Đề số 20 ôn thi Anh Chuyên vào 10 CNN

2/4/2021 5:50:00 PM
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • suitable

  • recruitment

  • building

  • suit

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • chiropody

  • choir

  • cholera

  • scholar

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • surface

  • accessible

  • gazelle

  • receptacle

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • dairy

  • armchair

  • daily

  • hairy

Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • veterinary
  • consequently
  • application
  • difficulty

Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • alternative
  • geothermal
  • environment
  • expensively

Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • socialize
  • nomadic
  • scenery
  • compliment

Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • minimize
  • applicant
  • satellite
  • bilingual

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Nobel's original legacy of nine million dollars was invested, and the interest on this sum is used for the awards which vary from $30,000 to $125,000.

  • fortune
  • prize
  • property
  • bequest

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Some newspapers are often guilty of distorting the truth just to impress readers with sensational news stories.

  • gathering personal information
  • making changes to facts
  • providing reliable data
  • examining factual data

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

We need someone who is really on the ball to answer questions from the press.

  • react quickly and correctly
  • is willing
  • has great knowledge
  • take great responsibility

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Tom was so absorbed in his assignment that he forgot all about his dinner in the oven.

  • distracted
  • surprised
  • interested
  • obliged

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Many consumers are prejudiced against commercial goods made in that country. They reject them without even trying first.

  • unbiased
  • blessed
  • unreasonable
  • distinguishable

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

In 2018 there was a craze or Bitcoin mining in Vietnam due to the belief that it would bring impressive profits.

  • inclination
  • fever
  • sorrow
  • indifference
Furiously, she banged down the _____ and immediately dialed the complaints department.
  • headset
  • handle
  • recipient
  • receiver
Please don't _____ a word of this to anyone else, it's highly confidential.
  • speak
  • pass
  • mutter
  • breathe

Adam, my cousin, is _____. He has a strong personality and says what he thinks.

  • stubborn
  • determined
  • arrogant
  • assertive
She _____ suggested that each member of the team should take the responsibility for results.
  • sensibly
  • carelessly
  • flippantly
  • adversely
Residents were warned not to be extravagant with water, ______ the low rainfall this year.
  • in view of
  • with a view to
  • regardless of
  • irrespective of

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

RENEWABLE ENERGY COMES OF AGE

The British Wind Energy Association was founded 30 years ago by a group of scientists. At that time, the term "alternative energy" was used to describe the generation of wind, water, and solar power. These days, we tend to to them as "renewable energy" and the use of this name a real change in their status. These sources of energy, apart from being alternative, have now become mainstream and are set to make a significant contribution to the country's energy needs in the future.

Two closely linked developments behind this in status. Firstly, over the past decade or so, the price of oil and gas has been reflecting the extent to which reserves of these fossil fuels rising are becoming . However, price is only part of the explanation. Just as important is the growing consensus that carbon emissions must be curbed. The scientific evidence for climate change is now irrefutable, and both policymakers and the public are finally in agreement that doing nothing about the prospect of global warming is no longer a viable option. Renewable energy represents one real way of both issues.

Read the passage and answer the questions.

Every day, millions of shoppers hit the stores in full force - both online and on foot - searching frantically for the perfect gift. Last year, Americans spent over $30 billion at retail stores in the month of December alone. Aside from purchasing holiday gifts, most people regularly buy presents for other occasions throughout the year, including weddings, birthdays, anniversaries, graduations, and baby showers. This frequent experience of gift-giving can engender ambivalent feelings in gift-givers. Many relish the opportunity to buy presents because gift-giving offers a powerful means to build stronger bonds with one’s closest peers. At the same time, many dread the thought of buying gifts; they worry that their purchases will disappoint rather than delight the intended recipients.

