Đề số 12 Anh Chuyên vào 10 CNN năm 2020 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

7/3/2020 1:52:00 PM

Đề thi thử này gồm 60 câu hỏi trắc nghiệm theo đúng cấu trúc phần trắc nghiệm của đề tuyển sinh vào 10 của THPT CNN. Thời gian làm bài 60".

HS hãy sử dụng thời gian hợp lý nhất có thể, đánh dấu những câu chưa chắc chắn để quay lại cân nhắc thêm khi đã làm xong một lượt.

Sau khi nộp bài, HS có thể xem được đáp án và giải thích đáp án chi tiết của từng câu 

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • particular

  • partition

  • participant

  • partisan

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • mammal

  • franchise

  • agitated

  • drama

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • algae

  • aegis

  • anchor

  • apparat

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • acquisitive

  • personnel

  • dissolve

  • refusal

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • diocese
  • bishopric
  • apprehend
  • prophesy

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • consecrate
  • episcopal
  • cemetery
  • circumcise

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • predetermine
  • autonomy
  • apparatus
  • acquisition

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • committee
  • internal
  • involvement
  • margarine

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

A US man with a large online following in Vietnam has caused widespread anger, and faces possible criminal charges, over a Facebook post thought to have insulted a military hero.

  • embarrassed
  • offended
  • confused
  • depressed

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Like an amiable but daffy uncle, he repeatedly hangs himself with his own anecdotes.

  • agreeable
  • vivid
  • extravagant
  • zealous

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The guards were ordered to get to the king’s room on the double.

  • in a large number
  • very quickly
  • on the second floor
  • every two hours

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

We are of the deeply held belief that many human beings have come to behave as materialistic tyrants.

  • monetary
  • greedy
  • object-oriented
  • spiritual

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The solemn visit to the airfield was a contrast to the rally, where Trump reveled in his supporters' adulation and mocked his political rivals.

  • admiration
  • reverence
  • contempt
  • consolation

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

But the anonymity and safety in large classes does not mean that teachers are not seeing and modifying their approach via instantaneous feedback from their classes.

  • laid-back
  • spontaneous
  • in a flash
  • quick

The accidental _____ of four listed buildings near the city center caused a huge outcry and the manager of the building company was jailed for three months.

  • disruption
  • demolition
  • injuring
  • squashing

If you continue to _____ debts at this rate, you will have to declare bankruptcy eventually.

  • save
  • raise
  • incur
  • default

Even though she is 87, her mind is very _____ and she is very aware of everything going on around her.

  • alert
  • lively
  • demanding
  • lifelike

You can't go to the interview with your shoes like that! Why don't you give them a quick _____?

  • wash
  • scrub
  • brush
  • polish

I went to see the boss about a pay rise and he brushed me _____ with a weak excuse about a business dinner and left me standing there!

  • up
  • away
  • around
  • off

Planetary Artistry
By Johanna Kean

For me, the highlight of this past week's science news was the images (1) ________ back from the Curiosity rover, providing (2) _________ geologic evidence that water flowed on Mars. Of course, this wasn't exactly a surprise; for decades, planetary scientists have suggested the channel networks visible in spacecraft imagery couldn't have been made by anything else. The evidence has been (3) ________ as well, as various clay minerals and iron oxides have been identified through hyperspectral imagery. Nonetheless, I suspect that the image of definitely water-lain (4) ________ made the heart of more than one geologist (5) _______ a beat. Ground truth. You could argue that the scientific exploration of the extra-terrestrial is, at least (6) ________ part, a search for meaning: to position us within a larger cosmology. But our fascination with, and connection to, what we see in the night sky comes not just through science, but also through art. So it should come as no surprise that scientific images of planetary surfaces have (7) ________ inspiration to a range of artists from Galileo - whose first sketches of the moon through a telescope are (8) ________ beautiful - to Barbara Hepworth - whose interpretations of the lunar surface are far less literal. 

(Source and full text: http://blogs.plos.org/attheinterface/2012/10/04/planetary-artistry/)

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (1).

  • thrown
  • shot
  • beamed
  • fired

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (2).

  • final
  • conclusive
  • proven
  • guaranteed

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (3).

  • swelling
  • expanding
  • increasing
  • mounting

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (4).

