Đề ôn luyện thi vào lớp 10 Chuyên Sư phạm số 5

9/22/2020 2:10:00 AM
Choose the underlined sound that is pronounced differently from the rest.
  • tool
  • noon
  • door
  • school
Choose the underlined sound that is pronounced differently from the rest.
  • peasant
  • measure
  • creature
  • pleasure
Choose the word whose stressed pattern is pronounced differently from the others.
  • humorous
  • contagious
  • vigorous
  • mountainous
Choose the word whose stressed pattern is pronounced differently from the others.
  • argumentative
  • psychological
  • contributory
  • hypersensitive
Choose the word whose stressed pattern is pronounced differently from the others.
  • complacent
  • democrat
  • jeopardy
  • competence
In the USA, the twenty largest newspaper chains ____ for almost half of the circulation, reflecting a trend that ____ in the 1970s.
  • account / started
  • were accounting / start
  • has accounted / was starting
  • accounted / is starting
I could hear ______ of the conversation from across the room.
  • shreds
  • pieces
  • patches
  • snatches
_____ extremely bad weather in the mountains, we're no longer considering our skiing trip.
  • Thanks to
  • Due to
  • Because
  • Since
______, the balcony chairs will be ruined in this weather.
  • Left uncovering
  • Left uncovered
  • Leaving uncovered
  • Having uncovered
________ is his kindness that he is loved by everyone.
  • So
  • There
  • This
  • Such
___________, scientists have ___________ increased pollution in the water supply.
  • Later/detected
  • Later/observed
  • Lately/detected
  • Lately/observed
After the investigation, the accident was put down to human __________.
  • mistake
  • wrong
  • error
  • slip
By 1840, the US Army ____ most Eastern Indian tribes west of the Mississippi.
  • will have pushed
  • have pushed
  • had pushed
  • pushed
Considering the pressure in modern life, it is better to make ______ of other mistakes.
  • easy
  • gentle
  • light
  • good
Despite the financial problems, she managed to _____ her possession.
  • catch up with
  • hold on to
  • come up against
  • stand in for
Don’t forget to plug in the __________ cable before turning the printer on.
  • inspection
  • connection
  • retention
  • detection
He is not willing to embrace new ideas. He is _________.
  • single-minded
  • narrow-minded
  • absent-minded
  • feeble-minded
Ian Mills won the election _______ all the odds.
  • despite
  • without
  • against
  • below
It was too late when the father realized he was too __________ on the boy. Now he knew he should have adopted a more lenient approach.
  • hard
  • harsh
  • severe
  • strict
Kathy __________ comes up with a solution when everyone else is at a loss.
  • absolutely
  • invariably
  • persistently
  • universally

Complete the passage by changing the form of the word in capitals.

Freud and dream

Sigmund Freud is regarded as the founder of psychoanalysis. His work has been (INFLUENCE) in many areas but he is perhaps best known for having drawn our (ATTEND) to dreams, which he believed were clues to inner conflicts. The fact that a dream is (ESSENTIAL) a disguised expression of what is happening in the unconscious mind means that it is difficult for the dreamer to understand its (SIGNIFY) . Freud believed that the sleeping mind resorted to a whole range of unconscious wishes in forms which would prevent the dreamer from having any (AWARE) of their true nature. In Freud's view, interpreting the meaning of the dream required a psychoanalyst with an expert (KNOW) of how dreams disguise desires. The psychoanalyst's lack of personal (INVOLVE) in the dream would enable him to see the dream objectively.   

According to Freud, dreams use a (MYSTERY) symbolic language quite different from that of waking life, but the fact is there is no hard (EVIDENT) for believing that dreams really do reflect our unconscious wishes. Nevertheless, Freud (DOUBT) made a major contribution to twentieth-century thought and many useful insights into psychological processes have been gained through his work.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

BRINGING UP CHILDREN

Where one stage of child development has been left out, or not sufficiently experienced, the child may have to go back and capture the experience of it. A good home makes this possible - for example, by providing the opportunity for the child to play with a clockwork car or toy railway train up to any age if he still needs to do so. This principle, in fact, underlies all psychological treatment of children in difficulties with their development and is the basis of work in child clinics.