Anthropologists describe gift-giving as a positive social process, serving various political, religious, and psychological functions. Economists, however, offer a less favorable view. According to Waldfogel (1993), gift-giving represents an objective waste of resources. People buy gifts that recipients would not choose to buy on their own, or at least not spend as much money to purchase (a phenomenon referred to as ‘‘the deadweight loss of Christmas”). To wit, givers are likely to spend $100 to purchase a gift that receivers would spend only $80 to buy themselves. This ‘‘deadweight loss” suggests that gift-givers are not very good at predicting what gifts others will appreciate. That in itself is not surprising to social psychologists. Research has found that people often struggle to take account of others’ perspectives - their insights are subject to egocentrism, social projection, and multiple attribution errors.

What is surprising is that gift-givers have considerable experience acting as both gift-givers and gift-recipients, but nevertheless tend to overspend each time they set out to purchase a meaningful gift. In the present research, we propose a unique psychological explanation for this - that is, that gift-givers equate how much they spend with how much recipients will appreciate the gift (the more expensive the gift, the stronger a gift-recipient’s feelings of appreciation). Although a link between gift price and feelings of appreciation might seem intuitive to gift-givers, such an assumption may be unfounded. Indeed, we propose that gift-recipients will be less inclined to base their feelings of appreciation on the magnitude of a gift than givers assume.

Why do gift-givers assume that gift price is closely linked to gift-recipients’ feelings of appreciation? Perhaps givers believe that bigger (that is, more expensive) gifts convey stronger signals of thoughtfulness and consideration. According to Camerer (1988) and others, gift-giving represents a symbolic ritual, whereby gift-givers attempt to signal their positive attitudes toward the intended recipient and their willingness to invest resources in a future relationship. In this sense, gift-givers may be motivated to spend more money on a gift in order to send a “stronger signal” to their intended recipient. As for gift‑recipients, they may not construe smaller and larger gifts as representing smaller and larger signals of thoughtfulness and consideration.

What is the main idea discussed in the passage?
  • Gift-giving, despite its uneconomical downside cultivates a positive social process.
  • Gift can be serve as implicit signals of thoughtfulness and consideration.
  • Gift-giving may have certain drawbacks alongside its positive qualities.
  • Gift-recipients are widely acknowledged as considerably experienced in gift-giving.

In paragraph 1, the word “ambivalent” most nearly means _______.

  • unrealistic
  • conflicted
  • apprehensive
  • supportive
The authors indicate that people value gift-giving because they feel it _____.
  • functions as a form of self-expression.
  • is an inexpensive way to show appreciation.
  • requires the gift-recipient to reciprocate.
  • can serve to strengthen a relationship.

According to paragraph 2, what can be inferred about the thought of social psychologists toward gift-givers?

  • They are amazed to know that gift-givers cannot choose suitable gifts for recipients.
  • They think gift-givers don’t want to spend much money to buy expensive gifts.
  • They’re aware that gift-givers often buy gifts that don’t meet recipients’ expectations.
  • They claim that gift-givers don’t base on any feature when choosing a gift.

The word “this” in paragraph 3 refers to gift-givers’_____.

  • struggling
  • overspending
  • buying meaningful gifts
  • having considerable experience
The passage indicates that the assumption made by gift-givers in paragraph 3 may be _____.
  • incorrect
  • unreasonable
  • insincere
  • substantiated
The authors refer to work by Camerer and others (paragraph 4) in order to _____.
  • offer an explanation
  • introduce an argument
  • support a conclusion
  • question a motive
Which of the following best describes the tone of the author?
  • criticizing
  • pessimistic
  • informative
  • ironic

Helena: “How soon will you be leaving?”

Mark: “_________”

  • On my way.
  • In the nick of time.
  • Once in a blue moon.
  • By a stroke of luck.

Laura: “Thanks for all that you’ve done for me.”

Jeffrey: “____________”

  • It was the least I could do.
  • I have been waiting to hear this.
  • Never mind.
  • The pleasure is mine.

Tom: “I don’t like living in an apartment. It’s very inconvenient.”

David: “_____”

  • You bet!
  • But it isn’t.
  • Yes, I’m with you.
  • Of course.

Joey: “I asked her about her condition and she snapped. How weird is that?”

