Đề số 23 ôn thi Anh Chuyên vào 10 CNN

4/16/2021 5:19:00 PM
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • confusedly
  • allegedly
  • supposedly
  • nakedly

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • lounge
  • mound
  • foul
  • gourd

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • northern
  • thorough

  • faithful
  • enthrone

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • resign
  • resound
  • resonant
  • resettle

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • automobile
  • obedience
  • necessity
  • alternative

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • continuous
  • conscientious
  • ridiculous
  • luxurious
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • rabble
  • lifestyle
  • proton
  • canal

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • accomplish
  • magnify
  • celebrate
  • recognize

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

I completely banked on my parents to complete my study at university.

  • stood up for
  • counted on
  • fell out with
  • asked for

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Ralph Nader was the most prominent leader of the U.S consumer protection movement.

  • casual
  • outstanding
  • promiscuous
  • aggressive

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

He tried to put one over on the old lady when saying that he was her lost child because of her immense fortune.

  • live on
  • demonstrate
  • persuade
  • take in

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The employee's claim of being out with the flu did not seem very plausible because he returned from sick leave with a deep tan.

  • tactful
  • vulnerable
  • inattentive
  • unreasonable

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Urbanization is the shift of people moving from rural to urban areas, and the result is the growth of cities.

  • movement
  • maintenance
  • variation
  • transposition

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

‘What I’ve got to say to you now is strictly off the record and most certainly not for publication,’ said the government official to the reporter.

  • already official
  • beside the point
  • not popular
  • not recorded
The members of the Red Cross were dedicated their whole life to _____ the suffering of human beings.
  • reduction
  • reducing
  • reduce
  • reductive

The government decreed that the new laws ______ the following month after several discussions.

  • take effect
  • took effect
  • be taken effect
  • taken effect

We truly respected our father and always _____ by his rule.

  • submitted
  • obeyed
  • complied
  • abode

You shouldn't lose heart; success often comes to those who are not ______ by failures.

  • left out
  • put off
  • switched off
  • turned on

Young people are ambitious by nature, so they tend to set their ______ high on whatever they do.

  • sights
  • views
  • visions
  • eyes

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

Lee Kuna Yew was appointed as the first prime minister of Singapore in 1959 when the nation became a self-governing state. At that time, Singapore per income was only about USD 400. When Lee down in 1990, the figure was USD 11,000 and in 2014 it went up to over 56,000, even higher than that of its former colonizer, Great Britain. In his published in 2000, he wrote, 'They laughed at us, but I was confident that we would have the last laugh.'

Born into a middle-class Chinese family in Singapore, Lee was influenced by the language and institutions of the British rulers. He was to go to the UK to study law, but the Second World War broke out and he had to go to the local Raffles College where he learned some economics. It was 1946 when he talked his way into Cambridge and graduated three years later with a starred first. It was during this time that he nurtured ambitions starting a legal career back home.

As a prime minister, he has always been described as an efficient and inventive person. He was one of the greatest statesmen who proved to the whole world that human , not natural resources, is the essential element of prosperity. Lee is also believed to be very forward-looking. When Singapore gained independence in 1965, he decided to keep English as the main language to increase economic benefits. Although many of his policies are still considered , they helped Singapore to overcome many obstacles and become one of the most admired international business and financial centers around the world.

Read the passage then choose the best answer to each question.

While most desert animals will drink water if confronted with it, for many of them the opportunity never comes. Yet all living things must have water, or they will expire. The herbivores find it in desert plants. The carnivores slave their thirst with the flesh and blood of living prey. One of the most remarkable adjustments, however, has been made by the tiny kangaroo rat, who not only lives without drinking but subsists on a diet of dry seeds containing about 5% free water. Like other animals, he has the ability to manufacture water in his body by a metabolic conversion of carbohydrates. But he is notable for the parsimony with which he conserves his small supply by every possible means, expending only minuscule amounts in his excreta and through evaporation from his respiratory tract.

