Đề số 16 ôn thi Anh Chuyên vào 10 CNN

10/29/2020 3:57:00 PM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • distribute
  • tribe
  • triangle
  • trial
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • assuage

  • envisage

  • pillage

  • ravage

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • exist

  • exhaustion

  • explorer

  • exhibit

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • macabre
  • chiromancy
  • chemical
  • chivalrous
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • interviewer
  • encouragement
  • acknowledge
  • interpreter
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • dialect
  • diagram
  • diagonal
  • diamond
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • content
  • sympathy
  • condolence
  • equality

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • embroider
  • encourage
  • economic
  • experience

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The politician is as crooked as a dog's hind leg and nobody trusts him.

  • dishonest
  • impolite
  • cruel
  • aggressive

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

A number of programs have been initiated to provide food and shelter for the underprivileged in the remote areas of the country.

  • rich citizens
  • active members
  • poor inhabitants
  • enthusiastic people

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The systems caused by ingestion of a harmful chemical must be counteracted within minutes in order to avoid permanent damage to the kidneys and other vital organs.

  • alleviated
  • increased
  • distributed
  • summed up

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Without demur, then, she turned and accompanied the rascally Malay toward the harbour.

  • embrace
  • crude
  • boisterous
  • falter

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Most of the school-leavers are sanguine about the idea of going to work and earning money.

  • pessimistic
  • expected
  • fearsome
  • excited

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

"I was not dreaming," I said, with some warmth, for her brazen coolness provoked me.

  • bashful
  • blaring
  • obtrusive
  • heated
They continued fighting despite all the _____ they met with.
  • adversities
  • amenities
  • properties
  • liabilities
I'd love to live in these _____ surroundings.
  • desolate
  • blushed
  • gloomy
  • serene
The Secretary of State handled the matter _____ and prevented a war.
  • adroitly
  • intensely
  • abjectly
  • slightly

There's nothing to _____ as it's a general knowledge quiz.

  • come round
  • face up to
  • swot up
  • come up with
You've got to _____ to succeed in advertising.
  • go to your head
  • have your wits about you
  • have your head in the clouds
  • gather your wits

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

THE TRADE-IN RHINO HORN

Last year thieves broke into a Scottish castle and stole only one thing: a rhino horn, which is at 1.5 meters, was the longest in the world. In China, pharmaceutical factories have been building up of antiques made from rhino horn, for the sole purpose of smashing them to powder to make the ingredient of many of their medicines. And in Africa, poachers continue to die in the of the black rhino.

Recently, conservationists have met to plan a campaign to persuade countries where rhino horn is still a part of the traditional medicine to switch to substitutes. The biggest threat to the survival of the rhinoceros is the refusal of certain countries to enforce a ban on domestic in rhino horn.

The rhino horn is included in many aids for disorders ranging from fevers to nosebleeds. Horn, like fingernails, is made keratin and has no proven medicinal . Traditional substitutes, such as horn from buffalo or antelope, are second best.

The battle is thought to be winnable. But it may be harder than the battle against the trade in ivory, for there is a between the two commodities. Ivory is a luxury, while rhino horn, people believe could save.

Read the passage then answer the questions.

MORAL BEHAVIOR

The dictionary defines morality as "being in accord with standards of right or good conduct." The argument over whether our moral behavior is innate or whether it is developed by our environment and culture has been raging for ages. Many people feel morality is based on reason, while others feel it comes from religion or one's own spirituality. Biologists believe that humans' tendency to obey the Golden Rule - "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you"- is a product of evolution.

At first, moral behavior seems to oppose the rules of Charles Darwin's theory of survival of the fittest and natural selection. However, researchers in the field of biology feel that as animals evolved to live in groups, the propensity to look only after the group's success as a whole, every member had to look only after one's own needs had to fade in order for a group mentality to emerge. To ensure the group's success as a whole, every member had to look out for the interests of the majority, a concept known as utilitarianism. This is a system of beliefs based on what does the greatest good for the greatest number of people.

A researcher named Jonathon Haidt at the University of Virginia believes that morality is driven by two separate mindsets-one ancient and one modern. Dr. Haidt declares that the human mind is unaware of the distinction between the two. The ancient mental system is based on the emotion behind moral behaviors, which is a type of intuitive sense of what is right and wrong that evolved before language developed. These are the "gut reactions" people experience in tough situations that call for quick action. The more modern system of thought came with the development of language, as people became able to express verbally why something was right or wrong. The two work together' when we are put in morally compromising situations. When confronted with a moral dilemma, one's intuition immediately decides what is right or wrong. Rational thought and judgment about the morality of an issue follow the decision that one's emotional' reaction already made.