Fiona: “___________”

  • Well, I can see where she’s coming from.
  • Well, you wouldn’t do that, I believe.
  • Well, unfortunately, the air-con does that often.
  • Well, it’s easier said than done.

Mai and Hung are talking about a school play, which was written by their friend, Jack.

- Mai: "Jack's story was very well written, don't you think?"

- Hung: "_____"

  • Actually, I like him.
  • I couldn't agree more. It was terrible.
  • I'm not so sure, and it was full of interesting facts.
  • Absolutely. Who wouldn't?

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. What’s on TV?

b. I’m bored.

c. Nothing is interesting.

d. Nothing.

e. There must be something on TV!

  • c-d-a-b-e
  • b-a-d-e-c
  • b-c-e-a-d
  • d-a-b-e-c

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. They say that we are funny-looking.

b. Do animals talk to each other?

c. We’re not funny-looking; animals are.

d. Of course, they talk to each other.

e. We are because we wear clothes.

f. Do they talk about us?

  • f-d-e-b-c-a
  • e-a-f-d-b-c
  • b-d-f-a-c-e
  • c-f-e-a-b-d

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. How did you like the play?

b. It wasn't as funny as I thought it would be. I really expected it to be a lot funnier.

c. That's too bad.

d. Well, to tell the truth, I was a little disappointed.

e. Why?

  • f-e-a-d-b-c
  • a-d-e-b-c
  • a-b-c-e-f-d
  • d-a-e-c-b

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Hmm. I guess I WAS... but it completely slipped my mind.

b. No, I didn't. I thought YOU were going to turn them off.

c. Okay. I'll do it.

d. Uh-oh! You didn't remember to turn the downstairs lights off, did you?

e. Well, since the lights haven't been turned off yet, I guess one of us should go and do it.

  • c-f-b-a-d-e
  • a-d-c-e-b
  • c-e-d-b-a-f
  • d-b-a-e-c

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Are you positive about that?

b. Hmm. Somehow I thought it was going to close earlier than that.

c. Not as far as I know.

d. Would you by any chance know what time the bank closes?

e. Yes, as far as I know, it's going to close at 4:00.

f. Yes. There's no doubt about it. It closes at 4:00.  

  • d-e-b-c-a-f
  • d-e-c-a-f-b
  • a-b-c-e-f-d
  • b-d-e-a-c

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

We can't speak of our economy as healthy when there is a widening gap between the rich and the poor.

  • Our economy is improving, so there will be less difference between the rich and the poor.
  • If our economy were better handled, there would be less of a gap between the rich and the poor.
  • Our economy can’t be called healthy as long as the rich are getting richer and the poor poorer.
  • It is possible that our economy is in good shape, but many people are still poor.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

As the city grew industrially, more and more immigrants were attracted to the newly-created jobs.

  • The number of citizens in the city remained very low as long as there was a limited amount of industrial work available.
  • The more the city’s industry grew, making new jobs available, the more immigrants arrived to fill them.
  • The city drew in a lot of immigrants, although industry grew only slowly and thus job vacancies were scarce.
  • While industry was increasing, there was also a growing need for immigrants to work in the newly-created jobs.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

It's impossible to escape from America completely as its culture has spread to every corner.

  • Many people have tried to run away from America but find that they can’t because there are Americans on every corner.
  • Wherever you go, you will encounter some aspects of American culture, so there’s no way to get away from the country entirely.
  • If you want to travel round the world and see different cultures, you may be disappointed as every place has become Americanized.
  • American culture has been so successful that it’s spread all over the world and no place can avoid being influenced by it.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

I don't understand how you could have survived all those years in China without speaking the language.

  • Now that you are moving to China, you had better begin to study the language since it will be difficult to survive without it.
  • It must have taken a lot of determination to go to a country as different as China without speaking any of the language at all.
  • Living in China for so long without learning any of the language, as you have done, is something beyond my imagination.
  • Chinese is so difficult that I understand you had to survive for a long time without speaking it while you learnt the basics.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

I was amazed that my ordinarily humorless boss could come up with such a hilarious joke.