An investigation into how the kangaroo rat can live without drinking water has involved various experiments with these small animals. Could kangaroo rats somehow store water in their bodies and slowly utilize these resources in the long periods when no free water is available from dew or rain? The simplest way to settle this question was to determine the total water content in the animals to see if it decreases as they are kept for long periods on a dry diet. If they slowly use up their water, the body should become increasingly dehydrated, and if they begin with a store of water, this should be evident from initial high water content. Results of such experiments with kangaroo rats on dry diets for more than 7 weeks showed that the rats maintained their body weight. There was no trend toward a decrease in water content during the long period of water deprivation. When the kangaroo rats were given free access to water, they did not drink water. They did nibble on small pieces of watermelon, but this did not change appreciably the water content in their bodies, which remained at 66.3% to 67.2% during this period.

This is very close to the water content of dry-fed animals (66.5%), and the availability of free water, therefore, did not lead to any 'storage' that could be meaningful as a water reserve. This makes it reasonable to conclude that the physiological storage of water is not a factor in the kangaroo rat's ability to live on dry food.

What is the topic of this passage?
  • Kangaroo rats.
  • Water in the desert.
  • Desert life.
  • Physiological experiments.
The word 'it' in the first paragraph refers to _____.
  • a living thing
  • the desert
  • the opportunity
  • water
The word 'expire' in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.
  • become ill
  • die
  • shrink
  • dehydrate
Which of the following is NOT a source of water for the desert animals?
  • Desert plants
  • Metabolic conversion of carbohydrates in the body
  • The blood of other animals
  • Streams

What is true about the kangaroo rats?

  • They need high water content to live in the desert.
  • They search for water by finding desert plants and preys.
  • They have to eat dry seeds to live in the desert.
  • They eliminate a small amount of water from their bodies.
According to the passage, the results of the experiments with kangaroo rats showed that _____.
  • kangaroo rats store water for use during dry periods
  • kangaroo rats took advantage of free access to water
  • lack of water made no change in kangaroo rats' weight
  • a dry diet seems detrimental to the kangaroo rat's health

What happens to a kangaroo rat when he is given water?

  • The amount of water in his body stays the same.
  • He immediately drinks the water.
  • He stores the water in his body for later usage.
  • The utilization of water gently occurs in his body.

What is the same between the dry-fed animals and kangaroo rats?

  • their ability to eat plants and search for preys
  • their ability to live without a water reserve in body
  • their ability to find free water in desert environment
  • their ability to access to free water resources

- "How well you are playing!"

- "_____"

  • Many thanks. That is a nice compliment.
  • Thank you too much.
  • I think so. I am proud of myself.
  • Say it again. I like to hear your words.

Two close friends Tom and Kyle are talking about Kyle’s upcoming birthday.

Tom: “Can I bring a friend to your birthday party?”

Kyle: “______ The more the merrier.”

  • How come?
  • Beat me!
  • Why not?
  • You bet!

John: "Tom is such a _____ boy. He just do what he wants and doesn't listen to other people's advice."

May: "That's why I don't want to talk to him."

  • bareheaded
  • deep-mouthed
  • bullheaded
  • cast-off

Jim invited Helen to visit his gardens.

Helen: "I love your gardens. The plants are well taken care of!"

Jim: “Thanks. Yes, I suppose I've always _____.”

  • had green fingers
  • let nature take its course
  • made it down on my luck
  • drawn the short straw

Anna: "The work is ______ and the deadline is being shortened, and I think I will have to work overtime to finish."

David: "Oh, so sorry to hear that. I wish I could help you but mine is the same." 

  • messing up
  • livening up
  • patching up
  • piling up

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Did you really like it?

b. Yes. I thought it was excellent.

c. It's nice of you to say that.

d. That was a very good performance!

  • d-a-b-c
  • a-b-c-d
  • d-a-c-b
  • b-a-c-d

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Excuse me, but don't I know you from somewhere?

b. That's okay.

c. No, I'm afraid not. You must have me confused with somebody else.

d. Oh, I'm sorry. I guess I made a mistake.

