Đề thi vào 10 - Chuyên Anh TP HCM 2020

9/30/2020 8:34:00 AM

Hoa: Do you ever wish you ______ to university?

Mai: Yes, but my parents couldn't afford it.

  • went
  • would go
  • were going
  • had gone
What a coincidence this is! It's so strange that you _____ be staying in the same hotel as us.
  • should
  • must
  • may
  • ought to
He was working in a factory when I met him, _____ he had been in the army.
  • before which
  • by when
  • but then
  • during which
_____ are the days when newspapers were full of misprints and spelling errors. These are now virtually things of the past.
  • Gone
  • Those
  • Done
  • They
To work efficiently, _____.
  • it is necessary to dean and check your watch regularly
  • you must have your watch cleaned and checked regularly
  • your watch must be cleaned and checked regularly
  • you must clean and check your watch regularly
After _____, one naturally wants to put one's feet up and relax.
  • a day's hard working
  • a hard-working day
  • a hard day's work
  • the hard work of the day
We need someone who is a good engineer as well as an efficient manager. In my opinion, this candidate is _____.
  • neither one nor other
  • none at all
  • not one or other
  • neither one thing nor the other

He tried all the keys in turn but not _____ fitted.

  • every
  • none
  • each
  • any

As the exam is coming, Vinh, ______ students, often burns the midnight oil.

  • as most
  • like most
  • like the most of the
  • as the most of the
She took a course in telemarketing _____ improving her employment prospects.
  • with a view to
  • with a regard to
  • in respect of
  • in consideration of
The hosts prepared a _____ meal with seven courses to celebrate our arrival.
  • generous
  • profuse
  • lavish
  • spendthrift
Ian couldn't ring his teacher yesterday as his phone is on the _____.
  • blink
  • wink
  • go
  • run
She has an unbelievable voice. Her singing is absolutely _____.
  • out of this life
  • beyond this world
  • out of this world
  • beyond this life

Even with a large percentage of the world now working from home, it’s vital that managers trust their workforce to complete the job ______.

  • at hand
  • in hand
  • on hand
  • out of hand
The dentist told me that when the effect of the anesthetic _____, I might feel a little pain. But it was more than a little.
  • dropped out
  • went over
  • wore off
  • turned away
When I first met him, he _____ as a very indecisive person. He didn't seem to know what he wanted at all.
  • went by
  • put off
  • passed down
  • came across
_____ Vincent felt angry. The vandals had scratched his new car badly.
  • It isn't to wonder
  • It’s not a wonder
  • It isn't wonderful
  • It's no wonder
_____, all the shops were shut.
  • It is a holiday
  • It being a holiday
  • Being a holiday
  • As a holiday

An: I got sick yesterday.

Minh: _____

  • How do you do?
  • How can?
  • How's that?
  • What a surprise!

Secretary: Here is your Newspaper, Mr. Jones. Would you like anything else?

Mr. Jones: _____, thank you.

  • Not at all
  • Never mind
  • That's good
  • That's it for today

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

Several new brightly colored and diverse frog species have recently been identified on the tropical island of Sri Lanka. The new species were identified by noticeable differences in physical features, habitat, development, and genetic . Some are tiny and dwell on the ground, whereas others are large and trees. Five of the new species lay eggs in the homespun baskets suspended water, so that when the eggs , the tadpoles have no difficulty their first swim. The remaining new frog species give birth to their young by producing eggs on the forest . These frogs bypass the tadpole stage and emergence as miniature of their parents.

Frogs and other amphibians are important indicators of ecological balance; therefore a decline in their numbers would be considered a warning that of the natural environment for a particular area is needed. that Sri Lanka has already lost 95% of its forests, measures to protect the remaining forest fragments are . Since many frogs produce chemicals that could have practical applications in health care and medical treatment, they are a potential source of new drugs. Thus, ensuring that frogs are protected by preserving and restoring their habitat is very important.

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

A large-scale has been done by advertisers on the spending of today's teenagers. It has with some fascinating results. Girls across Europe ranging in age from 15 to 18 were interviewed. The researchers discovered that these girls want to be successful and sophisticated and be willing to spend to the look they want - when they have the money, that is!

Feeling confident is the most important factor when it to buying clothes. Another interesting piece of information coming from the study is that Germany teenagers clothes that are practical and comfortable, while British and French teenagers are more about appearance, although they all agreed that the clothes should them properly.

