Đề số 7 ôn thi vào lớp 10 Chuyên Anh Sở HN 2020 (Reading & Writing)

7/16/2020 10:38:00 AM

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

  • market
  • bargain
  • scarcity
  • demand

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

  • soothe
  • coolness
  • goose

  • woodland

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others'.

  • contradict

  • incessant

  • punctual

  • calculate

Choose the word whose stress pattern is different from the others.

  • contributory
  • argumentative
  • hypersensitive
  • psychological

Choose the word whose stress pattern is different from the others.

  • nominate
  • nostalgia
  • neurosis
  • nocturnal

My jeans ______ in the wash and they’re too small for me now.

  • reduced
  • deteriorated
  • shrank
  • diminished

Don’t call Pam just now. Something has gone wrong with the computer; she’s ______ because she can’t get the data she needs.

  • out of a rut
  • in the swim
  • under the sink
  • in a stew

The insects looked and tasted so horrible, I ______ with disgust as I tried to force them down.

  • gloated
  • grinned
  • grimaced
  • chuckled

Have you been ______ against tetanus in the last ten years?

  • prescribed
  • diagnosed
  • injected
  • inoculated

______, he was poorly educated, which in large part accounted for his shyness.

  • Whereas intelligent
  • However intelligent
  • Despite intelligent
  • Though intelligent

My old home was a sight for ______ eyes after I’d been away for so long.

  • injured
  • hurting
  • painful
  • sore

We’re rather short of people to organise the trip, so do you think you could ______?

  • help out
  • fix up
  • join up
  • take on

Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa is ______; if it was destroyed no amount of money could ever replace it.

  • priceless
  • worthless
  • valueless
  • invaluable

You have to study hard to ______ your classmates.

  • keep pace with
  • get in touch with
  • catch sight of
  • look out for

I wouldn’t call her a close friend. She’s more of a/an ______ really.

  • ancestor
  • successor
  • acquaintance
  • peer

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in three sentences.

Mr Brown has only recently been elected to the________ of directors.

To my mind, an ironing ________ is a very mundane thing to give as a wedding present.

The wood of this tree provides the basic raw material from which various types of _________ are manufactured.

Answer:

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in three sentences.

Many athletes have more _________ ability than the current champion; his success is due to his positive attitude and good coaching.

It's only ________ to feel embarrassed when you do something stupid.

Honey is a completely _________ product with an excellent reputation for boosting the immune system.

Answer:

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in three sentences.

Once the ship gets out into open sea, the captain will _______ a course for the island.

This is a special type of cement that should ________ very quickly, and then we'll be able to walk on it.

The new sales manager is determined to __________ new targets for the company.

Answer:

Form the collocations using the verbs and prepositions from the boxes. Complete each sentence using a collocation in the appropriate form.

Each verb and each preposition must be used ONCE only

Verbs

Prepositions

count, insist, occur, plead, resort, succeed, take 

for, in, of, on, to, to, with

It never ceases to amaze me how little notice some people now rules in public places. 

When I was a child, it would never have me not to comply with the rules. 

These days reminding someone of their public duty not to drop litter or swear on the streets is likely to only unleashing a torrent of verbal abuse from the wrongdoer. 

Asking them is not enough, them might still not deter them from their noisy chat.

physical violence, an undesirable option, seems the only one likely to get a result. 

But, in all seriousness, what really annoys me is that one is made to feel churlish or old-fashioned just to basic respect of everyday manners. 

Truly, it seems polite behaviour and good manners nothing in today's society.

Use the word given in capitals to form a word that fits in the space.

TAKING YOUR HOUSE

   For most of us, our residence is a permanent structure. Whether a flat or a mansion, our (ROUND) are not built to move. For those who prefer a mobile lifestyle, but want more solidity than a tent can offer, there is an intriguing architectural solution: the shipping container.

