Đề số 14 ôn thi Anh Chuyên vào 10 CNN

10/19/2020 8:37:00 AM
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • hypocrite
  • expertise
  • trichologist
  • click
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • umpire
  • ultramarine
  • trumpet
  • fumigate
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • brood

  • broomstick

  • foolscap

  • brooch

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.
  • dissolve

  • result

  • possess

  • assist

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • vigilance
  • manifest
  • magenta
  • interview
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • authoritative
  • argumentative
  • administrative
  • initiative
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • telecommuting
  • geophysical
  • hydroelectric
  • humanitarian
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • diplomacy
  • synonymous
  • elephantine
  • petroleum

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Originally the builders gave me a price of $5,000, but now they say they underestimated it, and now it’s going to be at least $8,000.

  • misjudged
  • underrated
  • undervalued
  • outnumbered

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Being a wise politician, Mr. Brown tends to reserve his judgments till he knows all the facts.

  • bookings
  • benefits
  • decisions
  • appearances

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Their arguments are getting pointless, so they decided to just bury the hatchet and forget what happened.

  • stop an argument and become friends again
  • lose their tempers
  • fight tooth and nail
  • get into hot water

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

He had never experienced such discourtesy towards the president as it occurred at the annual meeting in May.

  • politeness
  • rudeness
  • measurement
  • encouragement

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Many animals, like the otter which uses a stone to crack mussel shells, are capable of using objects in the natural environment as rudimentary tools.

  • technical
  • basic
  • superior
  • original

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The ship went down although strenuous efforts were made to save it.

  • exhausting
  • forceful
  • energetic
  • half-hearted

Probably no man has more effect on the daily lives of most people in the United States _____.

  • as Henry Ford, a pioneer in automobile production.
  • rather than Henry Ford, a pioneer in automobile production.
  • than Henry Ford, a pioneer in automobile production, did.
  • more than Henry Ford, a pioneer in automobile production.

Everything looks very positive for the company, _____ the current investors do not default on their agreements.

  • assuming that
  • whether
  • whereas
  • as if
Vietnam ______ war against French colonial empire has gone down in history as one of the most epic, destroying the harrowing shackles of tyranny after nearly a century.
  • emancipation
  • remission
  • liberation
  • salvation
You shouldn't take _____ more than you can handle, otherwise you'll suffer from stress.
  • on
  • over
  • out
  • off
Alaska boasts several climates due to its ______ mountains, warm ocean currents, and frozen seas.
  • adept
  • pious
  • ghastly
  • lofty

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

Very few of us would admit putting much trust in horoscopes and the fact that the movements of astronomical bodies to earthly occurrences affecting people's everyday lives.

We all know about the zodiac signs which reflect the position of the sun, the moon, and the planets at the moment of a man's birth and about the peculiar characteristics to them by astrologers. We say we will take these phenomena with a pinch of salt while we keep our eyes over them in every tabloid we lay our hands-on. Most frequently, we expect horoscopes to predict the future, to our optimistic mood with a piece of comforting information or to boost our ego by confirming the superlative features that we tend to attribute to our zodiacs.

However, there's no scientific evidence to the assumption that human existence is so closely with the parameters of the celestial bodies. Our curiosity in horoscopes may, then, stem our sheer fascination with the unexplained or the unpredictable as well as in the enticing insight into the future that the horoscopes offer, thus establishing the sense of our an extreme power over our own lives. An additional explanation is that humans tend to have a soft for any form of flattery, which is the fact to which astrologers and the horoscope writers seem to attach the greatest deal of weight.

Read the passage then answer the questions.

NOW FOR THE BAD NEWS: A TEENAGE TIME BOMB

They are just four, five, and six years old right now, but already they are making criminologists nervous. They are growing up, too frequently, in abusive or broken homes, with little adult supervision and few positive role models. Left to themselves, they spend much of their time hanging out on the streets or soaking up violent TV shows. By the year 2005, they will be teenagers - a group that tends to be, in the view of Northeastern University criminologist James Alan Fox, "temporary sociopaths - impulsive and immature." If they also have easy access to guns and drugs, they can be extremely dangerous.

