Đề thi thử Anh Chuyên vào 10 Chuyên Sư phạm số 17

5/17/2021 3:57:00 PM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • adventure

  • advantage

  • adrenal

  • advertise

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • quackery

  • quayside

  • quadrant

  • quotation

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • reservoir
  • appliance
  • memory
  • pharmacy

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • cooperative
  • inaccuracy
  • industriously
  • analytical

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • mistake
  • export
  • cancel
  • confer

_____ you didn't come to our graduation ceremony last Sunday?

  • How soon
  • How come
  • How long
  • How fast

Schoolchildren are very gifted at _____ nicknames for their teachers.

  • coining
  • hinting
  • defining
  • moulding

There will always be a nurse _____ call in case a Covid-19 patient is in an emergency.

  • by
  • within
  • for
  • to

We've checked all the answers _____. I feel confident that the answers are 100%.

  • laudably
  • acutely
  • rigorously
  • indefinitely

The first time standing on the teaching platform, I looked down at the _____ of faces in horror.

  • flood
  • torrents
  • wade
  • sea

His sister _____ herself to hold a party to celebrate her promotion.

  • got it over
  • took it on
  • looked it upon
  • caught it up

Everyone in our team _____ her arguments.

  • agrees at
  • agrees with
  • agrees to
  • agrees towards

They bought a number of intriguing books in the book fair, _____ are those written by Haruki Murakami.

  • some of them
  • some which
  • of which some
  • some which of

The company _____ many problems in its 60-year history, but it is flourishing now.

  • faced
  • has faced
  • has been facing
  • was facing

He found the detective novel absolutely _____ and impossible to put down.

  • riveting
  • nailing
  • unfastening
  • pinning

Just give me _____ of the conversion plans for the house and tell me what it will cost.

  • bits and pieces
  • the cut and thrust
  • odds and ends
  • the nuts and the bolts

Reduction in pollution levels could _____ global warming.

  • withhold
  • dwindle
  • waver
  • retard

These are very _____ times, and people are very pessimistic about how long before things can return to normal.

  • temporary
  • contemporary
  • turbulent
  • rapid

The planes were delayed and the hotel was awful, but _____ we still had a good time.

  • on the contrary
  • by the same token
  • on top of all that
  • for all that

Our party chairman is _____ great admirer of the Prime Minister.

  • some
  • very
  • no
  • not

Complete the sentence by changing the form of the word in capitals.

A GREAT STAYCATION

Holidays at home are usually a last (COURSE) , when all other options have been ruled out for one reason or another, but in these tough times when money is perhaps tighter than ever before, the grim (REAL) that the stay-at-home vacation maybe the only realistic (ALTER) is one that more and more of us are faced with.

However, this does not have to mean a (MISERY) time in the same old (ROUND) you are in for the other 355-odd days of the year. For those willing to think outside the box a little, there are, in fact, a (MULTIPLE) of possibilities that should be explored. Ever thought about a house swap, for example? The house swap is the ultimate holiday (RECEDE) buster. And there are now websites on which (MIND) individuals, couples and families looking to get a flavor of the life lived in someone else’s home can hook up and start house (SWAP) .
Okay, so it’s not the two weeks in Gran Canaria you might have hoped for, but staying in someone else’s (RESIDE) for a few days at least, whether it be ten, fifty or one hundred miles away, sure beats slouching around at home on your own sofa.

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

United Parcel Service (UPS) believes that its employees should give the firm a fair day's work for a fair's day pay. The package delivery firm seems willing to give more than a fair's day pay. But in , UPS expects maximum output from its employees.

Since the 1920s, the firm's industrial engineers have been studying every detail by most UPS employees. From their studies have come of every task time and motion standards that how those tasks are performed and how long they should take. Drivers, for example, are expected to walk to a customer's door at a speed of exactly three feet per second. They are told to knock as soon as they get there, rather than time looking for a doorbell.

Work engineers are riding with drivers, timing everything from stops at traffic lights, to wait at customers' doorway, to stairway climbs, to a coffee break. And they are not to pointing out the occasional inefficiency. Additionally, supervisors ride with the least good drivers, noting how they work and constantly them until their work is up to standard.