   Shipping containers are large metal boxes that manufacturers use for transporting goods by ship. One of these containers can form the basis of a surprisingly (SPACE) dwelling, and one which can be easily shipped to different parts of the world. It’s easy to design the inside: wooden panels can be used to create separate areas and to make (SHELF). More difficult is creating the (STRUCTURE) that all homes need to make them (INHABIT): connections to electricity and water. As long as your container isn’t too far away from a residential area, and as long as you are prepared to adapt to local conditions, it may well be possible to connect to local supplies. When you decide to move, simply back up and arrange for your house to be delivered to your destination!

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

THOMAS EDISON

On the night of 21st October, millions of Americans took part in a coast-to-coast ceremony to commemorate the passing of a great man. Lights in homes and offices from New York to California. The ceremony the death of arguably the most important inventor of all time: Thomas Alva Edison.

Few inventors have such an impact on everyday life, and many of his inventions played a crucial role in the development of modern technology. One should never how revolutionary some of Edison's inventions were.

In any ways, Edison is the perfect example of an inventor - that is, not just someone who up clever gadgets, but someone whose products transform the lives of millions. He passed the key characteristics that an inventor needs to a success of inventions, notably sheer determination. Edison famously tried thousands of materials while working on a new type of battery reading to failure by cheerfully to his colleagues; "Well, we know 8000 things that don't work." Knowing when to take no notice of experts is also important. Edison's proposal for electric lighting circuitry was received with total disbelief by eminent scientists, until he lit up whose streets with his lights.

(Đề đề nghị - THPT Ngô Gia Tự - ĐăkLăk)

Fill each of the following blanks with ONE suitable word.

Krakatoa

Volcanic eruption has been a constant threat to our natural environment for millions of years, but seldom in recent times a volcano erupted with the ferocity of Krakatoa.

Krakatoa, which is a volcanic island group in Indonesia, erupted on 27th August 1883. only was the explosion loud that it was heard as far away (more than 3000 km) as Perth in Australia, but it is also recognised as being the loudest sound recorded.

Tens of thousands of people in the region were killed, many in the enormous tsunamis which the eruption produced - tsunamis which eventually reached South Africa and the English Channel.

The explosion also had a major effect on the entire world's weather system. The volcanic dust in the atmosphere reduced the of sunlight reaching the earth's surface, reducing global temperatures by more than one degree centigrade. Only after five years had passed global temperature begin to return to normal.

HERBS AND DRUGS

Herbs are different kinds of plants and plant parts that can be used for medicinal purposes. This can include the leaves, stems, roots, or seeds of the plant. Herbs have been important in traditional medicine for centuries, in both of the East and the West. In Western medicine, they have largely been replaced by drugs. Herbal treatments are, however, still an integral part of Eastern medicine. In recent years, interest in traditional medicine has increased in the West. Many people are either using modern methods combined with traditional treatments or are turning to these treatments entirely. While traditional medicine can be helpful, they are not without their share of problems. 

The main difference between herbs and drugs is that, while herbs are simply parts of plants, drugs are specific chemicals in a pure form. Many modern drugs are derived from chemicals found in plants. One example is aspirin, which is made from a chemical extracted from the back of the willow tree. Other drugs are entirely synthetic. Even those drugs that are derived from natural sources are heavily processed in order to purify and concentrate them. This allows drugs to be administered in precise amounts. Different kinds and degrees of illnesses often require dosages that differ only slightly. A little too much or not enough a certain drug can have negative effects on the patient. Many drugs also produce negative effects even when taken in the recommended dosage. These undesired negative effects are called "side-effects". 

The possibility of dangerous and unexpected side-effects from drugs has led many people back to traditional medicine. Herbal treatments seem more natural than modern drugs. Many feel that traditional medicine is more concerned with treating the underlying causes of disease instead of just the symptoms, through the truth of this claim is not yet clear. In any case, there is a certain comfort in taking natural herbal treatments instead of the processed, synthetic chemicals derived from them. 