All the girls who were interviewed for clothes regularly, half of them something from a department store or a large clothes shop at least once a month. They also see it as a activity and going round the shops with their friends is the main way they learn what the latest trends are.

HERBS AND DRUGS

Herbs are different kinds of plants and plant parts that can be used for medicinal purposes. This can include the leaves, stems, roots, or seeds of the plant. Herbs have been important in traditional medicine for centuries, in both of the East and the West. In Western medicine, they have largely been replaced by drugs. Herbal treatments are, however, still an integral part of Eastern medicine. In recent years, interest in traditional medicine has increased in the West. Many people are either using modern methods combined with traditional treatments or are turning to these treatments entirely. While traditional medicine can be helpful, they are not without their share of problems. 

The main difference between herbs and drugs is that, while herbs are simply parts of plants, drugs are specific chemicals in a pure form. Many modern drugs are derived from chemicals found in plants. One example is aspirin, which is made from a chemical extracted from the back of the willow tree. Other drugs are entirely synthetic. Even those drugs that are derived from natural sources are heavily processed in order to purify and concentrate them. This allows drugs to be administered in precise amounts. Different kinds and degrees of illnesses often require dosages that differ only slightly. A little too much or not enough a certain drug can have negative effects on the patient. Many drugs also produce negative effects even when taken in the recommended dosage. These undesired negative effects are called "side-effects". 

The possibility of dangerous and unexpected side-effects from drugs has led many people back to traditional medicine. Herbal treatments seem more natural than modern drugs. Many feel that traditional medicine is more concerned with treating the underlying causes of disease instead of just the symptoms, through the truth of this claim is not yet clear. In any case, there is a certain comfort in taking natural herbal treatments instead of the processed, synthetic chemicals derived from them. 

There are, however, disadvantages to herbal treatments, some of them are serious. Few herbal treatments have been scientifically studied. While the active chemicals in the herb may be known, it may not be clear what they really do, or if they are really effective at all. Because the active chemicals are not used alone it is very difficult to determine the proper amount for treatment, since the levels of the chemical are not constant throughout the plant. Therefore, the risk of under and overdose is higher than with drugs. A more serious problem is that certain herbal treatments may have no real medicinal effect, thus giving the patient a false sense of security. This is particularly harmful when the patient refuses treatment with modern drugs that could be effective. 

There are even certain herbs that can cause side-effects, just like a drug. One of these is ma-huang, also called ephedra, which is taken to increase energy. It has been known to cause damage to the heart and nervous system. Garlic and ginger are common elements in food that are also taken as herbal treatments, but they can be dangerous for people with diabetes. In general, herbs are most dangerous when they are taken along with common drugs. This may happen in two ways: a patient decides to supplement his or her regular treatment with herbs, or a dishonest manufacturer adds modern drugs to an herbal treatment. In both cases, the results can be very serious. The herb St. John's wort is often used to treat depression, but if it is used along with conventional antidepressants, such as Zoloft, the combination can cause confusion, headaches, allergic reactions and other problems. 

Finally, because production of herbal treatments is seldom regulated, harmful substances can be present in herbal preparations. Herbs grown in polluted soil may contain lead, arsenic, or mercury. They may also be tainted with pesticides. It is for these reasons that herbs should not be treated as the perfect substitute for drugs. Although herbs appear to be quite distinct from modern drugs, it is important to use them with the same sort of care.

(Đề đề nghị - THPT Chuyên Lê Quý Đôn - Đà Nẵng)

The word "integral" in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to ______.

  • harmful
  • important
  • famous
  • controversial

Which of the following is closest in meaning to "tainted" in paragraph 6?

  • accompanied
  • augmented
  • substituted
  • contaminated

The word "this" in paragraph 4 line 8 refers to ______.

  • patients taking ineffective herbs instead of drugs
  • patients having a sense of security
  • the risk of under and overdose of an herbal treatment
  • the patient's belief that modern drugs are bad for you

Why does the author mention that drugs are heavily processed?

  • To show that herbs cannot compete with modern medical techniques.
  • Because many mistakes can occur in this processing.
  • To illustrate that drugs are not natural.
  • To point out that many countries cannot afford to produce drugs.

What is the main difference between herbs and drugs according to the passage?