  • c-b-a-d
  • d-b-a-c
  • a-c-d-b
  • b-c-a-d

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Great. Let's see it!

b. Sure. What would you like to do?

c. That sounds good. Did you have any particular movie in mind?

d. Well, how about seeing a movie?

e. Well, they say that A Man and His Horse is very good. It's playing at the Rialto Theater.

f. Would you like to get together this weekend? 

  • f-e-a-d-b-c
  • f-b-d-c-e-a
  • a-b-c-e-f-d
  • b-d-e-a-c

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. I think so. Let me see. First, I go to the corner and turn right.

b. Sure. Go to the corner and turn right. Walk two blocks to Main Street. Turn left, walk two more blocks, and you'll see the post office next to the bank. Have you got it?

c. Then I walk two blocks to Main Street. Right? And then... Hmm. I forgot the last part. What do I do after that?

d. That's right.

e. Would you by any chance be able to tell me how to get to the post office?

f. You turn left, walk two more blocks, and you'll see the post office next to the bank.

  • c-f-b-a-d-e
  • e-b-f-d-a-c
  • b-e-d-a-c-f
  • e-b-a-d-c-f

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. I don't think so. I'd just like a refund, please.

b. I'd like to return this hat.

c. I'm sorry. We don't give refunds. However, we'll be happy to offer you credit toward another purchase in our store.

d. It's too old-fashioned.

e. What seems to be the problem with it?

f. Would you like to exchange it for one that's more stylish?

  • c-f-b-a-d-e
  • e-b-f-d-a-c
  • b-e-d-f-a-c
  • d-a-e-c-b

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

We thought of buying the pretty wooden house we saw by the river, but then we gave up the idea, as the roof was too damaged.

  • If the roof had been in better condition, we would certainly have decided to buy the attractive wooden house we had viewed by the river.
  • Even if the roof of the pleasant wooden house by the river had not been in such a bad condition, we would probably have decided not to buy it once we had really thought about it.
  • Because of the poor condition of the roof, we decided not to buy the nice-looking wooden house we had looked at by the river and had considered buying.
  • Although the beautiful house next to the river, which was made of wood, had a broken roof, after looking at it, we still considered buying it.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

In the case of snakebite, if an antidote is given quickly enough after being bitten, the risk to the person of dying is very much reduced.

  • When people have been bitten by a snake, their chances of survival are far higher if an antidote is administered soon afterwards.
  • After being bitten by a snake, if enough antidote is given, then the risk to that person of speedily dying is considerably lowered.
  • The rapidly expanding use of antidotes have made the risk of being killed through snakebites far lower than it used to be.
  • If an antidote is given too quickly after a person has been bitten by a snake, then there is a slight risk of that person dying from it.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Because Tsar Nicholas of Russia ruled with such incompetence, he was thrown from power in a revolution.

  • Tsar Nicholas II lost the power to rule Russia, although the revolution had been badly managed.
  • Because the revolutionaries found the Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, to be such an unintelligent ruler, they decided to overthrow him.
  • Tsar Nicholas II of Russia would have become able to rule with competence if he hadn’t been removed from power in a revolution.
  • In Russia, a revolution occurred which removed Tsar Nicholas II from power because he had been running the country so badly.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Supposedly housing a copy of every book ever published in English, the British Library is a remarkable research facility.

  • It would be remarkable if the British Library actually had a copy of every English book published all over the world.
  • Because the British Library has a copy of every possible book in English, it is the ideal place to do research.
  • There are few books ever published in English that are not found in the British Library, so it is a great place for research.
  • The British Library is an outstanding place to do research as it is believed to have a copy of every book ever published in English.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Having put his entire career at stake with his proposal, he nervously awaited the committee's decision.

  • He waited confidently for the committee to decide about the future of his proposal.
  • Waiting nervously for the committee’s decision, he realized that they could make or break his career.
  • He was risking his entire career with his scheme, so he was anxious for the committee’s decision.
  • The committee was going to decide whether his proposal had been worth’ risking his career for.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Anne Frank wrote a diary to tell how she spent more than two years in hiding from the Nazis in Holland. Sadly, she died before the war ended.