For all the heartening news offered by recent crime statistics, there is an ominous flip side. While the crime rate is dropping for adults, it is soaring for teens. Between 1990 and 1994, the rate at which adults age 25 and older committed homicides declined 22%; yet the rate jumped 16% for youths between 14 and 17, the age group that in the early '90s supplanted 18- to 24-year-olds as the most crime-prone. And that is precisely the age group that will be booming in the next decade. There are currently 39 million children under 10 in the U.S., more than at any time since the 1950s. "This is the calm before the crime storm," says FOX. "So long as we fool ourselves in thinking that we're winning the war against crime, we may be blindsided by this bloodbath of teenage violence that is lurking in the future."

Demographics don't have to be destiny, but other social trends do little to contradict the dire predictions. Nearly all the factors that contribute to youth crime-single-parent households, child abuse, deteriorating inner-city schools - are getting worse. At the same time, the government is becoming less, not more, interested in spending money to help break the cycle of poverty and crime. All of which has led John J. Dilulio Jr., a professor of politics and public affairs at Princeton, to warn about a new generation of "super predators," youngsters who are coming of age in actual and "moral poverty," Without "the benefit of parents, teachers, coaches, and clergy to teach them right or wrong and show them unconditional love."

Predicting a generation's future crime patterns is, of course, risky; especially when outside factors (Will crack use be up or down? Will gun laws be tightened?) remain unpredictable. Michael Tonry, a professor of law and public policy at the University of Minnesota, argues that the demographic doomsayers are unduly alarmist. "There will be a slightly larger number of people relative to the overall population who are at high risk for doing bad things, so that's going to have some effect," he concedes. "But it's not going to be an apocalyptic effect." Norval Morris, professor of law and criminology at the University of Chicago, finds Dilulio's notion of super predators too simplistic: "The human-animal in young males is quite a violent animal all over the world. The people who put forth the Theory of moral poverty lack a sense of history and comparative criminology."

Yet other students of the inner city are more pessimistic. "All the basic elements that spawn teenage crime are still in place, and in many cases, the indicators are worse," says Jonathan Kozol, author of Amazing Grace, an examination of poverty in the South Bronx. "There's a dramatic increase of children in foster care, and that's a very high-risk group of kids. We're not creating new jobs, and we're not improving education to suit poor people for the jobs that exist."

Can anything defuse the demographic time bomb? Fox urges "reinvesting in children": improving schools, creating after-school programs and providing other alternatives to gangs and drugs: Dilulio, a law-and-order conservative, advocates tougher prosecution and wants to strengthen religious institutions to instill better values. Yet he opposes the Gingrich-led effort to make deep cuts in social programs. "A failure to maintain existing welfare and health commitment for kids," he says, "is to guarantee that the next wave of juvenile predators will be even worse than we're dealing with today." Dilulio urges fellow conservatives to think of Medicaid not as a health-care program but as "an anticrime policy."

(Source: Time Magazine)

Young children are making criminologists nervous because _____.
  • they are committing too much crime
  • they are impulsive and immature
  • they may grow up to be criminals
  • they have no role models
The general crime rate in the US is _____.
  • increasing
  • decreasing
  • not changing
  • difficult to predict

The age group which commits the highest rate of crime is _____.

  • 14 - 17
  • 18 - 24
  • 24+
  • the old
James Fox believes that the improvement in crime figures could _____.
  • make us complacent in the fight against crime
  • result in an increase in teenage violence
  • make us become fooled and blindsided
  • result in a decrease in teenage violence
According to paragraph 3, the government _____.
  • cutting down on the budget
  • is doing everything it can to solve the problem
  • is not interested in solving the problem
  • is not doing enough to solve the problem
In comparison with James Fox, Michael Tonry is _____.
  • more pessimistic
  • less pessimistic
  • equally pessimistic
  • indifferent
Jonathan Kozol believes that _____.
  • there is no solution to the problem
  • employment and education are not the answer
  • employment and education can improve the situation
  • people can solve the problem by improving schools
Professor Dilulio thinks that spending on social programs _____.
  • should continue as it is
  • should be decreased
  • is irrelevant to crime rates
  • is a better solution to the problem

Clara and Phil are discussing women and men in society.