  • Drugs can cause side-effects, whereas herbs do not.
  • Drugs are at least partially synthetic, whereas herbs are natural.
  • Herbs are dangerous when taken in large amounts, drugs are safer.
  • Herbs can produce a false sense of security, whereas drugs do not.

According to the passage, when are herbs most dangerous?

  • When not taken under a doctor's supervision.
  • When the patient refuses modern medicine.
  • When the dosage is not administered precisely.
  • When taken in combination with drugs.

According to the passage, who should not take ginger or garlic as herbal treatments?

  • Patients with diabetes.
  • Patients with liver damage.
  • Patients taking antidepressants.
  • Patients with problems of the heart or nervous system.

Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

  • Some herbal treatments are not effective in fighting disease.
  • Modern doctors often do not approve of using herbs.
  • Herbal treatments can also produce side-effects.
  • Some manufacturers add drugs to herbs.

It can be inferred from the passage that ______.

  • the drug industry is better regulated than the herb industry
  • people who use drugs instead of herbs recover more quickly
  • the popularity of herbal treatments will decrease in the future
  • the side-effects of drugs are more serious than those of herbs.

Which of the following best states the topic of the passage?

  • Patients are not educated enough to use herbal treatments.
  • Modern drugs are still a better choice than herbal treatments.
  • Modern medicine should use herbal treatments more in the future.
  • Herbal treatments can be helpful, but should be used with care.

Complete the passage. Write a letter from A-H in each blank. You don't have to use all the letters.

A - we make our wishes down

B - we experience no excitement and joy because we fear risk and anxiety so much

C - we know people may dislike us

D - we must give ourselves a reward for doing them 

E - we don't like being told

F - we can bear it 

G - we break up difficult tasks into manageable chunks

H - we don't do them

We all want to sail through life without anxiety, frustration, or fear. But life isn't like that. If we make our life too comfortable, always avoiding unpleasant tasks, we end up causing ourselves more discomfort and anxiety. Because for one thing, those nasty, unpleasant jobs don't go away when . For example, whenever we try to avoid initial discomfort, we start to hate and fear anxieties and we become increasingly less able to cope with these feelings. If we don't go to the dentist with a slight toothache, we may end up suffering agonizing pain. We all know this and . But how we can get ourselves into a positive frame of mind? We have to tell ourselves that we can stand the initial discomfort involved in doing a task right away. Although we may not like it, . If we fear too much, we may end up restricting our lives to such an extent that eventually . When we tell ourselves we can't stand falling or being unpopular, we take even fewer risks and achieve even less. We can escape from these negative feelings if . If, for example, we have a 5,000-word essay to write, we may not start at all because it is too daunting. But if we give ourselves ten minutes at the desk, we can at least make a start. Then we have already diminished the problem.

Fill each of the following blanks with ONE suitable word.

Adolescent children whose parents exert firm but fair control over them are much more likely to steer of delinquency, researchers have discovered. Youngsters whose parents are overbearing, inconsistent, or lax are far greater risk of coming problem teenagers, the long-term study of criminal offending shows. Closely supervised adolescents who are some autonomy not only stay out of trouble but also have rows at home.

Parenting style was a main influence on young people engaged in criminal or delinquent behavior. The most successful are those who are prepared to negotiate and have clear ground rules, as knowing where their children are, they are with and what time they are to come home. The successful are those who try to down the law, those who make arbitrary and intermittent attempts to control their children or make threats which are not carried out.

Fill each of the following blanks with ONE suitable word.

Committing words memory is a notoriously hit-and-miss business. Over the last forty years psychologists have found three methods which consistently improve memory for words: creating imagery for the you want to remember; using elaboration to form word associations; generation of the word complex processes such as clues.

In research on trying to remember lists of words, these have each produced memory improvements of ten percent over simply reading word once. might not sound much, but it is an average over many studies and often for things that are to remember.

Now, in a new series of studies, there's solid evidence for a fourth which could join the big three memory enhancers. And, you'll be happy to hear, it's very simple. It only involves the word you want to remember to yourself. It doesn't even seem to matter you don't vocalize the word, it only has to be mouthed. Across eight experiments in which were asked to read and remember lists of words, the researchers found memory improvements sometimes greater than ten percent.

Read the text below and look carefully at each sentence. Find errors at each sentence and correct them (there may be more than one error in each sentence). 

