Đề số 17 ôn thi Anh Chuyên vào 10 CNN

11/16/2020 2:56:00 PM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • drought

  • southern

  • scrounge

  • ouch

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • accredit

  • salamander

  • majesty

  • saliva

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • purpose

  • propose

  • suppose

  • enclose

Choose one word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

  • examine

  • determine

  • famine

  • dine

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • contaminate
  • artificial
  • intelligent
  • encouragement

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • assistance
  • eatery
  • accolade
  • ultimate

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • compulsory
  • federation
  • parabolic
  • mausoleum

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • marinate
  • versatile
  • mayonnaise
  • celery

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Deforestation may seriously jeopardize the habitat of many species in the local area. 

  • do harm to
  • set fire to
  • give rise to
  • make way for

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The chairman's thought-provoking question ignited a lively debate among the participants in the workshop.

  • triggered
  • defined
  • arose
  • hosted

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The strike left a million commuters to fend for themselves in getting to work.

  • be unaware of the situation
  • manage to do something independently
  • pay attention to something
  • have better chances to do something

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

I began to get increasingly irritated and angry at her questions.

  • annoyed
  • fed up
  • crazy
  • calm

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

While active smoking is only harmful to smokers, passive smoking can have a detrimental effect on anyone’s health.

  • beneficial
  • harmful
  • fatal
  • striking

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

His physical condition was not an impediment to his career as a violinist.

  • hindrance
  • obstruction
  • furtherance
  • setback

In the past, local ___________ were chosen to make sophisticated embroidered costumes for the Vietnamese King, Queen and other royal family members.

  • skill workers
  • skillfully works
  • skillful artists
  • skilled artisans

The impact, occurring shortly before midnight local time, _____ knocked out all communications before warning could be given.

  • apparently
  • obviously
  • probably
  • hopefully
Free _____ area is a designated group of countries that have agreed to eliminate tariffs, quotas, and preferences on most goods among them.
  • trade
  • cultural
  • stable
  • adopted
_____ drugs are highly addictive and can have unpredictable side effects.
  • Designer
  • Maker
  • Composer
  • Mixer

Inviting both Doug and Shirley to the party is a _____ for disaster!

  • prescription
  • receipt
  • recipe
  • bill

Read the text below and decide which answer best fits each gap.

Parkour anyone?

Who says that each and every teenager spends all of his or her time inside in front of a screen? Contrary popular belief, many teens have taken to the great in search of a way to give vent to their feelings and stay fit. What are these teens up to? Well, it is a sport called parkour. In fact, parkour is more than just a sport; it is a training discipline, one that has its roots in common military obstacle course training.

The of parkour is to get from Point A to Point B, usually going up against a complex urban environment, without the assistance of any special equipment in the quickest way imaginable. And it does demand the use of the imagination because the philosophy behind parkour is seeing your environment in an innovative manner; envisioning the manner in which it can be navigated by diverse movements over anything that might be in the way. This could mean running around buildings in an inner-city "ghetto"; jumping over in busy urban streets or climbing up, and then down, any other physical features that block the route of the participant. Parkour is something that requires and a variety of other skills - some physical, some mental, but all incredibly challenging. One person who has mastered these skills is Dimitris Kyrsanidis of Greece. Virtually a(n) success, Dimitris took up the sport and literally the ground running! In a remarkable achievement, he went from playing football on a local pitch to becoming a noted parkour champion in the famous Red Bull Art of Motion competition by beating seventeen of the best parkour athletes in the world.

(Adapted from Reactivate)

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Excerpted from What Video Games Have to Teach us about Learning and Literacy by James Paul Gee

When people learn to play video games, they are learning a new literacy. Of course, this is not the way the word "literacy" is normally used. Traditionally, people think of literacy as the ability to read and write. Why, then, should we think of literacy more broadly, in regard to video games or anything else, for that matter? There are two reasons.

First, in the modern world, language is not the only important communication system. Today images, symbols, graphs, diagrams, artifacts, and many other visual symbols are particularly significant. Thus, the idea of different types of "visual literacy" would seem to be an important one. For example, being able to "read" the images in advertising is one type of visual literacy. And, of course, there are different ways to read such images, ways that are more or less aligned with the intentions and interests of the advertisers. Knowing how to read interior designs in homes, modernist art in museums, and videos on MTV are other forms of visual literacy.

Furthermore, very often today words and images of various, sorts are juxtaposed and integrated in a variety of ways. In newspapers and magazines as well as in textbooks, images take up more and more of the space alongside words. In fact, in many modern high school and college textbooks in the sciences images not only take up more space, they now carry meanings that are independent of the words in the text. If you can't read these images, you will not be able to recover their meanings from the words in the text as was more usual in the past. In such multimodal texts (texts that mix words and images), the images often communicate different things from the words. And the combination of the two modes communicates things that neither of the modes does separately. Thus, the idea of different sorts of multimodal literacy seems an important one. Both modes and multimodality go far beyond images and words to include sounds, music, movement, bodily sensations, and smells.

