can be carried around with you. You never again have to search around for an address book, diary or telephone number on a scrap of paper. Your memory becomes a key part of your success, rather than the thing you curse as the cause of your failure. 

In which section are following mentioned?

things that you will not need if you adopt a certain mental technique:

using an image of a familiar place to help you remember things:

things that you may not have a clear mental picture of:

something which appears to be disorganised:

an example of an industry in which people use pictures effectively:

an everyday example of failure to keep information in the mind:

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Helen was always embarrassed by her father’s jokes. (source) ⇒ Helen’s father’s jokes ………. her.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Dr Potter was offended by some of the remarks that were made about her work. (exception) ⇒ Dr Potter ………... some of the remarks that were made about her work.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

She had her own reasons for not telling us anything about her past. (dark) ⇒ As to her past, she kept us ………. reasons.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

If only I hadn't believed his lies! (taken) ⇒ I wish ………. by his lies.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The committee said there was no possibility of discussing the matter any further. (discussion) ⇒ The committee said that further ………. question.

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

They are demolishing the old bus station and replacing it with a new one. 

⇒ The old bus station is ……….

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The number of students now at university has reached an all-time high, apparently. ⇒ The number of students now at university is ……….

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I’m disappointed with the Fishers’ new album when I compare it to their previous one. ⇒ I think the Fishers’ new album is ………

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Anna got the job even though she didn’t have much experience in public relations. ⇒ In spite of ………...

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

“I must warn you how dangerous it is to cycle at night without any lights,” said the police officer to Max. ⇒ Max received a ……….