Đề thi chính thức vào 10 môn tiếng Anh năm 2020 - Sở GD Hà Nội

1/13/2021 8:19:00 AM
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • area
  • snack
  • atlas
  • campus
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • interval
  • mineral
  • microphone

  • minimize
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • loose
  • fence
  • rice
  • lose
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • particular
  • photocopy
  • enthusiasm
  • economy
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • mosquito
  • crocodile
  • buffalo
  • mystery
This painting is not _____ as pricey as that one.
  • nearly
  • virtually
  • practically
  • literally
Sorry, I am not _____ liberty to discuss this matter.
  • in
  • on
  • at
  • with
Had the electrician not come in time, we would _____ last nights party by candlelight.
  • have to throw
  • have to be throwing
  • have had to throw
  • be throwing
I don't think you are entirely right; _____, I see your point.
  • no matter how
  • all the same
  • on account of
  • for fear that
On no _____ should you sign the contract unless you are sure you understand it.
  • account
  • way
  • circumstances
  • means
He _____ book the tickets, but he had no time to call at the cinema.
  • would
  • used to
  • could
  • was going to
_____, the catfish is prized for its taste.
  • Though its ugly look
  • Contrary to looking ugly
  • As looking ugly
  • Ugly looking as it is
It was imperative for the authorities to _____ the epidemic.
  • succeed
  • localize
  • spread
  • compromise
Please drop me a _____ when you get to Paris.
  • word
  • message
  • sentence
  • line
They seemed to be _____ to the criticism and just carried on as before.
  • indifferent
  • sensitive
  • uncaring
  • disinterested

Find one word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. These geese are very regular in their movements and were last seen flying over the northernmost _____ of Canada.

2. Julian has found many items for his bed-sit on the rubbish _____ so he can save a lot of money.

3. When you are cooking brown rice, a useful _____ is to soak it for a few hours beforehand.

=> Answer:

Find one word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. If you find a task hard at first, I strongly advise you to _____ at it, and you will soon see a great improvement.

2. As a doctor who at times has to convey unpleasant information to patients, he often finds words _____ in his throat.

3. As a child, I would spend hours cutting out pictures of my favorite pop stars, which I would then _____ in my album.

=> Answer:

Find one word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. When the lightning struck, a _____ of panic came over her, but she somehow managed to keep calm.

2. This latest crime _____ has caused a lot of concern among sociologists.

3. She looked at him for a long time, and then, with a _____ of her hand, she was off.

=> Answer:

Find one word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. It's irritating that they do nothing but _____ lies about our family. The whole village is about to believe their incredible stories.

2. Don't allow anyone to restrict your thinking abilities. I urge you to _____ your wings and do things your way.

3. He opened the jar, took out some jam with his knife, and _____ it evenly on the warm toast.

=> Answer:

Form the collocations using the verbs and the prepositions from the boxes. Complete each sentence using a collocation in the appropriate form. You must use each verb and each preposition ONCE only. 

[tie | back| draw | swing | bombard | steal | open]

[up| out | down | off | with | around |away]

My brother prefers to take temporary work because he hates the idea of being .

She was interfering, so I told her to and let me deal with it on my own.

I wish Thomas wouldn't always meetings by talking so much.

The new shopping center will all sorts of job opportunities.

I when I heard my name and saw Jude running towards me.

The reporters the Minister questions.

Give the correct form of the words in the brackets to complete the passage.

Skiing or snowboarding in Colorado is to experience the pinnacle of winter sports. The state of Colorado is known for its spectacular scenery and (BREATH) views, which inspire today's travelers as much as they spurred on the (SETTLE) who first arrived in this part of the US over a century ago. And whether you're seeking the outdoor adventure of a lifetime or a great family getaway, Colorado has everything you need.

From November to April, snow conditions are consistent and reliable, featuring Colorado's (LEGEND) "champagne powder" snow. Extensive snowmaking and grooming operations always keep trails in top shape.

The mountain destinations in the Colorado Rockies can turn your wildest ski dreams into thrilling (REAL) . There, you'll find the best skiing and snowboarding on (PICTURE) slopes, as well as the finest ski schools in the US. Together, they present an unparalleled winter paradise. And the best part is that you'll enjoy friendly, caring service in resorts that are committed to delivering the highest quality amenities.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Learning how to study effectively is an essential skill for students in any discipline. There are six areas which are crucial to developing good study habits. Work on these and you will become a brilliant student.

Targets

Always set a realistic work target. Don't try to do too much. For example, plan to read one chapter of a book each evening rather than think about reading the whole book over the weekend. This kind of detailed, planned target more effective than a vague commitment. It is sometimes helpful to tell your friends about your plan. This is a good incentive to keep you on target because they will know if you fail! 

