Đề ôn luyện chuyên Anh vào 10 Sở Hà Nội số 9

10/20/2020 2:41:00 PM
Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.
  • chores

  • chemist
  • chorus
  • architect

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • production

  • propaganda

  • promotion

  • proceed

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • obliged

  • approached

  • unwrapped

  • sacrificed

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • suspend
  • neglect
  • preview
  • embrace

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • labour-saving
  • residential
  • fundamental
  • undemanding

I often wish I could afford to work less, _____ people, I suspect.

  • like do most
  • as do most
  • the same most
  • as much the same most

Many students _____ night after night to prepare for their coming exams.

  • burn the midnight oil
  • turn the tables on
  • rack their minds
  • fight tooth and nail

Most teenagers go through a rebellious _____ for a few years but they soon grow out of it.

  • stint
  • span
  • duration
  • phase

It was getting _____ dark so we decided to head for home.

  • utterly
  • absolutely
  • totally
  • fairly

If only people in our grandparents’ generation _____ the opportunities that we take for granted nowadays.

  • could have
  • could have had
  • would have had
  • have had

She bears a close _____ to her father.

  • resemblance
  • similarity
  • likelihood
  • sameness
Not mentioning the author’s name was a serious _____.
  • omission
  • perception
  • preservation
  • rotation

This film is _____ released at the end of next year.

  • on the verge of being
  • on the point of being
  • due to be
  • about to be
Scientists are predicting that the volcano might erupt so people have been _____ from the area.
  • escaped
  • emigrated
  • exported
  • evacuated

You _____ come out to the airport to meet me. I could have taken a bus.

  • needn’t have
  • needn’t
  • don’t need to
  • didn’t need to

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

We managed to get home early as the traffic was _____.

Hazel's _____ green jumper matched her eyes.

After a _____ supper, they retire to bed.

Answer:

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

At the end of the talent show, the judges will _____ the three best contestants who will proceed to the next round of the competition.

It is now against the law to _____ wild flowers in the National Park?

Graham was in a bad mood and was ready to _____ a fight with anyone who disagreed with him.

Answer:

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

Our holiday was, for the most _____, thoroughly enjoyable, despite one or two problems.

I accept that it was foolish on my _____ to get involved in something so risky.

Ambition and determination are _____ and parcel of success.

Answer:

Complete each sentence using a suitable verb form in line A with a preposition in line B to make a phrasal verb. (You can use prepositions more than once.)

A: [ have | lay | knock | commit | come | pull | get | refrain | dabble ]

B: down | on | to | out | into | from | in ]

I don't believe you. You're me .

It is quite clearly that only amateurs can take part.

I'd just like to consult my father before I myself a decision.

She quite a lot of money when her adoptive father passed away.

Becca had to of the race when she sprained her ankle.

Learning English isn't so difficult once you it.

Could you please smoking in the lecture hall?

Roger painting for a while, but recently he has given up.

Supply the correct form of each bracketed word in the passage.

The medieval crusades, when Western European knights and (ADVENTURE) attempted to seize Jerusalem from the hands of the Seljuk Turks, are widely (UNDERSTAND) by most people in the West, who think of them as glamorous and heroic. True, the level of heroism was occasionally (IMPRESS) , but in fact the crusaders were ignorant and (GUIDE) . For example, they viewed the Byzantine Emperor, through whose lands they had to travel, like an annoying (RELEVANT) denying him even so much as a (CONSULT) role in the proceedings. In reality, his long experience of the Saracens had given him a(n) (CONSIDER) knowledge of their fighting methods and politics. His advice had the crusaders chosen to follow it, would have been absolutely (VALUE) . Instead, they (REPEAT) dismissed it as (WORTH) with the result that, despite initial success, the crusades eventually dwindled to ignominious failure.

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

CARNIVOROUS PLANTS

All plants rely on nutrients taken from the soil in order to survive. However, in areas where the soil does not contain enough vital nutrients, some plants have adapted to their diets from another source: living organisms. Though they are few in number, carnivorous plants are nonetheless fascinating beings that “eat” anything from one-celled organisms to insects in order to survive. They are commonly found in marshlands. Carnivorous plants feature one of several types of “traps” to ensnare prey, which they consume to nutrients that may be missing from the soil. While there are over 400 species of carnivorous plants in the world today, some are more than others.

The most well-known of these plants are the snap traps, which include the Venus flytrap. Snap traps are easily identified by their leaves, which are separated into two lobes that have the ability to fold together. Inside the lobes, the surface is covered with tiny hairs that are to movement. When the plant’s prey brushes against the hairs, it triggers a closing mechanism that rapidly brings the two lobes together, trapping the prey inside. The response of the traps is phenomenal speed: the time between triggering the hairs and snapping shut is less than a second. As the prey struggles inside the trap, it only triggers more hairs, causing the leaves to tighten their .