The of all this work engineering is efficiency, and UPS has been called one of the most efficient companies anywhere. It's also a highly profitable company. Most drivers take the regimentation in stride: many show in meeting the UPS standards each day. Others, however, feel that they are constantly being pushed, that it is impossible for them to at work. UPS officials claim that the standards provide accountability. And, they say, employees who work according to UPS standards should feel less tired at the end of the day.

Fill each of the following blanks with ONE suitable word.

MALNUTRITION GOALS IN AFRICA 'VERY FAR AWAY' 

A new report shows that no country in Africa will meet goals childhood malnutrition by the year 2030. That target was set by the United Nations in 2015 a Sustainable Development Goal. The UN adopted a set of goals, "to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all as part of a new sustainable development agenda". The new report is published in the journal Nature, It identifies poor child nutrition and levels of education across 51 African countries. These were factors in countries battling to children with sufficient food. Researcher Simon Hay said the goal of ending childhood malnutrition was always an "aspirational" target. He said: "This aspiration is very, very far away."

There was some good news in the report. It highlighted the fact that many African nations, Ghana and Nigeria, have shown of improvement in childhood development since the year 2000. However, it is a different story for countries like Chad, Central African Republic, and Eritrea. The report indicates that malnutrition remained "persistently high" in 14 countries between Senegal in the west and Somalia in the east. Many of these countries have war, famine, and mass migration, all of have put massive strains health and agriculture. One researcher said the considerable investment was needed in health and infrastructure in order to address "serious inequalities".

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

I have never begun a novel with more misgiving. If I call it a novel it is only because I don’t know what else to call it. I have little story to tell and end neither with a death or a marriage. Instead I leave my reader in the air. This book consists of my recollections of a man with whom I was thrown into close contact only at long intervals, and I have little knowledge of what happened to him in between. I suppose that by the exercise of invention I could fill the gaps plausibly enough and so make my narrative more coherent; but I have no wish to do that. I only want to set down what I know.

To save embarrassment to people still living I have given to the persons who play a part in this story names of my own contriving, and I have in other ways taken pains to make sure that no one should recognize them. The man I am writing about is not famous. It may be that he never will be. It may be that when his life at last comes to an end he will leave no more trace of his sojourn on earth than a stone thrown into a river leaves on the surface of the water. Then my book, if it is read at all, will be read only for what intrinsic interest it may possess. But it may be that the way of life that he has chosen for himself and the peculiar strength and sweetness of his character may have an ever-growing influence over his fellow men so that, long after his death perhaps, it may be realized that there lived in this age a very remarkable creature. Then it will be quite clear of whom I write in this book and those who want to know at least a little about his early life may find in it something to their purpose. I think my book, within its acknowledged limitations, will be a 
useful source of information to my friend’s biographers.

I do not pretend that the conversations I have recorded can be regarded as verbatim reports. I never kept notes of what was said on this or the other occasions, but I have a good memory for what concerns me, and though I have put these conversations in my own words they faithfully represent, I believe, what was said. I remarked a little while back that I have invented nothing but I have taken the liberty that historians have taken to put into the mouths of the persons of my narrative speeches that I did not myself hear and could not possibly have heard. I have done this for the same reasons that the historians have, to give liveliness and verisimilitude to scenes that would have been ineffective if they had been merely recounted. I want to be read and I think I am justified in doing what I can to make my book readable. The intelligent reader will easily see for himself where I have used this artifice, and he is at perfect liberty to reject it.

Another reason that has caused me to embark upon this work with apprehension is that the persons I have chiefly to deal with are of another culture. It is very difficult to know people and I don’t think one can ever really know any but one’s own countrymen. For men and women are not only themselves; they are also the region in which they were born, the city apartment or the farm in which they learned to walk, the games they played as children, the food they ate, the schools they attended, the sports they followed and the poets they read. It is all these things that have made them what they are, and these are the things that you can’t come to know by hearsay, you can only know them if you have lived them. You can only know if you are them. And because you cannot know persons of a nation foreign to you except from observation, it is difficult to give them credibility in the pages of a book. I have never attempted to deal with any but my own countrymen, and if I have ventured to do otherwise in short stories it is because in them you can treat your characters more summarily. You give the reader broad indications and leave him to fill in the details. In this book, I do not pretend that my characters are as they would see themselves; they are seen, as in my main character, through my own eyes.