Rewards

Develop a system of small rewards for your work. For example, stop for a cụp of coffee or tea, or listen to a favorite piece of music after one-hour studying. Rewarding yourself for keeping to your work plan will make you feel good about yourself.

Timing

Make sure you choose a suitable time to study, i.e. when it is quiet and when you are most alert. Try to make this a regular, time-tabled part of your day. If you plan to start working at a certain time, say 7 p.m., do not find reasons to put off getting started. You can watch a DVD later, and your emails are not urgent!

Quantity

A large task such as researching a new topic for an essay can be so daunting, in fact, that it can be difficult to sit down and make a start. Break the larger task down into several smaller ones. For example, make a list of questions that you will have to deal with in your essay, and then approach each question separately. This makes the work more manageable. 

Notes and Learning styles

The books you are studying won't always present information in a way that suits your learning style. It is; therefore, worthwhile spending time making notes and organizing them in a way that suits you best. It is also a good idea to keep your notebooks neat and well-organized. This will make it much easier to retrieve the information later.

Revision

Don't leave revision until the last moment. When you set your study targets, allow regular revision time. This is mụch more effective than trying to cram before an exam.

How does the writer think you can develop good study habits?
  • By setting a realistic work target
  • By planning and considering your learning style
  • By revising your work on a regular basis
  • By taking into account six important areas
Why is it a good idea to tell other people about your work plan?
  • They can help you develop a detailed target so that you know what to do.
  • They will be very helpful with your plan in case you have any difficulties.
  • They will know if you do not stick to your plan, which motivates you to reach the target.
  • They will know how to help you avoid failure to set the target.
Which of the following words is closest in meaning to the word "vague” in paragraph 2?
  • unrealistic
  • inefficient
  • unclear
  • impractical

Timing includes all of the followings EXCEPT _____.

  • you must be able to think clearly at the chosen time to study
  • the best time to study is 7 p.m.
  • the time to study should be made a routine
  • you shouldn't delay getting started
How can a complicated piece of work be made easier?
  • Try to sit down and make a start anyway
  • Make a list of questions beforehand
  • Divide the large task into manageable smaller segments
  • Manage the tasks one by one
Which of the following words is closest in meaning to the word "daunting” in paragraph 5?
  • frightening
  • demanding
  • challenging
  • discouraging
What is NOT the benefit of keeping good class or lecture notes?
  • The information is tailored to your learning style.
  • It enables you to find information quickly when needed.
  • The information is favorably organized to your liking.
  • You do not need to spend time on the books you are studying.
Which of the following phrases is closest in meaning to the word “cram'' in the last paragraph?
  • study hard in a short time
  • stay up late to study
  • revise hastily
  • revise overnight

Read the passage and fill each blank with ONE suitable word.

Negative impacts from tourism occur when the level of visitor use is greater than the environment's ability to cope this use within the acceptable limits of change. Uncontrolled conventional tourism poses potential to many natural areas around the world. It can put enormous pressure on an area and lead to impacts such as soil erosion, increased pollution, discharges into sea, natural habitat loss, increased pressure on endangered species, and heightened vulnerability to forest fires. It often puts a strain on water and it can force local populations to compete for the use of critical resources.

Water, and especially fresh water, is one of the most critical natural resources. The tourism industry generally overuses water resources for hotels, swimming pools, golf courses, and personal use of water by tourists. This can result water shortages and of water supplies, as well as generating a greater volume of wastewater. Tourism can create great pressure on local resources energy, food, and other raw materials that may already be in short supply.

Greater extraction and transport of these resources exacerbate the physical impacts associated with their exploitation. Because of the character of the industry, many destinations have ten times inhabitants in the high season than in the low season. A high demand is placed upon these resources to the high expectations tourists often have, such as proper heating, hot water, etc.

Read the passage and choose the correct heading for A-H from the list of heading i-xi.

A. The history of human civilization is entwined with the history of the ways we have learned to manipulate water resources. As towns gradually expanded, water was brought from increasingly remote sources, leading to sophisticated engineering efforts such as dams and aqueducts. At the height of the Roman Empire, nine major systems, with an innovative layout of pipes and well- built sewers, supplied the occupants of Rome with as much water per person as is provided in many parts of the industrial world today.

B. During the industrial revolution and population explosion of the 19th and 20th centuries, the demand for water rose dramatically. Unprecedented construction of tens of thousands of monumental engineering projects designed to control floods, protect clean water supplies, and provide water for irrigation and hydropower brought great benefits to hundreds of millions of people. Food production has kept pace with soaring populations mainly because of the expansion of artificial irrigation systems that make possible the growth of 40% of the world's food. Nearly one-fifth of all the electricity generated worldwide is produced by turbines spun by the power of falling water.

