Đề ôn luyện thi vào lớp 10 Chuyên Sư phạm số 10

11/9/2020 8:26:00 AM

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • twinkle

  • twelve

  • twist

  • twofold

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • foul

  • house

  • amount

  • adventurous

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • prestigious
  • proficiency
  • profitable
  • protagonist

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • routine
  • chemise
  • display
  • travel

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • disorientated
  • organism
  • dependable
  • absorbent
It was supposed to be a private meeting but he just _____!
  • barged in
  • broke off
  • crowded around
  • whiled away
Harold realized too late that he had sold the van too cheaply; but there was no point in _____ over spilt milk.
  • sobbing
  • weeping
  • screaming
  • crying
I've had my car examined three times now but no mechanic has been able to _____ the problem.
  • pinpoint
  • focus
  • specify
  • highlight
The company was declared bankrupt when it had _____ more debts than it could hope to repay.
  • inflicted
  • incurred
  • entailed
  • evolved
_____ worry about our teenagers getting into trouble.
  • We adults
  • We are adults
  • Adults we
  • Adults us
When it is very hot, you may _____ the top button of your shirt.
  • undress
  • unwrap
  • untie
  • undo
Ronald had the _____ to blame his teachers for his failure.
  • concern
  • chivalry
  • regard
  • audacity
_____ to Rose is unclear, but the letter would definitely have given her morale a boost.
  • That Charles in fact sent the e-mail
  • Whether, in reality, Charles sent the e-mail or did not
  • The actuality of the sending of the e-mail by Charles
  • Whether Charles in fact sent the e-mail or did not

Schools in Europe _____ lockdown since May and police are dispatched for extra security until the COVID-19 pandemic is under better control.

  • have been put on
  • have been putting on
  • is putting on
  • have put on

Two were closely reading different sections of a newspaper while Roger was stirring his coffee and chatting, ____ no one seemed to be listening.

  • although
  • because
  • because of
  • despite

With _____ to this affair, we will thoroughly discuss and give you the final answer soon.

  • respect
  • aim
  • purpose
  • sense

You can be given a refund, _____ the concert is called off.

  • in case of
  • in the event that
  • in the condition of
  • as far as

The Harvard presidency is perhaps the most _____ job in higher education.

  • substantial
  • prestigious
  • renowned
  • acclaimed

She fell over backward in an attempt _____ her boss, but it got her nowhere.

  • of talking over
  • to talk into
  • with talking at
  • on talking around

_____ each step of the production process leads to a lot of trouble.

  • What she didn't understand
  • That she didn't understand
  • Why she didn't understand
  • She didn't understand

Fill in the blank with an appropriate form of one of the words given to make a meaningful passage.

The problems of city life

(EQUAL) exists in all cities and those who live in urban areas often have a poor quality of life. There may be a lack of (AFFORD) housing and the (PROVIDE) of medical and educational services can be (ADEQUATE). Unemployment is high in inner-city areas and the (INCIDENT) of disease, caused by stress and the (DEGRADE) of urban air, water and land may also be elevated. (CROWD) in areas where there is little land to build on can lead to (INFECT) disease spreading quickly through the population.

Even though central government may step in to resolve some of these problems, this in itself can backfire when (RESIDE) areas become too expensive for local people to be able to afford. On the up side, jobs are (PLENTY) and social equality tends to improve over time, with, for example, women and children enjoying more rights in city areas than in villages.

(Adapted from Reactivate)

Fill each of the following blanks with ONE suitable word.

LAUGHING IS GOOD FOR YOU - SERIOUSLY

It is a sad fact that adults laugh far less than children, sometimes by as much, a couple of hundred times a day. Just take a at people's faces on the way to work or in the office: you'll be lucky see a smile, let alone hear a laugh. This is a shame - especially in view of the that scientists have proved that laughing is good for you. "When you laugh" says psychologist David Cohen, "it produces the feel-good hormones, endorphins. It counters the effects of stress enhances the immune system."

There are many why we might laugh less in adult life: perhaps we are too work-obsessed, or too embarrassed to our emotions show. Some psychologists simply believe that children have more naive responses and as adults, we naturally grow of spontaneous reactions. Luckily, , it is possible to relearn the art of laughter. In India, "laughter clinics" have been growing popularity over the last few years, thanks to the effort of Dr. Madan Kataria, whose work has won him a lot of devoted followers. Dr. Kataria believes that his laughing techniques can help to strengthen the immune system and lower stress levels, among other things. He teaches his patients differents laughs or giggles to relax specific parts of the body. In 1998, when Dr. Kataria organized a World Laughter Day at Bombay racetrack, 10.000 people turned up.

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

If you’ve been told by your boss to improve your knowledge of a foreign language, you will know that success doesn’t come quickly. It generally takes years to learn another language well and constant to maintain the high standards required for frequent business use. Whether you study in a class, with audiocassettes, computers, or on your sooner or every language course finishes and you must decide what to do next if you need a foreign language for your career.