There are, however, disadvantages to herbal treatments, some of them are serious. Few herbal treatments have been scientifically studied. While the active chemicals in the herb may be known, it may not be clear what they really do, or if they are really effective at all. Because the active chemicals are not used alone it is very difficult to determine the proper amount for treatment, since the levels of the chemical are not constant throughout the plant. Therefore, the risk of under and overdose is higher than with drugs. A more serious problem is that certain herbal treatments may have no real medicinal effect, thus giving the patient a false sense of security. This is particularly harmful when the patient refuses treatment with modern drugs that could be effective. 

There are even certain herbs that can cause side-effects, just like a drug. One of these is ma-huang, also called ephedra, which is taken to increase energy. It has been known to cause damage to the heart and nervous system. Garlic and ginger are common elements in food that are also taken as herbal treatments, but they can be dangerous for people with diabetes. In general, herbs are most dangerous when they are taken along with common drugs. This may happen in two ways: a patient decides to supplement his or her regular treatment with herbs, or a dishonest manufacturer adds modern drugs to an herbal treatment. In both cases, the results can be very serious. The herb St. John's wort is often used to treat depression, but if it is used along with conventional antidepressants, such as Zoloft, the combination can cause confusion, headaches, allergic reactions and other problems. 

Finally, because production of herbal treatments is seldom regulated, harmful substances can be present in herbal preparations. Herbs grown in polluted soil may contain lead, arsenic, or mercury. They may also be tainted with pesticides. It is for these reasons that herbs should not be treated as the perfect substitute for drugs. Although herbs appear to be quite distinct from modern drugs, it is important to use them with the same sort of care.

(Đề đề nghị - THPT Chuyên Lê Quý Đôn - Đà Nẵng)

The word "integral" in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to ______.

  • harmful
  • important
  • famous
  • controversial

Which of the following is closest in meaning to "tainted" in paragraph 6?

  • accompanied
  • augmented
  • substituted
  • contaminated

The word "this" in paragraph 4 line 8 refers to ______.

  • patients taking ineffective herbs instead of drugs
  • patients having a sense of security
  • the risk of under and overdose of an herbal treatment
  • the patient's belief that modern drugs are bad for you

Why does the author mention that drugs are heavily processed?

  • To show that herbs cannot compete with modern medical techniques.
  • Because many mistakes can occur in this processing.
  • To illustrate that drugs are not natural.
  • To point out that many countries cannot afford to produce drugs.

What is the main difference between herbs and drugs according to the passage?

  • Drugs can cause side-effects, whereas herbs do not.
  • Drugs are at least partially synthetic, whereas herbs are natural.
  • Herbs are dangerous when taken in large amounts, drugs are safer.
  • Herbs can produce a false sense of security, whereas drugs do not.

According to the passage, when are herbs most dangerous?

  • When not taken under a doctor's supervision.
  • When the patient refuses modern medicine.
  • When the dosage is not administered precisely.
  • When taken in combination with drugs.

According to the passage, who should not take ginger or garlic as herbal treatments?

  • Patients with diabetes.
  • Patients with liver damage.
  • Patients taking antidepressants.
  • Patients with problems of the heart or nervous system.

Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

  • Some herbal treatments are not effective in fighting disease.
  • Modern doctors often do not approve of using herbs.
  • Herbal treatments can also produce side-effects.
  • Some manufacturers add drugs to herbs.

It can be inferred from the passage that ______.

  • the drug industry is better regulated than the herb industry
  • people who use drugs instead of herbs recover more quickly
  • the popularity of herbal treatments will decrease in the future
  • the side-effects of drugs are more serious than those of herbs.

Read the article and choose your answers from the sections A-D. You may choose any of the sections more than once.

Mazes

There are few rules to having your own maze, although getting the design right is one of them. Then sit back and wait for a few years. Rupert Wright loses himself in the thick of it all.

