Đề ôn luyện thi vào lớp 10 Chuyên Sư phạm số 15

4/3/2021 1:27:00 PM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • delete

  • defame

  • deplete

  • denim

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • paragraph 

  • infographic 

  • telegraphy 

  • metaphor 

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • preinvasion
  • television
  • redivision
  • imprecision

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • allegedly
  • supposedly
  • purportedly
  • flusteredly

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • between
  • before
  • ahead
  • after
He _____ the illusion that he will live to be a hundred.
  • grows
  • relishes
  • develops
  • cherishes
_____ native to Europe, the daisy has now spread throughout most of North America.
  • Although
  • If it were
  • In spite of
  • That it is
I need to _____ your offer very carefully before I make a decision.
  • look over
  • see out
  • figure out
  • mull over
It took Dane a long time to understand what was going on. He's usually _____ than that, isn't it?
  • round the bend
  • harder and faster
  • easier on the ear
  • quicker on the uptake
Why are you so mad? You _____ me you weren't coming to dinner. I waited for you for two hours.
  • should tell
  • ought to tell
  • should have told
  • should be told
Although she would have preferred to carry on working, my mum _____ her career in order to have children.
  • devoted
  • repealed
  • sacrificed
  • abolished
I find the offer quite ______ but I think I'd rather study at Oxford.
  • tempting
  • desirous
  • inclined
  • envious
I don't normally like noisy clubs, but I had a sudden _____ to see what the Blue Parrot was like.
  • force
  • motive
  • pressure
  • impulse
I wish you would stop wasting so much on your computer games and do something like a little more _____.
  • welcome
  • enviable
  • feasible
  • worthwhile
He _____ us on the last day of the congress so his presence at the opening ceremony was something of a surprise.
  • must have joined
  • was to join
  • had to join
  • should join

Complete the sentence by changing the form of the word in capitals.

Alicia Rhett was an actress who rose to international (STAR) in the 1939 film Gone With the Wind. In the film, which enjoyed (PHENOMENON) success and is among the most popular ever made, she played the part of India Wilkes, the serious young woman whose love for the dull and timid (CENTRE)  character, Charles Hamilton, is spurned in favour of Scarlett O’Hara. Despite the film’s (LAST)  acclaim, however, it was to be her only screen role.

While Alicia later insisted that she ‘enjoyed the experience (IMMENSE) ’, she was unsuited to the life of a Hollywood star. An intensely private individual, she lacked the drive and ambition of (CONTEMPORARY) like Joan Crawford or Bette Davis, and went on to reject all subsequent roles from agents and (PRODUCE) . Though fans continued to hound her with requests for (SIGN) photographs seven decades later, letters went (ANSWER) and requests for interviews were seldom granted.

Instead, Alicia concentrated her energies on a long-standing talent for painting and soon acquired a (CONSIDER) reputation with her portraits of debutantes, society presidents and other members of Charleston's aristocracy.

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

Legal fight hits music pirates

The global recording industry has launched its largest wave of legal against people suspected of music files on the internet. The latest move by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) 2,100 alleged uploaders using peer-to-peer (P2P) networks in 16 nations the UK, France, Germany and Italy. Thousands of people have agreed to pay compensation since the campaign began. In the US, civil lawsuits have been against more than 15,597 people since September 2003 and there have been 3,590 settlements. 'This is a significant of our enforcement actions against people who are uploading and distributing music on p2p networks,' said IFPI chief John Kennedy. 'Thousands of people - mostly internet-savvy men in their 20s or 30s - have learned to their the legal and financial risks involved in file-sharing copyrighted music in large quantities.' Individual cases are generally brought by the national associations representing the recording industry, and in some cases by the labels, civil complaints. The UK record industry has so far brought 97 cases, with a 65 covered by the latest action. More than 140,000 in compensation has been paid to the British Phonographic Industry by 71 individuals. Those who fail to resolve cases face civil court action.

Fill in each of the numbered blanks in the following passage with ONE suitable word.

People who are of sleep lose energy and become quick-tempered. After two days without sleep, a person finds lengthy concentration becomes difficult. He can force to perform tasks well for short periods, but he is easily from them. He makes many , especially at routine tasks, and his attention slips at . Every “sleepless” person experiences periods in which he off for a few seconds or more. He completely asleep unless he is kept active continuously.