None of this news today, of course. We very obviously live in a world awash with images. It is our first answer to the question of why we should think of literacy more broadly. The second answer is this: Even though reading and writing seem so central to what literacy means traditionally, reading and writing are not such general and obvious matters as they might at first seem. After all, we never just read or write; rather, we always read or write something in some way.

So there are different ways to read different types of texts. Literacy is multiple, then, in the sense that the legal literacy needed for reading law books is not the same as the literacy needed for reading physics texts or superhero comic books. And we should not be too quick to dismiss the latter form of literacy. Many a superhero comic is replete with the post-Freudian irony of a sort that would make a modern literary critic's heart beat fast and confuse any otherwise normal adult. Literacy, then, even as traditionally conceived to involve only print, vis not a unitary thing but a multiple matter. There are, even in regard to printed texts and even leaving aside images and multimodal texts, different "literacies."

Once we see this multiplicity of literacy (literacies), we realize that when we think about reading and writing, we have to think beyond print. Reading and writing in any domain, whether it is law, rap songs, academic essays, superhero comics, or whatever, are not just ways of decoding print, they are also caught up with and in social practices... Video games are a new form of art. They will not replace books; they will sit beside them, interact with them, and change them and their role in society in various ways; as, indeed, they are already doing strongly with movies. (Today many movies are based on video games and many more are influenced by them.) We have no idea yet how people "read" video games, what meanings they make from them. Still less do we know how they will "read" them in the future.

All are mentioned as being types of "visual literacy" EXCEPT _____.
  • Musical tones
  • Interior Design
  • Diagrams
  • Modern Art
An example from a science textbook of the phenomenon the author describes in the third paragraph could be _____.
  • a genetic tree that coincides with the discussion of specific mammal classes in the text
  • a diagram of a specific chemical reaction that is used to explain a broad definition in the text
  • an illustration of a plant cycle that accompanies a chapter on photosynthesis
  • a cartoon that references the same methods discussed in the text about laboratory safety

The phrase "two modes" in the passage refers to _____.

  • multimodal texts
  • words and images
  • sounds and music
  • bodily sensations and smells

The word "awash" in the passage is closet in meaning to _______.

  • empty
  • meaningless
  • full
  • significant

In the seventh paragraph, the author suggests that literacy is multiple, meaning that _____.

  • To be "literate" can mean participating in any form of expression
  • One's literacy increases exponentially as greater mastery of reading and writing is achieved
  • Different genres and modes of expression require different background knowledge and perspectives to understand them
  • Literacy can only be gained by exploring every type of media and expression
Why does the author give the example of superhero comics to explain multiple literacies?
  • To explain that comic books are written for children and purely for entertainment. They require only a basic knowledge of the action that occurs in the story
  • To once again refer to his earlier points about "multimodal" texts
  • To insist that even when an author may intend multiple meanings and interpretations, they are rarely successful in conveying those to readers
  • Things that may seem on the surface to be only meant for a particular group of people can actually have very profound meanings to those who possess other types of literacy
The author suggests that all of the following require different types of literacy and the ability to decode meaning EXCEPT _____.
  • Rap music
  • Comic books
  • Academic papers
  • Symphonies
The author says that video games _____.
  • are not yet entirely understood in terms of literacy, but are already impacting other forms of expression such as filmmaking
  • are unrealistic and should not fall into the same categories as the other texts he describes
  • are too violent to risk experimenting with for the purposes of understanding literacy
  • are irrelevant in the academic discussion because no one has yet determined how to explain the' ways that people understand them

Jimmy: "You must have found reading my essay very tiring."

Kate: “_____”

  • Not in the least.
  • At all costs.
  • Just in case.
  • You are welcome.

Peter and Mike are in the middle of their conversations.

Peter: “If only I hadn’t said that to her.”

Mike:  “_____

  • No, you’ve done a good job!
  • No worry, that’s nothing.
  • Ah, well, that is life.
  • Yes, you mustn’t have done that.

Mike and Joe are talking about transport in the future.

Mike: “Do you think there will be pilotless planes?”

Joe: “_____”

  • I’m afraid I can’t.
  • What for? There are quite a few around.
  • Why not? There have been cars without drivers.
  • I’m glad you like it.

Laura and Mitchell are talking about their class monitor, Susie.

Laura: "You know, Susie’s father is very rich."

Mitchell: "______ She wouldn’t accept his help even if it were offered."

  • What for?
  • No wonder.
  • So what?
  • No doubt.

Rebecca and Peter are at the airport.

Rebecca: "Don't forget to send your parents my regards."

Peter: "_____"

  • Never mind.
  • Thanks, I will.
  • It's my pleasure.
  • Good idea, thanks.

