Đề ôn luyện chuyên Anh vào 10 Sở Hà Nội số 16

4/29/2021 9:58:00 AM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • invasion

  • suspension

  • revision

  • erosion

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • astounding

  • contact

  • background

  • formality

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • soothe

  • gloomy

  • livelihood

  • monsoon

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • irritable
  • preferable
  • commentator
  • demonstrative

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • comprise

  • vacate
  • respond
  • forecast

Think of ONE word only which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. Ever since John broke the window, he's been in the teacher's _____ books.

2. Rumour has it that he quit the country leaving nothing _____ debts behind.

3. Poor Mark! I feel really _____ about him being laid off on his birthday.

=> Answer:

Think of ONE word only which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. By popular request, the company added a sports _____ to its offer in order to attract more TV viewers.

2. The _____ that connects the lake with the sea lost its importance once the forests had been logged.

3. Full of beans? Why don't you _____ your energy into some sport or hobby?

=> Answer:

Think of ONE word only which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. The young professor made a _____ impression on her students.

2. Now that you're in _____ water, you want my help?

3. The walls were painted a _____ blue colour with yellow spots here and there.

=> Answer:

The library is _____ people who lose their books.
  • cracking down on
  • stepping up
  • going down with
  • coming up against
She was in the office all of Wednesday and so has a _____ alibi.
  • stale
  • considerable
  • broad
  • cast-iron
You may borrow as many books as you like, provided you show them to _____ is at the desk.
  • whoever
  • who
  • whom
  • which
I knew my mother would _____ a face the minute she saw my new haircut.
  • drag
  • lift
  • pull
  • raise
He was a pickpocket and had to spend many years behind _____.
  • windows
  • prisons
  • cells
  • bars
If you say you'd like _____ of cream on your strawberries then you don't want very much cream.
  • a dash
  • oodles
  • lashings
  • a dollop

Fill each of the following blanks with ONE suitable word.

If you put a group of people who don't know other in a room together and asked them to pair up, they will naturally gravitate towards others of similar family , social class and upbringing. We are all looking for something familiar we may not be aware of exactly what it is. Facial attractiveness has a big on our choice of partners, too. People tend to seek out and form long-lasting relationships with others of similar level of attractiveness. Several studies have confirmed this. Researchers a selection of wedding photos and cut them up to separate the bride and the groom. They then asked people to rate how attractive each person's face was. When the researchers put the photos back into their pairs, they found that most of the couples had been rated at similar levels. Not only we rate others, but each of us carries a rough estimate in our heads of how facially attractive we might be. We realized subconsciously that if we approach someone who is significantly higher up the scale than we are, we run the of being rejected.

But the explanation for how and why we fall in love, one thing is clear: Nature has made the whole process as blissful and addictive as possible the purpose of bringing and keeping couples together.

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

England's breakfast revolution 

The importance of a good breakfast is beyond dispute assorting to health experts, but in historical terms breakfast is a relatively new arrival in England, with descriptions of breakfast seldom featuring in medieval literature. , there are scattered references to travellers having a meal at dawn before on arduous journeys, and to the sick sitting down to breakfast or medicinal reasons, but most people went without unless they were monarchs or nobles. 
, in the sixteenth century it gradually became the , not the exception. Some writers have this to the greater availability of food. Proponents of this view have not always considered other profound social changes. For example, new of employment may well offer a plausible explanation for the greater importance now to breakfast, as individuals were increasingly employed for a prescribed number of hours. Often this involved starting work extremely early. Thus, having a meal first thing in the morning was in necessity, and was no longer associated with social status alone. 

Complete the sentence by changing the form of the word in capitals.