Dr. Haidt identified five areas of moral conduct that are common in most countries and systems throughout the world, and he describes these as the foundation for all moral behavior. These moral components conceptualize how people treat others and what is important in being part of a group. Regardless of their background, religion, socioeconomic status, or educational level, Dr. Haidt found that the majority of people hold to these moral concepts. The first moral concept is the prevention of harm. Generally, people believe that it' is wrong to harm another human being or animal for cruel and needless reasons. The second moral concept is fairness, which holds that all people should be treated fairly. For instance, people should treat the poor in the same manner as the wealthy, and the weak the same as the strong. The third moral concept is loyalty to one's group. This entails a strong devotion to the values of the group as a whole. People with strong loyalties believe that adherence to the laws of society is important because it upholds the integrity of that society. The idea of loyalty is closely interwoven with the fourth moral foundation: respect for authority. People who value authority believe in the strength of a governing body and a strong hierarchy with established roles and rules. The fifth concept involves upholding high standards of purity. This deals with the way that members of a group view their bodies. The idea of purity comes into play in the standards of cleanliness in the society. Daily hygiene routines, eating food that has not been contaminated in some way, and burial rules and rituals fall into this category.

Dr. Haidt's research concludes that these moral concepts are inherent in our physical makeup and are learned behaviors, reinforced by our environments from a very early age. The five moral foundations are interpreted differently from society to society, and people rate them differently in order of importance. While morality may take different forms across the many different cultures of the world, it remains true that the basic task of morality, restraining selfishness, is a part of all humanity's moral behavior.

Why does the author mention the Golden Rule in paragraph 1?
  • To contrast moral behavior with immoral behavior
  • To prove that people generally know right from wrong
  • To suggest that evolution shaped morality
  • To define the idea of moral behavior
According to the passage, morality developed because _____.
  • people learned to communicate using spoken language
  • people had to learn to survive in groups
  • people were born with the ability to know right and wrong
  • people learned moral behavior from their ancestors
Which of the following is NOT correct about the five moral concepts?
  • They typically develop in sequential order.
  • They serve as the core of all moral behaviors.
  • They vary in importance from country to country.
  • They explain the various ideas that drive moral behavior.
Which of the following can be inferred about Dr. Haidt's five areas of moral conduct?
  • They are disputed in various cultures.
  • Aspects of them appear in the laws of many countries.
  • Many leaders would likely disagree with their loyalty principles.
  • They are based on innate human tendencies.
What can be inferred about humanity as a whole based on Dr. Haidt's moral concepts?
  • Morality is a universal characteristic that applies to the whole world.
  • The natural world plays a major role in the development of morality.
  • Morality is an instinctive characteristic that humans have from birth.
  • People from different cultures will not value the same principles.
According to the passage, morality _____.
  • conflicts with Darwin's theory of natural selection
  • goes against the dominant authority
  • seeks to restrict human selfishness
  • includes generosity as an important moral
The word 'entails' in the paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to _____.
  • follows
  • produces
  • causes
  • involves
The word 'This' in paragraph 4 refers to _____.
  • a strong hierarchy
  • the fifth concept
  • a governing body
  • upholding high standards

Two friends Diana and Anne are talking about their friend Bob’s new hairstyle.

Diana: “Bob looks so impressive with his new hairstyle, Anne.”

Anne: “_____”

  • Thank you so much.
  • You can’t believe it!
  • Yes, he looks so different.
  • Fine. I guess.

Thang was asking Huong, his classmate, for her opinion about the novel he had lent her.

Thang: "What do you think about the novel?"

Huong: "_____"

  • I wish I could buy one.
  • I can't agree with you more.
  • Yes, let's read it so many times.
  • The best I've ever read!

Nam: “I don’t think English is too hard to study.”

Huy: “_____.“

  • I do too
  • I don’t neither
  • Neither do I
  • I do either

Lan: “Would you say the Great Wall is among the seven man-made wonders of the world?”

Trang: “_____”

  • That’s the least I could do.
  • Do you think so, too?
  • There’s no doubt about that.
  • It was created by ancient Chinese people, wasn’t it?

Jane: “Thank you very much for the lovely flowers.”

Susan: “_____"

  • You like flowers, don’t you?
  • It was an excellent choice.
  • You’re welcome.
  • Yeah, the flowers are nice.

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Do they help you run faster?

b. I’ll wait until I wear this pair out.

c. No, but my feet don’t hurt anymore.

d. I’ve bought some new shoes.

e. You might want to buy a pair.

f. Then they’re worth every penny.