If there is no mistake, write "x" in both blanks.

(1) Environmental indicators play a fundamental role in our understanding of climate change and their causes. (2) Examples of climate change indicators include temperature, precipitation, sea level, and greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. (3) Climate change effects local ecosystems in a variety of ways.

(4) Ecologists are studying both the causes of climate change and its impact. (5) For example, in the polar regions, melted ice has reduced the amount of solar heat that is reflected into space and also depleted the natural habitat of polar bears. (6) In tropical rainforest zones, deforestation has reduced amount of carbon dioxide that the forests can absorb. (7) Scientists and producers need to work together to develop methods of sustainable production that will reduce the consumption of fossil fuels and helps slow down global warming.

Mistake(s) in sentence (1):

 Error: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (2):

Error: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (3):

Error: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (4):

Error: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (5):

Error: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (6):

Error: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (7):

Error: => Correction:

Use the word in brackets to form a new word that fits into the blank.

Her books were based on facts, but she some of the events. (FICTION)

Supply the correct form of the word given.

If you are a sports enthusiast, visit thethao247.vn for result and sports news. (MINUTE)

Supply the correct form of the word given.

What a teenagers! She's aware of the latest fashions and wants to wear fashionable clothes. (FASHION)

Supply the correct form of the word given.

There's no need for further explanation. Any growth in unemployment is a matter of extreme seriousness. (EVIDENCE)

Supply the correct form of the word given.

Students need to be educated about the dangers on the Internet, including child predators, identity theft, false and bullying. (PERSON)

Supply the correct form of the word given.

Many governments over the world have restricted or advised against all travel to and from areas affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. (ESSENCE)

Supply the correct form of the word given.

Their advertising campaign includes coverage on television, radio, newspaper, and the Internet. (MEDIA)

Supply the correct form of the word given.

To the audience's , the band suddenly stopped playing. (MYSTERY)

Supply the correct form of the word given.

In comparison to country life, life in the city is more expensive, but salaries are higher. (CORRESPOND)

Supply the correct form of the word given.

She is unable to be with us this afternoon because she is at the opening of a sporting event. (OFFICE) 

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first, you must use BETWEEN THREE AND EIGHT WORDS, INCLUDING THE WORD GIVEN.

You must never take your helmet off while riding a motorcycle. (times)

=> Your helmet .......... ride a motorcycle.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first, you must use BETWEEN THREE AND EIGHT WORDS, INCLUDING THE WORD GIVEN.

In her math class, only Sheila succeeded in finding the solution to the problem. (came)

=> Sheila was .......... the solution to the problem in her math class.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first, you must use BETWEEN THREE AND EIGHT WORDS, INCLUDING THE WORD GIVEN.

It is not necessary to be so upset about the result of the match. (shed)

=> There is .......... the results of the match.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first, you must use BETWEEN THREE AND EIGHT WORDS, INCLUDING THE WORD GIVEN.

You have to eat less sugar to avoid obesity. (cut)

=> You are .......... to avoid obesity.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first, you must use BETWEEN THREE AND EIGHT WORDS, INCLUDING THE WORD GIVEN.

Experts believe that the landslides were caused by recent floods. (resulted)

=> The landslides .......... recent floods.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first, you must use BETWEEN THREE AND EIGHT WORDS, INCLUDING THE WORD GIVEN.

Should you persist in your defiance of instructions, we will take disciplinary action. (go)

=> If you ........... taken.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first, you must use BETWEEN THREE AND EIGHT WORDS, INCLUDING THE WORD GIVEN.

Their scheme is brilliant, but it won't succeed. (doomed)

=> Brilliant ........ failure.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first, you must use BETWEEN THREE AND EIGHT WORDS, INCLUDING THE WORD GIVEN.

If you changed your mind, you'd be welcome to join our staff. (delighted)

=> Were you .......... to have you on the staff.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first, you must use BETWEEN THREE AND EIGHT WORDS, INCLUDING THE WORD GIVEN.

Jackle really has no idea of the difficulty of driving to London during rush hour. (how)

=> Little ........... drive to London during rush hour.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first, you must use BETWEEN THREE AND EIGHT WORDS, INCLUDING THE WORD GIVEN.

The teacher spoke with enormous conviction and carried the students with him. (which)

=> Such ........... that he carried the students with him.