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Oh? Why is that?

b. So do I.

c. Well, it sounds like a serious disagreement. I hope you can resolve it soon.

d. Well, to make a long story short, my wife wants to start a family now, but I'd rather wait until we have a little more money in the bank.

e. Well, to tell the truth, I've been having a disagreement with my wife.

f. You haven't been yourself for the past few days. Is anything going on?

  • f-e-a-d-b-c
  • f-e-a-d-c-b
  • a-b-c-e-f-d
  • f-e-a-c-d-b

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. How come?

b. It wasn't as pleasant as I hoped it would be. I really hoped it would be a lot more pleasant.

c. That's a shame.

d. Well, honestly, I wasn't very pleased with it.

e. What do you think of your date with Ted last night? 

  • e-d-a-b-c
  • b-c-d-e-a
  • e-d-a-c-b
  • a-e-c-f-b-d

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Have you discussed it with them?

b. I don't get it. If it annoys you so much, why don't you bring up the subject with them?

c. I guess I should. But I don't like to complain.

d. I'm really upset with my neighbors. They are constantly playing their stereo past midnight.

e. Well, actually not.

  • d-a-e-b-c
  • b-c-d-e-a
  • e-d-a-c-b
  • d-a-e-c-b

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Great. Now, where is he?

b. I think he's outside playing with a new toy.

c. I think I'd rather put him in the kennel. What about you?

d. Of course. We haven't taken him on vacation for a long time.

e. Well, honestly, I'm not in the mood to put him in the kennel. I'd much rather take him on vacation with us. Are you okay with that?

f. Would you prefer to put Rover in the kennel or take him on vacation with us? 

  • c-f-b-a-d-e
  • e-b-f-d-a-c
  • f-c-e-b-a-d
  • f-c-e-d-a-b

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Hmm. That sounds like a very challenging job. Do you enjoy your work?

b. I'm a computer programmer. I design computer programs for business and industry.

c. So, tell me a little more about yourself.

d. Well, let's see... What do you do?

e. Well... I don't know what to say. What can I tell you?

f. Yes. I like it a lot.  

  • c-f-b-a-d-e
  • a-d-c-e-b
  • c-e-d-b-a-f
  • f-d-b-c-a-e

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

The 19th-century philosopher John Stuart Mill is known as both a writer on political liberties and an active politician.

  • Through being a liberal writer and politician, the philosopher John Stuart Mill became known to the people of the 19th-century.
  • People remember the 19th-century philosopher John Stuart Mill either as having been a writer on political freedom or as having committed himself to politics.
  • The 19th-century philosopher John Stuart Mill is recognized not only as having been involved in politics but also as having written on the liberties in that field.
  • Even though John Stuart Mill, a philosopher of the 19th-century, is mostly thought of as a liberal political writer, he was also an active politician.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Although the United States is the richest country in the world, parts of their inner cities are as poor as the typical urban areas of developing countries.

  • The United States is the world’s wealthiest country, yet some inner cities are poverty-stricken to the same degree as the standard city areas of developing countries.
  • The people who live in the centres of cities in the United States are just as poor as those who live in the regular cities of developing countries, even though their country is much wealthier.
  • If the inner cities of the United States were not made as poverty-stricken as those of the average urban area in a developing country, it could not have become the richest country on earth.
  • As the United States is the richest country in the world, it should develop its inner cities so they look more like standard urban areas and not poor, as they do now.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

If the American economy had not crashed in 1929, causing a global depression, then the negative economic conditions that allowed Hitler to rise to power in Germany would not have been created.

  • The world-wide economic slump of 1929 led to both a crash in the American economy and created the economic environment Hitler needed in order to take power in Germany.
  • Hitler became ruler of Germany only because of the world-wide economic crisis that had come about as a result of the collapse of the American economy in 1929.
  • The negative state of the economy which Hitler created in order to claim power in Germany in 1929 also damaged the American economy, leading to a world-wide depression.
  • Hitler’s taking power created a negative economic situation in Germany that pulled both the USA and the world into an economic crash and slump in 1929.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

The critics tore into much of Picasso's work, mostly because of a failure to understand that he was trying to break away from the traditions of the Renaissance.

  • Most critics disliked the art of Picasso and tried to separate themselves from the anti-Renaissance movement in case it didn’t succeed.
  • It is critical to realize that Picasso wanted to get rid of the Renaissance and its methods because they were too restricting.
  • Sympathy from the critics was not something Picasso received because he opposed the traditional ideas of the Renaissance.
  • Picasso, in his attempt to escape the old Renaissance habits through his art, faced strong attacks by the critics who couldn’t see this.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

While the modern sonata form was invented by the composer Haydn, Beethoven greatly expanded the form's possibilities.