People who go on suffering sleep deprivation more than three days have great trouble thinking, seeing and hearing clearly. They have periods of hallucination during which they see things that do not really exist. They also confuse day-dreams with real life and track of their thoughts in the middle of a sentence.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Choosing a career may be one of the hardest jobs you ever have, and it must be done with care. View a career as an opportunity to do something you love, not simply as a way to earn a living. Investing the time and effort to thoroughly explore your options can mean the difference between finding a stimulating and rewarding career and move from job to unsatisfying job in an attempt to find the right one. Work influences virtually every aspect of your life, from your choice of friends to where you live. Here are just a few of the factors to consider.
 
Deciding what matters most to you is essential to making the right decision. You may want to begin by assessing your likes, dislikes, strengths, and weaknesses. Think about the classes, hobbies, and surroundings that you find most appealing. Ask yourself questions, such as “Would you like to travel? Do you want to work with children? Are you more suited to solitary or cooperative work?” There are no right or wrong answers; only you know what is important to you. Determine which job features you require, which ones you would prefer, and which ones you cannot accept. Then rank them in order of importance to you.
 
The setting of the job is one factor to take into account. You may not want to sit at a desk all day. If not, there are diverse occupations building inspector, supervisor, real estate agent that involve a great deal of time away from the office. Geographical location may be a concern, and employment in some fields is concentrated in certain regions. Advertising jobs can generally be found only in large cities. On the other hand, many industries such as hospitality, law education, and retail sales are found in all regions of the country. If a high salary is important to you, do not judge a career by its starting wages. Many jobs, such as insurance sales, offer relatively low starting salaries; however, pay substantially increases along with your experience, additional training, promotions, and commission.
 
Don’t rule out any occupation without learning more about it. Some industries evoke positive or negative associations. The traveling life of a flight attendant appears glamorous, while that of a plumber does not. Remember that many jobs are not what they appear to be at first, and may have merits or demerits that are less obvious. Flight attendants must work long, grueling hours without sleep, whereas plumbers can be as highly paid as some doctors. Another point to consider is that as you mature, you will likely develop new interests and skills that may point the way to new opportunities. The choice you make today need not be your final one.
Why does the author mention "long, grueling hours without sleep" in paragraph 4?
  • To emphasize the difficulty of working as a plumber.
  • To contrast the reality of a flight attendant's job with most people's perception.
  • To discourage readers from choosing a career as a flight attendant.
  • To show that people must work hard for the career they have chosen.
According to paragraph 3, which of the following fields is NOT suitable for a person who does not want to live in a big city?
  • advertising
  • law
  • plumbing
  • retail sales
In paragraph 4, the author suggests that _____.
  • you may want to change careers at some time in the future
  • as you get older, your career will probably less fulfilling
  • you will probably jobless at some time in the future
  • you will be at your job for lifetime, so choose carefully
It can be inferred from paragraph 3 that _____.
  • jobs in insurance sales are generally not well-paid
  • a starting salary should be an important consideration in choosing a career
  • insurance salespeople can earn high salary later in their career
  • people should constantly work toward the next promotion
According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
  • To make lots of money, you should rule out all factory jobs.
  • If you want an easy and glamorous lifestyle, you should consider becoming a flight attendant.
  • To make a lot of money, you should not take a job with a low starting salary.
  • Your initial view of certain careers may not be accurate.
The word "them" in paragraph 2 refers to _____.
  • features
  • jobs
  • answers
  • questions
The word "assessing" in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by _____.
  • disposing
  • measuring
  • considering
  • discovering

Read the following passage and choose which of the headings from A - N match the blanks. There are two extra headings, which do not match any of the paragraphs.

List of headings

A. An unexpected preference for modern items

B. Two distinct reasons for selection in one type of museum

C. The growing cost of housing museum exhibits

D. The growing importance of collections for research purposes

E. The global size of the problem

F. Why some collections are unsafe

G. Why not all museums are the same

H. The need to show as much as possible to visitors

I. How unexpected items are dealt with

K. The decision-making difficulties of one curator

L. The two rules of museums

M. Who owns the museum exhibits?

N. A lengthy, but necessary task 

Behind the scenes at the museum

With more and more of what museums own ending up behind locked doors, curators are hatching plans to widen access to their collections

1.
When, in 1983, the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, in Washington, DC, decided it had run out of space, it began transferring part of its collection from the cramped attic and basement rooms where the specimens had been languishing to an out-of-town warehouse. Restoring those specimens to pristine condition was a monumental task. One member of staff, for example, spent six months doing nothing but gluing the legs back on to crane flies. But 30m items—and seven years—later, the job was done.