The plant then secrets liquid chemicals from special glands into the trap to dissolve the prey and absorb all of its nutrients. Besides the Venus flytrap, only one other type of snap trap exists today, referred to as the waterwheel plant. The two share a common ancestor and differ only in a few ways. For instance, the waterwheel is an aquatic plant, while the flytrap is exclusively terrestrial. In addition, the flytrap feeds primarily on arthropods like spiders, while the waterwheel lives simple invertebrates, like certain types of plankton.

Fill each of the following blanks with ONE suitable word.

THE LEGEND OF THE ROOT 

Ginseng is one of the great mysteries of the east. Often referred to as the 'elixir of life' its widespread use in oriental medicine has led to many myths and legends building up around this remarkable plant. Ginseng has featured an active ingredient in oriental medical literature for over 5,000 years. Its beneficial effects were, at one time, widely recognized and praised that the root was said to be worth its weight in gold. the long history of ginseng, no one fully knows how it works. The active part of the plant is the root. Its full name is Panax Ginseng - the word Panax, like the word panacea, coming from the Greek for 'all healing'. There is growing interest by western scientists the study of ginseng. 

It is today believed that this remarkable plant may beneficial effects in the treatment of many diseases which are difficult to treat with synthetic drugs. 

Today, ginseng is longer a myth or a legend. Throughout the world, it is becoming widely recognized that this ancient herb holds the answer to relieving the stresses and ailments of modern living. It is widely used for the treatment of various ailments such as arthritis, diabetes, insomnia, hepatitis and anemia. However, the truth behind ginseng works still remains a mystery. Yet its widespread effectiveness shows that the remarkable properties are more than just a legend.

(Đề đề nghị Olympic 30/4 - THPT Chuyên Bảo Lộc - Lâm Đồng)

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Ocean water plays an indispensable role in supporting life. The great ocean basins hold about 300 million cubic miles of water. From this vast amount, about 80,000 cubic miles of water are sucked into the atmosphere each year by evaporation and returned by precipitation and drainage to the ocean. More than 24,000 cubic miles of rain descend annually upon the continents. This vast amount is required to replenish the lakes and streams, springs, and water tables on which all flora and fauna are dependent. Thus, the hydrosphere permits organic existence.

The hydrosphere has strange characteristics because water has properties unlike those of any other liquid. One anomaly is that water upon freezing expands by about 9 percent, whereas most liquids contract on cooling. For this reason, ice floats on water bodies instead of sinking to the bottom. If the ice sank, the hydrosphere would soon be frozen solidly, except for a thin layer of surface melt water during the summer season. Thus, all aquatic life would be destroyed and the interchange of warm and cold currents, which moderates climate, would be notably absent.

Another outstanding characteristic of water is that water has a heat capacity which is the highest of all liquids and solids except ammonia. This characteristic enables the oceans to absorb and store vast quantities of heat, thereby often preventing climatic extremes. In addition, water dissolves more substances than any other liquid. It is this characteristic which helps make oceans a great storehouse for minerals which have been washed down from the continents. In several areas of the world these minerals are being commercially exploited. Solar evaporation of salt is widely practiced, potash is extracted from the Dead Sea, and magnesium is produced from sea water along the American Gulf Coast.

The author's main purpose in this passage is to _____.
  • illustrate the importance of conserving water
  • describe the properties and uses of water
  • compare water with other liquids
  • explain how water is used in commerce and industry

The phrase "this vast amount" in paragraph 1 refers to _____.

  • 80,000 million cubic miles of water
  • 24,000 cubic miles of rain
  • 80,000 cubic miles of water
  • 300 million cubic miles of water

The word "replenish" in paragraph 1 can best be replaced by _____.

  • fill again
  • replace
  • evaporate
  • form
According to the passage, fish can survive in the oceans because _____.
  • evaporation and condensation create a water cycle
  • there are currents in the oceans
  • they do not need oxygen
  • ice floats
Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a characteristic of water?
  • Water can absorb heat
  • Water is good solvent
  • Water contracts on cooling
  • Water expands when it is frozen
The word "outstanding" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _____.
  • exceptionally good
  • special
  • amusing
  • important
According the passage, the hydrosphere is NOT _____.
  • the part of the earth covered by water
  • responsible for all forms of life
  • in danger of freezing over
  • a source of natural resources
The author's tone in the passage can best be described as _____.
  • dispassionate
  • speculative
  • biased
  • dogmatic
The author organizes the passage by _____.
  • juxtaposition of true and untrue ideas
  • comparison and contrast
  • general statement followed by examples
  • hypothesis and proof
Which of the following statements would be the most likely to begin the paragraph immediately following the passage?
  • Water has the ability to erode land
  • Droughts and flooding are two types of disasters associated with water
  • Another remarkably property of ice is its strength
  • Magnesium is widely used in metallurgical processes

You are going to read an article in which four people comment on a book they have read recently. For questions 1-10, choose from the people A-D. The people may be chosen more than once.