Clara: "As I see it, women often drive more carefully than men."

Phil: "_____”

  • Yes, please.
  • Absolutely.
  • What nonsense.
  • Never mind.

Kate and Jackie are talking about the plan of the English club meeting next week.

Kate: “Do you think Mary's coming to the English club?”

Jackie: “_____”

  • I hope not.
  • I believe not.
  • I believe not so.
  • I don’t believe it.

Jenifer and John were talking about their study at school.

Jennifer: “I thought your English skill was a lot better, John.”

John: “_____”

  • You've got to be kidding. I thought it was still bad.
  • Yes, please. Just a little.
  • No, thanks. I think I can do it.
  • Thank you. I’d love to.

Louisa: “Oh, no! I left my book at home. Can I share yours?”

Will: “_____.”

  • Yes, I do too
  • No, thanks
  • No, not at all
  • Yes, sure!

Mary: “Your new hairstyle is quite attractive!”

Sheila: “_____. I think it makes me look 10 years older.”

  • Yes, I’m proud of myself
  • Say it again. I like to hear your words
  • That’s a good idea
  • You’ve got be kidding

Choose the correct order to make a conversation.

a. But I heard how much the tickets cost, and they are expensive.

b. Did you hear that the opera starts here in July?

c. I’ve always dreamed of going to the opera.

d. Yes, but it’s worth it to do something you’ve always wanted to do.

e. I know. I really think we should go.

  • b - c - e - a - d
  • b - c - d - a - e
  • b - c - a - e - d
  • b - c - a - d - e

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. This nice pearl necklace is locally sourced from the nearby sea.

b. I’d like to get a souvenir for my mum.

c. If you buy it in a bigger store, they will even charge you an arm and a leg for this.

d. How can I help you?

e. Uhmmm, I think a bracelet would be a better choice.

f. Well, it’s a bit pricey.

  • b-d-e-c-d-a
  • d-e-a-b-c-f
  • b-a-c-d-e-f
  • d-b-a-f-c-e

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Sorry, I overslept. My clock didn't go off this morning.

b. Well, if it breaks down again tomorrow, I'll definitely buy a new one.

c. Maybe by then it'll be too late.

d. Your clock never works. Perhaps you should buy a new one.

e. What do you mean "too late"?  

f. By that time you'll be fired.

g. That's right, even though I did set the alarm last night.

h. Again? 

  • a-h-g-d-b-c-e-f
  • a-b-h-e-g-d-f-c
  • b-h-g-c-e-d-a-f
  • a-g-b-e-c-h-d-f

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.   

a. Really? How much is it?

b. What happened?

c. Maybe you can lease a car. It doesn't cost much. I know Toyota is running a promotion. 

d. That's a good deal. I might wanna consider it.

e. Yeah, I've thought about that, but I can't afford a new car. I'm broke.

f. I don't even want to talk about it. My car broke down.

g. Why didn't you show up for class this morning?

h. Zero down and $219 per month.

i. The engine seems to be busted. It's driving me crazy!

k. Wow. Have you thought about getting a new car? 

  • e-a-g-b-c-k-f-h-i-d
  • f-a-h-k-g-c-i-d-e-b
  • c-e-b-a-d-g-i-k-f-h
  • g-f-b-i-k-e-c-a-h-d

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Throw it away and buy a new one?

b. You know what you can do? 

c. Why bother? Just buy a new watch. It doesn't cost much. Besides, I just can't put up with this thing anymore.

d. No, you don't have to. You only need to put your watch back ten minutes every day.

e. Yeah, that's what I'm doing.

f. That's funny. My watch always loses ten minutes a day.

g. I'm serious. Every morning I set my watch by the radio, but it still loses ten minutes.

h. My watch always gains ten minutes a day. 

i. So you put your watch back ten minutes every day?

k. No kidding. 