  • It was so uncharacteristic of my boss to tell a really funny joke that I was thoroughly surprised.
  • My boss’s jokes are usually funny, but this one was even funnier than usual.
  • Since my boss has such a great sense of humour, I was astounded to hear him tell such a bad joke.
  • If anyone can tell a good joke, then my normally stem and unsmiling boss can, too.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Janet had thought the storm would be over in a short time. In fact, it went on for several hours.

  • Janet hadn’t thought that the storm would arrive at such great speed, but it did.
  • Even after the storm was over, the bad weather continued for many hours, as Janet expected.
  • The storm continued for quite a while, contrary to what Janet had expected.
  • For several hours, Janet had to wait where she was until the storm was completely over.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Essentially, there are two ways of solving this problem. However, the question is: which one will provide the ideal solution for us?

  • While we basically have two ways to solve the problem, we should decide on the one offering a better result.
  • It is essential that we solve this problem one way or another, so let’s choose one way and start.
  • Whether this problem can be fundamentally solved in one of the two available ways is questionable.
  • We must question the solution to this problem, or we may regret it later if we find we haven’t taken the right step.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The hotel is conveniently located near the beach. Apart from that, it has nothing to make me recommend to you.

  • The only feature of that hotel that I can recommend to you is that it’s close to the beach.
  • The hotel I’ve recommended to you is very comfortable as it is near the beach.
  • As regards a hotel, nothing is more important for me than its being close to the beach.
  • The beach near that hotel doesn’t have anything special that I can recommend to you.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

This shop is the most expensive in town. Meanwhile, the quality of its products is of a very low standard.

  • The products of this shop are considered to be very low quality, yet it is among the most expensive shops in town.
  • Because of the high standard of its products, this shop is the one with the highest prices in town.
  • Among the town’s most expensive ones, this shop is renowned for the high standard of its products.
  • This shop's products are at a very low quality despite the fact that they're more expensive than all the other's in town.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

She is currently writing a historical book about food. It will include old recipes and the history behind them.

  • At the moment, she is collecting recipes and the historical information behind them for the book which she intends to write on food.
  • The book she is writing at the moment is on the history of food, with old recipes and stories behind them.
  • There are many interesting historical facts behind the old recipes to be found in her book, which is a history of food.
  • The book she is writing is actually a historical book, but it also contains information about old recipes and the stories behind them.

Read the passage and choose the correct answer.

(1)__________. Firstly, he argues that Australians place a high value on independence and personal choice. (2)___________. Rather, a teacher will give them a number of options and suggest they work out which one is the best in their circumstances. It also means that they are expected to take action (3)___________ something goes wrong and seek out resources and support for themselves. Australians are also prepared to accept a range of opinions rather than believing there is one truth. This means that in an educational setting, students will be expected to (4)____________. Australians believe that life should have a balance between work and leisure time. (5)__________, some students may be critical of others who they perceive as doing nothing but study. 

Choose the correct answer for (1)

  • According to Price (2001), Australians value independence and balance between work and leisure time higher than people from other countries
  • The research by Price (2001) shows that people moving to Australia find it difficult to adapt to the way Australians live
  • For people moving to Australia, Price (2001) has identified certain values which may give rise to culture shock
  • Price (2001) has found that Australian culture can prevent others from being fully integrated into the local society

Choose the correct answer for (2)

  • This means that a teacher or course tutor will not tell students what to do
  • This means that teachers do not care how you learn at university
  • This means that students should not ask questions, yet seek for answers on their own
  • This means that they will work with course tutor more regularly than with their teacher

Choose the correct answer for (3)

  • if
  • while
  • as
  • but

Choose the correct answer for (4)

  • disagree with their teachers and find reasons for such denial
  • distrust their teachers, form their own opinions and support with good reasons
  • evaluate all arguments and select the one with the most convincing justification
  • form their own opinions and defend the reasons for that point of view and the evidence for it

Choose the correct answer for (5)

  • On the contrary
  • As a consequence
  • However
  • In other words