Call it “Zoom face-envy”. Because of the rise of video-conferencing during the pandemic, legions now spend hours staring at their own faces and, inevitably, comparing them with those of others. Poor lighting and the skewed angles of laptop cameras are rarely flattering. Nor is “lockdown face”, brought on by stress, or a dearth of sunlight and exercise. For Kim, a 57-year-old actress in New York City, Zoom seemed to add ten pounds and a “crepey” look to her skin. After seeing “way too much” of that, she got a facelift last summer. She is delighted with the result. Similarly, Michèle Le Tournelle, a 62-year-old (RETIRE) near Nantes in France, said the “horrible” confinement turned into “a revelation”: it spurred her to undergo a slimming procedure and a facelift with which she has been “very, very, very” pleased.

Many cosmetic surgeons had expected the pandemic to hammer business. Instead, the industry is enjoying a Zoom-boom. The American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery reckons that the pandemic has led to a 10% increase in cosmetic surgery (COUNTRY) . In France, despite limits on elective procedures during the pandemic, cosmetic surgeries are up by nearly 20%, estimates the French Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons. For Ashton Collins, the boss of Save Face, a firm in Cardiff that refers people seeking minimally invasive cosmetic treatments to the 852 (and counting) practitioners it has (CREDIT) across Britain, business is “through the roof”. In Italy, Pier Andrea Cicogna of Studio Cicogna, a plastic-surgery clinic in Treviso, says his revenue has risen by nearly a third despite more than three months of closure.
Apart from face-envy, other forces are at play. In the age of teleworking, patients can recover (CONSPICUOUS) at home as bruises and swelling fade. It helps that professionals, the biggest clients for pricey cosmetic surgery, are more likely to work from home than many others. In normal times finagling time off work is a big hurdle (which is why Christmas breaks have traditionally been the high season for cosmetic surgery). Recuperation is made easier by the widespread use of face-masks, which neatly hide away the signs of surgery to the nose, chin, cheeks and jawline, as well as the “resurfacing” of facial skin and lip-plumping.

Money not spent on clothes, evenings out and travel has financed much of this. Gains in the stockmarket have also helped, says Alan Matarasso, whose clinic in New York is “being stretched” by requests for surgery. Intriguingly, Dr Matarasso, a former president of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, thinks a more ethereal force is also at work: by casting light on “the (FRAGILE) of life”, the pandemic is imbuing people with greater desire to squeeze more out of whatever time they have left.

Pick out the verbs and particles given to form phrasal verbs to fill the gaps in these sentences. Remember to use all the verbs given and don’t forget to use the correct forms of the verbs. 

[ shine | ask | climb | level | nose | harp | shore ] [ up | through | on | with | down | around | about ]

 

1. We usually before trying a new restaurant.

2. The government was forced to last night over its handling of pensions.

3. William looked at her, hope his tears.

4. The measures were aimed at the economy.

5. The police the property for a while, but they didn't find anything.

6. Don't keep about my age!

7. me. Why did you do that?

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Are you an Optimist or a Pessimist?

Whichever you are a new book reveals that you can learn a lot from attempting the opposite attitude. 

As a nation, the British are not a very optimistic bunch. When we were first granted the honour of hosting the 2012 Olympic Games, according to an opinion poll at the time, 55 per cent of us were more concerned about the likely impact on the transport network while the Games were on than with celebrating the arrival of the greatest show on Earth. But alongside this type of staunch pessimism resides an unsettling feeling that we should be more positive. We are always trying to dislodge each other's pessimism. Test it for yourself: sit gloomily in a public place and see how long it takes before a smiling passer-by says, 'Cheer up, it might never happen!' or offers one of those trite aphorisms about 'looking on the bright side' or 'clouds having silver linings'.

The self-help industry rakes in billions through peddling hope and positive thinking. But can a positive outlook really improve our lives? How can optimism make people more trustworthy, or sports events more successful? It can't, says Professor Elaine Fox, a neuroscientist who recently published a book called Rainy Brain, Sunny Brain about our ambivalent feelings of optimism and pessimism. Our negativity is the response of a rational mind and positivity is a delusion, she says, and for most of us they both act to balance us out. 'Positivity is a delusion. But it is a useful delusion. If we didn't have some sort of optimism we wouldn't ever get out of bed in the morning. But pessimism has its place,' she says.