  • a-f-e-b-c-d
  • e-a-d-c-b-f
  • d-a-c-f-e-b
  • c-d-a-e-f-b

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. But you didn’t tell me to wake you up.

b. Don’t ever be in a hurry.

c. I’m in a hurry.

d. It’s not my fault because you didn’t wake me up.

e. You’re driving too fast.

f. Well, I meant to.

  • b-a-f-d-c-e
  • e-c-b-d-a-f
  • b-f-d-e-a-c
  • d-c-b-a-f-e

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. I was picking it a little bit.

b. I didn’t have a tissue.

c. Don’t pick your nose.

d. I couldn’t wait. It was an emergency.

e. Then wait till you find a tissue.

f. Use the tissue next time.

  • a-f-b-e-c-d
  • b-a-c-d-e-f
  • f-a-e-b-c-d
  • c-a-f-b-e-d

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. I like my food hot and fresh.

b. I’m stuffed.

c. You like to see it disappear.

d. Of course, you are. You ate everything on the table.

e. I’m glad to hear there’s something you don’t like to eat.

f. I don’t like to eat leftovers.

  • b-a-c-d-e-f
  • c-d-a-e-f-b
  • e-a-d-c-b-f
  • b-d-f-e-a-c

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Why would he do that?

b. I don’t think he even got paid for it.

c. A guy rowed across the Atlantic Ocean.

d. Some people do it just to do it.

e. Perhaps he wanted to set the world record.

  • c-a-e-b-d
  • b-e-d-c-a
  • e-a-b-d-c
  • a-c-b-d-e

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

During competition, figure skaters are awarded points based on how well they execute the maneuvers as well as on artistic merit.

  • In competitive figure skating, skaters earn points in the areas of how they perform both technically and artistically.
  • In figure skating, judges award more points to the skaters whose technical skills are better than their artistic merits.
  • If you are a figure skater in a competition, you should make sure that you do many difficult maneuvers in order to win the highest points.
  • Even if you perform a very artistic figure skating program, you won’t win enough points if it doesn’t have enough difficult moves.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

I believe that she can't have been ignorant of the company’s dirty connections, though she strongly denied knowing anything about them.

  • I don’t care whether she admits to it or not, because I’m sure that she was somehow involved in the dishonourable connections of the company.
  • She denied any connection with the company’s disreputable operations so strongly that I began to believe that she really was unaware of what had been happening there.
  • She swore she didn’t know anything about the dishonourable contacts of the company, but I don’t believe that she has been unaware of them.
  • She pretended not to know anything about the dirty things the company had been performing, but I knew she was aware of what was happening there.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Native Americans have always struggled to protect their culture from the onslaught of Western influence.

  • It has been an ongoing fight for the American Indians to keep their way of life from becoming westernized.
  • It is not easy to be a Native American living in a westernized world that offers no shelter from the difficulties of modern life.
  • American Indians have been attacking Europeans for decades in the hopes of keeping their world unchanged.
  • Millions of American Indians were slaughtered after the European invasion which followed their discovery of the continent.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Lawyers often win cases by playing upon the emotions of the jury, which is the disadvantage of the jury system.

  • The jury system is sometimes disadvantageous because, if a lawyer gets emotional enough in front of a jury, he may win the case.
  • The jury system has the drawback that frequently, a lawyer’s appeal to the jury’s feelings is what wins the case.
  • In countries where the jury system exists, a lawyer has to appeal to the emotions of the jury in order to win the case.
  • Lawyers’ using emotions rather than facts to win cases is regarded as one of the biggest drawbacks of the jury system.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Jean often goes to vinyl record stores in case she should come across album covers that might trigger an inspiration for a poster or a new ad campaign.

  • Vinyl record covers have always been a source of inspiration for those in the advertising business, as for Jean, because they trigger great ideas for their campaigns.
  • Jean is in charge of a new advertising campaign that is promoting prints of old album covers of vinyl records, so she has been going to stores to look at them for ideas.
  • The new ad campaign inspired Jean to start making posters based on the old album covers in her collection of vinyl records.
  • Because she might come upon album covers there which will perhaps spark an idea for a poster or a new ad campaign, Jean frequently visits stores selling vinyl records.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The river Amazon was first explored by the Spaniard Francisco de Orellana. He named it after the legendary warrior women, the Amazons, when rumours were heard of a female tribe living in that area.