A. Sundance by Teresa Wilson

Kerry:                   

I really don't know why this book is so popular. I mean. I suppose it is going to appeal to young girls who want danger and romance, but I found this book really tedious. For a start, the characters were really unconvincing. The author went out of her way to add lots of details about the characters, but I found these details really pointless. I thought that some of the facts she presented about the main characters would become significant in some way later in the novel, but they didn't. They were just worthless bits of information. I also was disappointed that, although this book is meant to be about kids at high school, the writer seems to have no recollection at all about what it’s like to be 17. The main character thought and acted like a 32-year old. It just wasn't believable. I'm not saying Teresa Wilson is a bad writer. She can obviously string words together and come up with a story that is appealing to a large number of people, but she lacks anything original. There is no flair. It just uses the same sort of language as you can see in many other mediocre novels.

B. Wild Ways by Margery Emerson

Liz:

I have to say that I won't forget this book for a long time. I was hooked from the very first chapter. The devastating story affected me so much that I don't know if I'll ever feel the same again. I was close to tears on several occasions. I've got images in my brain now that I don't think will ever leave me. It's incredibly well-researched and, although it is fiction, is based on shocking real-life events. I teamed an awful lot about things that went on that I never knew before. Margaret Emerson has a brilliant way with words and I really felt real empathy towards the characters, although I was sometimes irritated by the choices they made. However, the parallel story, the part that is set in the present, is not quite so good. I found myself just flicking through that part so that I could get back to 1940s Paris.

C. Orchid by Henry Rathbone

Imogen:

This is a delightful novel full of wonderful imagery, a paints a remarkable picture of life in a distant time and a far-away place. If you're looking to learn about Eastern culture in great detail, then this is probably not the book for you, as the writer skims over most of the more complicated aspects of the country's etiquette. The historical aspects are also not covered in much depth. However. I wonder whether this was the writer’s intention. By doing this, he symbolise the superficiality of the girl's life. She, like the book, is beautiful and eager to please, but remains too distant from us, the readers, to teach us much. Although I loved the book and read it in one sitting, the ending was a bit of a disappointment. A story which involves so much turmoil, in a place where the future is uncertain, should not have a happy-ever-after fairy-tale ending.

D. High Hills by Mary Holland

Hannah:

I read this book for a literature class. I know it’s a classic, and I did try to like it, but I just didn't get into it. I kept persevering, hoping that I’d start to enjoy it, but no such luck. The famous scene out on the moors was definitely the best bit of the book, but even that I found ridiculous when it is clearly supposed to be passionate. As I approached the end of the book. I figured there must be some kind of moral to the story, something that I would learn from the experience of trudging through seven hundred long pages, but there was nothing worthwhile. I don't know why the literary world sees this book as such a masterpiece. The characters are portrayed as being intelligent, but they do such stupid things! And as for it being a love story - marrying someone you don't love and then being abused by them - that doesn't spell love to me.

Which person read a book which...

  1. was set in an Oriental country
  2. finished in an unrealistic way
  3. had characters that the reader could sympathize with
  4. is well-known and was written a long time ago
  5. contained two stories
  6. was not set in the past

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I went to the dentist’s because I couldn’t stand the toothache any longer. (UP)

=> I couldn’t the toothache any longer, so I went to the dentist’s.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Students may use the library, but they must not disturb other users. (LONG)

=> Students may use the library not disturb other users.

Rewrite the second sentence so that the first sentence's meaning doesn't change. Use between TWO and FIVE words. Do NOT change the given word form.

Would you give us your answer as soon as possible? (CONVENIENCE)

=> Please reply .

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one, using the word in a bracket. You must use between THREE AND FIVE WORDS. Do not change the word given.

The number of people out of work has fallen little by little. (GRADUAL)

=> There has the number of people out of work.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The main film followed two short cartoons. (PRECEDED)

=> The two short cartoons ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It is a foregone conclusion that Mark will get the job.

=> It goes .

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I don’t feel like going to the party.

=> I am not in ...........

Complete the second sentence, using the word given so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence.

The little girl is always biting her fingernails.

=> The little girl has ............

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Absolute secrecy was crucial to the success of the mission.

=> Without ...........