The beginnings of discipline are in the nursery. Even the youngest baby is taught by gradual stages to wait for food, to sleep and wake at regular intervals, and so on. If the child feels the world around him is a warm and friendly one, he slowly accepts its rhythm and accustoms himself to conforming to its demands. Learning to wait for things, particularly for food, is a very important element in upbringing, and is achieved successfully only if too great demands are not made before the child can understand them. Every parent watches eagerly the child's acquisition of each new skill: the first spoken words, the first independent steps, or the beginning of reading and writing. It is often tempting to hurry the child beyond his natural learning rate, but this can set up dangerous feelings of failure and states of anxiety in the child. This might happen at any stage. A baby might be forced to use a toilet too early a young child might be encouraged to learn to read before he knows the meaning of the words he reads. On the other hand, though, if a child is left alone too much, or without any learning opportunities, he loses his natural zest for life and his desire to find out new things for himself.

Learning together is a fruitful source of the relationship between children and parents. By playing together, parents learn more about their children and children learn more from their parents. Toys and games which both parents and children can share are an important means of achieving this co-operation. Building-block toys, jigsaw puzzles, and crosswords are good examples.

Parents vary greatly in their degree of strictness or indulgence towards their children. Some may be especially strict in money matters; others are severe over times of coming home at night, punctuality for meals, or personal cleanliness. In general, the controls imposed represent the needs of the parents and the values of the community as much as the child's own happiness and well-being.

With regard to the development of moral standards in the growing child, consistency is very important in parental teaching. To forbid a thing one day and excuse it the next is no foundation for morality. Also, parents should realize that "example is better than precept". If they are hypocritical and do not practice what they preach, their children may grow confused and emotionally insecure when they grow old enough to think for themselves and realize they have been, to some extent, deceived. A sudden awareness of a marked difference between their parents' ethics and their morals can be a dangerous disillusion.

The principle underlying all treatment of developmental difficulties in children _____.
  • is in the provision of clockwork toys and trains
  • is to send them to clinics
  • is to capture them before they are sufficiently experienced
  • offers recapture of earlier experiences
Learning to wait for things is successfully taught _____.
  • in spite of excessive demands being made
  • only if excessive demands are avoided
  • because excessive demands are not advisable
  • is achieved successfully by all children
The encouragement of children to achieve new skills _____.
  • should be focused on only at school
  • can never be taken too far
  • will always assist their development
  • should be balanced and moderate
Parental controls and discipline _____.
  • serve a dual purpose
  • are designed to promote the child's happiness
  • reflect only the values of the community
  • should be avoided as far as possible
The practice of the rule "Example is better than precept" _____.
  • only works when the children grow old enough to think for themselves
  • would help avoid the necessity for ethics and morals
  • will free a child from disillusion when he grows up
  • is too difficult for all parents to exercise
In the 1st paragraph, the author lays some emphasis on the role of the _____ in helping the child in trouble.
  • psychiatrists
  • community
  • family
  • nursery
The phrase "conforming to" in the 2nd paragraph means _____.
  • adapting to
  • accepting
  • agreeing with
  • following
The word "zest" in the 2nd paragraph can be best replaced by _____.
  • appetite
  • excitement
  • enthusiasm
  • enjoyment
The word "imposed" in the 4th paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.
  • excepted
  • introduced
  • made
  • constrained
Hypocrisy on the part of the parents may ____.
  • result in their children's wrong behaviour
  • make their children lose faith in them
  • disqualify their teachings altogether
  • impair their children's mind

Read the following passage and decide which answer best fits each numbered space.