  • sediments
  • dross
  • grounds
  • matter

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (5).

  • slip
  • lose
  • skip
  • jump

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (6).

  • with
  • in
  • at
  • for

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (7).

  • offered
  • provided
  • given
  • made

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (8).

  • totally
  • doubtlessly
  • surely
  • truly

Glass is a remarkable substance made from the simplest raw materials. It can be colored or colorless, monochrome or polychrome, transparent, translucent, or opaque. It is lightweight impermeable to liquids, readily cleaned and reused, durable yet fragile, and often very beautiful. Glass can be decorated in multiple ways and its optical properties are exceptional. In all its myriad forms - as tableware, containers, in architecture and design - glass represents a major achievement in the history of technological developments.

Since the Bronze Age about 3,000 B.C., glass has been used for making various kinds of objects. It was first made from a mixture of silica, line, and an alkali such as soda or potash, and these remained the basic ingredients of glass until the development of lead glass in the seventeenth century. When heated, the mixture becomes soft and malleable and can be formed by various techniques into a vast array of shapes and sizes. The homogeneous mass thus formed by melting then cools to create glass, but in contrast to most materials formed in this way (metals, for instance), glass lacks the crystalline structure normally associated with solids, and instead retains the random molecular structure of a liquid. In effect, as molten glass cools, it progressively stiffens until rigid, but does so without setting up a network of interlocking crystals customarily associated with that process. This is why glass shatters so easily when dealt a blow. Why glass deteriorates over time, especially when exposed to moisture, and why glassware must be slowly reheated and uniformly cooled after manufacture to release internal stresses induced by uneven cooling.

Another unusual feature of glass is the manner in which its viscosity changes as it turns from a cold substance into a hot, ductile liquid. Unlike metals that flow or “freeze” at specific temperatures glass progressively softens as the temperature rises, going through varying stages of malleability until it flows like a thick syrup. Each stage of malleability allows the glass to be manipulated into various forms, by different techniques, and if suddenly cooled the object retains the shape achieved at that point. Glass is thus amenable to a greater number of heat-forming techniques than most other materials.

What does the author imply about the raw materials used to make glass?

  • They were the same for centuries.
  • They are liquid.
  • They are transparent.
  • They are very heavy.

Why does the author list the characteristics of glass in paragraph 1?

  • To demonstrate how glass evolved.
  • To show the versatility of glass.
  • To explain glassmaking technology.
  • To explain the purpose of each component of glass.

According to the passage, how is glass that has cooled and become rigid different from most other rigid substances?

  • It has an interlocking crystal network.
  • It has an unusually low melting temperature.
  • It has varying physical properties.
  • It has a random molecular structure.

The word "customarily" in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by ______.

  • naturally
  • necessarily
  • usually
  • certainly

What must be done to release the internal stresses that build up in glass products during manufacture?

  • The glass must be reheated and evenly cooled.
  • The glass must be cooled quickly.
  • The glass must be kept moist until cooled.
  • The glass must be shaped to its desired form immediately.

According to the passage, why can glass be more easily shaped into specific forms than can metals?

  • It resists breaking when heated .
  • It has better optical properties.
  • It retains heat while its viscosity changes.
  • It gradually becomes softer as its temperature rises.

The words “exposed to” in paragraph 2 most likely mean ______.

  • hardened by
  • chilled with
  • subjected to
  • deprived of

The word “induced” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to_______.

  • joined
  • missed
  • caused
  • lost

- "Excuse me. Could you tell me how to get to the nearest bakery?"

- "_____."

  • What types of cake do you want?
  • Sorry, I'm not around here.
  • Are you hungry?
  • I want to buy a birthday cake for my girlfriend because today's her birthday.

Penny: "Thank you so much for all your kindness and taking care of Oliver!"

Billy: "_____"

  • Not at all.
  • Can I get anything?
  • Oh, it was the least I could do.
  • Not mentioning it.

- "The centre of the film industry will no longer be in Hollywood."

- "_______ Many cities are building their own movie centers."

  • I'm not sure.
  • No way!
  • That may be true.
  • That's impossible.

Annie: “Would you bother if I had a look at your paper?”

Tom: “_______”

  • You’re welcome!
  • Well, actually I’d rather you didn’t!
  • That’s a good idea!
  • Oh, I didn’t realize that!