C. Yet there is a dark side to this picture: despite our progress, half of the world's population still suffers, with water services inferior to those available to the ancient Greeks and Romans. As the United Nations report on access to water reiterated in November 2001, more than one billion people lack access to clean drinking water, some two and a half billion do not have adequate sanitation services. Preventable water-related diseases kill an estimated 10,000 to 20,000 children every day, and the latest evidence suggests that we are falling behind ¡in efforts to solve these problems.

D. The consequences of our water policies extend beyond jeopardizing human health. Tens of millions of people have been forced to move from their homes - often with little warning or compensation - to make way for the reservoirs behind dams. More than 20% of all freshwater fish species are now threatened or endangered because dams and water withdrawals have destroyed the free-flowing river ecosystems where they thrive. Certain irrigation practices degrade soil quality and reduce agricultural productivity. Groundwater aquifers are being pumped down faster than they are naturally replenished in parts of India, China, the USA, and elsewhere. And disputes over shared water resources have led to violence and continue to raise local, national, and even international tensions.

E. At the outset of the new millennium, however, the way resource planners think about water is beginning to change. The focus is slowly shifting back to the provision of basic human and environmental needs as a top priority - ensuring some for all”, instead of 'more for some', Some water experts are now demanding that existing infrastructure be used in smarter ways rather than building new facilities, which is increasingly considered the option of last, not first, resort. This shift in philosophy has not been universally accepted, and it comes with strong opposition from some established water organizations. Nevertheless, it may be the only way to address successfully the pressing problems of providing everyone with clean water to drink, adequate water to grow food, and a life free from preventable water-related illness.

F. Fortunately - and unexpectedly - the demand for water is not rising as rapidly as some predicted. As a result, the pressure to build new water infrastructures has diminished over the past two decades. Although population, industrial output, and economic productivity have continued to soar in developed nations, the rate at which people withdraw water from aquifers, rivers, and lakes has slowed. And in a few parts of the world, demand has actually fallen.

G. What explains this remarkable turn of events? Two factors: people have figured out how to use water more efficiently, and communities are rethinking their priorities for water use. Throughout the first three-quarters of the 20th century, the quantity of freshwater consumed per person doubled on average; in the USA, water withdrawals increased tenfold while the population quadrupled. But since 1980, the amount of water consumed per person has actually decreased, thanks to a range of new technologies that help to conserve water in homes and industry. In 1965, for instance, Japan used approximately 13 million gallons of water to produce $1 million of commercial output; by 1989 this had dropped to 3.5 million gallons (even accounting for inflation) - almost a quadrupling of water productivity. In the USA, water withdrawals have fallen by more than 20% from their peak in 1980.

H. On the other hand, dams, aqueducts, and other kinds of infrastructure will still have to be built, particularly in developing countries where basic human needs have not been met. But such projects must be built to higher specifications and with more accountability to local people and their environment than in the past. And even in regions where new projects seem warranted, we must find ways to meet demands with fewer resources, respecting ecological criteria, and to a smaller budget.

Lists of heading

i. Scientists' call for a revision of policy 

ii. An explanation for reduced water use

iii. How a global challenge was met  

iv. Irrigation systems fall into disuse  

v. Environmental effects 

vi. The financial cost of recent technological improvements  

vii. The relevance to health  

viii. Addressing the concern over increasing populations  

ix. A surprising downward trend in demand for water

x. The need to raise standards

xi. A description of ancient water supplies

Example: 0. Paragraph A: xi

1. Paragraph B:

2. Paragraph C:

3. Paragraph D:

4. Paragraph E:

5. Paragraph F:

6. Paragraph G:

7. Paragraph H:

 

 

 

 

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I've never thought of buying a new laptop.

-> Buying a new laptop ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Only the manager and the secretary know the details.

-> Knowledge of the details ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Don't tell the boss anything about this.

-> Don't breathe ...........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Since the company's methods were exposed in a newspaper, people have lost their respect of it.

-> The company has fallen into ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I didn't discover there was a snake in the basket until I opened the lid.

=> Not until ..........

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The Japanese are the best at making pocket-sized technology. (COMES)

-> The Japanese are second ..........

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I can't understand this complicated puzzle. (TAIL)

-> I ..........

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The sales director told his staff nothing about the new market post. (DARK)

-> The sales director ..........

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

That man reminds me a lot of my cousin. (BEARS)

=> That man ..........

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

If Marc hadn't taken up politics, he might have become a famous art historian. (ESTABLISH)

-> If Marc ...........

Write an essay on the following topic.

Some teenagers spend more time reading books, while others prefer to read online newspapers. The former group is more likely to develop creative imaginations and have a much better grasp of language skills. Do you agree or disagree?

In about 250 words, use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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