  • a-i-f-b-h-g-d-e-k-c
  • h-f-k-g-b-a-d-i-e-c
  • k-e-g-i-c-f-h-d-a-b
  • h-f-e-k-b-c-d-i-g-a

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Upon proving that they hadn't even been in the city on the day of the robbery, the police let the suspects go.

  • The police released the suspects when they provided evidence of their being outside of the city on the day the robbery happened.
  • The police told the suspects that they could only release them if they proved their whereabouts on the day of the robbery.
  • The police had to give the suspects their freedom as they didn’t have any proof that they were in the city when the robbery occurred.
  • As the suspects hadn’t even been in the city on the day of the robbery, the police couldn’t charge them.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Obviously, the machinery in our production line has become much too obsolete to deal with our volume of business.

  • Our most pressing need is to modernize the machinery in our production line so that we can expand the business.
  • It is clear that the machinery in our production line is no longer modern enough to cope with our growing amount of business.
  • Apparently we still lack modern machinery in our production line, and so we are unable to increase the amount of work we’re doing.
  • We need to modernize the machinery in our production line if we expect our business to grow.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

After his novel, Jude the Obscure was attacked by critics for being immoral, Thomas Hardy never wrote fiction again, but instead focused on poetry.

  • Thomas Hardy, who was both an author and a poet, stopped writing fiction but continued to write poetry after critics called him immoral because of his novel Jude the Obscure.
  • Thomas Hardy stopped writing novels when critics accused his book Jude the Obscure of being immoral, and he continued as a poet.
  • Jude the Obscure was such an immoral novel that critics attacked its author, Thomas Hardy, and he had to turn to poetry from writing fiction.
  • Critics were attacked as being immoral in Thomas Hardy’s novel Jude the Obscure, but it turned out to be his last fictional work as he only wrote poetry afterwards.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Picasso was such a talented artist that he never seemed to find it difficult to quickly run off a painting or a sculpture, and this resulted in a huge body of work.

  • Picasso’s extraordinary talent can easy be seen in both his sculptures and paintings, of which there are thousands.
  • Producing a piece of art speedily was apparently so easy for an artist of Picasso’s ability that there are literally thousands of examples of his work.
  • Many people can’t work out why Picasso always found it so easy to paint or Sculpt large bodies so quickly and skillfully.
  • Producing such an enormous number of paintings required extraordinary skill, and this clearly shows Picasso’s unmatched talent as an artist.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Developments in the science of genetic engineering may, in the future, lead to the first human being born without an actual mother or father.

  • It could be possible in the future to make a child without a real mother or father, if the science of genetic engineering develops uncontrolled.
  • The science of genetic engineering is progressing in a way that no parents will be necessary to create a human being in the future.
  • In the years to come, a human being without real parents could possibly be born for the first time, owing to advances in the field of genetic engineering.
  • The first person in the future born without a genuine mother or father will probably be a result of the changes in the science of genetic engineering.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The US economy has been generating strong economic growth over the past few years. However, the wages of the average worker have actually fallen.

  • Most Americans now have a smaller salary than they had a few years ago; as a result, the US economy will be unable to continue to grow.
  • The US economy has been able to maintain powerful economic growth over the least few years by cutting the salaries of the majority of workers in the country.
  • The income of the average worker in America wouldn’t have fallen had the US economy been rapidly expanding during the last few years.
  • A typical American worker now earns less than he or she used to, even though the economy of the US has been getting much bigger for the last few years.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Mohandas K. Gandhi took over control of the Indian National Congress. Before that, the idea of an independent India had been little more than a dream.