An expensive engagement ring hidden a surprise in a chocolate Easter egg has given high premarital to a young Italian couple. The $1,300 ring has missing after the fiance, a twenty-six-year-old law graduate, decided to the plain chocolate egg for a milk chocolate equivalent. When he discovered what had happened, her husband-to-be, a 30-year-old plumber, back to the shop where he has purchased the egg, only to find that it had already been resold. The missing ring has the relationship under considerable stress, with angry words from the donor and tears from the unlucky recipient. The incident event resulted a very strong slap on the face for the prospective bride. , she even thought about taking legal action against her fiancé for her minor physical injuries. However, hopefully, the couple may stop arguing and get back together again they will recover the ring. Anyway, the fiancé has promised that she learn to like plain chocolate.

Write one word in each gap.

The most extreme weather conditions experienced in Antarctica are associated blizzards. These are simply strong winds with falling snow and, more commonly, the snow that is picked up and pushed along the ground bу the wind. Blizzards mау last for days at time, and in some cases, it саn bе almost impossible for people to see. It is not unusual objects only about а meter or two away to bесоmе unrecognizable. Scientists doing research in the area then confined to their tents or caravans. We think of blizzards extremely cold, while in fact temperatures in the Antarctic are usually higher than normal а blizzard. Major blizzards of several days in length more frequently in some locations than in others. There mау bе eight or ten such blizzards in аnу particular place on аn annual basis. They often cause considerable damage, so that аnу scientific buildings or equipment constructed in this region must bе specially made to give as protection as possible.

If the weather is fine, visibility in Antarctica is usually excellent because of the clear air and the absence of dust and smoke. this means is that people often greatly underestimate the distance of objects and features of the landscape. Also, very large features such as mountains mау appear to bе above the horizon, or even upside down. These 'mirages', which are just tricks played bу the eyes in certain conditions, have led to explorers in the Antarctic making mаnу errors judgment.

Read the text below and look carefully at each sentence. Find errors at each sentence and correct them (there may be more than one error in each sentence). 

If there is no mistake, write "x" in both blanks.

(1) A study into child development publishing in 2010 was one of the first to demonstrate that childhood experience influence the structure of the developing brain. (2) Since then, other studies have shown a connect between a baby’s socioeconomic status and the growth of their brain. (3) Despite millennia of child-rearing, we have only a limited understanding of why babies take such gigantic strides in cognitive, linguistic, reasoning and planning ability. (4) At birth the brain has nearly a hundred billion neurons, as much as in adulthood. (5) As the baby grows, receiving a flood of input through their senses, neurons get connected to other neurons, resulting from some hundred trillion connections by the age of three.

(6) Using new technology, scientists can better understand the mystery of how a child goes from being barely able to see when just born to being able to talk, ride a bike, draw, and invent an imaginary friend by the age of five. (7) The more scientists find out about how children acquire the capacity for language, numbers and emotional understanding during this period, the more they realize that the baby brain are an incredible learning machine. (8) Its future—to a great extent—is in our hands.

Mistake(s) in sentence (1):

Errror: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (2):

Errror: => Correction:

Errror: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (3):

Errror: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (4):

Errror: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (5):

Errror: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (6):

Errror: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (7):

Errror: => Correction:

Mistake(s) in sentence (8):

Errror: => Correction:

Read the following passage and choose which of the headings from A - J match the blanks. There are two extra headings, which do not match any of the paragraphs. 

Headings:

A. Heat in voting 

B. A fact about the UK

C. Statement of the caucus guide 

D. The way Democratic caucus-goers in Iowa show their support 

E. A parallel with sport 

F. Some examples of winning by the toss of a coin 

G. An unexpected outcome

H. New rule

I. Election process

When the flip of a coin wins an election

Paragraph 1:

In the first vote to decide the US's presidential candidates, several results were decided on the toss of a coin. How common is it for elections to be decided this way? A silver coin balanced on thumb and forefinger is pinged upwards, falls, then gives its verdict - heads or tails. In sport, it's a common practice to decide who kicks off or opens the batting. In elections, it's rarer, but not as rare as you might suppose. In Iowa's Democratic caucuses - a contest between Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders for the party's presidential nomination - the results in several precincts were decided by flipping a coin, according to the Des Moines Register.