  • While the Spaniard Francisco de Orellana was exploring a river, he met a female tribe living in the area, who he thought looked like the Amazons - the legendary warrior women - so he called the river the Amazon.
  • Upon hearing a rumour about a female tribe — the Amazons — living along a river, Francisco de Orellana of Spain decided to explore the region, and he named the river Amazon.
  • The Spaniard Francisco de Orellana first explored the Amazon River after he heard rumours of a legendary female tribe of warrior women - the Amazons - living in the area.
  • Upon hearing tales that the area was inhabited by a female tribe, Francisco de Orellana of Spain, the first explorer of the Amazon River, gave it this name after the Amazons, the legendary fighting women.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Oars Brown uses gravity boots while writing. He finds it easier to work out difficult points in his plots while hanging upside-down from the ceiling.

  • The difficulties in the storylines of Dan Brown’s books can only be resolved by him when he is hanging upside-down from the ceiling.
  • Dan Brown understands the hard parts of his stories better when he is hanging upside-down from the ceiling in gravity boots.
  • When Dan Brown is writing, he has his feet on the ceiling in gravity boots, because this enables him to deal with difficult points in his plots.
  • If Dan Brown is seen upside-down wearing gravity boots, it means that he’s got stuck on a difficult point in his story and is trying to work it out.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The Spanish were unable to beat down the forces of Abd el-Krim in Morocco. It was only when they were backed up by the French and started using chemical weapons that they could win.

  • The soldiers of Abd el-Krim were forced to withdraw by the French, who fired chemical weapons at them in support of the previously ineffective Spanish.
  • In Morocco, before the intervention of the French and the use of chemical weapons, the Spanish had been able to beat up the soldiers of Abd el-Krim.
  • It was only with French support and the use of chemical weapons that the Spanish were able to defeat the warriors of Abd el-Krim in Morocco.
  • Up to the time that the Spanish started using chemical weapons on the warriors of Abd el-Krim, those fighters had resisted them and forced the French to withdraw.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The harnessing of the wind to generate electricity dates back to 1890. However, few notable advances were made until 1970 when energy prices began to rise fast.

  • It was in 1890 that the wind was first used to generate electricity, but it was only in 1970 when the energy prices started to rise sharply that real advances were made.
  • In 1890 a few efforts were made to generate electricity from wind power, but it was only in 1970 when energy prices rose steeply that such a scheme was taken seriously.
  • In 1970, when there was a sudden increase in energy prices, efforts were made to harness the power of the wind for the generation of electricity for the first time since 1890.
  • Between 1890 and 1970 various attempts were made to harness the power of the wind as the rising prices of energy made this desirable.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Great or notorious leaders seem to have unusual and distinctive capabilities. That's why they stand out from the rest of us.

  • Leaders, both illustrious and infamous ones, are apparently endowed with rare and remarkable capacities that distinguish them from other people.
  • Leaders, whether they are remarkable for good or evil, are different from the rest of the world on account of their rare potential.
  • Both the eminent and the notorious leaders of the world are set apart from the rest of mankind on account of their rare abilities.
  • It is on account of their remarkable capabilities that the great and the disreputable leaders alike, are so different from the rest of mankind.

Read the passage and choose the correct answer.

(1)__________

Gruen’s aim was to provide a pleasant, quiet and spacious shopping environment with large car parks, which usually meant building in the suburbs. (2)__________. He (3)_______ using building designs that he knew people would feel comfortable with but placed them in landscaped ‘streets’ that were entirely enclosed and often covered with a curved glass roof. This was done to imitate some of the older shopping arcades of city centers, but (4)__________, Gruen’s shopping malls were on a much grander scale.

Access to the whole shopping mall was gained by using the main doors, which separated the shopping ‘streets’ from the parking areas outside. (5)__________ there was no need to keep out bad weather, shops no longer needed windows and doors, and people could wander freely from shop to shop. In many cities, shopping malls now contain much more than just shops; cinemas, restaurants and other forms of entertainment are also growing in popularity.

Choose the correct answer for (1)

  • Victor Gruen, an American architect, revolutionized shopping in the 1950s by creating the type of shopping center that we now call a shopping mall.
  • Victor Gruen, an American architect, revolutionized parking space in the 1950s by creating a unique design.
  • Victor Gruen, an American architect, loved shopping so he opened a small shop with a unique design in his hometown.
  • Victor Gruen, an American architect, invented a kind of online shopping in the 1950s by creating the first shopping website on the Internet.

Choose the correct answer for (2)

  • He also wanted people to be able to shop both outdoors and indoors.
  • He also wanted people to be able to shop in all kinds of weather.
  • People loved this idea.
  • No one was interested in his design.

Choose the correct answer for (3)

  • appealed to
  • insisted on
  • worried about
  • pleaded with

Choose the correct answer for (4)

  • while these housed only small specialty shops
  • while these housed only large specialty shops
  • because these housed only small specialty shops
  • not only these housed only small specialty shops

Choose the correct answer for (5)

  • If
  • Unless
  • However
  • As