So, when we think positively, are we just tricking ourselves that things will get better? It's a little more complicated than that, says Professor Fox. 'Where self-help books say "just think happy thoughts' it doesn't work.' But some degree of optimism can work to our advantage, because if we feel more positive, we will take more positive actions. 'Optimism gives you a sense of control' she explains. So, to return to the example of the Olympics, if we had just repeated the mantra, 'the Olympics will be amazing, the Olympics will be amazing' it wouldn't have made it happen. In the event we actually did respond positively to them, but by taking the kind of actions - buying tickets to events, or getting involved as volunteers - that meant we ended up loving the whole experience.

More dramatically, positive thoughts can have concrete health benefits and can help us through certain situations, Professor Fox explains. In experiments on pain in which students are asked to keep their hands in a bucket of ice water for as long as they can stand it, students who believe they have been given a painkiller, but have in actual fact just been given a sugar pill, will keep their hand in longer than those who aren't given anything. Scans of their brains show they actually produce a surge of dopamine, a so-called 'happy' chemical, which combats the pain.

Thomas Edison, the famous American inventor said: "If I find 10,000 ways something won't work, I haven't failed. I am not discouraged, because every wrong attempt discarded is another step forward." In general, optimists will try harder and spend longer on something than pessimists,' says Professor Fox. 'They also believe they have some control over their life, and that's why they tend to be more successful.' 

But don't shrug off your grumpy cynicism just yet. Professor Fox says a healthy dose of negativity can help us out, too. 'The amygdala - the fear system in our brain that helps us detect threat and danger - is really at the root of pessimism. Pessimism helps us suss out danger in our lives.' And although most of us are unlikely to need this reaction the same may our caveman ancestors did - for fight-or-flight reactions - fear is still a useful trait. 'A pessimistic outlook would work if you were setting up your own business,' says Professor Fox, 'to identify risk and avoid it.' So, there is a place for pessimism. 'They say the aeroplane was invented by an optimist and the parachute was invented by a pessimist. That's the reason I called the book Rainy Brain, Sunny Brain because we need both.' Anticipate sunshine, but carry an umbrella and you should get along just fine. 

The writer says that British attitudes to the 2012 Olympic Games:

  • illustrated an underlying mindset.
  • contradicted stereotypes of national character.
  • reflected a shift in public opinion.
  • indicated the dangers of ambivalence.

In the second paragraph, we learn that Professor Fox believes being optimistic _____.

  • is more desirable than being pessimistic
  • is a necessary counter to our negativity
  • is likely to lead to unrealistic expectations
  • is as natural a quality as pessimism

What does Professor Fox suggest about positive thinking in the third paragraph?

  • It is difficult to find any sensible advice about it.
  • It is ineffective unless carefully planned.
  • It is desirable as it will lead to material benefits.
  • It is likely to be the basis for practical achievement.

What is the writer illustrating by using the phrase 'the Olympics will be amazing'?

  • the futility of merely thinking positively
  • the way that positive thoughts can motivate people
  • the importance of overcoming negative thinking
  • the fact that people can be trained to think in certain ways

What does the word "surge" mean?

  • flowing
  • increase
  • escalation
  • mainstream

What point is exemplified by the reference to Thomas Edison?

  • In order to be successful, we have to experience failure.
  • Optimists gain success through persistence.
  • Successful people are often unwilling to work for others.
  • Success comes more easily to optimists than pessimists.

Which of the following words is closet meaning to the word "suss out" in the last paragraph?

  • understand
  • find
  • recover
  • remember

In the final paragraph, it is said that the invention of the parachute _____.

  • was a necessary consequence of the invention of the aeroplane
  • proved that humans always tend to fear the worst
  • was comparable to someone starting a company
  • demonstrated a readiness to confront the idea of risk

Rising Star
Margaret Garelly goes to meet Duncan Williams, who plays for Chelsea Football Club.