- "Trash isn’t just ugly, it’s harmful."

- "_______ Trash pollutes everyone’s natural resources."

  • Really?
  • I don’t think so.
  • Not really.
  • Yes, exactly.

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Oh, of course. Now I remember them.

b. Sure you do. They're the ones whose parents used to dress them alike all the time.

c. The Bradley twins!

d. The Bradley twins? I don't think I remember them.

e. Who?

f. You won't believe who I ran into yesterday! 

  • c-f-b-a-d-e
  • e-b-f-d-a-c
  • f-c-e-d-b-f
  • f-e-c-d-b-f

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Assistant manager? That's fantastic! You must be thrilled.

b. Congratulations! I'm very happy to hear that.

c. I am.

d. I have some good news.

e. I was just promoted to assistant manager!

f. Really? What is it?

  • b-d-c-e-a
  • d-f-e-a-c-b
  • e-d-a-c-b
  • f-c-e-d-a-b

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. I would like to return to this sport shirt.

b. I'm sorry. We don't give refunds. But we'll happy to offer you credit for another purchase in our store.

c. It's too flashy.

d. Probably not. I'd just like a refund, please.

e. What's wrong with it?

f. Would you like to change it for one that's more conservative? 

  • b-a-e-c-d-f
  • a-e-c-f-d-b
  • a-e-f-c-d-b
  • a-e-c-f-b-d

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. I love your dress. It's so pretty.

b. I'm being honest with you.

c. No. I'm serious. It's one of the prettiest dresses I've ever seen.

d. Oh, come on!

e. Well, thanks for saying that. Glad you like it. 

  • c-b-a-d-e
  • a-d-c-e-b
  • a-b-c-e-d
  • c-e-d-a-b

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. No, not really. It doesn't make any difference.

b. Oh, I don't know. Whenever you'd like to leave is fine with me.

c. Okay then.

d. That's good. Let's leave in 10 minutes.

e. When do you want to leave?

f. You don't have any strong feelings about it? 

  • c-f-b-a-d-e
  • e-b-f-d-a-c
  • e-b-f-a-d-c
  • f-e-b-a-d-c

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

(1)__________. Transportation that had previously been provided by a large network of horse-drawn lines had many disadvantages. First, caring for the horses was expensive and labour-intensive. Additionally, the large amounts of waste left on the roads were a public health hazard. The benefits of a new form of transportation based not on horsepower but electric power were immediately obvious. (2)__________ were electric streetcars cleaner, cheapter, and more efficient, but they were also much faster than horse-drawn cars. (3)__________. Finally, businesses were quick to support local lines in their area (4)___________ increased business prospects; and local governments were eager to support the development of such lines, (5)___________. This new mobility then encouraged people to look for housing farther out from the crowded urban core. 

Choose the correct answer for (1).

  • Before the appearance of electric cars, travelling by horse-drawn carts used to slow down the progress of urbanization in the U.S.
  • The new way of travelling has encouraged people to travel farther, thus accelerating the growth of urban areas in the U.S.
  • The first commercially successful electric traction lines in Boston revolutionised urban transportation
  • The local lines are upgraded to use electric cars, instead of horses, which encourages people to live farther from the crowded cities.

Choose the correct answer for (2).

  • No sooner
  • Not only
  • Hardly
  • Under no circumstances

Choose the correct answer for (3).

  • In addition, more people can enjoy the new ways of travelling, since the capacity of electric cars is much higher
  • Besides, electric lines can save people time and effort to travel back and forth everyday
  • Moreover, cities were able to offer cheap fares, since each car was capable of holding more people than a horse-drawn car
  • Additionally, electric lines are as hazardous to the environment as horse-drawn carts are.

Choose the correct answer for (4).

  • as
  • because of
  • despite
  • such as

Choose the correct answer for (5).

  • because long-term maintenance costs were very low once the initial expenditures had been made
  • because maintenance requires much investment from the government every year
  • because local people can support financially the yearly maintenance of the traction lines
  • because it does not take much effort to maintain those new lines of electric cars

I don't understand how you could have survived all those years in France without speaking a word of the language.