2.
At least for the moment. For the Smithsonian owns 130m plants, animals, rocks and fossils, and that number is growing at 2-3% a year. On a global scale, however, such numbers are not exceptional. The Natural History Museum in London has 80m specimens. And, in a slightly different scientific context, the Science Museum next door to it has 300,000 objects recording the history of science and technology. Deciding what to do with these huge accumulations of things is becoming a pressing problem. They cannot be thrown away, but only a tiny fraction can be put on display.

3.
The huge, invisible collections behind the scenes at science and natural history museums are the result of the dual roles of these institutions. On the one hand, they are places for the public to go and gawp. On the other, they are places of research—and researchers are not interested merely in the big, showy things that curators like to reveal to the public.

4.
Blythe House in West London, the Science Museum's main storage facility, has, as might be expected, cabinets full of early astronomical instruments such as astrolabes, celestial globes and orreries. But it is also home to such curios as Canopic jars, which were used by the ancient Egyptians to store embalmed viscera. And the museum is custodian to things that are dangerous. It holds a lot of the equipment of Sir William Crookes, a 19th-century scientist who built the first cathode-ray tubes, experimented with radium, and also discovered thallium—an extremely poisonous element. He was a sloppy worker. All his equipment was contaminated with radioactive materials, but he worked in an age when nobody knew about the malevolent effects of radioactivity.

6.
The public is often surprised at the Science Museum's interest in recent objects. Mr Brown says he frequently turns down antique brass and mahogany electrical instruments. “I say, it's very nice but no, I don't want it, because our stores are full of them. But when you are finished with that aluminium and plastic digital thing we'd be interested in that. People double-take.” Sure enough, a random scan of the museum's recent accessions reveals the following items: the Atomic domestic coffee maker, a 114-piece DIY toolkit with canvas case, and a green beer bottle.

7.
Natural history museums collect for a different reason. Their accumulations are part of attempts to identify and understand the natural world. Some of the plants and animals they hold are “type specimens”. In other words, they are the standard reference unit, like a reference weight or length, for the species in question. Other specimens are valuable because of their age. One of the most famous demonstrations of natural selection in action was made using museum specimens. A study of moths collected over a long period of time showed that their wings became darker (which made them less visible to insectivorous birds) as the industrial revolution made Britain more polluted.

8.
Year after year, the value of such collections quietly and reliably increases, as researchers find uses that would have been unimaginable to those who started them a century or two ago. Genetic analysis, pharmaceutical development, biomimetics (engineering that mimics nature to produce new designs) and biodiversity mapping are all developments that would have been unimaginable to the museums' founders.

9.
But as the collections grow older, they grow bigger. Insects may be small, but there are millions of them, and entomologists would like to catalogue every one. And when the reference material is a pair of giraffes or a blue whale (each vertebra being almost the size of a chair and the jawbone weighing at least half a tonne), space becomes a problem. That is why museums such as the Smithsonian are increasingly forced to turn to out-of-town storage facilities. But museums that show the public only a small fraction of their material risk losing the fickle goodwill of governments and the public, which they need to keep running. Hence the determination of so many museums to make their back-room collections more widely available.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The rocketing prices have proved too much for most salaried people. (cope) 

=> ............

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The young actress was very nervous before the audition. (butterflies)

=> ..........

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

He causes so much trouble that we can do nothing besides from leaving him to worry and suffer the unpleasant effect of his own actions. (juice)

=> As .........

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The boys fixed all their attention on what the teacher was saying in order not to miss any small details. (zeroed)

=> ..........

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The club has been very successful since the beginning of the season. (on)

=> ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

A new flu vaccine has been on trial since the beginning of the year.

=> They ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

He declared his disapproval of the behavior of some of his supporters.

=> He let it ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one.

Because my father went away for the weekend, his secretary was in charge of the business.

=> Had ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one.

Managing the company will probably be much more complicated than they say.

=> Managing the company should not anything ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence.

Peter hadn't expected to see so many foreigners at the party.

=> It came as ..........