Paragraph 2:

It was a series of dramatic finishes in a race the party called "the closest in Iowa Democratic caucus history". On Twitter, there were reports that contests were settled in this way in Ames, one Des Moines precinct, another Des Moines precinct, Newton, West Branch and West Davenport. In some of these cases, it was reported that there was a dead heat in voting. In Ames, it was the vagaries of the voting system and the decision by 60 of those present not to vote that left the final result unclear. Party officials were contacted on a hotline to advise, and recommended tossing a coin.

Paragraph 3:

Unusually, all six coin tosses were won by Clinton. According to John Moriarty, Reader in Mathematics at Queen Mary University London, there would have been a one-in-64 or 1.6% chance of Clinton winning all six flips. (That's nothing, however, compared to the time the England cricket team lost 12 tosses of the coin in a row - a probability of about 4,000-to-one.) The caucus system used in 10 US states, American Samoa and the Virgin Islands, differs from the primary system used in most states in that votes are taken in small groups rather than on a statewide basis. This makes ties more likely.

Paragraph 4:

"It's quite an idiosyncratic process," says Rene Lindstaedt, an expert on US politics at the University of Essex. Unlike in primaries, which are conducted like ballots, Democratic caucus-goers in Iowa show their support for candidates by standing or sitting together in "preference groups" before a head count is taken (Iowa Republicans use secret ballots or a show of hands).

Paragraph 5:

The Iowa Democratic party's caucus guide states that "where two or more preference groups are tied for the loss of a delegate, a coin shall be tossed to determine who loses the delegate". With the statewide result a virtual tie between Clinton and Sanders, the flips became one of the night's biggest talking points, and within hours the coin had its own Twitter profile.

Paragraph 6:

It's not unprecedented for elections to be decided in this manner. The mayor of San Teodoro, a town in the central Philippines, was ultimately chosen by a coin toss in 2013 after two rival candidates both received 3,236 votes apiece. In the UK, returning officers are legally obliged to settle elections immediately if recounts fail to establish a winner. This has never happened in an election to the House of Commons, but it has in local elections.

Paragraph 7:

Worksop North East seat in Bassetlaw District Council was won by Labour on the toss of a coin in 2000 after three recounts. Christopher Underwood-Frost, a Conservative councilor in Lincolnshire held his seat by the toss of a coin in 2007. And control of Stirling District Council was decided by cutting a deck of cards on two occasions in 1988 and 1992. There are other uses for coin flips, too. Government contracts in Canada can be awarded this way if tenders are identical.

Paragraph 8:

But there remains unease about the use of making decisions so arbitrarily - even in sport, where the use of coin tosses is perhaps best established. From 2016, under an England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) trial, visiting county teams will be given the option of bowling first, and a coin toss will only take place if they decline. Perhaps the ECB will share its findings with Iowa's Democratic Party.

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The collision didn't damage my car much. 

=> Not a great .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Although he is 8 years older than her, they were good friends.

=> Despite .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It's a widespread assumption that George was wrongly accused.

=> George .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

He declared his disapproval of the behavior of some of his supporters.

=> He let it .....

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Mauro says he prefers to do his homework on his own. (RATHER)

=> Mauro says that .......... do his homework with other people.

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I was too scared to tell him what I really thought. 

=> I lacked .....

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Clara said that she had not seen the missing letter. (HAVING)

=> Clara .......... the missing letter.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

A short meeting of the cast will take place after today's rehearsal. (BY)

=> Today's rehearsal .......... a short meeting of the cast.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I'll be happy to show you the sights of my city when you come to visit me. (TAKE)

=> It will be a .......... sightseeing tour of my city when you come to visit me.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

My passport needs renewing because I'm going abroad this summer. (GET)

=> I need .......... because I'm going abroad this summer.