A.
It’s my first time driving to Chelsea’s training ground and I turn off slightly too early at the London University playing fields. Had he accepted football’s rejections in his early teenage years, it is exactly the sort of ground Duncan Williams would have found himself running around on at weekends. At his current age of 18, he would have been a bright first-year undergraduate mixing his academic studies with a bit of football, rugby and cricket, given his early talent in all these sports. However, Duncan undoubtedly took the right path. Instead of studying, he is sitting with his father Gavin in one of the interview rooms at Chelsea’s training base reflecting on Saturday’s match against Manchester City. Such has been his rise to fame that it is with some disbelief that you listen to him describing how his career was nearly all over before it began.

В.
Gavin, himself a fine footballer – a member of the national team in his time – and now a professional coach, sent Duncan to three professional clubs as a 14 year-old, but all three turned him down. ‘I worked with him a lot when he was around 12, and it was clear he had fantastic technique and skill. But then the other boys shot up in height and he didn’t. But I was still upset and surprised that no team seemed to want him, that they couldn’t see what he might develop into in time. When Chelsea accepted him as a junior, it was made clear to him that this was more of a last chance than a new beginning. They told him he had a lot of hard work to do and wasn’t part of their plans. Fortunately, that summer he just grew and grew, and got much stronger as well.’

C.
Duncan takes up the story: ‘The first half of that season I played in the youth team. I got lucky – the first-team manager came to watch us play QPR, and though we lost 3-1, I had a really good game. I moved up to the first team after that performance.’ Gavin points out that it can be beneficial to be smaller and weaker when you are developing – it forces you to learn how to keep the ball better, how to use ‘quick feet’ to get out of tight spaces. ‘A couple of years ago, Duncan would run past an opponent as if he wasn’t there but then the other guy would close in on him. I used to say to him, “Look, if you can do that now, imagine what you’ll be like when you’re 17, 18 and you’re big and quick and they won’t be able to get near you.” If you’re a smaller player, you have to use your brain a lot more.’

D.
Not every kid gets advice from an ex-England player over dinner, nor their own private training sessions. Now Duncan is following in Gavin’s footsteps. He has joined a national scheme where people like him give advice to ambitious young teenagers who are hoping to become professionals. He is an old head on young shoulders. Yet he’s also like a young kid in his enthusiasm. And fame has clearly not gone to his head; it would be hard to meet a more likeable, humble young man. So will he get to play for the national team? ‘One day I’d love to, but when that is, is for somebody else to decide.’ The way he is playing, that won’t be long.

You are going to read a newspaper article about a young professional footballer. For questions 1 - 8, choose from the sections (A – D). The sections may be chosen more than once.

Which paragraph…
1. states how surprised the writer was at Duncan’s early difficulties?

2. says that Duncan sometimes seems much more mature than he really is?

3. describes the frustration felt by Duncan’s father?

4. says that Duncan is on course to reach a high point in his profession?

5. suggests that Duncan caught up with his team-mates in terms of physical development?

6. explains how Duncan was a good all-round sportsperson?

7. gives an example of how Gavin reassured his son?

8. mentions Duncan’s current club’s low opinion of him at one time?

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I absolutely forbid you to tell anyone about the plan. (NO)

=> Under ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I understand what you are saying but I can’t agree. (POINT)

=> ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The impression his boss has of Jack is that he’s an ambitious person. (ACROSS)

=> Jack ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Casper didn’t mention the fact that we had met before. (REFERENCE)

=> Casper ...........

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The committee had a long discussion but they could not make up their mind. (REACH)

=> Lengthy .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one.

You can eat as much as you like for $5 at the new lunchbar. 

=> There ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one.

Sorry, you can't do whatever you want.

=> Sorry, you are not in a .......... 

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Your story is different from the facts.

=> Your story doesn't ...........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

James would only speak to the head of department alone.

=> James ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I don’t want to be disturbed at all this morning!

=> On ...........