  • At the same time that the composer Haydn was creating the modern sonata form, its possibilities were being greatly expanded by Beethoven.
  • Haydn was the composer who created the modern sonata form, but its possibilities were considerably widened by Beethoven.
  • Beethoven helped Haydn, the composer of the modern sonata form, to widen the possibilities of the form.
  • The composers Haydn and Beethoven worked together to create and then expand the possibilities of the modern sonata form.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Sultanahmet is one of the oldest districts in Istanbul. It has a lot of mosques, monuments and elaborately designed houses dating back to Ottoman, Byzantine and Roman times.

  • The oldest district of Istanbul, Sultanahmet became famous after the Ottomans, Byzantines and Romans made it their centre for monuments, mosques and homes.
  • Sultanahmet, Istanbul’s oldest district, is famous for its historical monuments, mosques and elaborate houses all built by the Ottomans, Byzantines and Romans.
  • The Ottomans, Byzantines and Romans were all very skilled in building monuments, such as mosques and elaborate houses, and the majority of these can be found in Sultanahmet.
  • With many historical sites, like mosques, monuments and elaborately designed houses from Ottoman, Byzantine and Roman periods, Sultanahmet is one of the oldest neighbourhoods in Istanbul.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

John Milton wrote propaganda on behalf of the English republic which didn’t last very long. In addition, he wrote some of the best poetry in English literature.

  • During the short time that John Milton was creating propaganda for the republic in England, he also wrote some of the best poems that have ever existed in English literature.
  • Besides being one of England's greatest poets, John Milton worked as a propagandist for England's short-lived republic.
  • John Milton wrote both great English poetry and great propaganda for the English republic, which was limited in its time span.
  • John Milton wrote his poetry, which is regarded as being some of the greatest in English literature, in the form of propaganda for the temporary English republic.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Kierkegaard is today regarded as amongst history's best thinkers. However, when he was alive in the 19th-century, he faced a lot of mockeries.

  • Kierkegaard, who was a 19th-century philosopher, was a ridiculous man, although today he is thought of as one of history’s most important thinkers.
  • Although the philosopher Kierkegaard, who lived in the 19th century, is one of the greatest thinkers to have examined history, he was mocked for it in his own lifetime.
  • People in the 19th-century made fun of the philosopher Kierkegaard, who would later come to be regarded as one of history’s great thinkers.
  • The 19th-century philosopher Kierkegaard came up against a great deal of ridicule in his life, although he is now viewed as one of the greatest thinkers in history.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Venice is threatened by high waters in the Adriatic. Otherwise, it wouldn't be building the MOSE Project to stop the city from flooding.

  • If Venice is at risk from the high waters of the Adriatic, it will construct the MOSE Project to prevent the city from flooding.
  • Venice is only constructing the MOSE Project because it has to keep the high waters of the Adriatic out of the city.
  • Unless Venice comes under threat from the high Adriatic waters, it won’t build the MOSE Project to protect the city from flooding.
  • The MOSE Project needs to be started to prevent Venice from flooding in case the high waters in the Adriatic become a bigger threat.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Glenn's shoulder dislocated while he was opening a door. He explained that it was because of his Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

  • Glenn thinks that his shoulder’s disconnecting while he opened a door may have been caused by his Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, as it is explained by Glenn, often results in a shoulders becoming disconnected while one is opening a door.
  • That his shoulders becoming disconnected as he opened a door was brought about by his Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is what Glenn stated.
  • It seems that it was Glenn’s Eblers-Danlos syndrome that can explain how he dislocated his shoulders while he was opening a door.

Read the passage and choose the correct answer.

(1)________. They realize it’s the best way to learn about the customs and the way of life of other people. Student exchanges give teenagers the opportunity to live somewhere else for a school year. (2)________ they are living abroad, they will eat new food, experience new traditions and learn the way people their own age live from (3)________. (4)________. Every student on the exchange programme has somebody who directly supports them the whole time they are abroad. (5)________, you must be aged between 15 and 18 years and be good at a foreign language.

Choose the correct answer for (1)

  • More and more young people are recognizing the disadvantages of living in another country and are deciding to stay in their home country.
  • More and more young people are recognizing the advantages of living in another country and are deciding to study abroad.
  • Living in another country can bring numerous benefits.
  • Living in another country should be well planned due to many risks.

Choose the correct answer for (2)

  • While
  • However
  • Also
  • Before

Choose the correct answer for (3)

  • day by day
  • day to day
  • day after day
  • day from day

Choose the correct answer for (4)

  • Students stay alone in a flat and attend a local school.
  • Students stay with carefully chosen host families and attend a local school.
  • Students have to manage by themselves without anyone’s support.
  • Students can only get support from one another if they need it.

Choose the correct answer for (5)

  • To qualify as an exchange student
  • To qualify as a host to support an exchange student
  • To apply for a visa
  • To apply for a scholarship to study abroad