  • Now that you are moving to France, you had better begin to study the language since it will be difficult to survive without it.
  • It must have taken a lot of determination to go to a country as different as France without speaking any of the languages at all.
  • Living in France for so long without learning any of the languages, as you have done, is something beyond my imagination.
  • French is so difficult that I understand you had to survive for a long time without speaking it while you learned the basics.

By the time I had got up the courage to ask her to marry me, she was engaged to somebody else.

  • At the moment I felt brave enough to propose to her, I learnt that she had already promised to marry another man.
  • Before I felt brave enough to propose her, she had agreed to marry another man.
  • Just when I asked her to marry me, she accepted an engagement to another man.
  • I offered her a proposal of marriage, but she said she was already engaged to someone else.

I couldn't decide if I should go out with a jacket or not as the weather forecast had predicted that a very warm afternoon would follow the cold morning.

  • I decided not to bring my jacket with me because, although the morning was going to be cold, the weather report had said it would be fairly hot in the afternoon.
  • When the weather report said it was going to be cold in the morning but would become quite hot in the afternoon, I wasn't sure whether to bring my jacket with me or not.
  • It was cold in the morning, but as the report forecast a hotter afternoon, I couldn't decide whether to carry my jacket with me or not.
  • Although the weather forecast said that the cool morning was going to be followed by a warm afternoon, I thought it would be better to bring my jacket with me.

The owners of Britain's privatized railways are often accused of trading safety for profit.

  • Companies running British railways are frequently blamed for ignoring safety for the sake of making money.
  • Everyone knows that the people in charge of British railways are more interested in their income than in safety.
  • Ever since British railways passed into private hands, they have become more profitable but more dangerous as well.
  • Privatization may have become profitable for the government, but it has definitely not increased rail safety in Britain.

Any health benefits gained by eating meat are far outweighed by the hazards of doing so.

  • Though meat can be unhealthy, it's even more unhealthy to avoid eating it.
  • Consuming animal flesh can harm you, but it's still an essential source of nutrition.
  • Eating meat may promote health in some ways, but harms it in many more.
  • In order to be healthy, it's important to eat meat despite potential health risks.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

The twins resemble each other very much. I can never tell which is which.

  • Although the twins do not look like each other I cannot name them easily.
  • The twins are similar to each other but I can easily name them.
  • It is impossible for me to identify the twins because they look very much like one another.
  • I cannot tell the twins apart because I don’t know them well enough.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

The professor wants our research paper to be finished soon. We have been following to a strict deadline.

  • We have been put under a lot of pressure to complete the research paper by the deadline set by the professor.
  • Because the deadline for the research paper was approaching, we only can take it easy.
  • We have pulled our weight to get the research paper done by the deadline; otherwise, we cannot graduate.
  • The sooner the professor want our research paper to be done, the harder we work to make ends meet.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

It took us all night to drive from Kansas to Texas. By the end of the journey, we were absolutely exhausted.

  • By the time we finally arrived in Kansas, we were completely exhausted because all night long we had driven through Texas.
  • It was a whole night's drive through Texas, so we were all very tired by the time we arrived at our destination in Kansas.
  • We were driving from Kansas to Texas the whole night long, and when we finally got there, we were extremely tired.
  • Driving from Kansas to Texas took us nearly one night, so we all felt exhausted when we eventually arrived there.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

The waitress had confused my order with the person at the next table's. Hence, he received my chicken while I got his turkey.

  • The waitress was so confused when she was taking our orders that she ended up giving my chicken to the man at the next table, and his turkey to me.
  • The man at the table next to me got my chicken and I got his turkey because of the mix-up of our orders by the waitress.
  • There was great confusion when the waitress gave my chicken order to the person at the next table and his mixed chicken-turkey order to me.
  • The waitress appeared to be confused when I said that I had ordered chicken, while the man at the next table had ordered turkey.

She has been living on her own for about ten years. However, she had never been financially secure until she got that bank job last year.

  • She's been having financial troubles during the last ten years, even though she's been living on her own and working in a bank the whole time.
  • A year ago she found a job in a bank and became financially secure for the first time since she began living by herself about a decade ago.
  • For ten years she had been living there all alone and was never financially secure even with the bank job she found last year.
  • She hasn't been living with anyone for nearly ten years but owing to her bank job, she's never had any financial worries.