In the first paragraph, the author reveals that he _____.

  • is dissatisfied with the conclusion of his novel
  • has superficial understanding of his main character
  • has resisted employing certain literary techniques
  • is disapproving of mainstream of fiction writing

In discussing the identity of the characters in the novel, the author shows his _____.

  • respect for historical fact
  • sensitivity towards others
  • awareness of stylistic conventions
  • understanding of human relationships

What does the author suggest about his main character in paragraph 2?

  • His appeal to the reader is difficult to predict.
  • The role he plays is likely to be controversial.
  • The choices he makes are rather conventional.
  • His approach to life reflects the era in which he lived.

In discussing the dialogue in the novel, the author states that it ______.

  • involves some distortion of the facts
  • contains some obvious literary embellishments
  • can be trusted to reflect the spirit of the age
  • has been re-worked to fit the style of the novel

In the third paragraph, while expanding on his inventiveness as a writer, the author ______.

  • denies an influence on his work
  • supports an earlier statement that he made
  • corrects a false assumption about his style
  • defends the technique he has used in the novel

The author’s tone in discussing culture in the final paragraph is ______.

  • accusatory
  • embarrassed
  • explanatory
  • ambivalent

In the extract, the writer makes it clear that this novel _______.

  • will benefit a certain type of reader
  • successfully combines fact and fiction
  • may contain some inaccurate claims
  • is untypical of his work in general

Read the following passage and choose which of the headings from A - K match the blanks. There are two extra headings, which do not match any of the paragraphs.

List of Headings

A. Legislation brings temporary improvements

B. The increasing speed of suburban development

C. A new area of academic interest

D. The impact of environmental extremes on city planning

E. The first campaigns for environmental change

F. A future proposal in unoccupied land use planning

G. The effect of global warming on cities

H. Adapting areas surrounding cities to provide resources

I. Removing the unwanted by-products of city life

K. Providing health information for city dwellers

1.

While cities and their metropolitan areas interact with and shape the natural environment, it is only recently that historians have begun to systematically consider this relationship. During our own time, the tension between natural and urbanized areas has increased, as the spread of metropolitan populations and urban land uses has reshaped and destroyed natural landscapes and environments.

2.

The relationship between the city and the natural environment has actually been circular, with cities having massive effects on the natural environment, while the natural environment, in turn, has profoundly shaped urban configurations. Urban history is filled with stories about how city dwellers contended with the forces of nature that threatened their lives, their built environments, and their urban ecosystems. Nature not only caused many of the annoyances of daily urban life, such as bad weather and pests, but it also gave rise to natural disasters and catastrophes such as floods, fires, and earthquakes. In order to protect themselves and their settlements against the forces of nature, cities built many defenses including flood walls and dams, earthquake-resistant buildings, and storage places for food and for water. At times, such protective steps sheltered urbanites against the worst natural furies, but often their own actions -- such as building on flood plains and steep slopes, under the shadow of volcanoes, or in earthquake-prone zones - exposed them to danger from natural hazards.

3.

City populations require food, water, fuel, and construction materials, while urban industries need natural materials for production purposes. In order to fulfill these needs, urbanites increasingly had to reach far beyond their boundaries. In the nineteenth century, for instance, the demands of city dwellers for food produced rings of garden farms around cities and drove the transformation of distant prairies into cattle ranches and wheat farms; and, the many horses quartered in cities required feed, consuming the products produced by thousands of acres. In the twentieth century, as urban population increased, the demand for food drove the rise of large factory farms. Cities also require fresh water supplies in order to exist -- engineers, built waterworks, dug wells deeper and deeper into the earth looking for groundwater, and dammed and diverted rivers and streams to obtain water supplies for domestic and industrial uses and for fire-fighting. In the process of obtaining water from distant locales, cities often transformed them, making deserts where there had been fertile agricultural areas.

4.

Urbanites had to seek locations to dispose of the wastes produced. Initially, they placed wastes on sites within the city, polluting the air, land, and water with industrial and domestic effluents and modifying and even destroying natural biological systems. In the post-Civil War period, as cities grew larger, they disposed of their wastes by transporting them to more distant locations. Thus, cities constructed sewerage systems for domestic wastes to replace cesspools and privy vaults and to improve local health conditions. They usually discharged the sewage into neighboring waterways, often polluting the water supply of downstream cities.