  • Mohandas K. Gandhi took over the leadership of the Indian National Congress, which dreamed of an India which was independent.
  • It was the leader Mohandas K. Gandhi who first gave the idea of an independent India to the Indian National Congress.
  • Indian independence only became a realistic goal once Mohandas K. Gandhi had started to lead the Indian National Congress.
  • Before Mohandas K. Gandhi, the Indian National Congress hadn’t been interested in the goal of achieving independence for India.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Both Wat Phrae Kaew and Wat Arun in Bangkok are lovely temples worth visiting. Moreover, the first one contains the Emerald Buddha.

  • In Bangkok, Wat Phrae Kaew, with the Emerald Buddha, is a pretty temple that deserves a visit; another is Wat Arun.
  • There are only two temples in Bangkok - Wat Phrae Kaew, containing the Emerald Buddha, and Wat Aran - that deserve to be visited.
  • If you’d like to see a lovely temple in Bangkok, without a doubt you ought to visit either Wat Phra Kaew, home to the Emerald Buddha, or Wat Arun.
  • After visiting Wat Phrae Kaew, where the Emerald Buddha is, you must have a look at Wat Arun in Bangkok.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Henderson, Nevada, has become a suburb of Las Vegas. During World War II, it was the place where the army had a large magnesium plant.

  • Of all the residential districts located on the outskirts of Las Vegas, Henderson, Nevada, is the most famous - since the army had a magnesium factory there during World War II.
  • Even though it is near Las Vegas, there is nothing of interest to see in Henderson, Nevada, apart from some old army buildings which were used as a magnesium plant during World War II.
  • Since World War II, the army has been using Henderson, Nevada, as a base for its magnesium factory, but the area has also since become a residential district of Las Vegas.
  • During World War II, the army used Henderson, Nevada, as a base for a huge magnesium factory, but the place is today a residential district located on the outskirts of Las Vegas.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Many athletes are trained to the peak of physical perfection. In addition, they are tempted to use illegal performance-enhancing drugs.

  • Having trained so hard, not many athletes want to risk their careers by the unethical use of performance-enhancing drugs.
  • Athletes are rigorously trained to perform at their best, yet quite a few also want to break the law by using performance-enhancing drugs.
  • Competing against others who have trained as hard as they have, many athletes find that performance-enhancing drugs give them the edge that they need for victory.
  • The use of illegal performance-enhancing drugs has become a big problem among those top athletes who have hardly trained at all.

Read the passage and choose the correct answer.

(1)________. People visit the Grand Canyon Park not to go walking and running but mainly to look at the view. (2)_________. The distance from the Skywalk to the bottom of the Grand Canyon is 1219 meters. It is a platform whose walls and floor are built of glass (3)________. Up to 120 people are allowed to stand on it at the same time. It opened in 2007 and (4)_______ thousands of people have used it. You have to wear special covers over your shoes to avoid scratching the grass beneath your feet. (5)______ makes you feel like a bird floating high up in the air.

Choose the correct answer for (1)

  • New York City is one of the most popular destinations in the United States.
  • The United States is one of the largest countries in the world.
  • Outdoors activities like walking and running are an important part of a healthy body.
  • The Grand Canyon in the United States was created by the River Colorado.

Choose the correct answer for (2)

  • The people are from not only the US but also from all over the world.
  • Walking or running is not important to them.
  • It is a wonderful view made even better by the Skywalk.
  • It is an ugly view made even worse by the Skywalk.

Choose the correct answer for (3)

  • so that you can see the beautiful rocks of the canyon.
  • so that you can feel more comfortable.
  • you can see the beautiful rocks of the canyon.
  • as long as you can see the beautiful rocks of the canyon.

Choose the correct answer for (4)

  • since then
  • therefore
  • also
  • however

Choose the correct answer for (5)

 

  • Walking across the Skywalk
  • Walking off the Skywalk
  • Walking onto the Skywalk
  • Walking into the Skywalk