A. There is something enduringly eccentric about mazes. They serve no useful purpose, except perhaps to entertain guests you don't want to see for the afternoon. But the English are mad about them. The Royal Horticultural Society rather frowns on mazes, regarding them as a bit of an oddity, but this has not deterred a nation's gardeners. The second largest maze in the world is at Longleat House in Wiltshire; the largest turf maze is at Saffron Walden, Essex. Adrian Fisher, the world's leading maze designer, is English. His firm designs and builds more than 250 a year worldwide, many for private individuals.

B. One of Adrian Fisheit recent creations is for banker Lord Sandberg in the grounds of his estate. The design of the maze celebrates both his passion for cricket and his career in banking. 'I thought it would be fun,' says Lord Sandberg. 'My great-great-grandchildren will be able to run around if and think of me. The only snag is that all the yew trees we planted last year have died, so I am back to square one.' In principle, assuming the plants are not diseased, growing a hedge in a temperate climate such as England's is straightforward. It requires less work and care than a lawn. The hedge will need clipping just once a year. After ten years it will be a decent enough size to get lost in.

C. One Microsoft director is planning to build a maze in the garden of his house in the south of France. Another Microsoft employee is starting work on an elaborate 10-metre-wide decorative pavement maze. Perhaps there is something particularly attractive about mazes to software engineers; we have all experienced that moment when we are stuck in a piece of software and cannot get out. One of the beauties of a private maze is that you can have all sorts of things that would not be practical in a public maze, where there are health and safety concerns,' says Adrian Fisher. `In one maze, I designed a series of angled mirrors disguised in some overhanging arches in order to disorientate people,' he says. 'In another, a three-metre section of hedge rotates on a turntable to change the puzzle design in a few seconds. There is also a cunningly designed wooden bench with hedges behind. Hit the right button and they all roll backwards to reveal a hidden passage to one side.

D. Mazes have a long and distinguished history. King Minos of Crete instructed Daedalus to build a labyrinth 3,500 years ago. The difference between a labyrinth and a maze is that a labyrinth follows one track towards the middle; a maze is full of trickery, dead ends and wrong turns. The most famous maze in the world is probably the Hampton Court maze in England. There are more than 15 copies of the maze throughout the world. The original was built in 1690. It can be easily penetrated by keeping one's left hand on the wall. This works because the hedge that surrounds the centre is continuously connected to the perimeter hedge. Later, mathematically minded maze makers, such as the Earl of Stanhope, solved this problem by creating 'islands', or gaps in the hedges. Using the Hampton Court technique at Stanhope's best example at Chevening would be pointless. If you keep your left hand on the hedge at Chevening, you end up being spat out again at the beginning.

In which section are the following mentioned?

a maze whose layout can be varied:

a maze which is no longer unique:

the positive advantages of mazes which are not open to everyone:

an improvement to particular design:

the suitability of a particular country for cultivating mazes:

the fact that mazes are pointless in terms of a practical function:

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Marisa thought it would be possible for someone to turn the old vase into a plant pot. (made) ⇒ Marisa thought that ...... a plant pot.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Jeremy usually plays football on Saturdays. (habit) ⇒ Jeremy is ...... football on Saturdays.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

When he was at his most successful, the president had enormous influence. (height) ⇒ At ...... the president had enormous influence.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Shula is one of the few students to use the library extensively. (majority) ⇒ Unlike ...... extensive use of the library.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

For me, his skill as a negotiator was most impressive. (how) ⇒ I was most ...... negotiator he was.

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Experts say that things are bound to improve.  ⇒ Experts say that there ......

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

He really wanted to impress the interviewers. ⇒ He was desperate to .......

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Can anyone solve this problem? ⇒ Can anyone come ......?

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I’m sure you’re wondering why I haven’t contacted you for so long. ⇒ You must ......

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Jake was the person who started my interest in collecting pottery. ⇒ It ......