Business audio Magazine is a new product designed to help you continue language study in a way that fits easily into your busy schedule. Each audiocassette of an hour-long program packed with business news, features, and interviews in the language of your choice. These cassettes won’t teach you how to order meals or ask for directions. It’s that you can do that already. Instead, by giving you an opportunity to hear the language as it’s really spoken, they help you to your vocabulary and improve your ability to use real language relating to, for example, that all-important marketing trip.

The great advantage of using audio magazines is that they you to perfect your language skills in ways that suit your lifestyle. For example, you can select a topic and listen in your car or hotel when away on business. No other business course is as and the unique radio-magazine format is as instructive as it is entertaining. In addition to the audiocassette, this package includes a transcript with a business glossary and a study . The components are structured so that intermediate and advanced students may use them separately or together, on their ability.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Miss Rita Cohen, a tiny, pale-skinned girl who looked half the age of Seymour's daughter, Marie, but claimed to be some six years older, came to his factory one day. She was dressed in overalls and ugly big shoes, and a bush of wiry hair framed her pretty face. She was so tiny, so young that he could barely believe that she was at the University of Pennsylvania, doing research into the leather industry in New Jersey for her Master’s degree.

Three or four tunes a year someone either phoned Seymour or wrote to him to ask permission to see his factory, and occasionally he would assist a student by answering questions over the phone or, if the student struck him as especially serious, by offering a brief tour.

Rata Cohen was nearly as small, he thought, as the children from Mane's third-year class, who'd been brought the 50 kilometers from their rural schoolhouse one day, all those years ago, so that Marie's daddy could show them how he made gloves show then especially Marie's favorite spot, the laying-off table, where, at the end of the process, the men shaped and pressed each and every glove by pulling it carefully down over steam-heated brass hands. "The hands were dangerously hot and they were shiny and they stuck straight up from the cable in a row, thin-looking, like hands that had been flattened. As a little girl, Marie was captivated by their strangeness and called them the "pancake hands".

He heard Rita asking, "How many pieces come in a shipment?" "How many? Between twenty and twenty-five thousand." She continued taking notes as she asked, "They come directly to your shipping department?"

He liked finding that she was interested in every last detail. "They come to the tannery. The tannery is a contractor. We buy the material and they make it into the right kind of leather for us to use. My grandfather and father worked in the tannery right here in town. So did I, for six months, when I started in the business. Ever been inside a tannery?" "Not yet." "Well, you've got to go to a tannery if you're going to write about leather. I'll set that up for you if you'd like that. They're primitive places. The technology has improved things, but what you'll see isn't that different from what you'd have seen hundreds of years ago. Awful work. It's said to be the oldest industry of which remains have been found anywhere. Six-thousand-year-old relics of tanning found somewhere - Turkey, I believe. The first clothing was just skins that were tanned by smoking them. I told you it was an interesting subject once you get into it. My father is the leather scholar; he's the one you should be talking to. Start my father off about gloves and he'll talk for two days. That's typical, by the way: glovemen love the trade and everything about it. Tell me, have you ever seen anything being manufactured, Miss Cohen?" "I can't say I have." "Never seen anything made?" "Saw my mother make a cake when I was a child."

He laughed. She had made him laugh. An innocent with spirit, eager to learn. His daughter was easily 30cm taller than Rita Cohen, fair where she was dark, but otherwise, Rita Cohen had begun to remind him of Marie. The good-natured intelligence that would just waft out of her and into the house when she came home from school, full of what she'd learned in class. How she remembered everything. Everything neatly taken down in her notebook and memorized overnight.

"I'll tell you what we're going to do. We're going to bring you right through the whole process. Come on. We're going to make you a pair of gloves and you're going to watch them being made from start to finish. What size do you wear?"

(Adapted from FCE)

What was Seymour's first impression of Rita Cohen?
  • She reminded him of his daughter.
  • She was rather unattractive.
  • She did not look like a research student.
  • She hadn't given much thought to her appearance.

Seymour would show students round his factory if _____.

  • he thought they were genuinely interested.
  • they telephoned for permission.
  • they wrote him an interesting letter.
  • their questions were hard to answer by phone.
What did Seymour's daughter like most about visiting the factory?
  • watching her father make gloves
  • helping to shape the gloves
  • making gloves for her schoolfriends
  • seeing the brass hands

The word "shiny" describes _____.

  • the look of the hands.
  • the size of the hands.
  • the feel of the hands.
  • the temperature of the hands.

Seymour says that most tanneries today _____.

  • have been running tor over a hundred years.
  • are located in very old buildings.
  • are dependent on older workers.
  • still use traditional methods.
What does Seymour admire about his father?
  • his educational background
  • his knowledge of history
  • his enthusiasm for the business
  • his skill as a glovemaker

When she was a schoolgirl, Maria _____.

  • made her parents laugh
  • was intelligent but lazy
  • easily forgot what she had learned
  • was hard-working and enthusiastic

Read the following passage and choose which of the headings from A - K match the blanks. There are two extra headings, which do not match any of the paragraphs.

A. A false sense of security
B. Remote destinations
C. Too risky for some
D. Holidays that don't quite work
E. New findings
F. Very little real danger
G. Too much routine
H. Second-hand experiences
I. Available to all
K. Good sides of the tour

Activity Holidays

Whether it's bungee-jumping, climbing or sky-diving, we want
to test ourselves on holiday. Peter Jones tries to find out why.