The air and the land also became dumps for waste disposal. In the late-nineteenth century,  coal became the preferred fuel for industrial, transportation, and domestic use. But while providing an inexpensive and plentiful energy supply, bituminous coal was also very dirty. The cities that used it suffered from air contamination and reduced sunlight, while the cleaning tasks of householders were greatly increased. 

5.

In the late-nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, reformers began campaigning for urban environmental cleanups and public health improvements. Women's groups often took the lead in agitating for clean air, clean water, and improved urban "housekeeping," showing a greater concern than men with such quality of life and health-related issues. The replacement of the horse, first by the electric trolleys and then by the automobile and motor truck, as a prime means of power for urban transport, brought about substantial improvements in street and air sanitation. Campaigns for clean air, however, as Harold Platt and Christine Rosen have written in regard to Chicago, and reduction of waterway pollution, as I have written, were largely unsuccessful. On balance, urban sanitary conditions were probably somewhat better in the 1920s than in the late-nineteenth century, but the cost of improvement often was the exploitation of urban hinterlands for water supplies, increased downstream water pollution, and growing automobile congestion and pollution.

6.

In the decades after the 1940s, city environments suffered from heavy pollution loads as they sought to cope with increased automobile usage, pollution from industrial production, new varieties of exotic chemical pesticides and herbicides such as DDT, and the wastes of an increasingly consumer-oriented economy. Cleaner fuels and smoke control laws largely freed cities during the 1940s and 1950s of the dense smoke that they had previously suffered from. Improved urban air quality resulted largely from the substitution of natural gas and oil for coal as urban fuels and the replacement of the steam locomotive by the diesel-electric. However, great increases in automobile usage in areas such as Los Angeles and Denver produced the new phenomena of photo-chemical smog, and air pollution replaced smoke as a major concern.

7.

During these decades, the suburban out-migration, which had begun in the nineteenth century with commuter trains and streetcars and accelerated because of the availability and convenience of the automobile, now increased to a torrent, putting major strains on the formerly rural and undeveloped metropolitan fringes. To a great extent, suburban layouts, as Adam Rome has emphasized, ignored environmental considerations, making little provision for open space, producing endless rows of resource-consuming and pesticide-and fertilizer-dependent lawns, contaminating groundwater through leaking septic tanks, and absorbing excessive amounts of fresh water and energy. The growth of the edge or outer city since the 1970s, reflected a continued preference on the part of Americans for space-intensive single-family houses surrounded by lawns, for private automobiles over public transit, and for greenfield development. Without greater land use planning and environmental protection, urban American will, as it has in the past, continue to damage and to stress the natural environment.

8.

The core cities themselves, especially in areas of the east and midwest where industries have vacated the regions and urban populations have decreased, suffer from the environmental burdens imposed by vacant, abandoned, and derelict sites. Many of these sites had formerly been used by industries and are contaminated with toxic wastes, which often require costly procedures to remove. Vacant lots and derelict structures in urban neighborhoods plagued by population loss and by poverty, also impose a human cost. In some of these cases, issues of environmental equity are involved. Even though today's environmental regulations prevent some of the environmental abuses of the past, without reclaiming these urban brownfields and improving urban neighborhoods many cities will continue to bear the burden of the environmental sins of the past.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Although the beginning may be smooth for a business, one has to think about the worst-case scenario. (PREOCCUPIED)

=> Plain .............

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Apparently, a lot of employees will be made redundant when the 21st Century Fox is taken over. (HEAP)

=> Apparently, many an ...........

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Have a look at this picture. It may help you remember something. (JOG)

=> Have a ............

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Addicts of computer games struggle to distinguish the virtual world from the real world. (DRAW)

=> Those obsessed ...........

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I will appreciate it if you didn't pretend to support my view. (LIP)

=> I would sooner ...........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It's only a matter of time before you need one. 

=> Sooner ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

He is certainly not a reliable witness.

=> He is by no ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

A child of his age is too young to be deceitful. 

=> So ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

If Tom hadn't acted promptly to extinguish the fire, there might have been more damage to the house.

=> But ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

My new job is much more satisfying than any job I've ever had.

=> My new job is far ..........