  • Anne Frank managed to hide her diary from the Nazis in Holland for a little over two years, but unfortunately, she was eventually caught with it and killed.
  • Anne Frank’s wartime diary was not found by the Nazis in Holland until more than two years after she had died.
  • Anne Frank wrote a diary explaining how she hid from the Nazis for over two years in Holland, but unfortunately she died during the war.
  • Holland is where Anne Frank hid her diary from the Nazis for two years until the end of the war, but then she died.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

In 1848, The river that fed Niagara Falls became frozen. Therefore, it temporarily stopped flowing for more than 24 hours.

  • 1848’s freezing of Niagara Falls lasted over a day when the river feeding it also froze.
  • The falls in Niagara froze over for one whole day in 1848, causing a stop in the flow of the river it fed.
  • For over a day, Niagara Falls failed to flow as a result of its supply river freezing over in 1848.
  • One day in 1848, Niagara Falls froze, and it failed to supply water to the river for a while.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Howard Carter first looked into Tutankhamen's tomb in 1922. He was astonished to see so much gold.

  • Tutankhamen’s tomb still contained an amazing quantity of gold when it was discovered by Howard Carter in 1922.
  • It was a surprising amount of gold that Howard Carter found when he first went into Tutankhamen’s tomb in 1922.
  • Howard Carter was dazzled when, in 1922, he first saw how great an amount of gold was in Tutankhamen’s tomb.
  • Howard Carter had never seen as much gold as he saw upon first looking into Tutankhamen’s tomb in 1922.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Your blood test results came back negative. However, I think it is a good idea for you to take one again, just to be sure.

  • You can’t be certain from just one blood test, especially when the results are negative, so you must take another one.
  • Negative blood test results are never certain, so I think you ought to take another one.
  • You should take another blood test as this one came back negative, and this time you had better be sure it is the right result.
  • It is better for you to take another blood test to make things certain, even though the results we got from this one are negative.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The doctor told you to cut down on how much you eat and start exercising. You should listen to him.

  • You still haven’t recovered your health because, by eating too much and refusing to take exercise, you are doing the opposite of what the doctor said.
  • What the doctor said about reducing your food intake and exercising is what you should do, or you’ll remain unhealthy.
  • You should eat less food and begin a fitness program immediately in order to follow the doctor’s instructions.
  • The doctor was right in advising you to cut down on your calories and take up sports, because you look so unhealthy.

Read the passage and choose the correct answer.

If you are an environmentalist, plastic is a word you tend to say with a sneer or snarl. (1)______. But there seems little doubt it is here to stay, and the truth is, of course, that plastics have brought enormous benefits, even environmental ones. It’s not really the plastics themselves that are the environmental evil – (2)______.

Almost all the 50 or so different kinds of modern plastics are made from oil, gas, or coal- non-renewable natural resources. We consume well over three million tons of the stuff in Britain each year and, (3)______, most of it is thrown away. A high proportion of our annual consumption is in the form of packaging, and this constitutes about seven per cent by weight, of our domestic refuse. (4)______, though the plastic recycling industry is growing fast. 

(5)_______. They have a higher caloric value than coal and one method of “recovery” strongly favored by the plastic manufacturers is the conversion of waste plastic into fuel.

Choose the correct answer for (1)

  • It has become a symbol of our wasteful, throw-away society.
  • It has a big effect which is considered good to our ecosystem.
  • Governments will expand its usage scale in the near future.
  • People tend to use it more in daily life because of its convenience.

Choose the correct answer for (2)

  • it’s the choice of people to recycle them
  • it’s the decision of eco-conservation organizations
  • it’s the way society chooses to abuse them
  • it’s the method people use to make use of them

Choose the correct answer for (3)

  • like chalk and cheese
  • as long as
  • clear as mud
  • sooner or later

Choose the correct answer for (4)

  • Almost all of it is recycled every year
  • Almost all of it could be recycled and a half of it is
  • Almost all of it could be recycled, but very little of it is
  • Almost all of it could be thrown away, but little of it is recycled

Choose the correct answer for (5)

  • The plastics don’t produce as much energy as fossil fuel
  • The plastics themselves are extremely energy-rich
  • The plastics are used only in some parts of production
  • The plastics don’t provide enough energy for our life