1.

Risk-taking for pleasure is on the increase. Adventure activities and "extreme" sports are very popular and attracting everyone from the young and fit to people who, until recently were more likely to prefer walking around museums at weekends. Grandmothers are white-water rafting, secretaries are bungee-jumping, and accountants are climbing cliffs.

2.

Well-planned summer expeditions to tropical locations are now fashionable for European university students. As they wander over ancient rocks or canoe past tiny villages, away from it all, it is quite possible to feel "in tune with nature", a real explorer or adventurer.

3.

A whole branch of the travel industry is now developing around controlled risks. Ordinary trippers, too, are met off a plane, strapped into rafts or boats, and are given the sort of adventure that they will remember for years. They pay their money and they trust their guides, and the wetter they get the better. Later, they buy the photograph of themselves "risking all in the wild".

4.

But why the fashion for taking risks, real or simulated? The point that most people make is that city life is tame, with little variety, and increasingly controlled. Physical exercise is usually restricted to aerobics in the gym on a Thursday, and a game of football or tennis in the park, or a short walk at the weekend.

5.

Says Trish Malcolm, an independent tour operator: "People want a sense of immediate achievement and the social element of shared physical experience is also important." Other operators say that people find the usual type of breaks - such as a week on the beach - too slow. They say that participation in risk sports is a reflection of the restlessness in people. They are always on the go in their lives and want to keep up the momentum on holiday.   

6.

But psychologists think it's even deeper than this. Culturally, we are being separated from the physical, outside world. Recent research suggests that the average person spends less and less time out of doors per day.

7.

Nature and the great outdoors are mostly encountered through wildlife films or cinema or seen rushing past the windows of a fast car. In a society where people are continually invited to watch rather than to participate, a two-hour ride down a wild and fast-flowing river can be incredibly exciting.

8.

One psychologist believes that it is all part of our need to control nature. Because we have developed the technology to make unsinkable boats, boots that can stop us from getting frostbite or jackets that allow us to survive in extreme temperatures, we are beginning to believe that nothing will harm us and that we are protected from nature. That is until nature shows us her true power in the form of a storm, flood, or avalanche.

Read the text below and look carefully at each numbered line. Some of the lines are correct, and some have a word which should not be there. If the line is correct, put a cross (x) in the blank. If the line has a word which should not be there, write that word in the blank.

(1) In the UK, people are finally starting to listen to the message about recycling. (2) British families now recycle about 22% of their waste, only for five years ago, the figure was 10%. (3) That's good news for the environment- but there's a lot more than to do. (4) Some other European countries, like Germany and Holland, already recycle about 60% of their waste and that's the goal for the UK. (5) Households in England which produce 25 million tons of waste a year. (6) More than half of this is garden waste, paper, cardboard and kitchen waste - with which people could recycle. (7) They could also recycle plastic, wood, glass, and aluminum cans. (8) In fact, if everybody in the UK was recycled all of their drink cans, there would be 14 million fewer rubbish bins of waste each year. (9) Recycling isn't the only way to reduce the amount of rubbish what we throw away, more than 40% of the waste in our bins is packaging from shopping. (10) If we changed the way we shop, we could easily reduce the amount of waste, for example, street markets and small shops often use less packaging than supermarkets and being of course, if we grow our own vegetables, there wouldn't be any packaging at all. 

Mistake(s) in sentence (1):

Error:

Mistake(s) in sentence (2):

Error:

 

Mistake(s) in sentence (3):

Error:

 

Mistake(s) in sentence (4):

Error:

Mistake(s) in sentence (5):

Error:

Mistake(s) in sentence (6):

Error:

Mistake(s) in sentence (7):

Error:

Mistake(s) in sentence (8):

Error:

Mistake(s) in sentence (9):

Error:

Mistake(s) in sentence (10):

Error:

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. You must use between three and eight words, including the word given.

Severely punishing people like that hardly ever has any effect. (BOOK)

=> Hardly ever people like that have any effect.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. You must use between three and eight words, including the word given.

She vividly described the expedition and that made it seem exciting. (LIFE)

=> The thing was her vivid description. 

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. You must use between three and eight words, including the word given.

We honestly all found it almost impossible not to laugh when we saw Josh's new haircut. (FACE)

=> Honestly, almost impossible when we saw Josh's new haircut.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. You must use between three and eight words, including the word given.

You can see that they made a big effort with the school play. (DEAL)

=> You can see that went into the school play. 

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. You must use between three and eight words, including the word given.

"You shouldn't have made that mistake, as you have had many years of experience," the boss said to me. (CRITICIZE)

=> The boss added that I had had many years of experience.

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I need three months to finish my assignment.

=> In three months, I ........... 

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The last time I failed a test was at primary school.

=> I haven't ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The situation was such that the smallest incident could have started a riot.

=> Such ............

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The steel company reported revenue growth of 55% last year on strong demand for its products.

=> The report shows that ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Our science teacher never remembers to correct our homework!

=> Our science teacher is .............